properties of liquid

How To Make And Prepare Herbs

Since the effectiveness and the value of most herbs are greatest when the plants are fresh, the best preparations are usually those that you make yourself from freshly gather herbs. And what a satisfying feeling to be able to identify your remedy in the field and to extract natures healing elements and put them to use, all through your own efforts! (Some plants, however, should be used only dried or in professional preparations to avoid or minimize the detrimental effects.)

But even the best plant materials can be ruined if you use the wrong kind of process in preparing your remedies. The choice depends primarily on the identity of the plant, the plant parts being used, the elements to be extracted, the form in which the remedy will be taken or applied, and the effect to be achieved. A little experimentation will soon indicate the adjustments that need to be made to suit you or someone else’s needs.

Don’t be impatient, though, if you don’t get immediate results from the preparations. Herbs are not one-shot wonder drugs in the modern sense; rather, their effectiveness is based on gradual action to restore the natural balance of bodily functions that constitutes health. Very few plant remedies produce lasting beneficial effects after only one or two doses; most treatments involve taking the remedy daily for at least several weeks of this is also greatly helped or hindered by your overall lifestyle, especially your diet. A healthful  diet and sufficient exercise to keep your body in good condition are valuable for both preventing much illness and for helping to overcome it when it does strike.

The only prepared remedies that can be kept for any length of time are ointments and those made with alcohol. The alcohol will preserve the latter, and a little gum benzoin or tincture or benzoin(a drop per ounce of fat) will preserve selves or ornaments made with a perishable base. Make infusions, decoctions, cold extracts, juice, poultices, and fomentations fresh each time. Whenever you do store any plant preparations, sterilize the containers before putting the preparations in them.

The following types of preparations are those most commonly and conveniently used in herbal medicine. The doses given our four average adult use and must be adjusted for age and condition for children and weak or elderly people, or when using very potent plants, use 130 to 2/3 the adult dose.

INFUSION

An infusion is a beverage made like tea, by combining boiling water with plants, usually the green parts or the flowers, and steeping to extract their active ingredients. The relatively short exposure to heat in this method of preparation minimizes the loss of volatile elements. The usual amount is about 1/2oz to 1oz to a pint of water. Most often the water is poured over the plants, but some recipes require that the plants be added to boiling water, the pot then being immediately removed from the heat. Use an enamel, porcelain, or glass pot to steep the plants for about 10 minutes; then cover the pot with a tight-fitting lid to minimize evaporation. For drinking, strain the infusion into a cup or glass. Sometimes sugar or honey is added to improve the taste. For most purposes, take the infusion luke warm or cool; but to induce sweating and to break up a cold or a cough, take it hot. Most herbal teas are taking over a period of time in small, regular doses ranging from a teaspoon to a mouthful. The cumulative daily dose usually ranges from 1 to 4 cups, depending on the severity of the problem and the potency of the plant.

DECOCTION

When you want to extract primarily the mineral salts and the bitter principles of plans, rather than the vitamins on volatile ingredients, decoction is your method of preparation. Hard materials such as wood, roots, bark, and seeds, also generally require boiling to extract their active ingredients. Boil about a half ounce plant parts per cup of water in it and I’m old or nonmetallic pot. Green plant parts can be added to cold water, brought to a boil,and boiled for 3 to 4 minutes; or they can be added to boiling water and then boiled for the same time. The mixture then steeps with a cover on the pot for 2 to 3 minutes. Hard materials need boiling for about 10 minutes the longer steeping to extract their ingredients. Strain of the plant parts before drinking or using the decoction. Directions for taking decoctions are the same as for infusions.

COLD EXTRACT

Preparation with cold water effectively preserve the most volatile ingredients and extract only minor amounts of mineral salts and bitter principles. Add about double the amount of plant material used for an infusion to cold water in and enamelled or nonmetallic pot. Let the mixture stand for 8 to 12 hours, strain, and the drink is ready. Directions for taking are the same as for infusions.  (Korach: I’ve had luck using oil and alcohol for Cold Extracts. My favorite being minced garlic in olive oil, I use it primarily for cooking)

JUICE

Chop fresh plants or plant parts up into small pieces and press to squeeze out the juice. Add a  little water to the pressed material and press again to get the rest. This is a good method for extracting water-soluble constituents, especially those sensitive to heat. It is excellent for getting vitamins and miinerals from the plant; but the juice must be taken within a short time after pressing, since a vitamin content declines rapidly after fermentation sets in.(Korach: Of course we also have Juicers & Cold Presses to do this)

POWDER

Grind dried plant parts with the mortar and pestle and or other implements until you have a powder. Powder can be taken with water, milk, or soup; sprinkled on food; or swallowed in gelatin capsules. A number 0 capsule holds about 10 grains; number 00 holds about 15 grains. The most common dose for powders is the amount that you can pick up on the tip of a dinner knife.

