project of the future

The Past, Present and Future of Exploration on Mars

Today, we’re celebrating the Red Planet! Since our first close-up picture of Mars in 1965, spacecraft voyages to the Red Planet have revealed a world strangely familiar, yet different enough to challenge our perceptions of what makes a planet work.

You’d think Mars would be easier to understand. Like Earth, Mars has polar ice caps and clouds in its atmosphere, seasonal weather patterns, volcanoes, canyons and other recognizable features. However, conditions on Mars vary wildly from what we know on our own planet.

Join us as we highlight some of the exploration on Mars from the past, present and future:


Viking Landers

Our Viking Project found a place in history when it became the first U.S. mission to land a spacecraft safely on the surface of Mars and return images of the surface. Two identical spacecraft, each consisting of a lander and an orbiter, were built. Each orbiter-lander pair flew together and entered Mars orbit; the landers then separated and descended to the planet’s surface.

Besides taking photographs and collecting other science data, the two landers conducted three biology experiments designed to look for possible signs of life.

Pathfinder Rover

In 1997, Pathfinder was the first-ever robotic rover to land on the surface of Mars. It was designed as a technology demonstration of a new way to deliver an instrumented lander to the surface of a planet. Mars Pathfinder used an innovative method of directly entering the Martian atmosphere, assisted by a parachute to slow its descent and a giant system of airbags to cushion the impact.

Pathfinder not only accomplished its goal but also returned an unprecedented amount of data and outlived its primary design life.


Spirit and Opportunity

In January 2004, two robotic geologists named Spirit and Opportunity landed on opposite sides of the Red Planet. With far greater mobility than the 1997 Mars Pathfinder rover, these robotic explorers have trekked for miles across the Martian surface, conducting field geology and making atmospheric observations. Carrying identical, sophisticated sets of science instruments, both rovers have found evidence of ancient Martian environments where intermittently wet and habitable conditions existed.

Both missions exceeded their planned 90-day mission lifetimes by many years. Spirit lasted 20 times longer than its original design until its final communication to Earth on March 22, 2010. Opportunity continues to operate more than a decade after launch.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

Our Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter left Earth in 2005 on a search for evidence that water persisted on the surface of Mars for a long period of time. While other Mars missions have shown that water flowed across the surface in Mars’ history, it remained a mystery whether water was ever around long enough to provide a habitat for life.

In addition to using the rover to study Mars, we’re using data and imagery from this mission to survey possible future human landing sites on the Red Planet.


The Curiosity rover is the largest and most capable rover ever sent to Mars. It launched November 26, 2011 and landed on Mars on Aug. 5, 2012. Curiosity set out to answer the question: Did Mars ever have the right environmental conditions to support small life forms called microbes? 

Early in its mission, Curiosity’s scientific tools found chemical and mineral evidence of past habitable environments on Mars. It continues to explore the rock record from a time when Mars could have been home to microbial life.


Space Launch System Rocket

We’re currently building the world’s most powerful rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS). When completed, this rocket will enable astronauts to begin their journey to explore destinations far into the solar system, including Mars.

Orion Spacecraft

The Orion spacecraft will sit atop the Space Launch System rocket as it launches humans deeper into space than ever before. Orion will serve as the exploration vehicle that will carry the crew to space, provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during the space travel and provide safe re-entry from deep space return velocities.

Mars 2020

The Mars 2020 rover mission takes the next step in exploration of the Red Planet by not only seeking signs of habitable conditions in the ancient past, but also searching for signs of past microbial life itself.

The Mars 2020 rover introduces a drill that can collect core samples of the most promising rocks and soils and set them aside in a “cache” on the surface of Mars. The mission will also test a method for producing oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, identify other resources (such as subsurface water), improve landing techniques and characterize weather, dust and other potential environmental conditions that could affect future astronauts living and working on the Red Planet.

For decades, we’ve sent orbiters, landers and rovers, dramatically increasing our knowledge about the Red Planet and paving the way for future human explorers. Mars is the next tangible frontier for human exploration, and it’s an achievable goal. There are challenges to pioneering Mars, but we know they are solvable. 

To discover more about Mars exploration, visit:

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space:

I’m back!

A warm hello to everyone still following the blog! ❤️💛💚💙💜 

This post is just a quick announcement to let you know I’ll start posting metas again very soon. :) I missed writing and exchanging here and I’m thrilled at the prospect of enjoying it again! 💙

I’m on holiday after a busy (and fascinating!) year at university. I have lovely projects in mind for next year and I am so proud of my progress so far! I feel warm with positivity. :) (btw, a special thank you to @just-sort-of-happened for your support and kind words, you cannot believe how much it helped!! 💜 I’ll message you soon, I promise!)

