Bronze Spartan shield conquered, as the inscription punched on it reveals, from the Spartans at the victory of Pylos in 425 BC. Ancient Agora Museum in Athens, around 510 BC

cosmog’s fashion shopping guide

ITS ARI!! ive been wanting to share my stores n tips for a while so… here goes. if u want more stuff lmk tho! these rnt all of my links (i left out all of my accessory+bags+jewelry+make-up stores especially so i might make a separate post 4 those) and i can give recs for specific styles/looks/items/budgets/etc bc i have a place(s)…..4 everythinggg


  • make an amazon wishlist (or a few!) to organize what u want. get the browser extension tht lets u add from websites other than amazon!
  • read reviews and customer feedback if theyre available to u!!! i literally……dont even consider buying something online w/o reading reviews if im unsure tbh. theyre rlly helpful.
  • be wary of buying rly cheap clothes on sites like amazon, sheinside, and choies, theyre often pretty bad quality and not what is advertised. ive been burnt before and trust me its better to get something better quality than to get something u can never wear bc it isnt made right!
  • consider basics first! think abt some pieces that are going to be the lynchpin of your wardrobe. u can pair more out-there pieces w/ them and theyll give your looks more versatility in what u can make!
  • good colors for basics are neutrals and a bit of colors you plan to wear a lot of.
  • thrifting is….so good if ur on a budget and even if ur not!!! u can find so much in thrift stores…..go thrifting
  • dont trust letter sizes. take your bust, waist, and hip measurements, and use every store’s individual size chart!
  • if youre debating between getting something a size smaller or a size larger, always go larger
    if u have a tailor available to u make use of them!! if u have a garment that u love but it doesnt fit u quite right u dont have to send it back!
  • make outfits while u shop! dont just buy pieces by themselves unless its something ur specifically looking for
  • if u have nowhere to start look at a store’s lookbooks, new in, and bestsellers
  • some websites also have features where u can shop the entire look the pictured model is wearing, or looks from their instagram, which i <3 to utilize!!!
  • take inspo from celebrities, instagrammers, and models! a rlly good way to get started is recreating looks uve seen before, esp if u have no idea what youre going for with a new outfit! 
  • i have an outfit curating instagram @stylegrinch and u can also find me on polyvore @solgaleo !
  • speaking of polyvore, its a really cool site for curating items and stuff into outfits!
  • use the extension honey to get huge discounts on most online stores!! it searches for all available coupons for u and stacks them if it can.


  • $ = mass market (forever 21, h&m, etc)
  • $$ = contemporary (urban outfitters, topshop, etc)
  • $$$ = designer (michael kors, etc)
  • $$$$ = haute couture (versace, oscar de la renta, etc)
  • favorites are italicized! 

price marks are dependent on what is being sold; a price mark for a store selling glasses for $100 will be different than a store selling a romper for $100.


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Grave of ‘Griffin Warrior’ at Pylos Could Be a Gateway to Civilizations

Source: New York Times

Archaeologists digging at Pylos, an ancient city on the southwest coast of Greece, have discovered the rich grave of a warrior who was buried at the dawn of European civilization.

He lies with a yardlong bronze sword and a remarkable collection of gold rings, precious jewels and beautifully carved seals. Archaeologists expressed astonishment at the richness of the find and its potential for shedding light on the emergence of the Mycenaean civilization, the lost world of Agamemnon, Nestor, Odysseus and other heroes described in the epics of Homer.

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mercenaryselena  asked:

Hello! I was wondering if you could do a retelling of the birth of Hermes and the fight he gets into with Apollo for stealing his cattle?

OK, so I put this up to a public vote and this myth was by far the most popular choice, so here we go. If people don’t want to read a myth about a mouthy child prodigy stealing his half-brother’s cows, then press J on your keyboard now as this is going to be a long post. More info under the Read More, as always!

