quasi war

i really love cyclops and i wish the movie franchise didnt shit on him so damn hard cuz scott is a great fucking character like wolverine is dope af and i wish we didnt haveta compare the two but they shoved wolfy in the limelight because he appeals to the grimdark quasi-patriotic “babyboomer-with-war-ptsd”  market that these exec think are safe for their wallets


So, I don’t get to start playing Andromeda until next week. That means mobile tumblr is completely off-limits, and even my desktop version–with all its millions of blacklisted words/terms–is a danger zone. 

Please, guys, even when you’re just talking about your experiences, or replying to people talking about the game, can you just throw some version of an Andromeda tag on there? Please? Even “andromeda for ts” or “andromeda for blacklist” or something, if you don’t want your stuff popping up in the main tags. I just really want to go in blind and as unspoiled as possible – including not having too much of other people’s feelings influencing mine re: Ryders and romances and plot and writing etc. Please.

To everyone else: if you need to get ahold of me, please throw me an @ mention or ask, because those I’ll get an email notification for. Or email me (tarysande @ gmail).

Hamilton fans help me out ...

I’ve not seen the show, I just have the album. But does the show skip the Quasi War with France? Where Hamilton, as head of the army, was making plans to invade Louisiana and Florida. His critics say he was planning a coup to make himself dictator, while his supporters say Hamilton was just trying to defend America’s interests with war looming with France and Spain. 

This is something I’ve read about before in Joseph J. Ellis’ First Family: Abigail and John Adams. Ellis, who won the Pulitzer for Founding Brothers, thought Hamilton was serious in his vision of an American Empire with him as it’s dictator. 

Whatever Hamilton’s real views were, this is what ended his tenure in the Adams administration. It was depicted in the John Adams mini-series (made by Tom Hooper, who also directed the film version of Les Mis). See clip in the link below (this video has embedding disabled):


So does the Quasi War with France get completely skipped over in the musical?

I realized that a lot of my FRUS headcanons revolve around their relationship becoming more established in the late 19th/early 20th century so I decided to summarize some of their history in that time frame as I interpret it relating to the characters. I wrote most of this from memory so I apologize if I miss anything major/over-simplify anything here.

