reacting in water


Pairing: Bucky Barnes x Reader (College AU)

Summary: In which Bucky attempts to use chemistry to explain the chemistry between you and him.

“Unholy War” (Jacob Banks)

A/N: any chem talk was me attempting to remember things from chem class in senior secondary school. forgive me if i made any mistakes! -j. x

“Are you annoyed?”

“… Oh, I don’t know, Bucky, what do you think? What do you think my problem is?”

“Um, it’s a Friday night and you’re here in the lab instead of somewhere else?”

Your problem isn’t the fact that you’re stuck in a lab on a Friday night. You’re annoyed because for some reason, Bucky Barnes has followed you into the lab and refuses to leave. He’s now poking your upper back like he’s a prepubescent teenager who just discovered the poking feature on Facebook.

Your apartment mate Steve introduced you to Bucky last semester. Apparently a few interactions and that one time you helped him with a Chem 101 problem set was enough for Bucky to decide that you two should be a couple.

Oh yes, sparks did fly, but that’s because Bucky’s personality borders on the line of flirtation. As cute as he is, you’ve brushed away his “declarations” of love. You know how guys like Bucky work, and their agenda isn’t something you want to get involved in.  When you find yourself getting too entranced by his chivalry and wit, you remind yourself to tread carefully. Much to your annoyance, your rejections have no effect on his persistence.

Forehead creased in frustration, you grab Bucky’s offending finger before staring into his blue eyes. “Please stop,” you let out.

Bucky hops onto the surface of a lab desk. Kicking his legs up and down, he lazily smirks at you as he watches your eyes drift from his eyes to the rest of his body. “You like what you see?” Bucky cheekily asks. “Take a picture, doll face. It lasts longer.”

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🌊 charging with the sea  🌊

various ways/intents to charge objects with when you are at the shore

🌊 sea foam - for delicate/love magic

🌊 sandy waters - murkiness, best for curses/baneful magic

🌊 shallow, sweeping waters - for instilling calm

🌊 bury in the sand - strength, unity

🌊 sea salt - purification, cleanliness, newness

🌊 anywhere in the ocean under moonlight - the same as charging with moon water or moonlight, with the added power of the ocean/sea

and remember, don’t charge stones directly in water if they are known to react badly to water or salt ! ! be safe lovelies, be careful not to lose anything in the water either


Countdown to Cassini’s Grand Finale

After nearly 13 years in orbit around Saturn, the international Cassini–Huygens mission is about to begin its final chapter: the spacecraft will perform a series of daring dives between the planet and its rings, leading to a dramatic final plunge into Saturn’s atmosphere on 15 September.

On 22 April, Cassini successfully executed its 127th and final close flyby of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan.

The manoeuvre put the spacecraft onto its ’grand finale’ trajectory: a series of 22 orbits, each lasting about a week, drawing closer to Saturn and passing between the planet’s innermost rings and its outer atmosphere. The first crossing of the ring plane will occur on 26 April.

With the repeated dives in this yet unvisited region, the mission will conclude its journey of exploration by collecting unprecedented data to address fundamental questions about the origin of Saturn and its ring system.

Launched in 1997, the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft embarked on a seven-year voyage across the Solar System, eventually reaching Saturn in July 2004. Several months later, the Cassini orbiter released ESA’s Huygens probe, which landed on Titan on 14 January 2005 – the first landing in the outer Solar System.

The mission has greatly contributed to our understanding of the Saturnian environment, including the giant planet’s system of rings and moons.
Combining the data collected in situ by Huygens and the observations performed by Cassini during flybys of Titan, the mission revealed the atmospheric processes of this moon and their seasonal evolution, as well as the surface morphology and interior structure, which may include a liquid water ocean.

Enshrouded by a thick nitrogen-dominated atmosphere and partly covered by lakes and rivers, Titan has a weather and hydrological cycle that bears some interesting similarities to Earth. However, there are important differences: the key component there is not water, like on our planet, but methane, and the temperature is very low, around –180°C at the surface.

Over its 13-year mission, Cassini will have covered about half of Saturn’s orbit, in which the planet takes 29 years to circle the Sun. This means that the spacecraft has monitored two seasons on Titan, an object that can teach us much on the past and the future of Earth.

