April 30, 2016- The official portrait from King Carl XVI Gustaf’s 70th birthday banquet 

Empress Maria Feodorovna in 1881 the year she became Empress of all Russias, she wrote to her mother Queen Louise of Denmark about Alexander II death :

 “Oh, what sorrow and despair, that our beloved Emperor should be torn away from us and even in this dreadful way ! No, anyone who has not seen the appalling sight himself can never imagine anything like it ! The poor innocent Emperor - to see him in that terrible condition was truly heartrending ! His face and head and upper body were untouched but his legs were completely crushed and torn up to the knees, so that I first I did not understand what I was looking at, a bleeding mass with half a boot on the right foot, all that was left of the left was the sole of his foot ! Never in my life have I seen anything like it, no, it was horrible.” 

Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (future Princess Royal) with her Grandmother Queen Louise of Denmark and her Mother Alexandra, Princess of Wales (future Queen-Consort of the United Kingdom) at the wedding of the future King George V and Queen Mary, 6th July 1893, Buckingham Palace


70th birthday anniversaries of King Harald V and Queen Sonja in 2007

First photo: Extended family and members of other Royal families on gather on King Harald’s 70th birthday, 21 February 2007.
Second photo: Heads of state on King Harald’s 70th birthday.
Third photo: Heirs and Hieresses on King Harald’s 70th birthday.
Fourth photo: Extended family and members of other Royal families on gather on Queen’s 70th birthday, 4 July 2007.

Prince and Princess Louis of Battenberg with their 3 eldest children, form left to right: Princess Louise (later Queen of Sweden), Princess Alice (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh) and Prince George. 


Princess Royal is a title customarily, but not by default, awarded by a British monarch  to his or her eldest daughter. It came into being because of Queen Henrietta Maria, a French Princess who married Charles I. She wanted to imitate the way the eldest daughter of the King in her native country was called “Madame Royale”, and her eldest daughter became England’s first Princess Royal in 1642.

Once the title has been given it lasts for the remainder of the bearer’s life, so a second princess cannot be given the title during the lifetime of another  Princess Royal.

There have been seven Princesses Royal in total:

  1. Mary, Daughter of Charles I + Henrietta Maria of France
  2. Anne, Daughter of George II + Caroline of Ansbach
  3. Charlotte, Daughter of George III + Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 
  4. Victoria, Daughter of Queen Victoria + Prince Albert
  5. Louise, Daughter of Edward VII + Alexandra of Denmark
  6. Mary, Daughter of George V + Mary of Teck
  7. Anne, Daughter of Elizabeth II + Prince Philip

English, Russian, Danish and Greek royalty, ca. 1888

Back row: Princess Marie of Denmark; Princess Louise of Denmark; Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Louise of Denmark; Prince Maximilian of Baden; Princess Marie of Greece; Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia; Prince Albert Victor of Wales; Crown Prince Constantine of Greece; Princess Victoria of Wales; Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia; Princess Alexandra of Greece; Prince Nicholas of Greece; Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia.

Front row: Princess Ingeborg and Princess Thyra of Denmark; Albert Edward Prince of Wales; Alexandra Princess of Wales; Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna, Empress Maria Feodorovna and Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia; Queen Louise of Denmark; Tsar Alexander III of Russia; Princess Maud of Wales; King Christian of Denmark.


The Pearl Poiré Tiara

The Pearl Poiré Tiara was commissioned by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia around 1825. It was a wedding gift for his daughter Louise who was marrying Prince Frederik of the Netherlands. It is made with a framework of diamond arches with 18 large poiré (drop) pearls suspended from the arches. 

Princess Louise left the tiara to her daughter, Queen Louise of Sweden and Norway (1828-1871). She passed it on to her daughter, again named Louise (1851-1926), who married King Frederik VIII of Denmark in 1869. Queen Louise received some other pearl and diamond pieces as wedding presents that worked so well with the Poiré Tiara that they became an assembled parure. She received a demi-parure, consisting of an impressive necklace, brooch, and earrings, from the Khedive of Kgypt, and a brooch from her grandmother. 

When Queen Louise died in 1926 she left the assembled parure to the Danish Royal Property Trust. The trust guarantees that the pieces pass from monarch to monarch, and cannot be sold or given away. In essence they are state property for the sole use of the Queen, with a few exceptions. Currently Queen Margrethe uses the Pearl Parure as her “big gun”. Using them for events like the New Years Banquet, Coronations, and Jubilee’s. 


Royal Holidays in Denmark: L to R : Andrew of Greece, Queen Louise of Denmark, Nicholas of Greece, Marie of Greece, Queen Alexandra, Louise of Wales, Alexandra of Greece, Victoria of Wales, King Christian of Denmark, Crown Prince Constatino and Maud of Wales

P.D : Look how Prince Harry resembles his great-grandfather  Andrew of Greece 

Queen Elizabeth II (“Lilibet”) of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh’s inscriptions on a window at Fredensborg Palace in Denmark. Since the 1860’s, it has been a tradition in the Danish royal family that visiting heads of state and royals scratch their names into window panes at the palace. There are registrered 239 windows with inscriptions – however, many of the windows are signed several times so the collective amount of signtaures are esteemed to be at least thrice as big. The oldest inscription was made by Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel (who married Prince Christian of Glücksborg a year later – they would eventually become King Christian IX and Queen Louise of Denmark) on 17 August 1841.

Royalty in Denmark, 1890s

Prince Andrew and Prince Christopher of Greece; Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia; Prince John of Glucksborg; Queen Olga of the Hellenes; Princess Alexandra of Wales; King George I of the Hellenes; Queen Louise and King Christian IX of Denmark; Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia; Prince George of Greece, Princess Maud of Wales; Princess Marie of Greece; Princess Victoria of Wales; Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia