So, I came clean about my absolutely dreadful speaking skills a couple weeks ago, right? I made a breakthrough, and it may be obvious to some, but I never, ever noticed or even thought of this since I started studying Japanese in 2014.
When you speak, there’s a relatively easy way to sound a tad more natural.
When you take pauses, you take pauses between clauses. It’s a little difficult to explain, so I’ll just illustrate it.
So, take this sentence –
今日は寒いから、私はジャケットを着ている。kyou wa samui kara, watashi wa jaketto o kite iru. I’m wearing a jacket because it’s cold today. [Because today is cold, I’m wearing a jacket.]
When pronouncing this, you want to put your little breath-pauses (is that a thing?) in this pattern:
今日は / 寒いから、/ 私は / ジャケットを着ている。
So basically, word + particle, word + particle, and so on.
I seriously cannot believe I never noticed this. It’s kind of like a foundational touchstone for sounding more natural.
Anyway, this is called 文節（ぶんせつ）。It kind of reminds me of poetry scansion. Actually, it’s exactly like that. It’s a “basic linguistic unit that comprises a phrase, which are [a sentence’s] smallest coherent components.” So if that helps you, think of it like scansion, but a lot easier than identifying iambic pentameter.
So….yeah. That concludes my post. Have a good Wednesday night, everyone!
so i asked my dad (who is british but knows some french) about the pronunciation of montjoy—
basically it all depends on the production. if you’re doing it super anglicized (and maybe insulting to the french) it’d be mount-joy or mont-joy (pronounced in an english way). the opposite of that is mon-zhwah (how do you spell these things phonetically lol), which is the actual french way of saying it. mon-zhoy (how i say it) is something in between. and besides, “montjoy” is an anglicized spelling anyway, so i’d lean towards the more english pronunciations…
there’s also the matter of the dauphin. how do we pronounce his name? i’ve always said do-fah which is the french way i think. but some people say dow-fin, which is more english, and kind of gets on my nerves tbh
Wonder how Americans say some of the stupid-ass words in the English language, vs everyone else? Even we have trouble sometimes. Other English speakers may enjoy listening to how this California girl does it.
Dearest creature in creation, Study English pronunciation. I will teach you in my verse Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse. I will keep you, Suzy, busy, Make your head with heat grow dizzy. Tear in eye, your dress will tear. So shall I! Oh hear my prayer. Just compare heart, beard, and heard, Dies and diet, lord and word, Sword and sward, retain and Britain. (Mind the latter, how it’s written.) Now I surely will not plague you With such words as plaque and ague. But be careful how you speak: Say break and steak, but bleak and streak; Cloven, oven, how and low, Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe. Hear me say, devoid of trickery, Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore, Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles, Exiles, similes, and reviles; Scholar, vicar, and cigar, Solar, mica, war and far; One, anemone, Balmoral, Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel; Gertrude, German, wind and mind, Scene, Melpomene, mankind. Billet does not rhyme with ballet, Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet. Blood and flood are not like food, Nor is mould like should and would. Viscous, viscount, load and broad, Toward, to forward, to reward. And your pronunciation’s OK When you correctly say croquet, Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve, Friend and fiend, alive and live. Ivy, privy, famous; clamour And enamour rhyme with hammer. River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb, Doll and roll and some and home. Stranger does not rhyme with anger, Neither does devour with clangour. Souls but foul, haunt but aunt, Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant, Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger, And then singer, ginger, linger, Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge, Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age. Query does not rhyme with very, Nor does fury sound like bury. Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth. Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath. Though the differences seem little, We say actual but victual. Refer does not rhyme with deafer. Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer. Mint, pint, senate and sedate; Dull, bull, and George ate late. Scenic, Arabic, Pacific, Science, conscience, scientific. Liberty, library, heave and heaven, Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven. We say hallowed, but allowed, People, leopard, towed, but vowed. Mark the differences, moreover, Between mover, cover, clover; Leeches, breeches, wise, precise, Chalice, but police and lice; Camel, constable, unstable, Principle, disciple, label. Petal, panel, and canal, Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal. Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair, Senator, spectator, mayor. Tour, but our and succour, four. Gas, alas, and Arkansas. Sea, idea, Korea, area, Psalm, Maria, but malaria. Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean. Doctrine, turpentine, marine. Compare alien with Italian, Dandelion and battalion. Sally with ally, yea, ye, Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key. Say aver, but ever, fever, Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver. Heron, granary, canary. Crevice and device and aerie. Face, but preface, not efface. Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass. Large, but target, gin, give, verging, Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging. Ear, but earn and wear and tear Do not rhyme with here but ere. Seven is right, but so is even, Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen, Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk, Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work. Pronunciation (think of Psyche!) Is a paling stout and spikey? Won’t it make you lose your wits, Writing groats and saying grits? It’s a dark abyss or tunnel: Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale, Islington and Isle of Wight, Housewife, verdict and indict. Finally, which rhymes with enough, Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough? Hiccough has the sound of cup. My advice is to give up!!!
Above I show how letters are pronounced at the end of a word/syllable.
Example: 앞 -> 압 밭도 -> 받도 옷안 -> 옫안
However, if the word is followed by a particle or ending that begins with a vowel, or the special verb 이에요 (it is) it is pronounced as written Example: 앞에 ->
When ㅂ, ㄷ, ㄱ comes before ㅁ, ㄴ, ㄹ (ㄹ because it becomes pronounced as ㄴ, you will see the rule by reading further), the letters; ㅂ, ㄷ, ㄱ, are pronounced as: ㅁ, ㄴ, ㅇ: ㅂ -> ㅁ ㄷ -> ㄴ ㄱ -> ㅇ
Example: 합니다 -> 함니다
This rule also applies to any t: ㅌ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅅ, ㅆ, and ㅎ Example: 밭만 -> 받만 -> which is then pronounced as: 반만 Because ㅌ is pronounced as ㄷ at the end of a word/syllable, remember? So, when it precedes ㅁ or ㄴit will be pronounced as ㄴ. How do you think 넣네 is pronounced? It’s: 넌네. Because: 넣네 -> 넏네 -> 넌네
When ㄴ is next to ㄹ: ㄴ,ㄹ or ㄹ,ㄴ, ㄴ is pronounced as a double ㄹ. Example: 일년 -> 일련
When a consonant other than ㄴ or ㄹ, the ㄹ is pronounced as a ㄴ. Example: 심리 -> 심니
If the final sound of the preceding syllable is ㅂ, ㄷ,ㄱ then ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ, ㅅ are automatically doubled so they sound like: ㅃ, ㄸ, ㅉ, ㄲ, ㅆ. Example: 약방 -> 약빵
ㅎ can leap over a plain ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ which makes an aspirated sound: ㅍ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅋ: ㅂ + ㅎ or (ㅎ + ㅂ) = ㅍ ㄷ + ㅎ or (ㅎ + ㄷ) = ㅌ ㅈ + ㅎ or (ㅎ + ㅈ) = ㅊ ㄱ + ㅎ or (ㅎ + ㄱ) = ㅋ Example: 좋고 -> 조코
When ㅎ comes before a vowel, it is not pronounced: Example: 좋아 -> 조아
When ㅎ comes before ㄴ it is pronounced as ㄴ Example: 좋니 -> 존니
When ㅎ (ㄶ ㅀ ) + ㅅ it is pronounced as ㅆ Example: 낳소 -> 나쏘 싫소 -> 실쏘 많소 -> 만쏘
When a complex patch’im (final consonants) is followed by a consonant: ㄳ -> ㄱ ㄵ -> ㄴ ㄼ -> ㄹ ㄾ -> ㄹ ㅄ -> ㅂ Example: 값 -> 갑 없다 -> 업따 ㄷ becomes double because ㅂ is the preceding letter.
Further: ㄺ -> ㄱ ㄻ -> ㅁ ㄼ -> ㅂ Example: 읽다 -> 익따 ㄷ becomes double because ㄱ is the preceding letter.
When a complex patch’im is followed by a vowel, the last letter jumps to the next syllable and takes the ㅇ place. Example: 읽어 -> 일거
When ㅄ, ㄽ, ㄳ are followed by a vowel, the ㅅ becomes ㅆ Example: 값이 -> 갑씨
When ㅌ occurs at the end of a morpheme or word and is followed by 이 it is pronounced as ㅊ. Example: 같이 -> 가치
That’s all for this post! Not too bad right? Anyways, I hope this reference post is useful with your Korean studies!
Hei! I am beginning to learn Norwegian and am becoming overwhelmed by all the information out there. I was wondering what the best place to start would be, or how to begin to learn. Meaning, what words should I start with and is there a specific order in which I learn new words? I am learning a lot from your blog but it is all bits and pieces... Takk :)
Now, we all learn new things in a plethora of different ways, and my way might not work for everyone – but whenever I learn a new language, this is how I, personally, tend to go about it (๑•̀ㅂ•́)و✧ :
- Learn the Alphabet & Common Pronunciation Rules
Now, this might be more relevant if you’re learning languages with a completely different writing system, such as Chinese, Arabic, Korean or Japanese - but even the Norwegian language has a few letters you might not have seen before, and trying to figure out some common pronunciation rules is definitely a good place to start.
- Common Greetings, Phrases & How to Introduce Yourself
I feel like this is what most textbooks tend to start with - which makes a lot of sense. You’ll definitely need to know common phrases like “hello”, “good night”, “thank you”, “you’re welcome”, and “my name is…” before moving on to anything more advanced.
- Numbers & How to Tell Time
Always great to know - you probably won’t need to know how to count to 10.000 or the word for “a billion” right away, but you should definitely try to learn numbers 0 through 100 and how to tell the time in your target language quite early on!
- Simple Sentence Structure (& Sentence Negation)
Try making simple sentences and get a good grasp of your target language’s sentence structure. Learn how to say “I like…”, “I don’t like…”, “My favorite … is ….”, and simple questions such as “Do you like ….?”.
Focus on learning common words - possessives, pronouns, animals, hobbies, furniture, food-related vocabulary, colors — and the most common verbs and adjectives - like “to be”, “to have”, “to say”, “to go”, “tall”, “small”, “tasty”, and so on. Don’t bite off more than you can chew by trying to learn verbs like “to applaud” or astronomy terms before you know verbs like “to eat”.
- Verb Conjugation
Once you’ve learned a few verbs, you need to know how to use them in a sentence! Most importantly; present tense, past tense, and future tense. Use them to make sentences such as “He walked…”, “I’m singing….”, “They want to go….” - and so on.
5. /all in chinese/ ‘hello I’m EXO’s korean member xiumin/jin min shuo. This year my goal was to talk more, but it didn’t come true. I’m korean, so my chinese isn’t good. I’m korean, but my korean isn’t good either. Why? I don’t know either. But, I can say this sentence: I love EXO, I love you guys.’
In regards to the "sing to learn pronunciation of new languages" post... what French musicians would you recommend listening to? Preferably catchy/pop so it's easy to pick up and memorize, no insane rapping and good enunciation
lmao french pop is garbage. if you want well enunciated songs in french, listen to stromae’s stuff.
German. You study it right? So how do you like it so far? Do you find it really difficult? How are you dealing with the pronunciation of the German r or the ch sound? Was I even supposed to ask questions about the language? Well answer if you like or not ^^ I just get really excited when I see people learning German :)
why | not my type | convince me | i might learn it | plan to learn it | learning it | ok im not bad at it | #1 target language | native language
I’ve only just started but I’m really enjoying it so far! It’s really different from what I’m used to studying (obvs) but it’s worth it. Pronunciation hasn’t been too bad (yet), bless IPA and @languageoclock‘s ch pronunciation post. My ancestry is mostly German so I’m really interested in learning the language and even going to Germany one day so that I can try to find where my family came from exactly. And don’t worry about the questions, I enjoyed answering^^