Another of Cassini’s breakthroughs was the detection of a towering plume of water vapour and organic material spraying into space from warm fractures near the south pole of Saturn’s icy moon, Enceladus. These salt-rich jets indicate that an underground sea of liquid water is lurking only a few kilometres below the moon’s icy surface, as confirmed by gravity and rotation measurements.

A recent analysis of data collected during flybys of Enceladus with the Cassini Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer also revealed hydrogen gas in the plume, suggesting that rock might be reacting with warm water on the seafloor of the moon’s subsurface ocean. This hydrothermal activity could provide a chemical energy source for life, enabling non-photosynthetic biological processes similar to the ones found near the hydrothermal vents on the Earth’s ocean floor and pointing to the potential habitability of Enceladus’ underground ocean.

Following over a decade of ground-breaking discoveries, Cassini is now approaching its end. With little fuel left to correct the spacecraft trajectory, it has been decided to end the mission by plunging it into Saturn’s atmosphere on 15 September 2017. In the process, Cassini will burn up, satisfying planetary protection requirements to avoid possible contamination of any moons of Saturn that could have conditions suitable for life.

The grand finale is not only a spectacular way to complete this extraordinary mission, but will also return a bounty of unique scientific data that was not possible to collect during the previous phases of the mission.

Cassini has never ventured into the area between Saturn and its rings before, so the new set of orbits is almost like a whole new mission.
These close orbits will be inclined 63 degrees with respect to Saturn’s equator and will provide the highest resolution observations ever achieved of the inner rings and the planet’s clouds. The orbits will also give the chance to examine in situ the material in the rings and plasma environment of Saturn.

With its radio science investigation, Cassini will measure Saturn’s gravitational field as close as 3000 km from Saturn’s upper cloud layers, greatly improving the current models of the planet’s internal structure and winds in its atmosphere. Scientists expect the new data will also allow them to disentangle the gravity of the planet from the tiny pull exerted on the spacecraft by the rings, estimating the total mass of the rings to unprecedented accuracy. ESA ground stations in Argentina and Australia will help receive Cassini’s radio science data, providing a series of 22 tracking passes during the grand finale.

The grand finale orbits will also probe the planet’s magnetic field at similarly close distances. Previous observations have shown that the magnetic field is weaker than expected, with the magnetic axis surprisingly well aligned with the planet’s rotation. New data to be collected by the Cassini magnetometer will provide insights to understand why this is so and where the sources of magnetic field are located, or whether something in Saturn’s atmosphere has been obscuring the true magnetic field from Cassini until now.

While crossing the ring plane, Cassini’s Cosmic Dust Analyzer will directly sample the composition of dust particles from different parts of the ring system, whereas the Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer will sniff the upper atmosphere layers of Saturn to analyse molecules escaping from the atmosphere as well as water-based molecules that originate from the rings.
“At last, we have now reached the final and most audacious phase of this pioneering mission, pushing the spacecraft once again into unexplored territory,” says Nicolas Altobelli, ESA Cassini project scientist.
“We are looking forward to the flow of exciting new data that Cassini will send back in the coming months.”

Onions, and by extension Shrek, have layers.  Onions are a bulb, a sort of modified stem in a plant. Potatoes are tubers, which are modified roots and do not have layers. Potatoes are not onions. Shrek is not a potato.

So bulbs are special underground stems that some plants, like Shrek, can have. Therefore you can think of the layers of an onion are just leaves. Just like rings in a tree, bulbs grow layers as they grow older. The more layers an onion has, the older and more successful it has been in its life. Shrek must have lots of layers.

The purpose of a bulb is to store and protect water, nutrients, and other things Shrek needs to survive. This gives it an advantage over say, trees, which need a constant intake of sun and nutrients to survive. Onions like Shrek can store nutrients to use them when they need to.

The layers then also serve an evolutionary purpose. If a predator wants to eat the onion, it must first eat through many layers of icky tasting onion and will likely be discouraged. Of course, Shrek has no natural predators so this is not an issue.

