prussia rules


February 25th 1947: Prussia ceases to exist

On this day in 1947, the state of Prussia, which had existed since 1525, ceased to exist. Prussia was a German kingdom, and in the nineteenth century became its most powerful state, rising in strength to challenge other established European powers. Otto von Bismarck aimed to unite all German states under the domination of Prussia, which was achieved through the German Unification Wars (Austro-Prussian War 1866 & Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871). As Prussia merged with Germany it lost its distinctive identity and in 1918 the royalty abdicated and nobility lost most of its political power. Under Nazi rule, Prussia lost its identity even more, with centralisation policies removing its autonomy. Prussia lost some territory in the post-war division of Germany into zones and the Western allies sought its full abolition. This was secured in Law 46 by the Allied Control Council, citing Prussia’s association with past militarism as the reason. Former Prussian territory was then re-organised. Prussia has since been vilified by Germans as a symbol of the militarism and obedience that led to the Nazi rise to power.

The natural regions of Germany (5): The Southern German Scarplands

The scarplands extend on both sides of the Rhine valley. The part west of the Rhine valley is quite small and encompasses the mountain ranges lining the rivers Saar and Mosel and the Palatinate Forest, the northern spur of the Vosges in France. The Nahe valley is a wine growing region producing some of the finest Riesling wines in Germany. The Saar valley was one of the centers of German coal mining and steel production. The steel works in Völklingen were closed in 1986 and are now a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site.

The scarplands east of the Rhine valley extend over a vast area, covering most of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria and extending into Southern Hesse.

The red sandstone hills of the Odenwald, Spessart and Southern Rhön are mainly forested land, dotted with small towns and villages enclosed in fields in the valleys. They are lined with picturesque historic towns and cities, such as Heidelberg, Freudenberg am Main, Wertheim am Main, Zwingenberg am Neckar, Neckarsteinach, Erbach, Amorbach, Miltenberg, Michelstadt, Beerfelden, and Buchen.

They are followed by the Gäulands, lower lands intensely used for agriculture. In the recent decades, they have become Germany’s economic powerhouse. The south-western region encompassing Stuttgart and Heilbronn in the Neckar valley is particularly strong. It is not only home to big companies like Daimer (Mercedes-Benz cars), Porsche (sports cars), Bosch (mixed technologies), but also to thousands of small and medium-sized businesses, which are highly specialized and often world market leaders in their field. A magnet for tourists is the historic town or Rothenburg ob der Tauber with its nearly undisturbed medieval city center.

The north-eastern parts are more rural with smaller and medium-sized cities located in the river valleys. Notable here is the city of Würzburg, former residence of a Prince-Bishop and home of a traditional university. It was here that Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the X-rays.

Another important metropolitan area is centered around the old trade city of Nuremberg. Nürnberg as it is spelled in German was the home of renaissance painter Albrecht Dürer. Severely destroyed in world war II, it was rebuilt along the historical layout but with modern facades. Its museums, the imperial castle, and the famous Christmas Market, the oldest one of its kind, are major tourist attractions. In the early 20th century, Nuremberg was a center of National Socialism in Germany, evidenced by the unfinished but still gigantic Nazi Party rally grounds. After the end of the ‘Third Reich’, the principal leaders of the Nazi party and the persons mainly responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity had to stand trial here.

The historic old town of Bamberg is a UNESCO world cultural heritage and popular with tourists from abroad. Its town hall, built within the river Regnitz to represent the two halves of the city, the civil and the episcopal half, is one of its landmarks, alongside with the cathedral and the palace.

The Black Forest is Germany’s highest and biggest upland and a major tourist destination. The specific architecture adds to the picturesque landscape to please the eye of hiking holiday makers looking for rest and relaxation. For centuries, its main product was wood, which was shipped down the river Rhine to the Netherlands to build the fleet that warranted the Dutch strong stance in worldwide trade. Precision engineering is another traditional business branch. Some well-known watchmakers and entertainment electronics businesses were located here, but most of them were unable to compete with the Asian competitors and went bankrupt or have changed their field of operation.

The Keuper-Lias-lands and the Swabian and Franconian Alb are limestone plateaus interrupted by deep valleys. There are some interesting karst formations, including deep and dangerous caves. New caves are discovered almost every year. The Nördlinger Ries is an almost perfectly circular valley and one of the biggest impact craters of the world. The upper reaches of the river Danube are in the process of becoming a tributary of the river Rhine. The waters disappear through cracks in the riverbed and make their way dozens of kilometers through underground cavities until they reappear in a karstic spring that drains to the river Rhine. The riverbed of the Danube below these sinkholes is meanwhile dry for 155 days per year, when it loses all its water to the Rhine. One of the most beautiful karstic springs is the Blautopf.

