January 30, 1917 - President Wilson Vetoes Law that would Require Immigrants to Take Literacy Test
Pictured - “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!“
American President Woodrow Wilson vetoed a law passed by Congress on January 30 that would require immigrants to pass a literacy test before settling in the United States. “It is not a test of character, of quality, or of personal fitness,” he said of the proposed law, “but would operate in most cases merely as penalty for lack of opportunity in the country from which the alien seeking admission came.”
Moreover, he noted, trying to separate immigrants on their literacy or their religion would cause severe diplomatic repurcussions, “and it is not only possible but probable that very serious questions of international justice and comity would arise between this government… and the governments thus officially condemned.” American immigration laws were hardly liberal in the early 20th century, with their racial quotas, but perhaps even Wilson knew very well that for the government to exclude immigrants because of their beliefs or their upbringing would be a blanket betrayal of American values.
A SOG (Studies and Observations Group) “Hatchet Force” prepares for jump-off during Operation Tailwind. This operation, conducted in April of 1970, was intended to clear the way for a Royal Laotian offensive against NVA forces in southeastern Laos. It became highly controversial in 1998 when famous reporter Peter Arnett helped produce a joint-venture report entitled “The Valley of Death” that proposed that the operation was actually a cover for US Special Forces to use sarin gas on a deserting American unit fleeing the Vietnam War. The flawed report lead to legal action against Arnett and the head staff at CNN, as all twelve supposed “A-Team” Green Berets mentioned stepped forward and declared that sarin had never been used.
After a decade of review, the Federal Aviation Authority released on Monday its proposed rules on operating small commercial
drones. The draft calls for pilots to pass a knowledge test and obtain a
certificate that costs $200. It prohibits drones from flying around
bystanders and caps their speed at 100 mph and an altitude of 500 feet.