A cheap (intended to be disposable) 1905 reprint of The Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Chicago : Max Stein & Co., 1905). The chromolithograph print on the cover isn’t correctly lined up (the white ink didn’t quite end up where it was supposed to), but it oddly works - look at how creepy Mr. Hyde’s hands are!

From the Dime Novel Collection, University of South Florida Libraries

Moriarty? What’s Moriarty?

James Moriarty isn’t a man at all. He’s a spider.

He’s a spider? Right, then. Moriarty is a bloody metaphor? The way he talks, his priorities and his entire existence is just ridiculous. He’s scary and yet so unreal. You’ll more likely meet an evil cabbie or creepy blackmailer. But Jim Moriarty?

People don’t have archenemies - in real life. There are no archenemies in real life. Doesn’t happen.

You’re just a man. And they’re so much more than that.

Archenemy? This isn’t what happens in real life. So, if Moriarty isn’t like other characters, if he isn’t just a man, if he’s something more… what’s it than?

                                          WHAT’S MORIARTY?

1) The opposite to John

Originally posted by johnlocknetwork

There are no archenemies in real life. Doesn’t happen.

Doesn’t it? Sounds a bit dull.

Moriarty is so interesting. When he’s around, you just can’t be bored. Mostly he tries to kill you, but you know, in quite a flirty way.

What do real people have then in their real lifes?

Girlfriends, boyfriends… Do you have a boyfriend? - which is fine, by the way.

People don’t have archenemies, however they have boyfriends. Interesting. Archenemy, who aspires to be the hero’s boyfriend.

I hope you’ll be very happy together, says John sarcastically. He’s afraid that Sherlock could find him too ordinary. Jim is aware of that.

Aren’t ordinary people adorable? … And you know, you’ve got John.

There are the very opposite of each other. John presents the good side, he wants to be as normal as it gets, through he’s failing sometimes. He expects Sherlock to buy milk, watch telly and be polite. He wants him to act properly et cetera.

Sherlock! Timing!

On the other hand Jim doesn’t expect anything but a game. He’s obviously the bad choice for Sherlock. Jim flirts with him, encourage him to act like a bastard, lures him to join the dark side. Not because it’s better, but because it’s easier.

Is that a British Army Browning L9A1 in your pocket, or are you just pleased to see me?

It’s up to Sherlock to choose. John represents safety, but Jim is exciting. We see this struggling every time Jim shows up. (i.e.TGG, TRF) + in other episodes, where is his presence indicated.

As in TEH, where he’s blatantly asking about this the final problem. 

Jim is an alternative route. John is about to get married and that gives Moriarty another chance. (Mary probably works for him anyway, so Jim created this chance.) He is (probably) not dead. The flirting’s not over yet. And it won’t until Sherlock will pick up one of them.

2) Sherlock’s dark side

You’re gonna love being dead, Sherlock.

Moriarty has a death wish. Is it simultaneously Sherlock’s death wish? Maybe he wanted to meet Moriarty on the roof because he needed to face it.

221C, Baker Street. The basement variation of 221B Baker Street. 221B is where Shelock lives, 221C is where he first ‘meets’ Moriarty. Jim was there and left there a pair of shoes.

This apartment is a lot like Jim. Nearly empty, no one is interested in it, because there’s something wrong with it. But Sherlock took a look - the first time he was there, as Mrs Hudson said. He could have decided to live there. He nearly was Moriarty.

We are constantly reminded of the possibility.

Sherlock Holmes is a great man, and I think one day— if we’re very very lucky— he might even be a good one.

I may be on the side of angels, but don’t think for one second that I am one of them.

You’re not ordinary. You’re me. 

Because he’s a psychopath. Psychopaths get bored.

When Sherlock faces Moriarty, he’s actually facing his dark side. All the horrible things he has in his mind is chained up in the padded cell. Sherlock knows Moriarty is insane. Dangerous.

