proto's

Tfw proto-capitalists try to tell you that getting a good ballsucking from a fine lady is gross. Why don’t you go back to reading anime, you fucking racists.

“The not-at-all sinister sounding Corvus Corporation, a ‘Post-Occult Resource’ conglomerate” ft. proto-cult with their candles and the humming

Because this is obviously what’s going down in the pit right???

Laf thinks it’s mind control. Listen to Laf.

part 1

Why sit/sat and not sit/sitted?

Ever wonder why we have words like sing when the past tense is sang, but other words like talk that have a past tense with the suffix -ed? Here’s why…

A little background: a primary derivation makes words using roots (that aren’t really words themselves) and a secondary derivation makes words based off of words that already exist in a language. 

In proto Indo European (PIE), a lot of roots had the form of CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant), with the V being interchangeable with different vowels to create different words.

Ablaut refers to when vowels alternate inside the root. 
Example: The root l_g in Greek exists. Within the space, vowels can alternate to create different words, such as logos (n. word) and legein (v. to speak). If I’m correct, Arabic is another example of a language that has this feature. 

If you see things like sing (v.), sang (v. past tense), and song (n.), then it’s a native English word. Another example of this includes sit/sat and run/ran. 

These are all primary derivations. 

Secondary derivations don’t have the ablaut feature, so these verbs have their past tenses with the suffix -ed that we all know and love. 

*sed- (PIE) –> sit (present) & sat (past)
                   
 setl (Old Eng. “seat”) –> settle (present) & settled (past)

Here, setl is a primary derivation, and settle is a secondary derivation. Because settle is a secondary derivation, its past tense is settled with the -ed suffix.

Voila, magic. 

Waves of Feminism: A US-Centric Primer

This post is a broad overview of 167 years of activism in the US.   It is not meant to be an exhaustive discussion of the history of feminism.  Hopefully any commentary generated by this post will avoid name calling and stay on the side of expanding understanding.

Proto-Feminists = Women who spoke out for womankind before there was an organized movement.  Mary Wollstonecraft, Christine de Pizan, Abigail Adams, etc.

First Wave Feminism = The Vote.  Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Alice Paul, Emmeline Pankhurt, etc.  The suffrage movement has its origins in the anti-slavery movement, but many of the most prominent first wave feminists were single issue activists.  WoC were generally marginalized by first wave feminism, but there were non-white suffrage activists (Ida B. Wells, Mary Church Terell, Sojourner Truth) and white activists involved in both the suffrage movement and the anti-racism movement (Lucretia Mott, Martha Coffin Wright, Florence Kelley).

After suffrage was achieved, feminist activity faded from view until the 1960s. Alice Paul and other suffragettes focused their efforts on passing the Equal Rights Amendment and working with suffragettes abroad.

Second Wave Feminism = The Women’s Movement.  Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinem, Andrea Dworkin, Audre Lorde.  Second wave accomplishments include equal pay acts, the legalization of abortion, laws against domestic violence and marital rape, the founding of the first domestic violence shelters, and Title IX.  Second wave feminism is often criticized as being for middle class straight white women which is not an unjust criticism (”Lavender Menace”).  But within the second wave movement was the beginnings of intersectionality as WoC and non-straight women became more prominent.

After making headlines in the 1960s and 1970s, feminism faded again in the 1980s.  Sandra Day O’Connor was appointed the first female Supreme Court Justice in 1981.  The ERA failed in 1982.  

Third Wave Feminism = Coined in 1992 by Rebecca Walker (daughter of Alice) as a direct response to the Anita Hill/Clarence Thomas hearings in 1991.  Year of the Woman proclaimed in the US in 1992 as a record setting six women serve in the Senate (today there are 20).  VAWA passed in 1994.  Riot grrl. Transfeminism emerges as a term with work by Kate Bornstein and Patrick Califia.  Much more intersectional than second wave feminism.

Fourth Wave Feminism = Happening right now????  Maybe?

Feminism is a pretty big tent and not every feminist agrees on every issue.  Feminism is also a product of its environment as are other political movements.  Over time, feminism has become more welcoming of different races, religions, sexual orientations, and gender identities the same way society as a whole has become more accepting of these differences.  That work is not finished.  Entire books have been written on how non-middle class, non-white, non-straight, non-cis women have been included and excluded from the feminist movement.  It’s complicated stuff and this is just an outline.