Shrek’s layers are modified leaves which help protect the nutrients it stores inside. The more layers a Shrek has, the older and stronger it is.

If you’ve ever chopped up an onion, or looked at Shrek, you’ve probably ended up crying. Onions make you cry for the same reasons they taste bad. Onions are filled with enzymes, and when you break through their cells, with a knife or with your teeth, these enzymes are released.

Enzymes that were kept separated from the sulfenic acid by the cells are then free to mix, forming propanethiol S-oxide. Propanethiol S-oxide is a gas, which rises up and reacts with water in your eyes to form sulfuric acid. That burns your eyes, so your eyes produce more water to try to wash the acid away. So you cry.

If you want to protect your eyes from onions, you can cut the onion under running water (which washes the propanethiol s-oxide away before it can get to your eyes), or refrigerate it before you cut it. A cooler temperature will slow down the chemical reaction in general. If you want to protect yourself from Shrek, you can’t.

When you cut an onion, the natural enzymes mix with the water in your eyes to form sulfuric acid. Your eyes produce tears to try to wash the acid away.

The Average American eats 20 pounds of onion per year, so it would take 10-15 Americans to consume an entire Shrek in one year. There are 45 calories in a single serving of Shrek.

Happy April Fool’s Day from the Scientific Pokedex!

anonymous asked:

The bros react to you using a water sprayer at Noctis when he misbehaves or doesn't eat his FCKIN VEGETABLES "Bad kitty!"

Noctis does not particularly enjoy getting wet for any reason other than bathing, so he’s grouchy and grumbly when you do this. He knows you’re joking, and that you mean well, but when the guys start to snicker, he stabs at his broccoli and begrudgingly eats it. You reward him with a kiss on the cheek.

Prompto thinks it’s the funniest thing he’s ever heard. He starts calling Noct “Kitty” while you’re on the road and teases Noct relentlessly. He’ll also make cat noises at him (and you) at inappropriate times, like when you’re trying to sneak up on an enemy.

Gladio laughs, openly and loudly, and asks where you came up with that one. He then demands that you had over the water bottle so he can have a go. Noctis is not about to be sprayed by you AND by Gladio, so he sacrifices Prompto for the cause. Gladio makes a joke about bath time and chaos ensues.

Ignis raises an eyebrow, but chuckles to himself nonetheless. He wonders out loud if employing the use of a water spritzer would have helped during his younger formative years to get him to eat his vegetables and clean up after himself. Noctis shouts that he’s a grown man, and Ignis tuts and puts more vegetables on his plate. Petty.

Colors Part 6

A Charles Xavier Soulmate AU

Pairing: Charles Xavier x reader

Read Part 1 here. Read Part 2 here. Read Part 3 here. Read Part 4 here. Read Part 5 here.

Summary: Everyone has a soulmate, and there is one color that they can’t see until they meet their soulmate, and that is the color of their soulmate’s eyes. For Charles Xavier, this is difficult, because his powers have filled in the blanks, and he can see all colors. He assumes that he’ll just know when he finds his soulmate. Should be easy for a telepath, right?

Warnings: Angst maybe? definitely, injuries, near death experience, violence

A/N: So, this won the contest! I knew I needed to post this soon, given the awful cliffhanger I left y’all with last time. Well….I’m not gonna say anything else really. Just….consider yourself warned. 


Originally posted by imagine-that-marvel

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Ok so because of @swindle94
(who btw help me put all this together) I decided to merge all three of these AUS together. Thank you anon who sent these!
All this is just direct information me and swindle came up with….

•Calling it now, Lance has a lot of skin products hogging the bathroom sink, Where as Pidge has a whole bunch of consoles plugged into the one TV.

•Yeah so like maybe the school only allows boys to dorm, (since the school is so far away from pidge’s house….She pretends to be a guy so she can dorm) so most classes she takes online, but she came to the campus for the robotics club (which she mostly keeps to herself and where she befriends Hunk) and two classes she couldn’t take online which is her Chemistry (Lance has the same class too they are actually lab partners) and Spanish.

•Lance is on the swim team with a scholarship, and maybe Pidge helps tutor him so he can keep his grades up and stay on the team. So the deal is she helps him with classes science and a little bit of math, maybe history. If he helps her with literature and Spanish.

