Scopes of Feminsim
As Defined by the book “Feminist Theories and Social Work: Approaches and Applications” by Christine Flynn Saulnier ©1996
Liberal Feminism- Argues that, based on gender, women are unfairly denied equal access to society’s resources.
Radical Feminism- argues that society is psychologically structured on male needs, that to maintain that order women’s needs are subjugated, and that the fabric of society must be fundamentally altered.
Lesbian Feminism- challenges the organization of society around both heterosexual and male dominance and the ongoing enforcement of that arrangement.
Cultural Feminism- holds that women are more peaceful, cooperative, and nurturing than men, probably because women reproduce and nurture species.
Ecofeminism- is the application of women’s culture to efforts toward peace and ecology.
Socialist Feminism- blames the economics of capitalism in combination with patriarchy for women’s subordinate position in society.
Womanism (African American Feminism) - defines sexism as one of multiple interlocking systems of oppression functioning simultaneously and interdependently, inextricable from each other theoretically or experientially.
Postmodern Feminism- argues that since woman is socially defined and inherently distorting term, which cannot be defended on empirical or theoretical grounds, we have no reason to think females have an inherent nature or role. Thus, social organization rooted i gender is based on an invented concept.
Global Feminism- seeks to explain the interconnectedness of disparate feminist struggles by examining how world-wide economic factors combine with national histories of colonialism, religion and culture to oppress women