queens regnant

In Tangled and Tangled: The Series, Rapunzel is the sole heir to the crown as the only child of her father, Kind Frederic. Rapunzel’s position as a future queen seems to have raised many questions in the fandom. Because I’m a history enthusiast, I wanted to make some points clear for all fans and fanfiction writers.

Originally posted by disneyfeverdaily

Rapunzel will become a queen of her own right, a queen regnant. This means she will inherit her power and become the sovereign ruler of Corona. This differs greatly from her own mother, Queen Ariana. As king, King Frederic is the sovereign ruler of Corona. As his wife, Ariana is actually a queen consort, being the wife of a king. This means that Queen Ariana shares her husband’s rank and title but not his sovereign power. The series actually confirms this, as about all decisions this far have been made by Frederic alone; King came down hard on crime, King enacts a martial law that forbids Rapunzel from leaving Corona, King will decide what happens to Eugene after his confession to the queen…

But the biggest question in fandom seems to concern Eugene and his status after Rapunzel becomes queen. And no, he will not become a king. This is both a historical fact according to European tradition (while Corona is a fantasy land, it is definitely in Europe) and something Eugene himself points out at the end of Tangled, where he says that Rapunzel ruled her kingdom with wisdom and grace. Not they and their kingdom, Rapunzel and her kingdom.

Eugene becomes prince consort. This means that he will not have sovereign power. Husband of a queen is not called a king unless he has inherited sovereign right to rule himself. Husband of the queen will not share her rank and title. This is because of male primogeniture; male heirs are given privileges before females. King means a male ruler who has inherited his right to rule and so ideally, queen would actually be queen consort. However, Rapunzel is an only child so she will definitely become queen regnant instead. Eugene will not hold any royal power. Instead, he will most likely act as counsel and guide for his wife, Rapunzel.

Originally posted by dj066rapunz3l

I know it may seem strange for many fans that Eugene will not become king or hold any actual power. This is because traditionally, Western stories have loved to glorify male heroes by giving them power and titles. I don’t see many people wondering what Cinderella or Tiana will do after their princes become kings and I think that is because it’s just so easy to imagine a heroine as simply a wife but it’s harder to imagine a hero as simply a husband, with position depending completely on his partner. I personally take Tangled as a great opportunity to get used to and celebrate a heroine finally having power in her own right and becoming a great female ruler.

This has been some interesting historical and not so historical trivia for today. Rapunzel will become an amazing queen and Eugene will be there to support her all the way through.

As a sidenote, Rapunzel will never become Rapunzel Fitzherbert. Royalty in Europe do not need last names even today. And even so, Rapunzel is clearly higher in rank. It would be unwise to give up her father’s name after marriage as she will inherit his title and power. Actually, historically in such cases husbands could take their wife’s name instead. I think Eugene was either using his commoner thinking or simply making cute rhymes in Tangled Before Ever After when he sang about her becoming “Mrs Eugene Fitzherbert”. Modern fics are a different matter, of course. But taking your husband’s name is not the only way to be cute and romantic so I’m sure their marriage is just as sweet anyway.

Today in 1952, Elizabeth Windsor became Queen Elizabeth II. After 65 years she is now the world’s oldest reigning monarch as well as Britain’s longest-lived. In 2015, she surpassed the reign of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, to become the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state in world history.

About Allura’s Mom

Allura rarely talks about her mother, we only get like one mention of her in S1 and none in S2? Alfor on the other hand is constantly being mentioned by Allura in S1. She has a lot of memories with her father, a lot of happy ones and they come back when she loses the last piece of him she had. 

In every single one of these memories with her father, Allura is wearing her circlet. The only time she isn’t is when she’s a baby. Alfor, on the other hand, is never shown wearing a crown/circlet/anything denoting nobility. He always calls himself an alchemist, and says he is not a good leader? Coran refers to him only as a ‘leader’ and a king, neither of which means he inherited the throne. 

Allura’s mom though, she is also always seen wearing her circlet. 

Like I am serious, Allura’s mom was the Queen regnant and Alfor was her consort. Since he had a military background it could be that they married after he rose up in the ranks? Also Allura’s mom (Imma call her Fala) was invited to the dinner party above meanwhile none of the other spouses were. Granted, Zarkon wasn’t married yet and we don’t know about the others but it could show that she is the queen and since they are a group of leaders she was also invited. 