•Pidge to disguise herself wears baggy shirts and sweatshirts with a sports bra to hide her chest. Under some circumstance she got back (from where ever who knows) and it’s a really hot day so she decided to remove her shirt with just the sports bra and she passed out on her bed. Lance comes to the dorm early after swim practice…He is pretty loud upon entering the room and oh boy was he surprise when Pidge woke up! She explained everything to him….

•Also to add to the lab partner au- Lance chose Pidge to be his lab partner, one no cute girls would accept his request and two Pidge is really smart so he can get an A!

-for a specific example of their lab shenanigans. Pidge has to stop Lance from spilling a single drop of water on one of those chemical tablets that reacts violently to water. She basically keeps him from doing something stupid and being able to pass the class. She definitely tutors him in this class.

titillatinglytender  asked:

Hey, so in my text, I came across this conjugate acid -base reaction- H2O+H2O----->H3O+ +OH-. How can the same molecule react with itself?

Water is an amphoteric molecule - it can react with both acids and bases by acting as a base and acid respectively.

Consequently, water can self-ionise, in which one molecule acts as an acid by donating a proton, producing OH-, while the other acts as a base by accepting the proton, producing H3O+.

Some other molecules do the same thing too! For example, hydrogen fluoride can self-ionise to produce H2F+ and F-.

Good things

For @sayruq​ - who sent me an ask, but I’ve put it at the bottom because otherwise it might give the plot away slightly.

Contains bullying, sort of sexual bullying and bad language, and all of the usual angst you expect with my Snape stories.  Sorry.

“How many times have you been told?” Eileen snapped, waving her son away from the open cauldron in the tiny kitchen.  “Keep your nose out.”

“I’m only lookin’,” he whined, tucking his greasy hair behind his ears and peering over the pot once more.  He sniffed. “Smells like viper venom.”

“And what else?”

“Grass,” he said, hesitantly.  He paused and sniffed again.  “Rhubarb?” He screwed his face up.  “I dunno, it’s sorta citrus.  Not lemon.  Weird…a bit like, raspberry and lime and…”  He inhaled deeply.  “It’s blood orange!”

“Very good.”  Eileen wiped her hands on her apron and shooed him away.  “Now get on with you!”

“Who’s it for?  What’s it do?”

“Minnie Jones,” his mother said.  “And none of your beeswax, lad.”

“She’s gettin’ married.”


Severus paused by the kitchen door.  “Is it a wedding present?”  His face twisted into a leer.  “Is it for her or for him?”


He gave a soft laugh. “I’m fifteen, mam.  You can tell us!”


Later that night, he padded down the stairs and peered into the cooling cauldron.  His mother had added something else late in the process, because the liquid had solidified and turned canary yellow.  He prodded the potion tentatively with a clean glass rod, and watched in fascination as the jellied concoction moved as one around the pot.

He peered at the cauldron and then grabbed a jar from under the sink.  His mother wouldn’t miss a jar full.  He carefully ladled some of the mixture from the cauldron, and tightened the top, before secreting the jar in his schoolbag which lay discarded in the hall. It wouldn’t do for his mother to find such a thing in his bedroom.

He still didn’t know what it did, but a newlywed potion could only be fun.

He was cornered, four-on-one, by the library.  He’d reacted swiftly, but not swiftly enough – and now he found himself at the wrong end of Sirius Black’s wand, his wrists pinned to the wall behind him.

“What’ve you got in here?” Potter said, rooting through his bag.  “Shabby book, shabby book, another shabby book.”  He threw one at Peter, and laughed as several pages fell out. “Whoops.  Looks like you need a new Transfiguration textbook, Sniv.”

“Git,” Severus spat, and Sirius flicked his wand, causing an invisible hand to slap Severus’ cheek.  “Ow!  Fuck off, Black!”

“Such language,” Potter mocked delving deeper into his bag.  “And what are these?”  He held up three tubes of potions – one glittering, one blue and one a canary yellow. “Oi!  I’m talking to you.  These unlabelled potions.  What are they?”

“Don’t trust him, James,” Remus said, quickly.

