I’ve been musing about this for a while, and finally took the time to put it together. It’s a long one, but mainly because of the images.
In The Six Thatchers, we are shown Mary’s apparent flight from
London, through randomly selected places around the world. Many of us
have noticed that elements of this flight are strange; I’m going to
discuss some of them here.
First, Mary seems to be selecting her
destinations based on (a) three rolls of a die and (b) the selection of a
location based on this roll – from this source:
Many of the place names listed here are obsolete. There are
references to East Germany (reunited with West Germany in 1990), the
USSR (dissolved in 1991) and Yugoslavia (dissolved in 1992). Many of the
cities are very old, but Noranda, Quebec, was founded in 1926 and
became Rouyn-Noranda in 1986, so that sets the date limits for this
source. Most of this period was dominated by the Cold War, which lasted
from 1947 to 1991.
When do you put a diaeresis (two dots) on a vowel in Dutch?
The diaeresis are two dots that are often placed above a vowel. It is used when 2 vowels that are next to each other can be pronounced as one sound, but shouldn’t be.
The diaeresis is placed on the following 14 letter combinations: ee, ei, eu, ie, aa, ae, ai, au, ui, uu, oe, oi, oo and ou.
Example: poëzie (poetry), reünie (reunion), koloniën (colonies), ruïne (ruin).
Rule 1: words that end on French or Spanish letter combinations are exceptions: eum, ien, eus and ei.
Example: petroleum (petrol), opticien (optician).
Rule 2: when there are more than 2 lettercombinations, then the vowel after the i does not get a diaeresis. The e or i after that does.
Example: begroeiing (vegetation), aaien (petting), knieën (knees), mozaïek (mosaic), geëerd (honoured)
Rule 3: when a number is written in full, it sometimes needs a diaeresis.
Example: tweeëntwintig (twenty-two), drieëndertig (thirty-three). You can find more info on this here.
Rule 4: you don’t put it on compiled words.
Example: ‘na-apen’ (silly way of saying ‘to imitate’) not naäpen, 'zee-egel’ (sea urchin) not zeeëgel.
Rule 5: words that end on a 'ie’ that’s not stressed get 'iën’ in plural.
Example: koloniën (colonies), provinciën (provinces).
Rule 6: words that end on a 'ie’ that is stressed get 'ieën’ in plural.
Example: knieën (knees), industrieën (industries), melodieën (melodies).
Rule 7: another exception is that there is no diaeresis when there is a suffix.
Example: lila-achtig (lila-like), not lilaächtig.
1 Chine: L'escalier spiral ~ The spiral staircase on the Taihang Mountains is 91 meters high.
Portugal 2: Palais de la Regaleira ~ An interior view of the Palace of Regaleira located in Sintra, Portugal.
3 Bosnia and Herzegovina: the small town of Blagaj ~ The Tekija house built in the 16th century next to the source of the Buna.
4 Romania: Merry Cemetery Sapan ţ has ~ The Happy Cemetery of Sapan ţ has area has Marmatie funeral wooden tombs, painted in bright colors.
Italy 5: The small island of Procida ~ Procida is an island and Italian town of about 10,000 inhabitants, located in the province of Naples.
6. Malta Popeye Village ~ It was built as a movie set in 1980 for the film Popeye (Walt Disney). Today it is open to the public as a museum.
7 Iceland: Falls Litlanesfoss ~ Litlanesfoss is waterfalls surrounded by basalt columns Upphéraðsvegur located in Iceland.
8 China: The mountains rainbow sky ~ Zhangye Danxia mountains were formed on red terrigenous sedimentary layers that have been eroded for 24 million years.
9 Italy: The Cliff Restaurant ~ The Cliff Restaurant (Grotta Palazzese) was built in a cave in the region of Apulia in Italy.
10. Inde : Le Chand Baori ~ In Rajasthan, the building dating from the 11th century is one of the first baoris (wells) that has solved the problem of lack of water.