The biggest thing that helps prove it is that Allura and her mom wear the same circlet from when Allura is about 10 onward. Idk if its inherited or not but if the circlet Allura is wearing is her mother’s, then that could mean Fala died before the destruction of Altea, approx. when Allura was 10-13. 


The Age of the Queen Regnant

The twelfth century is notable for the number of women who inherited the throne in their own right, exercising this right with varying degrees of success. Most would find male support necessary to establish their rule, but just as often these women were forced to take up arms against such men, whether they be husband, son, or cousin. Frightening, unprecedented, and remarkable, this age of formidable queens would not find its counterpart until the 16th century.

Urraca of Leon (1109-1126): the first queen regnant of a major Western power, Urraca inherited the kingdoms of Leon, Castile, and Galicia from her father, Alfonso VI. According to her father’s wishes, the widowed heiress married Alfonso I “The Battler” of Aragon, a marriage which would prove a bane to Urraca’s subjects and soon Urraca herself as the Aragonese king sought to assert himself in her kingdoms at the expense of Urraca’s power. In addition to her husband, Urraca’s rule was likewise challenged by her half-sister, Teresa of Portugal, and the supporters of her son, Alfonso Raimundez, in Galicia. Against such odds, Urraca prevailed, skillfully playing each side against another, and passed a kingdom peaceful and intact onto her son at her death.

Melisende of Jerusalem (1131-1153): the first queen of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, which she inherited jointly with her husband, Fulk of Anjou, and infant son, Baldwin, on the death of her father, Baldwin II. Melisende would champion the native nobility against Fulk and his personal retainers, asserting her personal power following a rebellion and garnering her husband’s respect and fear. Following Fulk’s sudden death, Melisende ruled on her own, continuing to do so even after her son had reached his majority, welcoming the Western armies on the Second Crusade. Her determination to maintain her personal power against her son’s encroachment would lead to armed conflict between them in her last years, resulting in a temporary partition of the kingdom.

Petronilla of Aragon (1137-1164): the first queen of Aragon, Petronilla was the only child of Ramiro II, known as “The Monk” who despite being a bishop was chosen as king following the death of his childless brother, Alfonso I. Ramiro abdicated in 1137, having concluded Petronilla’s betrothal to Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona, leaving his two-year-old daughter and her twenty-five year-old husband rulers of Aragon. Petronilla ruled alongside her husband until his death in 1162, abdicating two years later in favor of her seven-year-old son, Alfonso II. Her marriage brought about the union of the Crown of Aragon, over which her son would rule. The extent of Petronilla’s own power is unclear, frustratingly hidden beneath that of her husband’s and her son’s.

Empress Matilda (1141-1148): the only legitimate child of Henry I of England following her brother’s death, Matilda was recognized by her father as his heir.  To bolster her claim, she was remarried to Geoffrey of Anjou, a distasteful union to both, but one that served their mutual political interests. After her father’s death, Matilda’s claim was usurped by her cousin, Stephen. What followed was roughly a decade of civil war, known as the “Anarchy” with both side jockeying for the throne. Matilda achieved a brief triumph, having captured Stephen, and was acclaimed “Lady of the English”. Her fortunes soon changed and Stephen regained his throne. The struggle dragging on, Matilda began to champion the claims of her son, Henry FitzEmpress, instead of her own. Her efforts paid off and Henry came to the throne as Henry II following Stephen’s death. Matilda would spend the remainder of her life a valued adviser to her son.

Constance of Sicily (1194-1198): married to the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI in her early thirties, Constance was recognized as heiress in Sicily by her childless nephew, William III. However upon his death, his bastard cousin, Tancred, seized the throne, supported by many who feared Hohenstaufen influence. Henry and Constance led several campaigns into Sicily, one of which resulted in Constance’s capture. Following Tancred’s death, they ascended the throne. Having given birth to a son, Constance turned against Henry, joining with the native nobility in resisting Hohenstaufen domination. Upon his unexpected death, she had her son, Frederick, crowned king and placed him under the guardianship of the pope shortly prior to her own death in 1198.