Hohenzollern Castle at the northern edge of the Swabian Alb is the origin of the House Hohenzollern, which has ruled Prussia for centuries.

A geographical oddity is the town of Büsingen am Hochrhein, which is a German municipality completely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. It belongs to the Swiss customs area and is thus not part of the customs area of the European Union. Swiss laws are also in place. A set of complicated rules regulate the judicial status of the exclave. Swiss police may arrest people, but the number of Swiss police is restricted to 10 at any given time and must only act on issues that concern the Swiss laws that are in place in the exclave. German police forces must not exceed three police officials per 100 residents and must only act on issues concerning German law. There are strict transit restrictions for German police officers through Swiss territory. Most people of Büsingen earn their money in Swiss Francs, and many transactions are done in Swiss Francs although the official currency is the Euro. Pensions, however, are paid in Euro. The steep rise of the value of the Swiss Franc made the economic situation of the residents of Büsingen difficult. As a result, many German pensioneers have left Büsingen, while Swiss pensioneers have moved there. The town has two zip codes, a Swiss and a German one. Letters sent from there to Switzerland may be franked with either Swiss or German stamps; the latter option is cheaper. Büsingen has a German prefix number, but many residents have also a Swiss phone connection. In front of the post office, there are a Swiss and a German public phone. Both Swiss and German mobile phone networks work at the respective domestic tariffs. In the summer of 1980, Büsingen was in a different tine zone than the rest of Germany because Switzerland had not yet introduced the daylight saving time and Swiss time laws apply in Büsingen. The local football (soccer) club is part of the Swiss Football Association.

  • Prussia: Rules were made to be broken.
  • Germany: Rules were made to be followed. Nothing is made to be broken.
  • Spain: Uh, piñatas.
  • England: Glow sticks.
  • Japan: Karate boards.
  • Italy: Spaghetti, when you have a small pot.
  • Prussia: And rules!
Describing the Signs in AP European References

Aries: You’re as fierce than the Byzantine Empire as it swept it’s way through the Mediterranean and conquered land

Taurus: You’re as stubborn than the first estate in France in the 1800′s refusing that they were in debt from all the wars they fought and lost

Gemini: You’re as happy as Great Britain was during the Victorian Era, where science and industrial breakthrough’s took place

Cancer: You’re as caring as the servants were to the Renaissance children, and tried to keep them alive past the age of 20

Leo: You’re as bold as the Rebellions of 1848, where several European countries rebelled against their monarchial government in favor of more liberal ideals. 

Virgo: You’re as rebellious as Galileo was, promoting the sciences against Church wishes

Libra: You’re like Queen Isabella of Castlie and King Ferdinand of Aragon, trying to promote peace by uniting their Spanish nation under one Catholic religion, but ending up really problematic because they put in place the Spanish Inquisition converting or killing anyone who wasn’t Catholic

Scorpio: You’re as underrated as the Golden of Age of the Dutch, as their citizens lived in peace, established the first national bank, and unanimously promoted Protestantism

Sagittarius: You’re as go getter as the European States were during the Age of Imperialism, conquering land but refusing to deal with the consequences

Capricorn: You were broken, but now fixed like the Italian States in 1830 when Garibaldi unified North and South Italy 

Aquarius: You’re as innovative as Otto Von Bismark of Prussia as he ruled with an Iron First and helped gain territory and unite with Germany

Pisces: You’re as sensitive as the Catholics and Protestants were to each other, igniting the thirty years war

The KISS Rule : chapter 2 (It)

Ludwig had missed the day the Frankfurt Documents had been presented to set the precedence for the establishment of what would be West Germany. He had also missed the drafting of his ‘new’ constitution which, in all reality, had probably saved him a lot of heartache and a bout of self-loathing. That was still a huge struggle…remembering that he needed to live with himself, that there was hope for him if Alfred F. Jones had chosen to drag him out of his cold utility room to a warm hotel so he could have some semblance of Christmas.

That day had felt like a dream– a dream Ludwig felt he most certainly did not deserve. There had been more food than he’d been able to eat…alcohol, decorations, company… even a gift.

That gift.

Keep reading

Tonight is a Historical Hetalia doodle night apparently

Anyway, this is inspired by a bit of reading I did on the Treaty of Marienburg in 1656 signed between King Charles X Gustav of Sweden and Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg during the Second Northern War. By the Treaty of Königsberg in the same year, Ducal Prussia was officially made a fief of the invading Swedish forces. In exchange for military aid, King Charles promised Frederick William control over parts of Prussia. The alliance held out for some time, culminating in a victorious battle against Polish-Lithuanian troops by combined Swedish and Brandenburgian forces. 