11 USA: Bishop’s Castle ~ In the San Isabel Forest in Colorado is a medieval castle built over 40 years by Jim Bishop. He began building at the age of 15 years.
12 Russia: psychedelic salt mine ~ At the heart of the abandoned salt mine in Yekaterinburg in Russia. There is a wealth of Carnallite disused for several years.
13 Brazil: The natural pool at the white sand Fervedouro ~ Near the village Mateiros is a natural pool, Fervedouro. It measures 8 feet in diameter, the water is crystal blue and the ground is white sand.
14 Italy: Craco ghost medieval village ~ Craco is an Italian town abandoned it a famous tourist destination and a place for film shooting.
15. Samoa : To Sua Ocean Trench ~ “To Sua Ocean” and a piece of paradise located in the village of Lotofaga in Samoa. The place is available to the public as bathing area.
16 Burma: The village of Bagan ~ Bagan is a large Buddhist archaeological site of nearly 50 square kilometers in the Region of Mandalay in the central plain of Burma.
17 Portugal: The Color Parapluies Agueda ~ In the town of Agueda in Portugal, umbrellas of different colors are present in suspension in the shopping streets.
18. TANZANIA: Le Lac Natron ~ Lake Natron is an alkaline salt lake of tectonic origin endoreic present in northern Tanzania.
19 Germany: Bridge Bastei ~ Bastei The bridge is located in the mountains of the Elbe in Saxon Switzerland in Germany.
20 Sichuan: The Leshan Giant Buddha ~ The Leshan Giant Buddha is a monumental statue of Buddha carved into the cliffs of Mount Lingyun Sichuan.
21 Spain: The Alcazar of Segovia ~ The Alcazar of Segovia is a fortified castle, located at the end of the old city of Segovia in Spain.
22 Turkey: Tombs of Myra ~ In lycènes rocks are the rock tombs of the ancient city of Myra.
23 Netherlands: Fort Bourtange ~ Bourtange is a Dutch fortified town in the province of Groningen, which was built in 1580.
24. Bhoutan : Le Monastère Taktshang ~ Taktshang is a Buddhist monastery in Bhutan, perched on a cliff at 3,120 meters above sea level.
25 Portugal: L'île de São Miguel ~ São Miguel is the largest island in the Azores archipelago and the most populated with an area of 744.6 square kilometers.
AFGHANISTAN. Nangarhar Province. Jalalabad. August 6, 2013. An injured Afghan boy with blood on his face walks at the site of bomb explosion. A remote control bomb went off in Jalalabad city, killing one person and injuring three others, provincial officials said.
May 14 2015 - Since 2009, demonstrators have opposed Southern Copper Corp’s project to exploit the hills surrounding the Cocachacra province. In just over 6 weeks, at least 3 people have died and hundreds have been wounded as protests turned violent. Protesters are mainly farmers from neighbouring regions who say the mining project, named Tia Maria, will contaminate their land and water. [video]/[video]
[ENG TRANS] [ARTICLE] Women’s Central Magazine: Who is Mamamoo?
Article from magazine Women Central, Oct 2014
In this summer’s girlgroup battlefield, the rookie artist that caught people’s eyes was Mamamoo. In one single feat, talented girl group Mamamoo took #1 on the music charts with ‘Um Ah Oh Yeah’, confidently making their name rise as ‘2015’s Trending Girl Group’. Mamamoo is a unique name and it only piques interest to everything about them.
This summer’s K-Pop scene was an all-out aggressive battle of girl groups; SNSD, Wonder Girls, Sistar, AOA, and even Apink. The usual summer promotion time from mid-June to August consisted of music releases from over 10 girl groups. The competition was so fierce that the summer was even labeled as '2015 Girl Group Ceremony’. From girl groups that make Uncle fans swoon, there were also new names that emerged to make an appearance. It’s only been an year-and-a-half since they have debuted, but Mamamoo has secured their flag of victory in the girl group battle with their 2nd mini album 'Pink Funky’ and title song 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’.
