psychological pharmacology

komateux  asked:

Hey!!! How would you say psychiatry is different from psychology??

Hey :)
Psychiatrists are medical specialists that are able to diagnose and treat mental disorders and also link them to organic issues. They use researches in many areas like medicine, pharmacology, psychology, biochemistry, neuroscience. One of the big differences - psychiatrists are allowed to use and prescribe drugs, like any other doctors.
Psychologists, on the other hand, devote themselves to mental conditions but they are more focused on social and behavioral aspects of those problems. They are often involved in many kinds of therapeutic roles, for example at schools, hospitals, workplaces, as they seek to understand individuals or groups in need, help them find their places in the society and their own lifes. They don’t finish a medical university, though, which means they are not allowed to use any medical substances.
There are also psychotherapists - 3rd group of specialists in this area. They are allowed to lead long-term therapies that might affect ones character and personality. They are usually specialists that have finished a psychological or medical (psychiatry) university + additional courses.
Hope I answered your question. :)

We don't all deal with things the same way, know the differences.

ACUTE STRESS DISORDER

This type is characterized by suspiciousness, inability to work or care for one’s self, dissociation, confusion and panic reactions as a result of a single traumatic event. The symptoms last for about three months and are treated through medication and psychiatric intervention.

UNCOMPLICATED PTSD

When the patient constantly re-experiences a traumatic event, avoids stimuli associated with the experience and feels increased arousal, then they might belong to this type. Treatment for long-term symptoms includes a combination of group, pharmacological and psychological methods.

COMORBID PTSD

This PTSD is associated with one or more major mental health conditions like depression, panic disorder, and substance or alcohol abuse. Treatment is similar to that used for uncomplicated PTSD but with a focus on also treating the patient’s other psychiatric problems.

COMPLEX PTSD

A person exposed to prolonged trauma such as sexual abuse or violence can develop this type of PTSD along with personality and dissociative disorders. They might show a range of severe behavioral, emotional and mental problems. The treatment for this is slow and long-term, and should be carried out by trauma specialists.

The Medicalization of Suffering

‘Why, in Western psychology, have we been so focused on the dark side of human nature? Even before Freud, Western psychology was based on a medical model, and it still focuses primarily on pathology. The psychiatric profession’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which orients the work of most therapists, clinics and health care providers, is a comprehensive listing of hundreds of psychological problems and diseases. Categorizing problems helps us to study them and then, it is hoped, cure them in the most scientific and economically efficient way. But often we give so much attention to our protective layers of fear, depression, confusion, and aggression that we forget who we really are.

As a teacher, I see this all the time. When a middle-aged man named Marty came to see me after a year of painful separation and divorce, he was caught in the repetitive cycles of unworthiness and shame that he had carried since childhood. He believed there was something terribly wrong with him. He had forgotten his original goodness. When a young woman, Jan, came to Buddhist practice after a long struggle with anxiety and depression, she had a hard time letting go of her self-image as a broken and damaged person. For years she had seen herself only through her diagnosis and the various medications that had failed to control it.

As psychology becomes more pharmacologically oriented, this medical model is reinforced. Today, most of the millions of adults seeking mental health support are quickly put on medication. Even more troubling, hundreds of thousands of children are being prescribed powerful psychiatric drugs for conditions ranging from ADHD to the newly popular diagnosis of childhood bipolar disorder. While these medications may be appropriate, even lifesaving, in some cases, laypeople and professionals increasingly look for a pill as the answer to human confusion and suffering. It need not be so.’

- Jack Kornfield, The Wise Heart: Buddhist Psychology for The West.

The Disciplines Directory

(This post will be updated with each new entry on the list!)

Now until September 1st, 2015: The Sciences Giveaway

(With plenty more posts in The Disciplines series coming, I felt that the best way to track them all/ direct people would be via a Directory post like my Fandom Digimon Directory. So. Here we go! (I can also shorten the links on the actual posts with this too.) 