When Sweden found itself more dependent on Brandenburg’s support to win the war, Charles was willing to grant Frederick William full sovereignty over the Duchy in exchange for continuous aid. This agreement was solidified by the Treaty of Labiau in the same year. Once he managed to secure his possession of the Duchy of Prussia, Frederick William dropped his alliance with Sweden in favour of a more appealing proposal put up by an envoy of the Holy Roman emperor. If he were to stop supporting Sweden, Poland would acknowledge Hohenzollern sovereign rule over Prussia. Brandenburg accepted these terms by signing the secret Treaty of Wehlau and actively started campaigning against Sweden. 

TLDR; Reiner Wenzel Brandt, Margraviate of Brandenburg, is one crafty son of a bitch.

The 2Ps and rules
  • 2P!America: "Rules are meant to be broken, spat on, and brutally murdered by someone fronting as Highway Patrol."
  • 2P!China: "Well fuck the rules."
  • 2P!England: Do The Right Thing™
  • 2P!France: "I'll break them because you'll do it without me anyways."
  • 2P!Russia: "Rules don't exist for those who are intelligent and good in bad situations - like me."
  • 2P!Italy: "It's not against the rules unless you get caught."
  • 2P!Germany: "It's all fun and games until someone is screaming for some reason."
  • 2P!Japan: "Rules are like theories - they're supposed to work, and supposed to be followed, but there are exceptions. Like me."
  • 2P!Canada: "Rules are meant to be broken."
  • 2P!Romano: "Rules don't exist when you're with friends!"
  • 2P!Austria: "I follow the rules I agree with."
  • 2P!Prussia: "Rules mean safety so I'll follow them..."
meet the mun!

Tagged by: @ask-the-aph-prussia thx scout ;))

Rules: You must answer the questions and tag 20 followers you want to get to know better. if ya’ll rly think i’m tagging 20 ppl - 

Name/Nickname: july/julie/mochi (the last one is an inside thing with my siblings)

Height: 5 ft 5 inches

Star sign: capricorn

Time now: 11: 26 am

Last thing googled:  “compound interest online calculator” lmao 

Fave music artist: i have a lot, but i’ve always rly liked the strokes, daft punk and the neighbourhood 

Song stuck in head: next time around by little joy

Last movie: logan (i cried way too hard lmao) 

Last tv show: community  

What I’m wearing: (this question omf) long sleeved tee with nike shorts 

When I created this blog: jan 3rd, 2017 (wow, only a few months??)

Do I get asks regularly?: yeet, my inbox usually stays around 50+ (i know i’m shit at answering questions)

Why the Url: well. this is, an ameripan ask blog, 

Gender: she/her/they

Hogwarts House: i joined pottermore just for this gryffindor!

Pokemon team: valor or instinct 

Favourite Colour: yellow, pastel pink

Average hours of sleep: i usually knock out at 11 pm and wake up around 6 am on weekdays, or around 9 on weekends (i hate sleeping in) 

Lucky #: 96,000

Fav character (From Hetalia): ya’ll know i’d ride or die for japan 

Dream job: storyboard artist at disney animation studios, or a historian 

# of blankets: 2+ 

Kaiser Wilhelm II (aka Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Preußen; 1859-1941) was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 1888 to 1918. He was the eldest grandchild of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe. Crowned in 1888, he dismissed ChancellorOtto von Bismarck in 1890 and launched Germany on a bellicose “New Course” in foreign affairs that culminated in his support for Austria-Hungary in the crisis of 1914 that led in a matter of days to WW1. 

He was bon on 27 Jan 1859 in Berlin to Prince Frederick William of Prussia (the future Frederick III) and his wife, Victoria, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Britain’s Queen Victoria. At the time of his birth, his great-uncle Frederick William IV was king of Prussia, and his grandfather and namesake Wilhelm was acting as Regent. He was the first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, but more importantly, as the first son of the Crown Prince of Prussia, Wilhelm was from 1861 second in the line of succession to Prussia, and also, after 1871, to the newly created German Empire. A traumatic breech birth left him with a withered left arm due to Erb’s Palsy, which he tried with some success to conceal. In many photos he carries a pair of white gloves in his left hand to make the arm seem longer, holds his left hand with his right, or has his arm on the hilt of a sword or holding a cane to give the effect of a useful limb posed at a dignified angle. His left arm was about 15 cm shorter than the right. Historians have suggested that this disability affected his emotional development. Read more.