Could be dangerous.

Originally posted by sheeranlive

Moriarty calls himself ‘the villain’, he’s the dark, the evil side. But what about Sherlock? Is he fully good?

I may be on the side of angels, but don’t think for one second that I am one of them. 

Sherlock is Dr Jekyll, while Jim is Mr Hyde. These are characters from a story by R. L. Stevenson and it goes like this: Dr Jekyll creates a potion, when he drinks it, he becomes Mr Hyde. 

The thing is that Mr Hyde (Moriarty) is pure evil, he’s made of all the bad things and sins in Dr Jekyll (Holmes) - however, Dr Jekyll (Holmes) isn’t antithesis, e.i. pure good. As I said, Mr Hyde (Moriarty) is culmitation of Jekyll’s (Holmes’) bad traits, therefore Dr Jekyll (Holmes) has some. 

Jekyll (Holmes) is a just a human being, he’s more good than bad, but he is not an angel. Compared to Hyde (Moriarty) nevertheless he seems better than he actually is.

Holmes could be seen as a hero only thanks to Moriarty.

3) Force which divides and connects

Isn’t he sweet? I can see why you like having him around… but then people do get so sentimental about their pets.

Every time Jim and Sherlock meet, they talk about John. Jim uses John to manipulate with Sherlock. The pool, the roof, even the tea party.

Originally posted by pureblood-sherlocked

Every time Moriarty comes to the picture he divides them, but Sherlock and John somehow (magically or is it tjlc) connect again. They always find their way.

Domestic bliss starts after the pool. Through they’re separated for two years after TRF, they reunite again. Just the two of us against the rest of the world.

And it is my belief that the bonfire incident was planned by Moriarty, although performed by Magnussen.

Consulting criminal. Brilliant.

Because after this event, John forgives Sherlock. He’s like a drug.

Force that incessantly divides 

Most importantly Jim performs the antagonist to Sherlock. Villain - hero. John is aware of that Moriarty is villain and he assumes Sherlock is the hero. But we already know it’s not like that. 

What’s more - the fact, that John can’t see Sherlock as a human is the biggest problem of all. Once he’ll recognize his mistake, they can confess their love to each other. But that’s gonna be really hard for John.

Force that connects regardless of death

John Watson is definitely in danger.

Okay, it’s mindpalace!Jim. Nevertheless, there’s a reason why Moriarty is the one saying this. It could have been anyone else. Mrs Hudson, Molly… But they chose Moriarty to say it. To remind Sherlock that John needs him.

Originally posted by snowcrumbs

And of course the last time he reunited them was this. Did you miss me?

Sherlock has to come back. Thank you, Jim.

I’m Petrified!

When I go on a vacation, I usually don’t think of it as Project: Sightseeing. More like Mission: Relax, Unwind, Get Away From School and Stuff Your Face with Croissants. I’m willing to make an exception for a certain forest in Calistoga, CA.

 So what makes this forest special, anyway? Vacations are supposed to be, well, vacations, and that includes a break from tramping around some marsh and getting showered in facts. Well, these trees have literally been turned into stone. This forest’s called the Petrified Forest. 

It happened like this: About 3.4 million years ago, a volcano was about to erupt, but the magma couldn’t flow freely because the volcano had high silica content and was kept inside until the volcano reached its bursting point. 

This volcano had an explosive eruption and magma blanketed the countryside. If you want to see it, the remnant of this volcano is Mount St. Helena. Anyway, volcanic ash preserved the trees in the Petrified Forest for years. Over time, minerals replaced the organic material of the trees. Then it solidified into rock. So should you call rocks, or stone, or trees, or what? Technically, these are the fossils of trees. Yes, you heard me right, dinosaurs aren’t the only things you can find fossils of. 

