protein crystallography

Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994) was a British chemist who in 1964 won the Nobel Prize for her development of protein crystallography. She advanced a technique used to determine the three-dimensional structure of molecules, and confirmed the structures of penicillin and of the vitamin B12.

She is seen as a pioneer in the field of X-ray crystallography, and her extensive work led to a better understanding of the structure of biological molecules. Years after winning the Nobel, she was also able to decipher the structure of insulin.