Mary the First - Childhood

Mary had like her parents a very fair complexion, with reddish-gold hair and pale blue eyes. She was also said to have inherited her ruddy cheeks from her father, Henry VIII.

Mary was an intelligent child who was able to play the virginals by the age of four, she showcased this gift when entertaining French ambassadors in July 1520. Including the virginals, Mary also excelled in music, dance, French, Spanish, could write and read Latin fluently and was said to know a little bit of Greek. A great part of Mary’s early education came from her mother, Catherine of Aragon, who commissioned the Spanish humanist, Juan Luis Vives, to write  De Institutione Feminae Christianae - A paper on the education of young girls.

Her father boasted that she was a peaceful child, stating to the Venetian ambassador, Sebastian Giustiniani, “This girl never cries”.

It was said by the Venetian Mario Savorgnano, that as she grew into adulthood “Mary was developing into a pretty, well-proportioned young lady with a fine complexion.”


history meme (french edition)  →   6 couples (1/6) Philip IV the Fair & Joan I of Navarre

Philip’s love for Joan was noted by many contemporaries who claimed that the king ’always wanted to be near his wife’. Joan had a gentle and sympathetic character; she gave Philip the affection that had so long been denied to him. They functioned very well as a personal and political partnership in many ways, and contemporary evidence appears to indicate that they had a close, harmonious and healthy personal relationship. The balance of power seems to have varied in each of their different roles: Joan was an active and overpopular consort, fulfilling all expectations in her roles of wife, mother, patroness and mistress of the court. (…) Only 37 at the time of her death in 1305, Philip never considered remarrying, though he could have gained considerable financial and political advantages through a second marriage. E. Woodacre, The Queens Regnant of Navarre: Succession, Politics, and Partnership, 1274-1512 //  J. R. Strayer, The Reign of Philip the Fair.

When Sansa is crowned new queen regnant of the iron throne and survive the game of thrones  and everyone’s reaction be like


Ned and Catelyn:

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Robert and Renly:

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Cercei and Joffrey:

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Ollena: Because their house did not survive?

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Petyr Baelish:

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Varys: Because of how much Sansa has changed?

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Brienne and Podrick:

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While Sansa..

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Vardges Sureniants (1860-1921)
“Queen Zabel’s return to the throne” (1909)
Oil on canvas

Zabel I (or Isabella I) (1216/1217-1252) was the queen regnant of Cilician Armenia (1219–1252).

“The lawful heiress of the empire, Isabella, governed the country together with her husband, and led a pious, religious life. She was blessed for her good deeds and exemplary life by many children, the numerous offsprings of a famous race.”
— Vahram of Edessa: The Rhymed Chronicle of Armenia Minor

Razia al-Din, the Sultan (1205-1240)

Known as Razia Sultan, she was the Sultan of Delhi from 1236-1240. She was trained to lead armies and rule kingdoms, and refused to be addressed as “Sultana,” as it usually referred to the wife or consort of a sultan. 

Razia’s father, Iltutmish, appointed her his heir, but after his death, the nobility promoted her brother to the throne instead, as they had no intention of being ruled by a woman. He proved a terrible ruler, however, and he and his mother were assassinated after six months of his reign. The nobles reluctantly allowed Razia to take the throne.

Razia dressed in male clothing, and left her face bare when she rode her elephant into battle. Razia managed to play opposing factions against one another, and gained the support of the army and the common people, with whom she was unafraid to mingle, which allowed her to keep the nobles from deposing her or turning her into a puppet ruler. 

However, eventually some of the governors in her sultanate rebelled against her, led by her childhood friend Malik Altunia. He took her prisoner in a subsequent battle, and she agreed to marry him to avoid execution. Meanwhile, another of her brothers seized the throne. Razia and her new husband led their forces to take it back, but were defeated and later killed. Her brother was dethroned later for incompetence. 

Though Razia ruled for only a few years, she managed to establish a number of schools, research centers, and public libraries that taught not only Muslim works, but those of ancient philosophers, and Hindu works in the sciences, literature, astronomy, and philosophy. 