The story starts, as all good stories should, with a woman giving birth in a cave. The woman in this instance is Maia, who is giving birth to Zeus’ baby, because approximately 70% of all babies in Greek mythology belong to Zeus. Once she’s popped the baby out, she’s like “well, it’s time for a nap. Hermes, watch over yourself” and then she’s out like a light and Hermes is left to stare at the walls or something.

After a few hours, Hermes gets really bored with living the baby lifestyle, and so he decides to absolutely subvert the infant hegemony by immediately learning how to walk. Like the freakish genius baby that he is, he escapes from his swaddling and toddles all the way down to Pieria, where he finds a whole field of cows. Immediately, he’s just like “sweet, I’ve always wanted a whole field of cows” and starts stealing them. Being a complete genius, he realises that he has to cover his tracks, so he finds a whole load of cow-sized boots that are presumably just lying all about the place in Ancient Greece, and he puts these boots on the cows and leads them away to a little town called Pylos. As soon as Hermes has left, Apollo saunters into the field where he keeps his favourite cows, and when he notices that they’re gone, he drops to his knees dramatically and cries “I will have my vengeance, in this life or… well, the same life, thank goodness for immortality!” and he sweeps away in a haze of sunlight and glory. 

Once he’s at Pylos, Hermes hides all the cows in the grotto, when his little tummy starts rumbling. Apparently forgetting the fact that he’s a newborn baby and absolutely should not be on solid foods at this point, he decides to slaughter two of the cows as a sacrifice, and then he cooks up the leftover meet with a little sage and probably some mixed herbs and a lovely red wine roux. While he’s waiting for the meat to cook, he finds an adorable little tortoise wandering around outside the cave, and immediately he’s like “awesome, time to continue my sociopathic spree of animal slaughter” and he kills the tortoise and cleans out the shell, stretching some of the cow hide and tendons across it, and bam, he’s invented the lyre. After playing a few prodigal ballads on his rad new instrument, he decides that he’s tired and it’s absolutely time for a little nap and maybe a burp or two, and so he waddles back home to Kyllene, where Maia, who is definitely not up for the mother of the year award, doesn’t even realise that he’s been missing and is covered in cow entrails.

Meanwhile, Apollo is doing some absolutely stellar detective work, probably whilst wearing his special detective hat, the one with the blue ribbon around the brim which brings out the cornflower hue of his eyes, because no-one steals Apollo’s cows and gets away with it. Seething with rage, he goes into the heart of the town of Pylos, and to the first woman he sees, he’s like “look, this is probably a really strange question, but have you by any chance seen a shitload of cows?” and the woman nods, briefly dumbstruck by Apollo’s jawline, and she says “this is probably a really strange answer, but I’m pretty sure I saw a baby leading a really well-organised line of cattle wearing shoes right through the heart of our fine town” and Apollo blinks and he’s like “shoes” and the woman says “yes, without socks” and Apollo says “a baby” and the woman nods and says “a human baby” and Apollo frowns and says “are you sure it was a baby and not just a tiny bald man?” and the woman shakes her head and says “it was definitely a baby, I don’t usually get confused between my infant son and my withered grandfather” and Apollo just sighs and says “well, that’s really thrown me for a loop, I have absolutely no idea who this nefarious baby could possibly be” and the woman is like “judging by your cheekbones, I would say that you’re probably a god, so why don’t you just use your whole divine science mojo and get it over and done with?” and then Apollo blinks, briefly denying the woman a glimpse of his azure gaze, and he’s like “that is the best idea I’ve ever heard from a woman, I will do just that”

and so, Apollo taps into his super special psychic abilities, and immediately he’s like “that goddamn little shit, I should’ve known it would be a devious child of Zeus that did this, honestly all of Zeus’ kids are just so terrible and badly behaved, he’s like a walking advertisement for vasectomies” and the woman is like “but aren’t you a child of Zeus?” and Apollo just pushes her to one side and he’s all “quiet, woman, I have a baby to physically overpower” and then he’s off to Kyllene to fuck an infant up.