Most often, girl group concepts are either one of the two; cute or sexy. Along with this, there is a catchy 'hook song’, a simple and cute dance with a signature move. Then comes the endless amount of guest appearances on variety programs to gain popularity and to 'rise’ in interest. This is a common tactic used in the entertainment business. However, Mamamoo has shown a whole variety of genres in musicality, far and wide. Even before their debut they were rumored to be a very skillful group. Following their debut song 'Don’t Be Happy’, other releases like 'Peppermint Chocolate’, 'Mr. Ambiguous’, and 'Piano Man’ has embedded the retro genre as their main style, but they also exhibit R&B, Disco, Rap, and Hip-Hop. They have stood on the stage of 'Immortal Songs’ on KBS2, performing covers of their sunbaes’ songs in a perfect manner, earning the title of 'Skillful Idols’. This is not surprising, especially with 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’ ranking #1 on music charts. Their fancafe in a short period of time totaled up to over 30,000 members and the tickets to their first fanmeet sold out in a minute. With so many numerous girl groups names out there, it can be tricky to remember all of them if not any. Within this limited space, Mamamoo has shown energetic and enthusiastic stages, and outside of their stages, they show off a dorky charm that is unfathomable. To the 4 'Beagle Idols’ (Solar, Moonbyul, Whee In, and Hwa Sa), we gave them 9 keywords to discuss.
Reading Mamamoo with 8 Keywords
A different performance everytime
Mamamoo slightly improvises their stage or lyrics every performance. Even though they are all 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’ stages, the performances to MBC 'Music Core’ compared to KBS 'Music Bank’ are different. The truth in making every performance to be different during promotion times isn’t easy and requires a lot of practice and creative ideas.
Hwa Sa:“In the lyrics of 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’, there is a line that goes “Unnie, who is this girl? Oh my god.” In each performance, this line is said differently. There are ad-libs, sometimes we plan things before going up on stage. It’s fun for us and the people that watch us get anticipate it, so we continuously did new things.”
The idea to do change things in every performance was from Mamamoo’s producer and composer Kim Do Hoon.
Solar:“I think Mamamoo’s greatest point are our performances. In the perception of the audience, there’s no point in watching the same stages over and over again. We want to be singers that people look to because we make things a new experience every time. Preparing to make every performance different is also fun for us too. We can laugh and try new things while looking into each other’s eyes, but also get nervous about making another mistake.”
Um Ah Oh Yeah, 1st place Debut
Even a veteran singer of 10 years feels the pressure of music chart rankings in every comeback. With new releases coming out everyday, it is difficult to get in the higher rankings. On June 19th, Mamamoo released 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’. It entered the chart with a high ranking and then even claimed #1.
Whee In: “As soon as we heard that we were #1, we were like; "Really? Lies.” It was so unbelievable that we were actually pretty neutral about it. All of us would pretend that we weren’t caring about this too much, but whenever we had free time, we would go on the music chart sites just to look (laughs). It’s the first time for us to enter the charts with high rankings, so we were really happy.“
Up until now, they have been producing music with a retro style, but this time, 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’ is a fast-paced dance song. Mamamoo members participated in composing the song.
Moonbyul:"When we first listened to the song, we did like it, but we were a bit worried since it was different from the songs that we had showed before. We didn’t know it would do this well.”
Idols that do everything themselves, even stage-planning
Regardless of only being a rookie artist, Mamamoo create the choreography to their song, choose their stage outfits, and plan their stages all on their own. They have had the thought to be self-sufficient since their trainee days and that doing this will help them develop fast as an artist.
Whee In:“I think it’s just become routine for us now, since we’ve done things like this when we were trainees. But of course, there are the opinions of professionals around us who refine any idea that we might have.”