Queen: Regnant / Lucifer Morningstar Series

It was a Friday night and as had become the norm for the newest LA hotspot, Lux was full. The queue of skimpily clad ladies and suited gentlemen hoping to gain entry curled around the building…but Y/N didn’t bother with that. She walked straight up to the doorman, her suitcase clicking along behind her. The doorman barely glanced up at her, asking for her name as he flicked through the list.

“My name’s not on there,” she purred, her silky smooth voice and exotic accent commanding the bouncer’s full attention, “but I’m pretty sure you’re going to let me in anyway.”

The doorman nodded, almost in a trance, and moved aside to let the woman into the busy nightclub.

The woman had a strange aura to her - as she entered it seemed that the rest of the patrons just kind of made space for her. She cut a striking figure in the crowd, her full skirted, high necked dress contrasting with the array of barely dressed patrons and workers. Mazikeen, from her place behind the bar, noticed the new arrival before her boss - the demon’s genuine smile was what tipped Lucifer off that something was not right. He hadn’t seen her smile like that since they left hell.

As he turned to see what had caused Maze’s gleeful reaction he immediately wished he hadn’t, catching the eye of the woman who had just invaded his sanctuary. He ducked behind the bar as if he had any chance of avoiding the encounter that was coming.

“You might as well stand up Lucifer,” Mazikeen scolded, grabbing the devil by the shoulder and pulling him upright, “she knows you’re here.”

As the woman began to make her way towards the bar Lucifer took a deep breath, turning to grab a bottle of whisky from the shelves behind him. He poured two large glasses, downed both and then refilled them.

“Oh Maze…this will not end well for me,” he muttered, almost to himself.

And then the King of Hell headed over to meet his wife.

Mazikeen laughed, waving someone over to fill in for her on the bar and taking the seat Lucifer had recently vacated.

As the devil and Y/N met the tension in the room was palpable. Lucifer offered one of the whiskys to her and she accepted it silently, taking a long sip. Her steady gaze was fixed on her estranged husband the whole time.

“Good stuff, isn’t it?” Lucifer attempted a smile.


Lucifer’s face dropped again, realising that the woman in front of him was not going to give him an inch in this confrontation.

“How have you -”

“There are angels crawling around our kingdom. My kingdom. Cerberus and the Erinyes are keeping them at bay as best they can, but it is less than ideal.”

“I know you’re upset love, but -”

“Upset?! Since the day we married I have been forced to spend six months at a time away from you, wishing for your company, missing you, craving you, and I truly believed that you went through the same torment in my absence. My homecoming was always my most joyous moment…until last year, when I returned home to abject chaos, wrought by you on the land that I loved. That we had built together. I have only one question for you…why?”

“You wouldn’t understand,” Lucifer’s tone was bitter, his first bite into the argument forming between the two, “you have the freedom to move between here and there. Freedom that I was never given.”

“The choice to leave was made for me; that is not freedom.”

“I just thought if I told you my plans you would try and stop me…and I never could say no to you.”

The fury that flashed across the woman’s face was unearthly, and the temperature in the club dropped low enough that breath misted out of her mouth with her next sentence.

“I am your wife,” she growled, “I literally followed you into hell, why would you think that I wouldn’t follow you out again?”

“I’m sorry,” Lucifer whispered.

The woman shook her head, her face settling into a look of calm again.

“I’ve loved you for centuries, fiercely and totally, and one short human year apart hasn’t changed that. I have six months to spend on this earth, and with your permission, my King, I intend to spend them in your vicinity. I assume there’s a spare room somewhere in this hell on earth that you’ve created for yourself fit for your Queen?”

Her voice lowered deferentially as she addressed him by title, and Lucifer felt a shudder pass through him at the change in tone. It was a visceral reaction he hadn’t had to any other female in his time on earth.

“Of course,” he nodded, plastering a veneer of calm over his face, “some help with your bags?”

“Mmhm,” Y/N nodded, but stopped the devil before he could pick up her suitcase, “Mazikeen, would you?”

“My pleasure,” Maze purred, standing up to grab the case, “it is good to see you again my Queen.”