At Kyllene, Hermes is sitting in his crib, being really adorable and cherubic and basically the epitome of everything a non-criminal baby should be, when Apollo bursts in, stark and handsome against the bright light outside the cave, and he’s like “arrest that baby! I have reason to believe he has partaken in a bovine conspiracy” and Maia is like “you are aware that he is literally three hours old?” and Apollo nods sagely and says “it’s a bitter pill to swallow but the worst kind of criminals start young, now hand that baby over and no-one gets hurt, except probably that baby” and then Hermes opens his little rosebud mouth and says “you’ve got the wrong man, Apollo, this is madness” and he smirks wryly and Maia’s mouth just falls open and she whispers “I’m getting Mensa on the phone right now” but Apollo ignores her and hisses “you won’t get away with this, Hermes, your one man crime spree is over” and Hermes just snorts and he’s like “dude, I’m a baby, you won’t convince a jury” and Apollo narrows his eyes and says “we’ll see about that, sunshine” and then Hermes just says “no, you’re sunshine” and then Apollo leaves to go and do the mature thing, which is to call their dad.

When Zeus arrives, Apollo is like “you have to do something, my incredibly recent half-brother has stolen all my favourite cows” and Zeus sighs and he’s all “can’t your mother fix it?” and Apollo is like “his mother isn’t the same as mine, dad, jeeze, I just said he was my half-brother” and Zeus blinks and he’s like “oh yes, of course, you’re my son. Haha, I totally knew that, son. Let’s go and sort this out, son” and Apollo is like “please stop calling me ‘son’, it’s weird” and Zeus is like “I agree, we will never speak of this again” and they go into the cave.

Immediately, Hermes just throws his little pudgy hands in the air and says “whatever Apollo says I did, I didn’t do it” and Zeus narrows his eyes and says “you’re both more verbose and defensive than the average baby, aren’t you?” and Hermes is like “what can I say, I got some traits from my dad” and then they make finger guns at each other and Apollo just starts banging his head against the cave wall and says really wearily “my cows, dad” and then Zeus clears his throat and tries to arrange his face into a serious expression and says “son, what’s all this about Apollo’s cows?” and Hermes is like “I didn’t steal them from under his nose and sacrifice some of them and turn one of them into a lyre and plectrum” and Apollo just shouts “I can’t believe what I’m hearing!” and Hermes scoffs and says “then fix your hearing, I just said I didn’t do it” and Zeus is like “you totally did it, didn’t you” and Hermes has the grace to look a bit bashful as well as proud and says “yeah, I may have very slightly done it” and Zeus beams and turns to Apollo and he’s like “are you kidding me? This absolutely fantastic baby of mine managed to steal your cows and invented an entire musical instrument! This is better than the time I stole a human male with the promise of cups” and Apollo just whimpers and Zeus sighs and he’s like “right, Hermes, let’s stop your brother’s bitching once and for all. Show me where you hid these cows” and Hermes whines “but daaaaad” and Zeus is like “no buts, I am putting my foot down and temporarily assuming the role of a father figure” and Apollo is like “you are literally our father” and Zeus says “for the next few hours, yes” and before Apollo can make a pithy rebuttal about parental responsibilities, Hermes is leading them to Pylos.