Hwa Sa:“As if I were studying, I watched a lot of international stage clips. We even had brainstorming meetings. We have a lot of schedules these days so I don’t have that much time to watch videos, so it’s kind of frustrating. I do also get the feeling that it (stage-planning) is exhausting.”
'Immortal Songs’ cover performances were also planned by themselves.
Solar:“We also planned the stages for 'Immortal Songs’ by ourselves. It was tiring, but we got a great sense of satisfaction after finishing those performances.”
Moonbyul:“Although it may be difficult during times of preparation, we think that finding clothes that individually suit us is the right thing to do. The more challenging things are, the better results we get, so I think we can continue to strive forward in the future.”
More popular to females, girl crush
If you listen to Mamamoo’s fanchants, the volume of female voices seem to be significantly higher. Mamamoo’s fanclub 'Moomoo’ is also made up of a lot of femals fans. When a female fan supports a female idol, and they feel the charms and attractiveness of that female idol despite being a woman themselves, this is referred to as a 'girl crush’. The ‘gathering of female fans’ is surging due to the concept of cross-dressing as guys in the music video. The story within 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’ is about a girl that falls for a guy at first sight, only to find out that the guy was actually a girl. In the music video, Moonbyul, Hwa Sa and Whee In all cross-dressed as guys, but within the three, Moonbyul’s pretty-boy looks cross-dressed as a guy became a hot topic.
Hwa Sa:“Whee In and I went through special make up. We thought; when are we ever going to get the chance to do this again, so it was fun.”
Whee In:“At the fanmeet, there was a moment when I got teary, and it was when the fans held up a banner that said 'We won’t let go’. I was so thankful for those words that I cried.”
Dancing crazily, Beagle-Idols.
The term beagle-idols are given to male idols who like to joke around, because the playful natures of them resembles Beagles that are playful but cause a whole bunch of incidents. Without a doubt, Mamamoo are also Beagle-Idols. If the video of them dancing crazily is watched, they have to be…
Whee In:“I think one of the biggest reasons that we are liked is because we are friendly. Also because we don’t really try to look prim and proper (laughs). We give off that next-door neighbor feeling of comfort. If we erase our makeup, we become that kid next door.”
A training period of 3 years, and after debuting, the members lived together and saw each other’s faces on a daily basis for a year. What is it that’s so funny, that the girls start bursting out in laughter at the sight of fallen, fluttering leaves.
Solar:“When we were trainees we unanimously agreed to get a place to live on a rooftop and lived together. Whee In lived with her Aunt at the time. Those times were really fun.”
Hwa Sa:“That time was our rent period. Forget about looks, it was all about the rent. We were really stingy on money. If we were upset about something, we would turn off the lights, lie down, joke around and tickle each other to brighten up each other’s moods.”
Solar:“It was like steel (laughs). A steel mindset. All four of us love to joke around so we get along well.”
Whee In and Hwa Sa are hometown friends. Both of them resided in Jeonju, North Jeolla-do province and since grade 6 they have had the same dream and auditioned together. Now, they are to both under the same company and have even debuted together. Solar had the dream of being a singer past the age of 20 and auditioned over 40 times. Rapper Moonbyul dreamed of being a singer since she was in middle school. The parents to all four of the girls did not really oppose their dreams.
Hwa Sa:“When I was really young, my parents took me to their alumni reunions and once they went to a club. I was still a kid so they carried me on their back and went. However, my Dad left me alone for just a short moment, but when he came back he saw that there were people crowded around me. It turned out that I was singing in between people, using the buzzer button to call the waiter as a mic. My Dad carried me back home again afterwards and he said that I kept kicking my feet to the rhythm (laughs). He told me that this was when he knew that I would become a singer.”
Solar:"My parents don’t really express that they’re happy. In front of me, they go; "Yeah right, as if you’re ever gonna become a singer.” However, now after talking to my friends, they told me that my parents tell them to change their ringtones to 'Um Ah Oh Yeah’. In the household they also want the ranking of the songs to go higher so they put Mamamoo’s songs on repeat through the music site.“
What romance is to Mamamoo
There was no dating ban since the beginning.