  • France’s 3rd Republic was established in 1870, after decades of on-and-off political turmoil & numerous changes in governments. Relations between the US and France had been tense on several occasions since the American Revolution, but they still would refer to their alliance as unbroken in later years & have touted the fact that they’ve never been at war with each other since America became independent (because they both collectively act like the quasi-war didn’t happen; Francis was in a pretty bad mental place at the time so they likely wrote it off due to that; same with Alfred and the tension that arose during the American Civil War)
  • France & America became increasingly close once the 3rd Republic was established. America tended to view France as a ~bastion of democracy in Europe~, and therefore started favoring France over other European allies in a lot of ways.
  • The Statue of Liberty was presented to America to commemorate the US centennial.
  • They were definitely huge drama queens about being ~beacons of liberty and democracy~.
  • America was experiencing rapid industrialization & economic growth at a rate that was probably shocking to the European nations, making America an increasingly attractive trade/political partner.
  • The Spanish-American War occurred in 1898, in which America picked a fight with Spain and then took a bunch of his colonies, effectively ending the Spanish Empire. (America then turned around and granted Cuba independence, even though Cuba actually wanted to become a US state. They remained close allies until the Cuban Revolution.) This is the point when the Europeans collectively said “holy crap when did that American kid become so strong”.
  • Going into the 20th century, America & France were also engaging in a lot of collaboration/exchange of ideas in the development of film, aviation, etc. I really feel like they would have bonded a lot over film, and I tend to view film history as a very big part of Alfred bc of the way that American cinema has affected cultural consciousness)
  • By the turn of the century, America would have been interacting with European nations way more than ever before. Not just because they would have been more invested in developing their relationships with him do to the way he was growing into a world power, and because of the large influxes of immigrants that America was experiencing, but also because travel and communication between Europe & North America advanced considerably. During the American Revolution, it took an average of 3 months to sail from France to the US. By 1912, it took an average of 7 days. The first transatlantic telephone call was from the US to France in 1915.
  • America was understandably reluctant to get involved in WWI because it was a hot mess & even England would have stayed out of it if France and Russia hadn’t threatened to kick his ass if he rescinded on his alliance with them.
  • However, there was a not insignificant public sentiment that America should be helping France, and America would try to provide aid to them in whatever ways he could get away with while maintaining his neutrality. When America did get involved in the war, it was very much framed as “going to help France specifically” because America was wary of monarchists. There was a lot of rhetoric about “repaying the debt to Lafayette” & standing by France due to the history of their alliance. 
  • America showed up to WWI not knowing his way around Europe for shit and getting lost a lot, but he was also overzealous and full of energy. America’s arrival caused the trench warfare to finally shift into a mobile war, pushing the Germans out of France & being a bit more rough with the Germans than was strictly necessary in the process. England was super bitter about America taking so much control over the Allied war efforts.
  • American soldiers were very popular with French women so I am 100% about Francis fawning over Alfred for being so tall and buff and rich
  • Based on the literature from this period, I tend to imagine that America stuck around in Paris for a while after the end of WWI, with he and France trying to cope with their mutual PTSD from WWI by spending a lot of time drinking and smoking and seeing films together, with Alfred writing angsty novels while Francis draws/paints.
  • I headcanon that Alfred went full Jay Gatsby mode in the 1920s, throwing a lot of big parties to show off his money & generally being wildly overindulgent. I also imagine that Francis very much enjoyed those parties & having someone to drink excessive amounts of champagne with.
  • As WWII started, America was once again reluctant to get involved in a war, but also very much wanted to be able to help France, and would emphasize that to rationalize having to ally himself with dirty monarchists & commies. Even though America declared war on Japan before anyone else, he made “liberating France” his #1 priority. America was eager to rush into France but England basically had to hold him back, and throughout their time in North Africa & Italy there was a lot of tension between England and America over who got to call the shots, with England insisting that they take a more cautious approach in fighting the Germans.
  • Not gonna get into Cold War-era stuff yet because this post is long, ask me in a couple weeks

Real talk: Why isn’t there more fanart of Kingdom Hearts characters visiting Notre Dame? Or more wishes for Notre Dame to be in KH3?

I want Quasi to talk about the difficulty to forgive someone to Sora about Terra.

I want to see Mickey getting inspired by the beautiful architecture of Notre Dame for his own world.

I want Clopin to give advice.

I want Quasi to make wooden statues of the seven weilders of light.

I want to see Riku have another emotional discussion in Notre Dame like he did in DDD.

I want Sora to mention the upcoming Keyblade War to Quasi whom then offers prayer for their protection and safe return.

I want “God Help The Outcasts” to be the background music for Notre Dame.

I want Quasi to kick out Xehanort because he’s disrupting church service.

I want Quasi to show Lea, Roxas, and Xion the view from Notre Dame’s rooftops.

I want Quasi’s light to be strong enough to keep Notre Dame safe from the heartless/darkness.

I want the emotional gravity of Hunchback to be in KH3.

Just give us more Hunchback for KH3 please!

Originally posted by disney-doll

@refrostereplied to your post: the war of 1812 was fucking stupid yall


okay so in the years leading up to 1812 usa ships were being attacked and sailors were being impressed by both france and britain who were at war with eachoter. these ships being impressed were mostly harmless merchant ships and it was really shitty, right?