Speaking of which, who discovered this amazing place, anyway? That would be Charles Evans, also known as Petrified Charley. He even dedicated a tree to his friend, Robert Louis Stevenson. There are lots of other cool trees there like the Giant, which is about 125 feet long, and the Queen, which was 2,000 years old before the eruption and is still around today. The even have the only petrified pine tree! I could go on and on, but I’d better let you “discover it all” yourself. If you do go there, you’ll see sparkles on the trees and trail. That’s quartz, which is a mineral the trees’ environment has a lot of.

Even if these trees weren’t petrified, they’d have been special. They’re an extinct type called Sequoia langsdorfii, which is a type of redwood. It’s an ancestor of the Coast Redwood tree we have today.

As you can see, you shouldn’t be petrified of the Petrified Forest! It’s a truly amazing experience!

Manzanita Tree

Book Four: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, R. L. Stevenson.

I finished The Pretender yesterday and I have to say I was not impressed. When I met the author, he had described the plot as fast-paced and so risky that it would leave you feeling tense. But whilst reading it, I found the plot a little stifled, the need wasn’t strong enough and everything was resolved fairly easily. It was a ‘nice’ read; but it’s not the kind of novel that pulls you in and cleaves onto you. I couldn’t really relate to the few characters that were in mentioned; they weren’t particularly memorable.

Well not to worry; onto the next book of summer reading. I’ve never actually read this; although having read countless essays and reviews on it. I know I’m most likely going to enjoy it, I love 19th century literature and the literary London they all effortlessly describe - It almost makes me feel like I was born in the wrong century.

abandoned-ideas  asked:

Do you have any advice for writing a protagonist who is also the antagonist? I'm having trouble with it.

The main purpose of the antagonist is to be an opposite force for your protagonist. 

When your protagonist also happens to be your antagonist you have to choose if its going to be an internal conflict or an external conflict.

  • Internal conflict

This is your protagonist’s mind and desires to be in conflict with your protagonist’s mind and desires. In other words, the motivations of your protagonists are struggling with themselves.

You can portray these internal conflicts by using first person or third person. In first person you can use monologues and stream of consciousness. You can play with your resources here. You don’t have to tell your readers right away the protagonist is having an internal conflict but let them find it themselves. When using third person some resources get limited, but it can also work.

  • External conflict

The book Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by R. L. Stevenson can be used as an example of external conflict (physically external). You have to be careful if you want to use an external conflict to show your protagonist being their own antagonist. The main question is how: how can, physically speaking, one person be in two different places with opposite motivations.

  • Keep in mind

The resource used in the book above is Dissociative Identity Disorder. When using anything related to mental health, look for accurate information. Set the time and place for your story and research medicine in those times and places.

The same applies to chemistry, physics, and any other science you want to use.

Keep the writing clear, if you don’t want the readers to find out the antagonist and the protagonist are the same person, don’t confuse them unnecessarily. 

Don’t forget your other characters, if there’ll be any. They will also be affected by your protagonist/antagonist motivations.



On September 1st 1971, the sole remaining gas street lamp in Glasgow was lit for the last time.

This signalled the end of an era - the age of the “leeries”, or lamplighters, which began in 1718 with oil lamps. The gas lamps were phased out in favour of electric street lighting. The last lamp was lit by Lord Provost Sir Donald Liddle it was the last of around 24,000 that lit up Glasgow for around 250 years.  I know there are a few songs and poems, most notably R L Stevensons,  about the Leeries but I found this one said to written by Perth poet Willie Soutar, the Glasgow Herald quoted part of this

Whan leerie-licht comes doun  the street
He’s thronged wi’ routin bairns:
Leerie, leerie licht the lamps
Ye canna licht the sterns
But leerie as he lichts the lamps  
Has aye the hindmost lauch
Gin I had a langer pole
I’d licht them sune eneuch.

Another Poet  W D Cocker from Rutherglen gave us….

Carryin’ his magic wand,
Like a sceptre beamin’,
Up the street the leerie comes;
A’ the lamps are gleamin’