Sex positivity has a long and complicated history going back to the free love movement (Victoria Woodhall was a fan) to second wave ladies checking out their vaginas with hand mirrors to those who disagreed with anti-pornography activists in the 1980s.  Again, it is complicated stuff and entire books have been written on these subjects.

Feminism vs. beauty norms, feminism vs. stay-at-home moms, feminism vs. changing your last name when you get married.  All of these things have been a least a little controversial since the first wave (See: Lucy Stone, Amelia Bloomer, Dress Reform, and the biography of every married suffragette).  But, you can be a makeup-wearing, body-hair-shaving, last-name-changing, stay-at-home mom feminist.   Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a frustrated stay-at-home mom when she presented the Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Convention.  Gloria Steinem was known for her mini skirts in the 1970s.  You can love nail art and feminism.  You can homeschool your five kids and be a feminist.  But like the second wavers said, “The personal is political.”  None of these choices happen in a void, they are products of both society and individual choice.

Whether or not you consider yourself a feminist, you have benefited from feminism.  Even if you’re a guy.  Alice Paul was a radical, Anita Hill was a nuisance.  They both made the world a better place.  

FREMD 

[adjective] 

1. strange; foreign; alien; outlandish; far off or away; distant. 

2. not akin; unrelated. 

3. out of the ordinary; unusual; unwonted. 

4. strange; weird; outlandish; singular; odd; queer. 

5. wild; untamed.

Etymology: from Middle English fremede, “strange, foreign”, from Old English fremde, fremede, fremeþe, “foreign, strange”, from Proto-Germanic *framaþiz, “foreign, not one’s own”, from Proto-Indo-European *perəm-, *prom-, “forth, forward”, from *por-, “forward, through”. Cognate with Scots fremd, “fremd”, West Frisian frjemd, “strange, fremd”, Dutch vreemd, “strange, exotic”, German fremd, “strange, foreign”, Swedish främmande, “foreign, outlandish, strange”.

[Iren Horrors - Alice]

John Dee -  Table of Enochian Angel Names, “Tabula Bonorum Angelorum Invocationes", 1582.

The concept of an Angelic or Antediluvian language was common during Dee’s time. If one could speak with Angels, it was believed one could directly interact with them.

In 1581, Dee mentioned in his personal journals that God had sent “Good Angels” to communicate directly with prophets. His work resulted in the reception of the Enochian or Angelical language.

According to Dee’s journals, Angelical was supposed to have been the language God used to create the World, and which was later used by Adam to speak with God and the Angels, and to name all things in Existence. After his Fall from Paradise, Adam lost the language and constructed a form of proto-Hebrew based upon his vague memory of Angelical. This proto-Hebrew, then, was the Universal human language until the time of the Confusion of Tongues at the Tower of Babel. After this, all the various human languages were developed, including an even more modified Hebrew.

From the time of Adam to the time of Dee, Angelical was hidden from humans with the single exception of the patriarch Enoch who, according to the Angels, recorded the “Book of Loagaeth” (Speech from God) for humanity. The book was then lost again in the Deluge of Noah.The reception of Enochian started on March 26, 1583, when Kelley reported visions in the crystal of the twenty-one lettered alphabet characteristic of the language. A few days later, Kelley started receiving what became the first corpus of texts in the purported Angelic language. This resulted in the book Liber Loagaeth (“Book [of] Speech from God”). The book consists of 49 great letter tables, or squares made of 49 by 49 letters. Dee and Kelley said the Angels never translated the texts in this book.The other set of Enochian texts was received through Kelley about a year later, in Kraków. These are more important since they come with English translations, thus providing the basis for the Enochian vocabulary. The texts comprise 48 poetic verses, which in Dee’s manuscripts are called “Claves Angelicae”, or “Angelic Keys”. The Keys are assigned certain functions within the magical system. Dee was apparently intending to use these Keys to “open the 49 Gates of Wisdom/Understanding” represented by the 49 magic squares in Liber Loagaeth.

Sometimes I think about the fact that, instead of helping Vlad, his two best friends just stood there after he was blasted by the proto-portal. 

And I completely understand why he’s so bitter.