okay so our solution was we cut off ALL trade by sea. our economy went to shit everyone hated it it was a terrible idea. then we decided “okay we will trade with either britain or france if they will respect our freedom of the sea and not trade with the other” and france took this as an oppurtunity to hurt britain and have us as pseuo-allies. note that the quasi-war with france happened just ten yeard prior over the same issue

so after that we decide to declare war with britain while theyre in conflict france because of this but also because we wanted land in canada. the funny thing is britain declared they would respect our freedom of the sea a day before we declared war. its just no one knew because they were all dumbasses in the 1800s and didnt have phones

so we assualt canada THREE seperate times, none of them successful, and when britain was no longer fighting france they focused the rest of their resources on us and they kicked out asses!! they invaded d.c. and burnt the damn white house, it was Bad

and when the war ended the treaty of ghent set everything back to the way ot was before the war. literally thousands of deaths and a huge economic burden over NOTHING! it was Bad

also our biggest victory was the battle of new orleans and it happened two weeks after the war already ended but andrew jackson didnt know!! cause he was a fucking dumbass with no damn cellphone!! 2000 deaths for iterally no purpose

One relationship I really think the Hamilton musical hits out of the ballpark is Alexander’s relationship to Washington.  Besides the obvious emotionally frought surrogate father issues going on, I am very impressed by how Miranda walked the line to portray Hamilton as Washington’s indispensable right hand, and NOT as some (*cough*Jeffersonian*cough*) historians would have it, a puppet-master.  I mean, that theory is nodded to in “Washington on Your Side”, but it’s clearly Jefferson’s view rather than objective reality being expressed.

My own reading of history, when you compare the policies of the Washington Administration to what Hamilton pushed for as leader of the Federalist Party and acting-Senior Officer of the Army during the Adams administration (Quasi-War with France, Alien and Sedition Acts), is that Washington was actually a moderating force and rather than doing whatever Hamilton wanted, we only KNOW about the stuff he approved, because Hamilton didn’t bring up anything Washington didn’t approve publically.  Effectively meaning, Washington always agreed with Hamilton’s position in Cabinet meetings because those were the positions he’d already green-lit Hamilton to push for him.  If that hadn’t been the case, Hamilton would have been arguing for forging an alliance with England against the French Republic pretty much as soon as Robespierre came to power and Lafyette had fled - as opposed to the Washington-approved position of neutrality.

Which is not to say that all the positions were purely Washington’s and Hamilton was a mouthpiece - the debt assumption and bank were doubtless Hamilton’s creation, but he only fought for them because Washington had approved it behind closed doors.

The musical gets this right with Washington’s farewell address as well.  Yes, Hamilton wrote it.  Because Hamilton was a writer and Washington was not (George is in fact one of the only Founding Fathers not to have been a journalist or academic).  But like any good Presidential speech-writer, it was still his President’s sentiments and intent he was writing under the President’s guidance.

Why I Find the Sedition Acts Funny

Since my latest list of history anecdotes includes the Sedition Acts I’ve gotten some questions. I probably shouldn’t of put them on the top moments in American history but hey it’s too late now.

I don’t find the Acts themselves funny, because they infringed on the 1st amendment, which is not cool. It’s more the over simplification/absurdity of the entire thing, because everyone tends to boil the Acts down to John Adams being salty, which he was, but that’s beside the point. They are a whole lot more complicated, and Adams wasn’t really that supportive of them but they passed in the legislator, and he signed them because he wasn’t really opposed to them either. Remember, the country was sort-of-not-quite at war with France, and he wanted to foster unity among the people (which wouldn’t happen because the Quasi War is complicated). It was the wrong way to go about it. I laugh at the oversimplification of the reasons why they were passed.

Another thing. The Sedition Acts led to the arrest of James Callendar (? Spelling idk), the journalist who broke the Reynolds scandal and was paid by Jefferson to dig/dish the dirty on political opponents. Anyway, he was arrested bc of the Acts and spent nine months in jail, and after he got out he went to Jefferson to get compensation or something (I can’t remember, but that’s not the point), but Jefferson snubbed him and gave him fifty bucks. So Callendar got pissed and went to a federalist paper in Richmond, where he published the details of Jefferson’s “affair” with Sally Hemings and revealed that Jefferson had paid him off for gutter journalism. So because of the Sedition Acts Jefferson was fucked over in history.