Severus sneered. “Yes, don’t trust me.  One will bring eternal wealth, one eternal glory, and one eternal impotency…  Choose wisely, Potter.”

Despite himself, Sirius snorted.  “All yours, James.  I don’t fancy my chances.”

“Eternal impotency,” James scoffed.  “If one of these brought eternal wealth, Snivellus wouldn’t be so scruffy.”

Sirius barked a laugh. “Yeah, our house-elves have smarter tea-towels than you do clothes, Sniv.”

James picked up the potions one by one, examining them in the light, glancing at Severus as he did so. “So which are you fearful of, Snivvy?” He paused, and a slow smile spread across his face.  “I’ll be keeping these two,” he said, pocketing the shining potion, and the blue potion.  “You looked rather more cautious at this one.”  He waved the yellow one before his face.

“So the yellow one it is,” Sirius laughed.  “Open wide.”

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I’m torn between the isolation of no one knowing what happened to me and being terrified of how all my relationships would be flipped upside down if people did know.
—  Posted by Anonymous
Day 63 - Europium

In the sixth Period and the ninth Group, Europium was named after the continent of Europe. How boring!

Europium is the most reactive of all rare earth metals, reacting strongly to oxygen and water.

Europium is used in the Euro to prevent forgery - when shined under a UV light it emits a red glow.

Europium is never found isolated naturally, but is found and extracted from a number of naturally occurring minerals.

Europium often absorbs neutrons, making it extremely useful in the production of nuclear power.

Companions as Gayle Waters-Waters quotes

Aka: the only companions post that actually matters


Piper: “A veagan that husky? What’s fueling that ass? Sweet potatoes? A poltergeist?”


Cait: “it’s my birthday so that means my family has to watch me do crunches”

Codsworth: “Well I’ve got news for you asshole, I’ve rigged that couscous with C4 So when I go, it goes”

Hancock: “So I black out from the rage and come to covered head to toe in hollandaise sauce. All that stress led me to treat myself like a buttery potato dish, and the only thing that could calm me down was a Dutch cream sauce”


MacCready: “I CAN’T HAVE THAT THING IN MY COMMUNITY. ‘Oh, how do you get to maccready’s house?’ Just take a left at the chody pine, but try not to throw up. Because it looks like A LEAN CUISINE”

Danse: “let’s get one thing straight, I’m like a kangaroo. My first line of defense is my legs. So there’s no easy way to say this, but I rolled my ankle at the Yanni concert. I rushed the stage, and I paid the price.”


Nick Valentine: “Why you smilin’ like that, who are you, Orphan Annie? Now why don’t you go Google Image search pictures of Helen Hunt, and let me live my life?”

Strong: “Oh, you’re from the bay area? I don’t give a shit. I’m from New England, LOOK AT MY FLEECE. I MAKE A HAM LUNCH, YOU’RE EATING IT.”

X6-88: “The last time I went to Trader Joe’s, I almost threw up from how much fake fun the employees were having. If I wanted to have fun while I shopped, I’d bring a razor scooter”

Dogmeat: “I meet a man like Mark, and I get the impression that he’s wet his pants on every continent”

Sodium (Na): Characteristics of metallic BUTTER.

Sodium at standard temperature and pressure is a soft silvery metal, that oxidizes to grayish white unless immersed in oil or inert gas. Sodium can be readily cut with a knife, and is a good conductor of electricity.

When freshly cut, sodium has a bright, silvery luster. If exposed to air, the surface rapidly tarnishes, darkening at first and then forming a white coating of sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate.

Sodium is generally less reactive than potassium and more reactive than lithium. Like all the alkali metals, it reacts exothermically with water, to the point that sufficiently large pieces melt to a sphere and may explode; this reaction produces caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) and flammable hydrogen gas. When burned in dry air, it mainly forms sodium peroxide as well as some sodium oxide.

  • Atomic number 11
  • Atomic mass 22.98977 g.mol -1
  • Electronegativity according to Pauling 0.9
  • Density 0.97 -3 at 20 °C
  • Melting point 97.5 °C
  • Boiling point 883 °C

Giffed by: rudescience  From: This video