Now that I have time for me, I can publish here again! I am so happy! I have many analyses in my drafts mind, and it is high time to share them! I’ll probably post a first one next week, and publish regularly afterwards. Among other subjects, my next posts will tackle:

  • James Sholto,
  • Jewels in TAB,
  • A new article on Mary & flowers (so many things to say!!)

If you have other suggestions, feel free to message me! :)

I missed this community so much! Love you all! ❤️💛💚💙💜

Keep reading

@tatiannatarot’s Tarotscopes for July 2017 // Taurus // Ten of Coins

The Ten of Coins has you focusing on long-term goals and results; it is a card of internal satisfaction and wealth in all forms. You are supremely blessed this month and if things have not been playing out to your favor then focus on your blessings and the community that has your best interest in mind. It may be the case that things will be looking up for you shortly, be aware of how your present situation is projecting energy into the future. What you do now will be creating the space that you enter, so make sure you’re doing so with intention. Use this month to look for additional help in your projects or personal life, you may be rich with resources but you will have to put yourself out there in order to receive them. The Ten of Coins can also be the completion and success of a long awaited project or intention. This will bring you much happiness and closure, allowing you to focus on the other things you’ll be manifesting these next months. Surround yourself with positivity and energy that allows you to thrive & feeds your spirit in the best of ways. Stick to the routines that have proven to be effective for you so that you can continue the success you’ve established. This card can also represent great energy in the home and peace within family life, or the opportunity for you to focus more on stability and establishing your own family if this is of interest. July encourages you to focus on what will be consistent and stable for you, so that you can maintain gaining rewards in the long term.


Katie McGrath as Lena Luthor in Supergirl (2016 - 2017) 

“When Superman put Lex in jail, I vowed to  take back my family’s company. To rename it L-Corp. Make it a force for good. I’m just a woman trying to make a name for herself outside of her family. Can you understand that?” 

Doctor Who Moves Into the Future with Jodie Whittaker

The BBC announced today that Jodie Whittaker has been cast as the next Doctor, the first woman to ever play the role!

As I write this I’m literally crying and shaking. I’m beyond happy – I’m ecstatic.

This is an exciting and very welcome move by Chris Chibnall and the BBC. Jodie Whittaker is an incredibly talented actor who previously stared in Black Mirror and Broadchurch. I know she’ll bring a new and fresh vision to the role. And it is incredibly encouraging that Chibnall and the BBC took this step to reinvigorate the character and the show. They’ve given us a peek at their new, exciting vision of what Doctor Who can be, and I’m so here for it. Each regeneration has arrived with a celebration of the show’s ability to grow and change. This time, it rings a little more true.

We also cannot overlook what an important moment this is for all the women and young girls who watch and adore Doctor Who. Young girls will finally get to see themselves as the hero of the story, an all too rare moment when most movies and TV shows – especially in science fiction – star men. Even young boys will benefit from being able to look up to a woman as their role model.

I have been hoping and arguing and fighting for this change for years, and I’m just so unbelievably happy that it’s finally happened. I’m so happy that Chibnall and the BBC were willing to take this leap. I’m so happy that I’ll get to see Jodie Whittaker step out of those TARDIS doors. And I’m so happy for all the girls who will get to see her take the TARDIS controls and take us on new and exciting adventures.

So let’s get out there and celebrate. Let’s show the world how thrilled the fandom really is. And let’s get ready to fight the trolls with everything we have to defend Jodie. This is our moment, and we’re going to enjoy it to the fullest!

- Silver button -

It arrived at my grandma’s house, I woke up early to go there…and now  it’s in my hands!

This is the first time I get a kind of thing like this one, I mean, a reward for the work I’m currently doing. I must admit this is a wonderful gift from Youtube, but what I appreciate the most is the support from everyone since I started with this, for the amount of people that like my animations, for the amazing people I met and are now great friends of mine, for other artists who inspired me and gave me strong to keep forward. 

This button can have just my name (RIP letter Ñ of my last name lmao) and a number, but in my heart it says the names of each one of you for supporting a small artist who had a second chance to be able to love what she does.

I do really hope to still entertain you with my animations and art in the future, with my original projects and more stuff.

Thank you so much people. Thank you for everything.

Now I’ll make a lil’ video about this to my channel.
Have a nice day/evening/night <3