Having Washington-Hamilton feels

How Hamilton just wouldn’t be the surrogate son Washington wanted him to be. How he acted like a complete ice queen, to assert himself as an independent man - except when he needed Washington to bail him out of trouble. All of this til 1795 when he finally admitted to Washington he was being too tsundere. Then their relationship finally gets warm during the Quasi-War when Hamilton serves as his second-in-command.

Then Washington dies.

On Hamilton’s wedding anniversary.

One of my historical pet peeves is when historians try to pass over the Quasi-War as just crazy High Federalist fear mongering that amounted to nothing. Instead of a real threat that would have befallen America had Haiti not stopped France. Do they realize how buttfucked we would have been had it came down to Jefferson versus Napoleon? But that would mean acknowledging that America owed its early peace not to its own powers but to a nation of black people, and well god forbid that amirite?

I have been quiet about it so far but in case anyone’s wondering I spoke with some friends in Seoul recently and they have reassured me that western media is definitely blowing everything out of proportion and while it’s tense over there (and while this instance is a bit different from other past incidents between n/s Korea) most people over there aren’t seriously worried. Things like this apparently happen each year around this time and have for “many many years.” 

Evacuations were precautionary and covered a small amount of space in South Korea’s western border. North Korea sent a letter separate from their threatening ones offering the option to S. Korea to settle the matter peacefully. South Korea has already sent a letter apologizing for retaliating with shells (though Kim Jong Un apparently refused to accept it), so it seems that talks are in the works despite all the news about the possibility of skirmish.

North Korea have mobilized troops and declared a “quasi state of war.” While we won’t see the effects of this statement until, presumably, Saturday at 5PM (KST), which is the deadline for South Korea to turn off their DMZ-facing loudspeakers, consider past events and the rhetoric previously used: 

from this article: 

During a period of heightened tensions in the region in 2013, North Korea announced it had entered “a state of war” with South Korea. That situation didn’t result in military clashes.

Jamie Metzl, an Asia expert for the Atlantic Council in New York, said he thought it was unlikely that the current crisis would escalate further.

“North Korea has more to gain from conflict theater than from a conflict that would quickly expose its fundamental weakness,” he said.

I don’t write this to undermine the recent events. There has been an accumulation of conflicts between the two countries in recent months that has led South Korea to turn on their loudspeakers for the first time since 2004, in breach of an agreement between the countries, especially a land-mine explosion earlier this month that killed two South Korean soldiers and which South Korea blamed on North Korea. So it’s understandable that, at least abroad, there is considerable concern as to the outcome of this particular conflict as differentiated from conflicts of the past. 

However–the two countries are technically still at war; rather than a peace treaty, an armistice put an end to the fighting of the Korean War in 1953. Were the countries to engage in warfare again it would be a breach of armistice rather than the reinstatement of war. While this isn’t really reassuring, I mention it because the rhetoric of declaring a “quasi state of war” is basically just stating the obvious, since the two countries are already in a quasi state of war if you look at it from a purely rhetorical point of view (here I distinguish “state of war” from actual warfare with fighting/casualties etc). And right now all we have is rhetoric–no real military conflict (or warlike conditions). So, looking at it this way, all Kim Jong Un has done is put words to, quite publicly and sensationally, a condition between the countries that already exists and has existed as long as both countries themselves. 

And I will add this: that certainly, “conflict theater” is concerning. North Korea’s rhetoric is often bellicose (literally) and, well, the point of theatre is to be convincing. So it’s okay to be concerned or scared. However, when you reblog certain posts without researching or speak without true knowledge, it’s basically just fuel to the fire North Korea has sparked with its threatening communications.

Rather than spreading rumors like, “North and South Korea could be at war soon!” it seems best to remain calm, quiet, and wait for more concrete information. South Korean and American militaries are monitoring the situation and we’ll definitely hear about it if the two countries officially break ceasefire.

If you have friends in Korea and are wondering what you can do to help, reach out to them directly rather than participating in the internet’s promulgation of fear/hypersensitivity :) 

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