Catherine Michelle of Spain (10 October 1567 – 6 November 1597) was a Duchess consort of Savoy by marriage to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy: she also served as Regent of Savoy several times during the absence of her spouse. She was the youngest surviving daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois; she was also the sister of Isabella Clara Eugenia, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Catherine Michelle was described as beautiful, intelligent, and arrogant and well aware of her high social status. She had a good relationship with her father, and exchanged letters with him after her marriage. Charles Emmanuel I suggested the marriage as a way of gaining Spanish support for his plans to expand Savoy on the coast of the then weakened France. The wedding took place in Zaragoza 11 March 1585, and the couple made their entrance to Turin in Savoy 10 August 1585.
Catherine Michelle died near the end of 1597; she had miscarried earlier that year. Her father died the following year. Her sister Isabella married Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, and later became Governess of the Netherlands.
Female descendents of Empress
Auguste Viktoria Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny (22 October 1858 – 11 April 1921), German Empress and Queen of Prussia (not every descendent included):
Her daughter Viktoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Charlotte (13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980), Duchess of Brunswick and Princess of Hanover, Viktoria Luise’s daughter Frederica Louisa Thyra Victoria Margareta Sophie Olga Cécilie Isabelle Christa (18 April 1917 – 6 February 1981), Queen of the Hellenes. Frederica’s daughter (Sophia) Sofía Margarita Victoria Frederika (*2 November 1938), Queen of Spain. Her daughter Elena María Isabel Dominica (*20 December 1963), Duchess of Lugo and Infanta of Spain. Frederica’s granddaughter Alexia (*10 July 1965), Princess of Greece and Denmark. Frederica’s great-granddaughter Maria-Olympia (*25 July 1996), Princess of Greece and Denmark. Auguste Viktoria’s great-great-granddaughter Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia (*20 July 1999), Princess of Hanover. The great-great-great-granddaughters of Auguste Viktoria, Leonor (*31 October 2005), Princess of Asturias and Sofía (*29 April 2007), Infanta of Spain.
This tiara, considered the most important diadem of their collection, called “La Buena” (The Good one) and only worn by the Queens of Spain, was a wedding present from King Alfonso XIII to his bride, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. Made in 1906 by Ansorena with more than 500 diamonds set in platinum, it features the Fleur de Lys, the Bourbon’s emblem.
From the beginning, this diadem became one of the favorites of the young Queen, who was married wearing it and chose it for her first photo session as Queen of Spain in 1906. Her Majesty was photographed and painted with the Fleur de Lys on numerous occasions. Shortly after her wedding the Queen opened the tiara and started wearing it in its current form. Queen Victoria used the tiara throughout her life, and unlike many of her tiaras and jewels, she never lent it to her daughters, the Infantas Beatriz and María Cristina.Queen Victoria Eugenia lent the tiara to her daughter-in-law, the wife of the Head of the Family, on a few occasions, one of them for the coronation of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 1953.
In her will, the late Queen Victoria Eugenia left the Fleur de Lys tiara to her son Don Juan, Count of Barcelona and pretender to the Spanish throne. The tiara was left for the exclusive use of the Queens so when King Juan Carlos was proclaimed King in 1975, his mother, the Countess of Barcelona passed the tiara to the new Queen, Sofía of Greece and Denmark. Queen Sofía has used the Fleur de Lys tiara on the grandest occasions, like State Visits from other Monarchies or the 60th Jubilee of the King of Thailand in 2006, the last time she wore the tiara. Following tradition, the next wearer of the tiara would be the Princess of Asturias after her husband becomes Felipe VI, King of Spain.
Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragón, the Catholic Monarchs, had 15 grandchildren that survived to adulthood.
→Juana I, Queen of Castile and later first Queen of Spain and her husband Felipe of Austria:
Leonor, Queen consort of Portugal and France(Louvain, 1498- Talavera de la Reina, 1558). Queen consort of Manuel I of Portugal. After his death her brother Carlos I arranged her marriage to Francis I of France. When she became Queen Dowager of France Leonor moved to Spain with her sister María.
Carlos I of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor (Ghent, 1500- Yuste, 1558) He was proclaimed King of Spain in 1516 after the death of his maternal grandfather Fernando II of Aragón, and elected Holy Roman Emperor after the death of his paternal grandfather in 1519. In 1556 Carlos abdicated as emperor in favor of his brother Fernando, in 1555 he had abdicated the Spanish Empire (including the Burgundian territories and Low Countries) in favor of his son Felipe II. A widower since 1539 the Emperor retired to the Monastery of Yuste.
Isabel, Queen consort of Denmark, Sweden and Norway(Brussels, 1501- Zwijnaarde, 1526). She was married to Christian II of Denmark and served as regent in 1520. When her husband was deposed in 1523 by his uncle Frederick, he offered her a Dowager Queen’s pension and permission to stay in Denmark under his protection as he wanted to be on good terms with her powerful family. Isabel refused in a letter: << "ubi rex meus, ibi regnum meum", that is “where my king is, there is my kingdom”.>>
Fernando I, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary (Alcalá de Henares, 1503- Vienna, 1564) He was appointed governor of his brother’s Austrian hereditary territories in 1519. After the death of his brother-in-law in 1526 he ruled as King of Hungary and Bohemia and in 1531 he was elected King of the Romans, making him the designated heir of his brother as Holy Roman Emperor.
María, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia and Governor of the Netherlands (Brussels, 1505- Cigales, 1558). María married Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. After the death of her husband she served as regent of the new King, her brother Fernando. In 1531 she was asked by her brother Carlos to become the Governor of the Netherlands and the guardian of their nieces, the two daughters of their late sister Isabel. In 1555 María retired to Spain with her eldest sister Leonor.
Catalina, Queen consort of Portugal (Torquemada, 1507- Lisbon, 1578) Catalina married King John III of Portugal and was regent of Portugal from 1557 until 1562 in name of her infant grandson, King Sebastian.
→ Maria, Queen consort of Portugal and King Manuel I:
John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1502 – 1557)
Isabel, Queen of Spain and Holy Roman Empress as consort of King Carlos I of Spain (Lisbon, 1503 – Toledo,1539)
Beatriz, Duchess consort of Savoy (1504- 1538)
Luis, Duke of Beja (1506- 1555)
Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso (1507- 1534)
Alfonso, Cardinal-Infante (1509- 1540)
Henry, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1512- 1580)
Duarte, Duke of Guimarães (1515- 1540)
→ Catalina, Queen consort of England and King Henry VIII:
Mary I, Queen of Englad, Queen consort of King Felipe II of Spain (Greenwich, 1516- London, 1558)