“It’s good to see you too,” Y/N smiled affectionately at the demon, her first real smile since she arrived at the club, “and might I say, your human form is very impressive…”

The whole room warmed with Y/N’s smile - like the sun coming out on a spring day. Lucifer couldn’t help but bask in the warmth, feeling almost bereaved as Y/N and her smile followed Mazikeen up to the penthouse.

When Maze returned she found her boss back in his seat, head in hands.

“Are you not happy to see your wife?” she asked him.

Lucifer considered the question carefully for a few moments before looking up at the demon.

“You know Maze, eternity in hell was a picnic compared to the penance she is going to make me pay, but despite that…yes. I really am happy to see her.”

So… about that new Mary, Queen of Scots movie

As much as I like to champion women’s stories, Mary, Queen of Scots has just never really captured my interests, while I feel all kinds of pity for her and understand she didn’t have an easy life the continued popular image of her as a beautiful, innocent martyr destroyed by jealous, childless, evil Elizabeth is something that I really hate as Mary played a large role in her own destruction. 

While the past two depictions of Mary (Mary, Queen of Scots 2014, and Reign 2013-17) I did enjoy this most recent film that will be released next year I’m a little worried about.

For one the images recently released of Margot Robbie all dressed in black with a clown like red wig and pox marks, compared to the image of Saorise Ronan as Mary, tall, young and beautiful is certainly giving me an idea of what this film might be. There seems to be a trend of making Elizabeth as ugly as possible as if if we all most mock her from beyond the grave for caring about her appearance and the having the audacity to age, but then Elizabeth is not a warm motherly figure that we may be fine with if she’s not stunningly beautiful, she was the head of government and the queen, Gloriana, the Virgin Queen even in her 60′s, it seems we are unable to forgive Elizabeth for not filling the roles we believe older women should fill and even among queen regnants Elizabeth is different, she is alone in being unmarried and held the most personal power on her own for nearly 5 decades, all kinds of ‘theories’ still get tossed around about how this could possibly be, that she was infertile, or she was a man or she was so ugly and cold no man could ever love her. Now we know none of this is true but it seems Elizabeth stills makes (men) uncomfortable 400 years after her death.

I don’t know how this film will portray Elizabeth, but it seems to me the old image of ugly childless Elizabeth with rear it’s head against beautiful mother Mary, Queen of Scots, I’m not surprised this dichotomy exists in this movie as it’s directed by a man and men seem still incapable of viewing the relationship between Mary and Elizabeth as a complex political situation and not some petty cat fight.

It doesn’t matter what Elizabeth looked like, it doesn’t matter what Mary looked like, they are two women with a complex relationships that lasted almost 40 years and spanned a great deal of important historical events of the latter half of the 16th century. Their stories is a timeless and engaging one but we need to be able to tell it with out trying to convince that one is better than the other based upon her looks and her conformity to the gender roles of her age.  


–> anonymous asked: top ten six historical ladies?

Hatshepsut: one of the most successful pharaohs, she is considered to be a pharaoh who inaugurated a long peaceful era, due to a long and prosperous reign.

Cleopatra: last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, she was a politically astute ruler who fought for the independence of her country.

Anne of Brittany: last Sovereign Duchess of Brittany and twice anointed Queen consort of France, she was a central figure in the struggle for influence that led to the union of Brittany and France.

Mary Tudor: sister of Henry VIII and Queen Dowager of France, she married for love and was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.

Mary I of England: first queen regnant of England, she paved the way for all her female successors.

Catherine de Medici: the most powerful woman in sixteenth-century Europe, she maintained the Valois dynasty on the throne during the reigns of her three sons.

Elizabeth I (1533-1603)

Queen Regnant of England, Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Art by Tiny Tarakeet (tumblr)

The fifth and final monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.  Her early life was full of uncertainties.  After her mother’s execution in 1536, Elizabeth was declared illegitimate.  She was returned to line of succession in 1544. Suspected of supporting Protestant rebels, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year during the reign of her half-sister Mary.

After Mary’s death in 1558, Elizabeth ascended to the throne.  One of her first acts as queen was to establish an English Protestant church.  This church was the forerunner of today’s Church of England.  Perhaps having learned from Mary’s mistakes, Elizabeth’s church was relatively tolerant of dissenters.  Elizabeth herself said, “I have no desire to make windows into men’s souls” and “There is only one Christ, Jesus, one faith. All else is a dispute over trifles.”

