MY TOP 10QUEEN CONSORTS OF SCOTLAND & ENGLAND (11-16TH CENTURY)
Margaret of Wessex, Queen of Scotland (1070-1093)
Matilda of Scotland, Queen of England (1100-1118)
Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England (1154-1189)
Margaret of England, Queen of Scotland (1251-1275)
Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England (1328-1369)
• Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland (1424-1437)
Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England (1464-1483)
Elizabeth of York, Queen of England (1486-1503)
Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (1503-1513)
Anne Boleyn, Queen of England (1533-1536)
The relationship between Elizabeth of York and Catherine of Aragon
In 1497, during negotiations for the marriage of Arthur Tudor, son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, and Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Isabela of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, Elizabeth’s feelings for her future daughter in law began to be clear. While Henry VII asserted that the marriage between his son and Catherine would only continue an existing friendship among the monarchs, Elizabeth rejoiced in an affinity that would cause Catherine to be regarded as her daughter.
Before Catherine was sent to England, Elizabeth and Margaret Beaufort wrote a series of instructions on life in England for Catherine: she should learn French - the diplomatic language of Europe and learn to drink wine, for water in England, as Elizabeth had written, it was not drinkable. Soon Elizabeth wrote Isabela to keep her informed of Catherine’s good health.
Elizabeth was with Catherine at the wedding celebrations, until Catherine and Arthur were sent to live together in Ludlow. A few months later Arthur died.
Despite the mourning after the loss of her son, Elizabeth seemed preoccupied with Catherine’s condition. She sent her books and arranged her transportation to court where she could recover from her illness in relative luxury compared to what she was having in Ludlow. She should be “removed without loss of time from that insurmountable place where she is”. To this Elizabeth ordered an escort to be arranged for Catherine to be moved to London as soon as she felt better, still providing a litter. John Coope, one of Catarina’s employees, received money so that everything was covered in black velvet.
At this moment of mourning, Catherine arrived at the Richmond court, where the Queen received her very gently. So much did Isabela told Ferdinand, the Duke of the Road, that she and her husband, the King, need not fear for their daughter, for where King Henry and Queen Elizabeth were, they would not lack father and mother for their daughter. After staying a bit in court, two residences were offered to Catherine: Durham House or Croydon Palace. She chose Croydon. It is possible that Catherine was sent to live there because Elizabeth was no longer feeling very well: 4 days after Catherine’s departure a doctor arrived to see the Queen. Unfortunately Catherine’s kindness from her mother in law ended abruptly. Elizabeth died the same year, the day of her 37th birthday. From 1503 to 1509, Catherine would remain in a social limbo, depending on the English king for his support, struggling to maintain herself and her staff of ladies and servants.