Hodgkin (1910-1994) was a British chemist who in 1964 won the Nobel Prize for
her development of protein crystallography. She advanced a technique used to
determine the three-dimensional structure of molecules, and confirmed the
structures of penicillin and of the vitamin B12.
She is seen as a pioneer in the field of X-ray crystallography, and her
extensive work led to a better understanding of the structure of biological
molecules. Years after winning the Nobel, she was also able to decipher the
structure of insulin.