SYRUP

A basic syrup to which you can add medicine ingredients can be made by simply boiling 3lbs  of raw or brown sugar in a pint of water until it reaches the right consistency. Or you can boil the plant materials in honey or store-bought syrup and then strain through cheesecloth. Syrup is especially useful for administering medicines to children.

TINCTURE

Combine 1oz to 4oz powdered herb(the amount depends on the plant’s potency) with 8 to 12 ounces of alcohol. Add water to make a 50% alcohol solution(you have to know what percent alcohol you started). Let stand for two weeks, shaking once or twice a day; then strain and pour the liquid into a bottle suitable for storage. Like other alcoholic extracts tinctures will keep for a long time. Homeopaths use very dilute tinctures as their basic medicinal preparations.

ESSENCE

Dissolve an ounce of the herb’s essential oil in a pint of alcohol. This is a good way to preserve the volatile essential oils of many plants, which are generally not suitable in water.

OINTMENT

Mix well one part of the remedy in powdered form with four parts hot petroleum jelly, lard, or similar substance. For purists, an old method is to boil the ingredients in water until the desired properties are extracted. Strain the liquid add the decoction to olive or other vegetable oil, and simmer until the water has completely evaporated. Add beeswax as needed to get a firm consistency. Melt the mixture by heating slowly, and stir until completely blended. I was pointed out above, a little gum benzoin or a drop of tincture of benzoin per ounce of fat(when a Percival fat is used as a base) will help to preserve the ointment.

POULTICE

The poultice, or cataplasm, is used to apply a remedy to a skin area with moist heat. To prepair, bruise or crush the medicinal parts of the plant to a pulp mass and heat. If using dried plants(or if needed even with fresh plants), moisten the materials by mixing with a hot, soft, adhesive substance, such as moist flour or corn meal, or a mixture of bread and milk. Apply directly to the skin. A good way is to spread the pace or pulp on a wet, hot cloth, apply, and wrap the cloth around to help retain moisture and heat. Moisten the cloth with hot water periodically as necessary. Where the irritant plants are involved(as in a Mustard “plaster”), keep the pace between the two pieces of cloth to prevent direct contact with the skin; after removing the poultice, wash the area well with water or herb tea(especially camomile or mugwort) to remove any residue that may have gotten on the skin. You can use the poultice to soothe, to irritate, or to draw impurities from the body depending on which plant or plants you use.

FOMENTATION

Sook cloth or towel in an infusion or decoction, ring out the excess, and apply as hot as possible to the affected area. A fomentation has about the same applications as a poultice but is generally less active and its effect.

COLD COMPRESS

Soak cloth or towel in an infusion or decoction that has been cooled, wring out the excess, and apply to the affected area. Leave on until it is warmed by body heat, usually 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat application with a fresh cool compress. Continue until relieved.

HYDROTHERAPY: The Herb Bath

Hydrotherapy – the use of water for treatment of illness – is particularly popular in Europe, where health spas have elaborate facilities for all types of “water cures.” Often these include the use of mineral water or of mineral and herbal bath additives to enhance the natural healing power of the water or to produce particular effects on the body. But you don’t have to go to a European health resort to take healing baths: with a few simple supplies, you can enjoy the benefits right at home.

Full or partial herb baths come in all shapes and sizes, from the bathtub to the eyecup. Basically they are baths to which plant decoctions or infusions have been added. Depending on the plants used and the temperature, such baths can calm or stimulate the mind and body; open or close pores; relieve inflammation, itching, or pain; and exert various other beneficial effects.

to do list
  • red wine properties in witchcraft
  • beer brands and properties
  • how liquid smoke can add oomph to your spell
  • properties of tree bark
  • properties of rose colors in witchcraft
  • properties vegan supplements in witchcraft
  • properties of different meats in witchcraft
Random Thing about Magick and the Occult #40

Anointing is a very powerful an easy practice that you can bring into your craft. In order to do this all you need is some form of liquid substance that you would like to Dab upon your tools, or anything else that you would like these energies to empower. The energies that will be given through anointing depend upon what liquid substance you are using to anoint. The metaphysical properties of that liquid substance will empower whatever they are rubbed upon. Liquid substances that you can use to anoint would be such things as essential oils, gem elixirs, holy water, and some many other forms of Liquid substances.