Welcome to The Disciplines Masterpost! All of the posted/finished Disciplines should be listed here. They are, for the most part, arbitrarily sorted, so if you feel a discipline fits a different category feel free to inform me! All of the posted Disciplines are available for $5 each as 8.5″x5.5″ prints, and I also sell them at any conventions I may be tabling at!

The Disciplines are a project I wanted to undertake to try to help create more positive representation of women in the sciences (and as you can see, this project has grown since then). My goal is to try and really imbue each image with specific and important details from each field, and also to represent the largest variety of people that I can!

If you would like to buy a Discipline, click me for options!

The Sciences (20/20 Complete)

Part Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, and Math 

Part II Pharmacology, Psychology, Botany, Astronomy, and Zoology

Part III Paleontology, Archeology, Engineering, Marine Biology, and Computer Science

Part IV Arthropodology, Meteorology, and Microbiology

Part V Medicine, Logic, and Neuroscience

The Commissions Batch I Midwifery, Environmental Science, Biochemistry

The Mystic Artes (8/8 Complete)

Part I Mediumship, Parapsychology, Alchemy, and CryptoZoology

Part II Astrology, Body Work, Divination, Witchcraft


The Social Sciences (4/9)

Part I Anthropology, Education, Library Science, and Social Work


The Humanities (1/9)

Part I Law


The Arts (5/20)

Part I Culinary Art, Illustration, Painting, Tattoo Art, Video Game Design

Commission Batch I  Architecture

Con Edition Cosplay and Pokemon Mastery



Would you like to commission a Discipline?

Potential Place for future FAQ list. 

kittyit believes this. kittyit believes that transness and trans surgeries were built on nazi experimentation in concentration camps. not harold gillies and his pioneering flap surgery or magnus hirschfeld in early surgery, psychology and pharmacology, whose entire institute and library was burned to the ground by the nazis for being degenerate jewish filth.

Oliver Queen and Barry Allen

Well doubters and nay-sayers didn’t believe me when I said in my post about Oliver Queen that his growing bond with Barry Allen was going to play a significant role in his journey to battling through that darkness and finally forging Oliver Queen and The Arrow as one identity. The crossover basically confirmed every theory I ever had about this relationship; that it was destiny for Barry to come into Oliver’s life in Arrow 2x08 and do more than just inject an anti–coagulant into his bloodstream in order to fight off a deadly poison in 2x09.

What we got in both parts of this crossover was actually even more than I could have imagined; in fact some things I didn’t expect happened and the things I did exceeded my expectations by a thousand. Though John Diggle and Felicity Smoak both played a vital role in reviving the goodness within Oliver at the beginning, it was actually Barry who was meant to help him conquer those demons, to remind him his humanity wasn’t lost and help him become the hero/the man he is destined to be…Green Arrow.

 I’ll start off by highlighting some of the symbolism within these episodes, most of what I noticed anyway. First let me talk about the “partners?” moment between Oliver and Barry; this scene couldn’t be more obvious. Yes it started off as Olicity having coffee together but it was actually about bringing our reluctant heroes together using Felicity yet again as their catalyst the way she was in 2x08 and 2x09. Is it just me or is Felicity purposely trying to play hero matchmaker in the bromance department? LOL. Anyway it was a defining moment for both men especially when a cheerful Barry offered his hand out to Oliver who took it graciously and between them was a window bathing Barry in this beautiful bright light while Oliver is sheltered in the shadows. It reminded me of an angel pulling a lost soul out of darkness and into heaven and that’s when everything clicked. Barry isn’t just his city’s guardian angel…he’s also Oliver Queen’s.

Keep reading

​5 Real-life Ways Enhancing the Brain Isn’t Just Sci-Fi

In the recent sci-fi action film “Lucy,” Scarlett Johansson’s lead character accidentally ingests an experimental drug that turbo-charges her brain. Among her rapidly enhanced capacities, Lucy finds herself able to immediately learn new languages, move objects with her mind, and, eventually even bend time and space.

Keep reading