Whee In:"If we can be responsible about our own actions, then we were told that it was okay for us to date. But these days, I think I know why they told us that. We’re so busy that we don’t even have time to meet our friends.”
Moonbyul: “I like being busy. It’s better than being depressed because there is nothing to do.”
Solar:“The thing we talk about the least among ourselves is guys. Going to the Han River when I have free time is like a gift to me.”
Moonbyul: “Ideal types change depending on the movie or drama that I watch. I recently saw the movie 'Assasination’ and now Ha Sung Woo is my ideal type.”
Solo concert dream
The thing that Mamamoo are really into these days is health and Mamamoo.
Whee In:“I injured my ankle during a fanmeet so I’m still in the process of recovery. Our health is receding due to our busy schedules so the first thing our focus is on these days is our health. Mamamoo has a lot of goals towards the future. We want to get first place in music shows, a solo concert with our name on the line.”
Solar:“I’m really into Mamamoo these days (laughs). I search up Mamamoo performances, articles, even videos too. When I watch them, I see things that I wasn’t aware of at the time.”
Hwa Sa:"My dream is going as dreamed, so I’m happy for that. However, the Unnies say that this is just the beginning. Mamamoo still has so much more to show. We want to be thought of as the most anticipated girl group.”
Solar Birth name: Kim Yong Sun DOB: Feb 2, 1991 Hometown: Seoul Team Role: Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti Do’s Solar, vitamin, clumsy leader Specialties: Level 1 Recreational Leader License, Laughter Treatment License
Moonbyul Birth name: Moon Byul Yi DOB: December 22, 1992 Hometown: Bucheon, Gyeonggi-do province Team Role: Twinkle twinkle Moonbyul, cheesiness, greasiness Specialty: Looks like EXO’s Xiumin
Whee In Birth name: Jung Whee In DOB: April 17, 1995 Hometown: Jeonju, North Jeolla-do province Team Role: Wheeriri Whee In, Moodmaker Fears: Three-letter acrostic poems (said her specialty was acrostic poems and now she gets asked to do that wherever she goes, so now she’s scared) Specialty: Has way too much groove
Hwa Sa Birth name: Ahn Hye Jin DOB: July 23, 1995 Hometown: Jeonju, North Jeolla-do Team Role: Gorgeous Hwasa, The maknae that doesn’t seem like the maknae Specialty: Gets teased because whatever she does becomes sexy
Translation by theradishgoesmoo @ mamamoo-trans.com Reblog only on Tumblr, credit properly when taking outside.
U.S. Army Soldiers serving with 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, take a prone fighting position during training on Forward Operating Base Naghlu High , Kapisa province, Afghanistan, March 6, 2013.
A Squad Designated Marksman with Headquarters Company, Task Force Warrior, scans for suspicious activities with his M-110 semi-automatic sniper system during a patrol in Sayed Abad District, Wardak province, Afghanistan, April 6, 2011.
TURKEY, Suruc : A girl stands among mourners during the funeral of a fighter of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in Suruc, Turkish southeastern Sanliurfa province, on November 6, 2014. Turkey is pursuing a delicate but dangerous strategy after allowing peshmerga fighters to transit its soil to the besieged Syrian town of Kobane, fearing Kurdish domination of northern Syria but also risking the collapse of the peace process with Turkish Kurds. AFP PHOTO / ARIS MESSINIS
A U.S. Army Special Forces Explosives Ordnance Disposal (EOD) soldier, attached to Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force, demonstrates a tactical magazine change during a range training exercise in Kabul province, Afghanistan. Nov 6, 2013.
A U.S. Army soldier assigned to Bravo Company, Division Special Troops Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division, checks his M240B machine gun at a compound in the Kohi Safi district of Parwan province, Afghanistan, on Sept. 6, 2009.