As soon as they get to Pylos, Apollo just runs over to his cows and starts hugging them, murmuring things like “don’t worry, papa’s here, no-one’s going to hurt you now” and Zeus looks at Hermes and says “he’s getting a bit Pasiphaë over this, isn’t he?” and Hermes is like “yeah, I’m starting to worry that he’s going to try and get revenge on me somehow” and Zeus takes him to one side and says “between you and me, son, I think you should apologise” and Hermes is like “I literally cannot do that, it goes against all my ethics as a spoilt brat, but I guess I could give him that sweet lyre I made from the flesh of his pets” and Zeus is like “that’s an excellent idea, son, we’ll make a diplomat of you yet”. So, Hermes goes over to Apollo and gives him the lyre, and says “no hard feelings, bro?” and Apollo just blinks and asks “what is that?” and Hermes is like “well, I tore the skin off your favourite cow and made it into this really beautiful instrument” and Apollo is about to start screaming when Hermes just holds up his hands and says “we can get into the ethics of that later, but first, here’s Wonderwall” and he starts playing a really haunting melody on this fantastic instrument, and when he’s finished, Apollo just blinks and says “I want it” and Hermes is like “if you promise to put this whole silly thing behind us, then it’s a deal” and Apollo is like “put what whole silly thing behind us?” and Hermes is about to clarify when he sees that Apollo is making a finger gun at him, and Hermes rolls his eyes and makes a finger gun back, and Apollo says “bro” and Hermes says “bro” and then Zeus is like “sons” and they all just hug it out in the beautiful scenic fields of Pylos.

And then, many months later, Zeus promotes Hermes to the role of his personal herald and messenger, because nothing says ‘employee of the month’ quite like juvenile petty theft.

My other retellings can be found here; my dedicated mythology blog is here; and my Mythology Mondays Facebook page is here. The latter two links also allow you to follow my progress in writing a whole actual book. Thrilling.

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Archaeologists say the gold rings, recovered from the grave of a Greek Warrior who was buried around 1450 B.C. in Pylos were rings of power. Credit Chronis Papanikolopoulos/University of Cincinnati

The Song of Achilles: What to Read Next

Did you enjoy The Song of Achilles? Were you sad when it was over? Well, so was I. So now I have book recommendations to ease the pain and heartbreak,* split into fun and helpful categories because the list got kinda** of of hand.

*maybe not heartbreak. sorry.


Predecessors (as in, Madeline Miller probably read some of these)

The Iliad - Well, this choice seems obvious. If you want to know more about Achilles’ badass (silly) deeds, look no further. And if you want a list of every ship that went to Troy, also look no further. For readability, I recommend Robert Graves’ translation; for poetic beauty, Richmond Lattimore’s.

Iphigenia in Tauris - Technically this is a play by Euripides, but I read the lovely retelling of it by Goethe. Were you horrified by the sacrifice of a 12 year old girl to get the winds to blow again? Me too. This is the happy(ish) alternative story, featuring dudebros 5eva Orestes and Pylades.

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National Archaeological Museum:

Mycenaean swords and hilts:

Fragment of a bronze sword. The hilt and shoulder are decorated in the cloissone technique, in which the scale compartments are inlaid with lapis lazuli. This elaborate design ends in lion or eagle-heads, from Mycenae.

Bronze dagger with golden decoration of feliformia in a landscape with bushes, from Pylos.

Gold hilt and pommel revetment of a long sword from Skopelos. The sword is decorated with repousse spirals and concentric circles. The gold sheet of the hilt from the hilt was donated by the Society of Friends of the National Archaeological Museum in 1938, while the pommel was discovered inside the tomb. 

Bronze dagger with a golden decoration of a marinescape with nautiluses, from Pylos.

Faience imitation of sword hilt with gold inlays, from Mycenae.

A long bronze sword with an elaborate gold hilt revetment, decorated with spirals and ending in lion-heads. Griffins adorn the blade, from Mycenae.

For some more mycenaean weapons see here and here

revisiondesk  asked:

Hey I'm studying classics and noticed you made a Odyssey Mindmap! My teacher basically only read it with us and I was just wondering what way you went about learning it in class and then for your revision! You're the only person I've found doing classics so this would be a lot of help!😊

My teacher gave us a revision list, these are some of the things that will come up in the exam:

-The Phaecians

Involvement of the Gods
-Ino of the slim ankles

-Odysseus as a beggar
-Athena’s disguise
-Odysseus reveals himself to Telemachus, Eumaeus, Philoetus, Eurycleia, Penelope, Laertes.

