Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (future Princess Royal) with her Grandmother Queen Louise of Denmark and her Mother Alexandra, Princess of Wales (future Queen-Consort of the United Kingdom) at the wedding of the future King George V and Queen Mary, 6th July 1893, Buckingham Palace

For yours and Nicky’s sake start treating her like your own child, without fear, right away. I have done wrong by Louise and therefore spoiled Freddy’s life, and she is pulling him away from me, this is where I am afraid for you: and there I am warning you. - Pull her towards you, then you will keep him and pull her towards you with love! God help you if you lose Nicky’s trust and love, it will be the death of you.
—  Queen Louise of Denmark writing to hear daughter, Empress Marie Feodorovna of Russia about her future daughter-in-law, Princess Alix of Hesse (later, Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna) 

How was Tsar Nicholas II connected to the royal families of Europe?

Well, lets start with his mother.

  1. His mother was Princess Dagmar of Denmark, later Tsarina Maria Feodorovna. She was the second daughter and fourth child of King Christian IX and Queen Louise of Denmark.
  2. Her father, Nicky’s grandfather, has been nicknamed the father-in-law of Europe, and rightly so. He was the father-in-law to both the King of Great Britain and Tsar of Russia, the Crown Prince of Hanover, plus to the Queen of the Hellenes and the Queen of Denmark. His eldest son became the King of Denmark after his death. His second son Wilhelm was elected as king of the Hellenes (Greece) and took the name of George I. 

Nicky was the nephew of:

King Frederick IX and Queen Louisa of Denmark, King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra of Denmark, King George I and Queen Olga of the Hellenes, Crown Prince Ernst August and Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover, and Prince and Princess Valdemar of Denmark.

Nicky was a first cousin to:

Danish Royal Family: King Christian X of Denmark; Princess Ingeborg, Duchess of Västergötland (mother of Queen Astrid of Belgium); and many other princes and princesses

Norwegian Royal Family: King Haakon VII of Norway (formerly Prince Carl of Denmark)

British Royal Family: Prince Albert Victor; King George V; Louise, Duchess of Fife; Princess Victoria “Toria”; Queen Maud of Norway (formerly Princess Maud); Prince John (the ill-fated prince featured in The Lost Prince)

Greek Royal Family: King Constantine I of Greece, Prince George, Princess Alexandra (later GD Alexandra Georgievna, who married Nicky’s uncle Sergei), Prince Nicholas (father to Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent), Princess Maria (later GD Maria Georgievna, married GD George Mikhailovich, brother to Xenia’s husband Sandro), Prince Andrew (father to Prince Philip, duke of Edinburg), and Prince Christopher.

Hanoverian Royal Family: Alexandra, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick (he married Kaiser Wilhelm II’s only daughter, Princess Victoria Louise)

Nicky would be second cousins to the children of the people listed above.

Queen Louise of Denmark with her three daughters at the piano. From left to right are Alexandra, Princess of Wales (1844 -1925); Empress Marie Feodorovna of Russia (1847-1928) facing the viewer, Queen Louise of Denmark and Thyra, Duchess of Cumberland (1853-1933)

April 30, 2016- The official portrait from King Carl XVI Gustaf’s 70th birthday banquet