Elizabeth’s 45 year reign is considered a golden age.  Her long rule provided England with much needed stability.  Elizabeth generally avoided conflict both at home and abroad.  When war with Spain could not be avoided, the English defeat of the Spanish Armada gave her one of the greatest military victories in English history. Under Elizabeth’s leadership, England joined the Age of Discovery with the voyages of Frances Drake and Walter Raleigh.  At the same time, English culture flourished with the work of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and Edmund Spenser.

Although she was expected to produce an heir, Elizabeth never married.  A foreign husband could have drawn England into conflicts abroad and an English husband could have heightened domestic tensions.  As Elizabeth grew older, she became famous as the “Virgin Queen” who sacrificed her own happiness for the good of the nation. 

Elizabeth died in 1603 at the age of 69.  She was succeeded by James VI of Scotland, son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and great-great-grandson of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York.

What If? (Prince x MC)

Here’s my entry for Choices Creates 21!  I don’t really know where this story came from, but once it got into my head, I couldn’t let it go.

Summary: Liam and Drake reflect on the question that keeps them up at night.

Word Count: 857

Rating: T?

               Sitting in the shade of the grove’s largest apple tree, Liam smiled and watched his four-year-old daughter Lillian.  She ran from one tree to another, waving her arms and shouting something that he couldn’t quite make out.  Her endless imagination was one of the things he loved best about her, and he was happy that it seemed to come to life here at Applewood.  The place that had always been a refuge for him had become a refuge for her as well, and he indulged her by escaping here whenever they could.    

               But lately, a question had been nagging at him, interrupting his sleep and distracting him from ruling.  He’d run to Applewood to try and escape it, but the question had followed him here too, preventing him from having the relaxation he so craved.

               What if?

What if parliament refused to pass legislation allowing her to be queen?  He couldn’t imagine that it would be fair for the government to refuse her the right to rule because she was a girl.  Yes, it was still technically against the law for her to be Queen Regnant, but he had confidence that would change in a few years.  And, knowing his daughter’s strong sense of right and wrong, he could only imagine how being passed over because of her gender would upset her. But if she was allowed to be queen…

               What if she didn’t want to be?  Ruling was difficult, even more so than he had ever expected.  The demands on his time, his attention, and family… they had all been greater than he’d thought they would be.  He didn’t want to force a life on her that she was not ready for or willing to do.  If she didn’t want to be queen, he would give her his blessing to live the life she wanted, even if he knew it would plunge the country into chaos.  She was the light of his life, and worth everything, and when he saw her, he could never help but wonder…

               What if Riley had survived the accident?  He’d asked himself that question every day and night since the car crash in Rome, and every day, he had a different answer.  He imagined they would have two or three more children by now, and the palace would never be quiet.  He would serenade her under the window when they fought and she locked him out of the bedroom, and they would collapse into one another with hungry kisses afterward. She would be sitting there beside him, her hand on his as they watched their daughter play. And, if she hadn’t died, he wouldn’t have lost both his wife and his best friend.

               Liam looked towards caretaker’s cottage at the far end of the field.  A thin, trail of smoke wafted up from the chimney and inside, he could see a shadow moving around.  He felt a quiet surge of anger, but turned back to his daughter and smiled instead. Drake had abandoned him when he’d needed him most, running off to be Applewood’s caretaker.  He’d begged his friend to stay, to be the same supportive friend he’d always been, but Drake had refused.  Riley’s death had affected him more than he was willing to admit, and so Drake had done what he always did when things became difficult… he’d run away, and Liam, widow, king, and father to an infant, had not been able to chase after him.  

               In the cottage, Drake refused to look out the window towards the yard.  He poured himself a glass of whiskey, his fifth that day, and wondered how long Liam would insist on staying this time.  He hated it when they visited, but he wasn’t about to let them know how much. So, he did as he had for the last three years, keeping his distance and trying to stay busy so that the terrible question that followed him every waking moment would not swallow him whole.

               What if?

               What if they’d never gone to New York?  If Liam had chosen Las Vegas, as Maxwell had suggested, everything would be different. They never would have met Riley and she would still be alive, probably dancing professionally as she’d always dreamed of. But they had, and she’d come into their lives in the most unexpected, strange way imaginable.  And even now, Drake still wondered…

               What if Riley had chosen me?  He’d finally told her how he felt about her the night before the coronation, even though he’d known it was a mistake.  But he’d been drinking to escape the thought of her in Liam’s arms and the only thing he thought would make the thoughts go away was to say them out loud.  He’d expected her to slap him or run and tell Liam… he hadn’t expected her to throw her arms around him and kiss him with the same fiery passion that he’d felt for her.  And, as always, when he thought of their one night together and the hours they had spent in her bed, one question haunted him…

               What if Liam knew the daughter he cherished so much is actually mine?


On February 6th, 1952, George VI was found dead in his bed at Sandringham House. A heavy smoker, he had been suffering from multiple illnesses, including lung cancer, and had died in his sleep of a coronary thrombosis at the age of 56.

He was succeeded on the throne by his eldest daughter, Princess Elizabeth, who was only 25 years old at the time. She has now reigned as Elizabeth II for 65 years, and is the longest reigning British Monarch, as well as the longest reigning Queen Regnant in world history.

Mary Tudor, the first queen regnant of England, was a gambler. She gambled, not just with money on cards and dice, but also with her life. The most famous gamble she took was in 1553, when she staked everything - life, freedom, religion - in a bid for the throne, and won.
—  The King’s Pearl - Henry VIII and his daughter Mary, Melita Thomas, 2017, page 22.

Balthild (d. 680)

Art by Scorch Doodles (tumblr)

Although very few details of her life are known, somehow Balthild managed to go from slave to queen.  She served as regent for her three sons, all of whom were eventually crowned king, and spent the end of her life in a monastery.

Shortly after Balthid’s death, her biography was published.  This biography was likely written by a French nun who personally knew Balthild.  It refers to Balthild as a Saxon who came“from across the seas [and] … was sold at a cheap price.”  According to this biography, Balthild attracted the attention of her master who wanted to marry her, but Balthild ran away and married Clovis II, the king of Burgundy and Neustria.  This story may have been designed to emphasize Balthild’s beauty, piety and intelligence. Some historians believe that Balthild was given in marriage to Clovis by her owner who also happened to be his uncle. Balthild also may have been from a powerful Saxon or Anglian family.

As queen, Balthild was known for her charity and piety.  Clovis and Balthild had three sons together.  When Balthild was widowed, she took control of the kingdom as regnant. As queen regnant, Balthild reformed the Frankish church and promoted the work of Irish missionaries.  She forbad the selling of Christian slaves to pagans. After her son Chlothar III reached maturity and came to power, Balthild came into conflict with some members of the nobility and left court.  Balthild retired to the women’s monastery she founded at Chelles and died in 680.

Balthild was canonized by Pope Nicholas I and according to the Roman martyrology her feast day is January 26.


get to know me meme (royalist edition): monarchs | | Mary I of England

Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her younger half-brother, Edward VI, (son of Henry and Jane Seymour) succeeded their father in 1547. Edward attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because of religious differences. On his death, their first cousin, Lady Jane Grey, was proclaimed queen.  Mary assembled a force in East Anglia and deposed Jane. Excluding the disputed reigns of Jane and the Empress Matilda, she was the first queen regnant of England. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession. After her death in 1558, her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed by her younger half-sister and successor, Elizabeth I.


–> anonymous asked: top eight favorite overlooked or forgotten historical figures?

Hephaestion Amyntoros: lifelong friend of Alexander the Great and distinguished general of the Macedonian army, diplomat in Asia during the campaign, Chiliarch of the Empire, he also corresponded with the philosophers Aristotle and Xenocrates and actively supported Alexander’s attempts to integrate the Greeks and Persians.

Anne of Brittany: last Sovereign Duchess of Brittany and twice anointed Queen consort of France (1491-1498 and 1499-1514), she was a central figure in the struggle for influence that led to the union of Brittany and France. She is highly regarded in Brittany as a conscientious ruler who defended the Duchy - the safeguarding of Breton autonomy and the preservation of the Duchy outside the French crown being her life’s work.