-Battle in the hall
-Maids, the priest Leodes

Role of Females
-Immortals - Calypso, Circe
-Queens - Helen, Arete, Penelope, Clytemnestra

Odysseus as hero/leader

Role of minor characters

Supernatural/mythical reality
-Adventure section
-Realistic settings - Ithaca, Pylos, Sparta, Phaeacia

Passage based questions
-Dramatic impact

The structure of the narrative
-Brief summary of the plot

Signs, omens and prophecies
-The Oclymenus
-Prophecy Phaecians hear
-Signs throughout the return section (Argos the dog)

Ways that I revise Classics:

  • Make a flow diagram of the plot, because for the first question they will ask you about a sequence of events. Focus on the adventure section an the return section. Basically, make sure you know each plot summary.
  • Mind maps of all the information condensed. So for each topic, such as minor characters in the Odyssey, put them all on a mind map and then frequently review them.
  • Use the glossary at the back of the book, as they have all characters (and important characters in capital letters), which quotes, so you can easily find some quotes to back up your points.
  • Make flashcards for the characters, it can be difficult to remember the names of characters and their role as some of the names are very similar for example: Melanthius/Melantho. So use flashcards and add their role, if they are a good/bad character, and where they feature throughout the epic.

Hope this helps :-)

Greek Gods: POSEIDON [09/12]

Poseidon was one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology. His main domain was the ocean, and he is called the “God of the Sea”. Additionally, he is referred to as “Earth-Shaker" due to his role in causing earthquakes, and has been called the "tamer of horses”.

 Poseidon was venerated at Pylos and Thebes in pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece as a chief deity, but he was integrated into the Olympian gods as the brother of Zeus and Hades.

King Nestor’s Cup, Mycenae, c. 1600-1500 BC

This golden goblet was found by Heinrich Schliemann at Mycenae in Shaft IV at Grave Circle A. A similar goblet is described in the Iliad as belonging to Nestor, King of Pylos with, “four handles…around each…a pair of golden doves was feeding. Below were two supports.” While this cup is not four handled, it does include doves on the handles with supports beneath. Schliemann named it “Nestor’s Cup” due to its similarities to the one mentioned in the Iliad.

Schliemann believed that the shaft graves dated to the time of the Trojan War, and identified Shaft Grave V as the tomb of Agamemnon. However, Schliemann’s identification of the shaft graves with Homeric heroes was not accepted by many archaeologists even in his own day. The shaft graves are conventionally dated to c. 1600-1500 BC, some three centuries before the date of the Trojan War (if the war is to be considered as a historical event). Thus the so-called golden “Cup of Nestor” or “Nestor’s Cup” from Mycenae would have been buried hundreds of years before Nestor supposedly made use of it at Troy.

The Family Party 118.

Been a while since I drew the palace in the Underworld (based on Piet de Jong’s reconstruction of the Mycenaean palace of Pylos).

My design for Kerberos feels like the worst ever. He’s not even based on a dog breed that they had in ancient Greece. I’m really not a dog person so I’ve never been fond of drawing dogs, and I figured that a three-headed dog would be hell to draw no matter what kind of breed. So I based him mostly on the German Shepherd, one of the few dog breeds I actually think looks a bit cute. XD

edralis  asked:

Hi! Could you perhaps share your thoughts on the topic of Stannis' sexuality? Primarily as pertains to Melisandre. (How did it even come to happen, the first time? And what exactly has their relationship evolved into overtime? And how does Stannis think about it - is he conflicted about it?) I ponder their dynamic for years, and I have gotten some great responses from a few asoiaf scholars, but it remains a mystery to me. Thanks!

Hiya! So this is necessarily speculative, and just my headcanon, nothing more.

