Pinaka or Shiva Dhanush is the bow of the Hindu god Shiva. It was given by Shiva to his devotee King Devaraatha, the ancestor of King Janaka. It is mentioned in the Hindu epic Ramayana, when its hero Rama (another avatar of Vishnu) breaks it to win Janaka’s daughter as his wife.Vishwakarma crafted two divine bows. He gave Sharanga to Lord Vishnu and Pinaka to Lord Shiva .
King Janaka of Mithila had a daughter named Sita.
In earlier part of her life, Sita while playing with her sisters had
unknowingly lifted the table over which the bow had been placed; which
was something no one in the kingdom could do. This incident was however
observed by Janaka and he decided to make this incident as the backdrop
Later, Janaka had announced that whosoever wanted to marry Sita had to lift the divine bow and string it. The bow was broken by Ayodhya’s prince Rama
when he attempted to string the bow, during the swayamvara of Sita,
thereby winning the princess’s hand in marriage.
After the marriage when
his father Dasharatha was returning to Ayodhya with Rama, Parashurama obstructed their path and challenged Rama for breaking his guru Shiva’s bow. Rama extolled the sage. After that Dasharatha
prayed to the sage to forgive him but Parashurama remained enraged and
brought out Vishnu’s bow. He then asked Rama to string the bow and fight
a duel with him. Rama snatches the bow of Vishnu, strings it, places an
arrow and points it straight at the challenger’s heart. Rama then asks
Parashurama what he will give as a target to the arrow. At this point,
Parashurama feels himself devoid of his mystical energy. He realizes
that Rama is the avatar of Vishnu, his successor and his superior. He
accepts Rama’s superiority.
*(( Another tale of Pinaka revolves around the tale of Lord Vishnu fighting Lord Shiva,mentioned in Seventy fifthe sarga of Bala kanda of Ramayana. Pa'rashuram narrates this to Lord Rama before challenging him to string Sharanga.The story goes like this-The Devas wanted to test the superiority of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva and asked Lord Brahma to create a difference of opinion between them. In the battle that ensued, Lord Vishnu utters a battle cry “hum” which paralyzes the Devas and Lord Shiva.His bow is rendered useless, and Lord Vishnu’s bow Sharanga prevails. This Pinaka was broken later by Lord Rama, who also snatches Sharanga from Parashurama and gives it to Varuna, lord of the oceans, for safekeeping.))
Although reference is still to be inserted from Puranas (ancient Hindu texts) there is some connection of Pinaka with the life of Maharshi Dadhichi a sage who helped devas to defeat the asura Vritra and later on request gave up life and provided his bones for making a Vajra which Indra used to kill the Demon Vritrasura.
Tulsidas (1497/1532–1623) was a Hindu poet-saint. he is best known as the author of the epic Ramcharitmanas, a retelling of the Sanskrit Ramayana based on Rama’s life in the vernacular Awadhi.
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“The Golden Fish,” Suvannamaccha is a daughter of the demon Ravana from versions of the Hindu epic Ramayana told in southeastern Asian countries. The monkey hero of the story, Hanuman, is sent by the god Rama to rescue his consort Sita after she was kidnapped by Ravana and kept prisoner on an island. To reach the island, Hanuman and his helpers began building a bridge but each day they would come and find their progress undone by Suvannamaccha and her fellow mermaids who had been sent by Ravana to hinder their progress. Instead of becoming angry, Hanuman began falling in love with his adversary and, eventually enticed her to stay and parlay, explaining why he was building the bridge. Learning the truth, Suvannamaccha reciprocated Hanuman’s love and ordered the other mermaids to return the rocks as well as assist in finishing the bridge. The two would have a son, Macchanu, who would go on to have his own adventures differing between versions of the Ramayana. In modern usages scrolls depicting Suvannamaccha are hung in Thailand as a good-luck charm.
The auspicious occasion commemorates the birth of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was born to King Dasharatha and Queen Kaushalya of Ayodhya.
The festival is celebrated on the ninth day of Hindu lunar calendar’s Chaitra month (March-April). Besides the birth of Lord Rama, Lord Rama and Maa Sita were also married on the day. Many devotees fast on the auspicious occasion and special prayers are offered to the Lord. Ramayana should be read and revered today.
Chant His name and enjoy this special day to the Lord!
Within the hut, Sita meets with the sage’s wife, Anasuya, herself an illustrious ascetic. Anasuya approves of Sita’s accompanying Rama into the forest and blesses her with the gifts of heavenly raiment that will never wear out, fine jewelry, a garland, and an unguent that would guard against the rigors of the forest climate. We see Sita twice. In the first appearance she receives the gift of clothes from Anasuya and exchanges her leaf-and-bark dress for a red skirt and blue shawl; in her second appearance she displays the gift to Rama.
Jambavan the King of the Bears, is a asiatic or sloth bear in Indian epic tradition (though he is also described as a monkey in other scriptures), immortal to all but his father Vishnu.
Jambavan in his previous life was the King of the Himalayas who had incarnated as a bear in order to serve Lord Rama. He received a boon from Lord Rama that he would have a long life, and have the strength of ten million lions. In the epic Ramayana, Jambavantha helped Rama find his wife Sita and fight her abductor, Ravana. (via wikipedia)