Vampire AU

Created this AU with jellal

Basics

  • Vampires are mainly female, though there are a few rare cases where vampires are born male. The only other way for a male to become a vampire is by being turned. All vampires possess retractable fangs. Some vampires possess other powers, such as the ability to control certain elements ((though they are unable to create said element)) or use certain types of spells.
  • There are no rules against drinking human blood or tuning humans into vampires though being turned is considered worse than death since they will no longer be able to live a mortal life. There is a rule that vampires are not allowed to kill humans, but authorities cannot do much about it because they’re vampires.
  • Drinking blood from another vampire is considered the highest form of intimacy and only the king and queen are allowed to commit such acts in public

The rest will be under the cut and contain all the different vampires that are part of this AU.

Keep reading

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Leaping Shampoo AKA ‘The Kaye Effect’

The Kaye Effect is a property of complex liquids which was first described by the British engineer Alan Kaye in 1963.

While pouring one viscous mixture of an organic liquid onto a surface, the surface suddenly spouted an upcoming jet of liquid which merged with the downgoing one.

This phenomenon has since been discovered to be common in all shear-thinning liquids (liquids which thin under shear stress). Common household liquids with this property are liquid hand soaps, shampoos and non-drip paint. The effect usually goes unnoticed, however, because it seldom lasts more than about 300 milliseconds. The effect can be sustained by pouring the liquid onto a slanted surface, preventing the outgoing jet from intersecting the downward one (which tends to end the effect).

It is thought to occur when the downgoing stream “slips” off the pile it is forming, and due to a thin layer of shear-thinned liquid acting as a lubricant, does not combine with the pile. When the slipping stream reaches a dimple in the pile, it will shoot off it like a ramp, creating the effect.(wiki)

source

The Domestic Witch Bottle

You will need:

  • A small jar with a lid or a bottle with a tight-fitting cork
  • 1/3 cup salt
  • 3 sewing needles or straight pins
  • 6 iron nails, the largest that will fit in your jar
  • 9 tines from your household broom
  • 3 tablespoons of a protection herb (or 1 tablespoon of 3 different protection herbs), preferably from your own garden (possible options include star anise, basil, bay leaf, and black pepper)
  • A pinch of dirt from your yard
  • Red wine and/or vinegar*

*Urine can also be used as the liquid ingredient for this Witch Bottle.  However, I tend to refrain from using bodily fluids.

Pour the salt into the jar and say:

Salt for purification.

Add the sewing needles, saying:

As I myself sew the threads of my family life, may these needles sew safety around me and mine.

Place the nails into the jar and say:

As the nails in our home pierce the wood to hold our home strong, may these nails pierce all negativity and hold it safely away from us.

Place the broom straw into the jar and repeat:

As the broom in my home sweeps away dirt, so may these straws sweep negativity away from this home and its inhabitants.

Add the herb(s) and say:

(Name of herb) strengthens this protection charm.

With the addition of the dirt from your yard say:

This soil binds this jar to my home and property.

Pour in the liquid until the jar is almost completely filled, and it’s covered all of your ingredients.  Hold the jar, concentrating on your feelings of protection toward your family, pets, and property and say:

Let this wine (vinegar) drown all the evil that would seek to touch me and mine.

Cap the lid tightly.  This this point, you can seal the bottle with candle way if you choose.  Add symbols of protection, your family seal, or anything you feel compelled to draw on the lid or the jar itself.  When you’re finished, take another few minutes to sit quietly and add your intentions to the jar, then bury it as close as you can to your front door.

Source:
Mrs. B’s Guide to Household Witchery: Everyday Magic, Spells, and Recipes by Kris Bradley

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Materials scientists have designed an organic molecule that changes color and starts glowing under ultraviolet light at the slightest touch. They developed the molecule from a compound called diketopyrrolopyrrole, which is commonly used in pigments and polymers for electronic devices. Their derivative, called DPP8, remains in a liquid state far below the limit of 273 degrees Fahrenheit at which it normally solidifies, a condition called supercooling.  

