qrn

For my 100th post, a study on Spirou and Fantasio hugging, almost-hugging, semi-hugging or quasi-semi-hugging.

You can see that most of the time, it’s Fantasio’s initiative (7x to 5x and 3x both at the same time). Spirou is crushed three times, probably for the comical effect. ‘Mon vieux’ is said three times by Spirou, 'mon ami’, 'mon frêre’, 'mon poteau’, 'mon cher ami’ and 'vieux frère’ is each said once by Fantasio. Two times, it’s suggested they are going to dance (the waltz and the tango). The main reason for hugging is having not seen each other and being worried (6x), followed by being scared or startled (3x). Yes, I really am this obsessed.

There’s nothing unmanly about hugging!

Sources in order: Spirou et les héritiers, Le prisonnier du Bouddha, Les Petites Formats, Bravo les Brothers, QRN sur Bretzelburg, Des haricots partout, Qui arrêtera cyanure?, La Vallée des bannis, the cartoon episode 'L'ecole des petits genies’, the short story Back to the Rédak, Une aventure de Spirou et Fantasio par Émile Bravo: Journal d'un ingéniu, La femme léopard and Paris-sous-Seine.

9

The last pages of QRN over Bretzelburg!

Part 7/7, pages 56 to 63.

<dramatic speech starts now>

Enormous thanks to Sera, who proofread and corrected 64 pages of script with a total of 11.,586 words. Also thanks to Lieju and Raax, sometimes I asked them things about the English language. And thanks to everyone who read and reblogged this. If you didn’t, that doesn’t matter because thanks to Jooney it will be on the Spirou scanlation site to read in one go.

<end dramatic speech>

name: shannon (shann)
pronouns: she/hers or they/them
age: 23 wow am i the oldest person here
timezone: CST (-6 GMT)
identities: queer demigirl
contacts: feel free to message me for this info. i pretty much only use skype/email but i don’t mind getting another platform if you’re more comfortable on something else! oh i also have whatsapp/instagram/snapchat/facebook/twitter/etc.
current roleplays: i’m not currently active on any sites but most recently i’ve done a bit of pacific rim with jkeats (chuck/raleigh) and x-men first class (sean/alex). i also did a lot of hogwarts era/post war HP in the past (harry/ron, and many others). i love fandom rp so if we have any fandoms in common i will probably be down for anything. (i’ve always really wanted to do a 1d rp). and i’m really into marvel, snowpiercer, and the 100 right now!!! so those are what i would love to rp.
fave queer character: bisexual steve rogers, gay remus lupin, and queer harry potter. in canon though? sophia from oitnb.
superpower: my real superpower is that i am actually clint barton from the matt fraction comics. but if i could have any superpower i’d probably want time manipulation like quicksilver and my super hero name would be something lame like THE STOPWATCH or TIMEBOMB. (all caps necessary)
last movie you watched: snowpiercer but there weren’t any subtitles for the korean parts so i missed a good chunk of the last bit of the movie. that was fun.
hogwarts house: i get equally sorted into hufflepuff and slytherin with the occasional gryffindor thrown in. slytherpuff identifying.
anything else? i also really love writing in script format so if you are looking for a script writing buddy for a tv show or movie i am volunteering as tribute. (my guilty pleasure is definitely rps). OOOH, i am travelling to Israel for the next 10 days and after that i will be home and available for fun junk.

General Ham: HF receiving

So on VHF, FM receivers have three basic controls: frequency (channel), squelch, and volume.  SSB/CW receivers have more adjustments because they’re designed for non-channelized, continuous-tuning operation.  They must be able to receive desired signals in the presence of noise and interference from adjacent channels.  Squelch is usually not used on amateur SSB and CW because of the higher noise levels on HF.

Selectivity - the ability to discriminate between closely spaced signals - is more important on HF than Sensitivity - the ability to detect a signal.  This is because atmospheric noise (QRN) is much higher on HF bands than on VHF/UHF.  It can be caused by storms, other natural atmospheric processes, and by man-made sources like motors/appliances.  Preamplifiers are rarely required except on higher HF bands such as 15-10m.

  • This is good to know so I don’t set my squelch so high on my HF rig!

On HF, very weak signals close to the noise level often need to be received in the presence of strong nearby signals that may be 10 million to 100 million times more powerful (70-80dB).  HF receivers use sharp filters to reject nearby signals.  

  • These filters may be supplied as separate crystal or mechanical filter assemblies.  
  • And more recent radios use digital signal processing (DSP) circuits to handle the filtering, and some radios use a combination of discrete and DSP filters.  
  • The goal is to reject unwanted signals that are near the operating frequency.  A typical receiver has at least one filter with response and bandwidth tailored for SSB reception, another for CW and a third for AM/FM.

And because HF operation isn’t channelized, you’ll also encounter signals close enough to be audible as low/high pitched speech fragments or CW tones.  This is what is known as QRM.  Along with the main VFO tuning control, HF receivers have RIT (receiver incremental tuning) = the ability to shift the receive frequency without changing the transmit frequency to fine-tune desired signals and avoid or minimize QRM.

Some also allow for shifting of the transmit frequency without changing the receiver.  This is known as transmitter incremental tuning (XIT).  A steady tone from a station tuning up or a broadcast carrier can be rejected by a notch filter that removes a narrow range of signal frequencies from the channel.

To avoid interference-like effects from overload or intermodulation (signals mixing together and creating unwanted byproducts), a receiver’s gain should be set so it is just sensitive enough for the job.  Features like noise blankers and preamps can make a receiver easy to overload and should only be used when necessary.

Phew!  A lot of good information in this particular manual compared to the tech one!

@atdiy/@tymkrs

9

Okay then, here it is: part 6 out of 7 of QRN, page 47 to 55. Only one part left until the album is fully translated.

Again with the ‘finishing his sentence on the next page’. Look at Fantasio’s joke: “I can’t find the Switch, Switch.” In Franquin’s time, this was a sort of 'hidden’ joke.

Merci beaucoup à Sera.

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5