((Got Tagged)

Tagged by @ask-art-student-prussia

RULES: Answer the Q’s & tag 20 people

name: sea

nickname: at the moment, some puns

zodiac: gemini

hogwarts house: ravenclaw

height: 5’1.75”

sexuality: pretty gay

ethnicity: mixed american kid (black mom, white dad)

favorite fruit: s t r a w b e r r i e s and pears

favorite season: spring/autumn

favorite book series: not sure

favorite fictional character: my child aph norway, also tsuyu from bnha

favorite flower: roses and lavender

favorite scent: petrichor

favorite color: grass green

favorite animal: such a hard choice… but recently, along with cats, frogs.

favorite band: idk i grew up with devo

coffee, tea, or hot chocolate: tea

average hours of sleep: idk

number of blankets: 3

dream trip: visiting all my friends

last thing i googled: movies playing at la live

how many blogs I follow: a lot

number of followers: 511 on my ask blog, 512 on my main

what i usually post: art and me blabbering about stuff

do i get asks regularly: kinda? it’s a bit slow but i don’t mind. i’m not as active as I was during the summer anyways.

I suck at tagging people ngl uhhh @asknyonorwayy @askart-student-ghana @ask-filmstudentdenmark @ask-artsy-iceland @ask–norge


Tagged by @ask-art-student-prussia

RULES: Answer the Q’s & tag 20 people

name: Emily, but I go by Karma online (probably gonna change that lol)

nickname: Mily, Emil, the greatest thing in the universe-//slapped//

zodiac: Libra

hogwarts house: Slytherin

height: 5′3 (i grew an inch in the past year. I AM PROUD)

sexuality: Ace (and aromantic cuz relationships are too much work)

ethnicity: Asian

favorite fruit: uhhhh strawberries?

favorite season: Autumn or Winter

favorite book series: too many to pick from

favorite fictional character: (k then lets do this) APH Romano, APH Austria (AND both of their nyos, dear GOD they are fukin goddesses), Itona (assassination classroom), Leo Valdez (PJO), Q FROM BUNGOU STRAY DOGS, many more but i’m just gonna leave it at that,,,

favorite flower: I’m tired of flowers (mom’s a florist. holidays are the worst)

favorite scent: does chocolate count as a smell..?

favorite color: Light blue/ Carolina blue

favorite animal: Cats. Penguins. 

favorite band: I just listen to random crap on youtube or broadway so-

coffee, tea, or hot chocolate: Hot chocolate. i will drink that shit in the summer

average hours of sleep: summer - anywhere from 2-12(there is no in between, school day - 4

number of blankets: 1


last thing i googled: drawing references lol

how many blogs I follow: around 500

number of followers: 166 (why do you people follow this blog)

what i usually post: Art. barely (cri)

do i get asks regularly: not really 

i don’t know 20 freaking people–

if you have been tagged before, i am sorryyyyy

@alicivver, @doobugadoo, @ask-demon-denmark, @nyo-feli-answers, @ask-2p-italy-luciano-vargas, @ask-2p-holy-rome-empire, @ask-humanmagictrio, @omegaverse-romano @kaionace idk anymore. if you wanna do it go ahead. 

ask-baden  asked:

You should draw NRW tbh he's a grumpy cutie~

[Northrhine-Westphalia won’t exist for quite some time, but here’s Rhineland! The fellow with the fair hair in the background is Westphalia. 

Occasion: Official retirement ceremony for the German siblings under Prussian rule in 1867. They step down to make way for the German Empire. The North German Confederation was established, which would grow into the German Empire in 1870/1871.
The Austro-Prussian/German-German war of 1866 established Prussia as the ruling force in the German territories. The country annexed several German territories that had fought on Austria’s side, the German Confederation ceased to exist, and Austria was now excluded from a unified Germany. 

Kaiser Wilhelm II was the last German Emperor. He ruled until 1918.

The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings, and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family arose in the area around the town of Hechingen in Southwestern Germany during the 11th century and took their name from Hohenzollern Castle. The first ancestor of the Hohenzollerns was mentioned in 1061. The family split into 2 branches, the Catholic Swabian branch and the Protestant Franconian branch, which later became the Brandenburg-Prussian branch. The Swabian branch ruled the principalities of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1849, and Romania from 1866 to 1947. Members of the Franconian branch became Margrave of Brandenburg in 1415 and Duke of Prussia in 1525. The Margraviate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia were ruled in personal union after 1618 as Brandenburg-Prussia. The Kingdom of Prussia was created in 1701, eventually leading to the first unification of Germany and the creation of the German Empire in 1871, with the Hohenzollerns as hereditary German Emperors and Kings of Prussia.
Germany’s defeat in WW1 (1918) led to the German Revolution. The Hohenzollerns were overthrown and the Weimar Republic was established, thus bringing an end to the German monarchy. Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, technically is the current head of the royal Prussian line, while Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern is the head of the princely Swabian line.