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk: lifelong friend of Henry VIII, courtier and general, he married for love Mary Tudor in 1515, risking his head in the process and losing the royal favor temporary. Much appreciated at court, he spent his life as a trusted and beloved courtier to the king, who payed for his burial in 1545.

Mary Tudor, Queen of France: sister to Henry VIII, she became the third wife of Louis XII of France in 1514. At his death in 1515, she married Charles Brandon for love, against the wishes of her brother and his council. The couple were eventually pardoned, after having paid a heavy fine. She was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.

Anne of Cleves: fourth wife of Henry VIII whose marriage was annulled, she was afterwards refereed to as the King’s Beloved Sister. She lived to see the coronation of Mary I, outliving the rest of Henry’s wives.

Mary I of England: first queen regnant of England, she wielded the full powers of a king and paved the way for her female successors. She is mostly remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism and her unpopularity at the time of her death.

Gustav II Adolf, or Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden: credited as the founder of Sweden as a Great Power, he led Sweden to military supremacy during the Thirty Years War and is often regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time.

Louis XIII of France: one of the first examples of an absolute monarch, he relied heavily on his chief ministers (Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes and Cardinal Richelieu) to govern the kingdom, ended the revolt of the French nobility, as well as successfully intervened in the Thirty Years’ War against the Habsburgs.


Top 10 Favorite Historical Female Figures in History: (Requested by Anonymous & Not in Order).

1. Artemisia I of Caria: She was the ruler of Helicarnassus and Cos, and was a commander of 5 ships during a naval battle (Battle of Salamis) in 480 B.C during the 2nd Persian Invasion of Greece. She was famous enough to warrant the Greeks ordering her capture which did not occur.

2. Philippa of Hainault: She was the Queen of England as consort to Edward III. She was a wise and competent Queen, serving as regent on behalf of her husband during his war campaigns. She also famously pleaded for mercy in 1347 for the lives of the Burghers of Calais and was successful.

3. Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century.

4. Margaret of Anjou: She was the Queen of England as consort to Henry VI. With the decline of her husband, her power increase and when he was deposed she fought on behalf of him and her son, Edward of Westminster, successfully re-installing them in 1470 though they were deposed the following year. Margaret was a ruthless yet formidable foe even though in the end, she suffered defeat.

5. Isabella I of Castile: She was the Queen Regnant of Castile and Leon and consort in Aragon as the wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was a successfully ruler, establishing a joint rule with her husband in which she shares the accomplishments which included the end of the Reconquista when Granada fell in 1492, and sending Christopher Columbus to the New World.

6. Caterina Sforza: A ruthless and powerful Italian Noblewoman and through marriage the Countess of Forli and the Lady of Imola. She also served as regent on behalf of her son. A passionate war woman, she even once attacked a fortress, while she was heavily pregnant. She is infamous for her defiance against Cesare Borgia at the Siege of Forli.

7. Katherine of Aragon: The Queen of England as the consort and 1st wife of Henry VIII of England. She served as regent in England in 1513 and was the first female ambassador in Europe. When her husband proceeded with trying to obtain and annulment, Katherine defied him every step of the way until the very end of her life.

8. Mary I of England: She was the only child of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon that survived into adulthood. During her parents troubles, she sided with her mother, refusing to give up until after her mother’s death in 1536. She was the first Queen Regnant in England, and she was able to hold her position until her death. She is most widely known for restoring the Catholic Church during her reign.

9. Anna Nzinga: Anna Nzinga also known by her full name of Ana de Sousa Nzingha Mbande, was Queen of Ndongo and Matamba. Her reign was long, and during it she engaged in conflict with the Portuguese. She is known for her political acumen, and military prowess, dying at the age of 80 in 1663.

10. Catherine the Great: The 18th century Empress of Russia, who continued the modernization of Russia. She came to power after a coup in which her husband was deposed. Under her reign, the border of Russia expanded, arts, education, and literature was supported, and her reign was known as the Golden Age of Russia. 

Note: I made this post on my old account, so this is a repost, but I have changed the gifs.