ptilonorhynchidae

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“Spotted Catbird” (Ailuroedus melanotis)

Also known as the black-eared catbird, Ailuroedes melanotis is a species of bowerbird that is native to north Queensland, Australia and New Guinea. They are unrelated to New World catbirds and get their name due to their cat like call. Like most passerine birds A. melanotis feeds mainly on fruit, flowers, seeds and insects. They are also known to eat small vertebrates and bird eggs as well. Unlike other bowerbirds spotted catbirds form permanent bonds and these pairs will maintain and defend a piece of territory year round.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Ptilonorhynchidae-Ailuroedus-A. melanotis

Images: Birdman of Brownsville and sontag 1

Green Catbird - Ailuroedus crassirostris

Ailuroedus crassirostris (Passeriformes - Ptilonorhynchidae) is commonly named Green Catbird due to its coloration and because its call has been said to sound like a cat meowing or a human baby crying. 

Green catbirds are native to Australia, where can be found from south-eastern Queensland to southern New South Wales on the east coast. They are large birds, with an average length of 28 cm, and have an overall color of emerald green with white spots and a dusky crown, nape and face with red eyes and a white bill.

Like other bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchidae), male green catbirds attempt to attract mates by displaying colorful leaves, fruits, or flowers in their beaks. When a female comes close, the male chases her from branch to branch and makes a raspy clicking sound. If the female leaves, the male preens, feeds, and calls before once again displaying the leaves, fruits, or flowers. Once the female accepts the male, they are mated for life (monogamous).

If you are interested in this link you can hear the catbird and see how your dog or cat reacts.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Gerard Satherley | Locality: New South Wales, Australia (2008)

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The bowerbird species are renowned for their unique courtship behavior, where males build a structure and decorate it with sticks and brightly-colored objects in an attempt to attract a mate.  There are 20 species in New Guinea and Australia. There are two main types of bowers - one group of bowerbirds build “maypole” bowers, which are constructed by placing sticks around a sapling; in some species, these bowers have a hut-like roof. The other major group builds an avenue-type bower of two walls of vertically placed sticks. In and around the bower, the male collects and places a variety of brightly-colored objects. These objects — usually different among each species — may include hundreds of shells, leaves, flowers, feathers, stones, berries, discarded plastic items, coins, nails, rifle shells, or pieces of glass.  The males spend hours arranging this collection.  After mating, female bowerbirds build a nest by laying soft materials, such as leaves, ferns, and vine tendrils, on top of a loose foundation of sticks. 

Nature is amazing.

Jardinier satiné - mâle / Satin Bowerbird - male

A mature male Satin Bowerbird performing his courtship routine at the Australian National Botanic Gardens in Canberra.

Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Vieillot, 1816) :
- Jardinier satiné ;
- Satin bowerbird ;
- Pergolero satinado ;
- Pássaro-cetim ;
- Uccello giardiniere satinato ;
- Seidenlaubenvogel ;
- Satijnblauwe prieelvogel ;
- Satiinilavastaja ;
- Satänglövsalsfågel ;
- Атласный шалашник ;
- Altannik lśniący ;
- アオアズマヤドリ ;
-  缎蓝园丁鸟

Ordre : Passériformes - Passeriformes / Famille : Ptilonorhynchidés - Ptilonorhynchidae / Genre : Ptilonorhynchus / Espèce : violaceus - Sous-espèces : +2.

* Jardinier satiné Le mâle adulte possède un plumage entièrement noir avec des nuances de bleu brillant.

* La femelle adulte présente une teinte d'ensemble brun et vert, avec un peu de brun rougeâtre dessous. Le dessus vert-olive, la queue et les ailes brunes constrastent avec le dessous blanc sale dont l'aspect général est écailleux.

Leo / (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) 

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http://mokacahuete.tumblr.com/

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Great bowerbird - Chlamydera nuchalis
Jardine & Selby, 1830

The great bowerbird is a member of the bowerbird family, which are known for their unusual mating strategies. The male birds build small structures and collect things like pebbles and flowers. Apparently, C. nuchalis uses a type of optical illusion to impress females. The smaller pebbles are placed near the entrance of a hallway made of twigs, and larger stones are placed much further from the entrance. Placing the stones this way can create the illusion that all stones are the same size.

Scientists tested if the female birds preferred the males using the illusion over other males. They found out that the females do in fact see this illusion and use this to choose a male.

Animalia - Chordata - Aves - Passeriformes - Ptilonorhynchidae - Chlamydera - C. nuchalis

Photo-credits:
L.A. Kelley & JJ. Harrison
References:
(x) (x)

Regent Bowerbird male | ©Jonathan Ayres  (Bunya Mountains, Qeensland, Australia)

This striking bird is Sericulus chrysocephalus (Ptilonorhynchidae), an  Australian endemic found in rainforests on the east coast of Australia, east of the Great Dividing Range, in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales.

Regent bowerbirds are passerine songbirds that have several exceptional traits. Most songbirds have 9 to 10 secondary feathers, Regent bowerbirds have more, ranging from 11 to 14. They also have larger lacrimal bones, a trait shared by lyrebirds (Menuridae). Their legs and feet are short, strong, and covered in scales. Regent bowerbirds have a notably long and slim bill compared to the other species of bowerbirds.

Sericulus chrysocephalus exhibits sexual dimorphism. Males are mostly shiny black with glossy gold patches on their crowns, the backs of their necks, and the distal ends of their wings [1].

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Original file ‎(1,903 × 1,903)

Jardinier prince-régent mâle ;
Jardinier prince-régent - Regent Bowerbird, male - (Sericulus chrysocephalus) in Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia. - Author Seabamirum from Ithaca.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en

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Original file(2,227 × 1,484).

Jardinier prince-régent mâle / Regent Bowerbird, Sericulus chrysocephalus, male; wild bird

Sericulus chrysocephalus (Lewin, 1808) :
- Jardinier prince-régent ;
- Regent bowerbird ;
- Pergolero regente ;
- Uccello giardiniere testadorata ;
- Gelbnacken-Laubenvogel ;
- Geelnekprieelvogel ;
- Regentlövsalsfågel ;
- Australianhuntulavastaja
…Ordre : Passériformes - Passeriformes ;
Famille : Ptilonorhynchidés - Ptilonorhynchidae ;
Genre : Sericulus ;
Espèce : chrysocephalus / Espèce monotypique.

Glen Fergus -Own work, O'Reillys Guest House, Qld, Australia -CC BY-SA 2.5

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