I don’t think Stannis is asexual, but is deliberately celibate. Partially, I think this is due to a general discomfort with showing vulnerability, losing composure, and giving oneself over to empathy; IMO the best sex comes from feeling your partner’s pleasure almost as strongly as if it was your own (and feeling them feel your pleasure, and so on), and Stannis prefers quieter and subtler ways of empathizing, ones that don’t require a response. Stannis communicates to Davos that he loves him more than once, but it’s always in the form of a monologue, and Davos’ job is to sit there, shut up, and look pleased.

Partially, I think it’s also a reaction to Robert, as with so much else about Stannis; we see that in our very first moments with the man.

His brother, the late King Robert, had grown a beard in his final years. Maester Cressen had never seen it, but they said it was a wild thing, thick and fierce. As if in answer, Stannis kept his own whiskers cropped tight and short.

I wouldn’t be surprised if Stannis’ proposal to outlaw whoring in King’s Landing was an extremely heavy-handed and misguided attempt to get Robert specifically to stop visiting prostitutes, and maybe also stop drinking and being so sad and gross and start ruling the kingdom like your best self, because Stannis loved him, no matter what he had Pylos put in that letter.

“I have no doubt that Cersei had a hand in Robert’s death. I will have justice for him.”

Or, to put it another way: “I did love him, Davos. I know that now.”

And partially, I think it’s because Stannis very very much prefers to be alone; even Davos often rides his nerves, not really by doing anything, just by being in the room. He’s in his version of a good mood (still grim and grouchy compared to anyone else) in Theon’s released TWOW chapter because he’s seeing a stream of people, and so doesn’t have to tolerate any one of them for very long. (Which suggests he could actually do a great job at holding court, despite again the inability/unwillingness to perform empathy.)

So how does Melisandre become an exception? Well, her anointing him as the messiah on the one hand removes any vulnerability on his part, and on the other oddly enough kinda bakes loss-of-composure in to the cake, diminishing the obstacle for her. In my headcanon, Mel assumes such an immediate intimacy with Stannis that she kinda disarms his defenses. Her otherworldliness also counters his desire for solitude, as Mel deliberately cultivates the impression of being more a vessel for her god than a discrete individual (which is why it was such a good idea to make her a POV, thus humanizing her). I think the show, for all they botched both Stannis and Mel (they did a little better by Davos), was trying to get at this aspect of their dynamic when Stannis tells Davos “we are alone” even as the camera confirms that Mel is, in fact, standing right next to him. (A super creepy moment, very well performed and captured; credit where credit is due.)

Now, I’ve also always thought that part of the reason Stannis slept with Melisandre is that she was such a stranger to his world, with no connections there besides him, that what goes on in their tent could feel self-contained, almost on a different plane from the rest of his world…like a dream, and I think it’s this compartmentalization that led him to his denial RE killing Renly via the shadowbaby created during said sex. I think Stannis mentally separates their relationship from every other part of his life, acting like the former doesn’t impact the latter, which is very very dangerous. IMO he won’t be able to keep that up forever, especially when it comes to Shireen. 


Byzantine Museum of Veroia:

Icons and murals from the temporary exhibition “Panagia Mou”/“My Virgin Mary”. The exhibition presents the wealth of iconographic tradition in the region of Imathia from the 15th to the 21st century when it comes to the presentation of the most popular figure of Eastern Orthodoxy.

What is really interesting about the conservation of these type of murals and icons is the fact that it provided a safe and extensive practice ground for the Greek conservators. The technical knowledge safely earned from the conservation of these artifacts actually prepared the ground for the safe and one of a kind conservation of the Bronze Age murals from Thera, Pylos and Argos. Interestingly enough as we gain more and more knowledge about these prehistoric murals it is being proven that we are not dealing so much with frescoes, but rather egg tempera- the durable layered painting process using egg yolk as a binder for pigment that can be observed in most byzantine styled icons. Such discoveries help redefine the history of painting in greek space and by extension european space. Hariclia Brecoulaki is the archaeologist and conservator behind these breakthrough discoveries.