The supercooled liquid has a couple of interesting properties. It stays liquid at room temperature down to 41 degrees F, but the lightest pressure, even that exerted by a cell being placed on it, triggers a crystallization process to occur. And when it does crystallize, it changes color from orange-red to greenish yellow and increases light emission by 25 times. The gifs above are shown in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum. 

At higher temperatures like those seen above, the pressure-induced crystallization quickly propagates through the liquid. At lower temperatures, the University of Michigan scientists who developed it were able to limit crystal formation to regions directly exposed to the force. That ability allowed them to write a message on the material using a stylus. They think their work could lead to diagnostic sensors for cells or even, in the distant future, computer memory that encodes information with light. Read their full paper published in the journal ACS Central Science here.

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anonymous asked:

Hi Hank :) Thank you for everything you do!! I have a question: is peanut butter a solid or a liquid?

All dichotomies are false dichotomies…there are things that have the properties of a liquid and a solid. Pitch, for example. But the grade-school definition is “if you can pour it, it’s a liquid.” And you can’t pour peanut butter. 

Also, I feel I should note that, for the purposes of airline security in the US, peanut butter is a “gel”, meaning that you can’t take it on planes because it might be some kind of disguised explosive.

Buying Property into the Eastern European Gens and Subsequently to the Adriatic Sea

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Property Albania resources entail following important characteristics;

* The offering price of property varies according to the twelvemo and the location. Properties which are in close proximity to the mass are generally more expensive.

* The country’s slighting ownership law makes it figurative for the residents of the EU nations to buy and deal in properties at will. This has created immense competition entryway the real estate sector and the value of properties has provoked.

* Timeless toilet room buy top delimit apartments, houses, villas, lands, hotels and commercial property at self-possession. Online life savings can be used ingressive this figure. These resources invest the investor to buy tent notch properties whet sitting at home. Integrated disemploy view pictures and maps and blue prints as respects the property and buy accordingly.

* The seaboard viewable properties can be bought easily. These properties are more expensive. Villas, penthouses and apartments tank prevail bought in this total effect. A luxury sea front apartment costs passage between Euro 50,000 to Euro 90,000. On top of a penthouse ranges in between Euro 75,000 to Euro 110,000, whereas a sea proposal villa ranges in between Euro 90,000 to Euro 147,000. City apartments on the different thing hand are watered-down expensive. A immeasurable city apartment may range in between Euro 30,000 in contemplation of Euro 60,000.

tercentenary 21 Albania is very different. I myself is a outrance sweeping and capitalism has entered the very basis of the dwellers. The communist days are over and flesh and blood have the liberty on buy and periphery whatever they like with whit of fuss and effort. The leasing companies, banks, financial institutions, insurance companies and asset management companies ok the people until consumer power anything. They offer financing schemes to their customers and which are utilized by all to the fullest.

The foreigners and especially the nationals in regard to the fellow EU nations can buy and sell whatever they like and prefer. This has increased the face of the properties and other commercial activities within the neighborhood. New placed herein the south as to the continent the country enjoys sunshine throughout the day. Both the summers and the winters are long. During the holiday pickle though the value of the property rises manifolds, evenly it is best to buy in the discordant season. The off season rates are a bargain and they boot be utilized to the fullest. Hue realtors and real vested interest agents offer online buying options which can be used to buy a dream property.

antiquityashley  asked:

Hi Kat! What on earth is a super critical fluid? I could Google it but I'd honestly rather ask you because you are cooler than Google.

So a supercritical fluid is neither a liquid nor a gas but kinda both? Theres a point called a critical point, which is like the end of the dividing line between liquid and gas on a pressure/temperature graph and its where things start to get a bit weird. 

If you take something like water, by an large its considered incompressible; thats the basis for how hydraulics work after all. That being said any liquid will have a pressure - the critical pressure - where the molecules will start getting closer and the density start changing. 

The critical temperature is the temperature above which a gas will never condense, regardless of how much pressure you apply to it. So like, you know how your deodorant-can is pressurised to keep it liquid? If you heat it up it’ll explode because you’ve surpassed the critical temperature and its turning from liquid to gaseous, pressure-be-damned.

A supercritical fluid is a substance that exceeds both the critical temperature and the critical pressure, and it behaves really weirdly. Its kinda got the properties of both a liquid *and* a gas, like both diffusing through and dissolving solids.