185- The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful. (2:185)
The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur'an was sent down as guidance to mankind, with manifest proofs of guidance and the Distinguisher. So let those of you who witness it fast [in] it, and as for anyone who is sick or on a journey, let it be a [similar] number of other days. Allah desires ease for you, and so that you may complete the number, and magnify Allah for guiding you, and that you may give thanks.
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is blessing.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]
 Salawaat at the Masjid:
Fajr, Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, Ishaa’.
In Saheeh Muslim (654) it is narrated that Ibn Mas’ood said: “At the time of the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) we used to think that no one failed to attend the prayer in congregation but a hypocrite or one who was sick.”
Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: ❝With regard to not praying in congregation, this is a reprehensible action and is not permitted. It is also one of the attributes of the hypocrites.❞
 Qur’aan al-Fajr:
﴿إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا﴾
❝Verily, the recitation of the Quran in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night).❞ [17:78]
 Salaat al-Duhaa:
“Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until the sun rises, then prays two rak‘ahs, will have a reward like that of Hajj and ‘Umrah, complete, complete, complete.”
[Narrated by at-Tirmidhi (586)] - Shaykh Ibn Baaz (رحمه الله) was asked about it and said: This hadeeth has isnaads that are fine, thus it is regarded as coming under the heading of hasan because of corroborating evidence.
❝The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).❞ [Quran al-Baqarah 2:185]
Jibreel used to come to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) every night in Ramadaan, and study the Quran with him. (al-Bukhaari, 5; Muslim, 4268)
“O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the Zaalimoon (wrongdoers)”
“Sadaqah extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire.” (Ahmad, Tirmidhi)
- Read a book;
- Attend study circles;
- Watch lectures on YouTube;
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Allah makes the way to Jannah easy for him who treads the path in search of knowledge.”
 Help around the house:
‘A’isha (رضّى الله عنها) was asked about what the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to do in his house, and she said, “He used to serve his family, then when the time for prayer came, he would go out to pray.” (Reported by al-Bukhari, al-Fath, 2/162).
“Whatever is prayed for at the time of breaking the fast is granted and never refused.” [Tirmidhi]
 Taraweeh/Qiyaam al-Layl:
The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever prays qiyaam – i.e., Taraweeh – with the imam until he finishes, it will be recorded as if he spent the whole night in prayer.”
[Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]
“Whoever spends the nights of Ramadaan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”
[Bukhaari (2008) and Muslim (174)]
“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month…”
❝Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.❞
[al-Bukhaari, 2014; Muslim, 760]
 Morning/Evening Adhkaar:
“… and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting.” [Ta-Ha 20:130]
 Sunan Rawaatib:
“Allaah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak'aat (as follows): 4 Rak'aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr (Midday) Prayer, 2 after the Maghrib (Sunset Prayer), 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ (Evening) Prayer and 2 before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.” [Hadith sahih narrated by at-Tirmidhi No. 379 and by others. Hadith No. 6183 in Sahih al-Jaami’]
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.
[ Surat Al-baqarah 2:185 ] | Translated By Muhsin Khan