prison statistics

3 Germany Facts

1. Germany was the first country in the world to adopt Daylight saving time (DST, aka summer time). This occurred in 1916 in the midst of WWI and was put in place in order to conserve energy.

2. The capital of Berlin has more bridges than Venice in Italy – Berlin boasts 960 bridges, 59.8 square km of water in lakes, and ~180 km of navigable waterways. Combined with its surrounding state Brandenburg, it has Europe’s largest inland water network.

3. Prison escape is not punishable by law in Germany – German law maintains that it’s a basic human instinct to be free and, therefore, prisoners have the right to escape jail. Actual escapes, however, often do not go unpunished as prisoners are still held responsible for damage to property or bodily harm against any individual upon their breakout.

The Average Intergalactic Cadet’s Field Guide to Understanding Their Human Classmates and Crewmates.

Written in Earth English
Current as of Earth Date 05-09-17

Understanding Their Competitive Nature and Occasional Aversion to Physical Activity or Friendly Sports

The Barbaric Practices of Young Human Physical Education.

Physical Education in many Human Schools

In the required Physical Education class, the students play all sorts of physically demanding games such as: Kickball/Matball, Dodgeball, Prisonball, or Linetag. These names may sound alarming and rightfully so. In our observations, the “games” they play are often humiliating for some and potentially injury inducing for others. Pardon our generalizations, but if your human is academically inclined, it is likely they do not have fond memories of their Physical Education classes and you will understand why after reading this breakdown of a typical class period (45 minutes to an hour long)

In Kickball and Matball, the small humans are divided into two “teams”. This may be done by the “coach” or by an outdated and socially cruel process of assigning “team captains” among the students who then alternate picking their fellow students to be on their teams. From this, the students who are either athletic or popular or both are easily determined from the shy, clumsy, or awkward students.

Once the teams are decided, the team that will be attempting to score points will line up; they are called the “visiting” team. The team trying to keep the opposing team from scoring points fan out across the gym; they are called the “home” team. The defending team will roll a spherical object called a “ball” at the line of students visiting team. One of the offensive students will then kick the ball as hard as they can and then run for a mat/base like a Idjwluge is chasing them.

Now this is the part where things get interesting. The home team students will attempt to catch the ball. If they catch the ball in the air before it hits the ground, the kicker is “out”. Three “outs” will cause the teams to switch roles. The kicking team doesn’t want out; the defending team wants to cause outs. If they don’t catch the ball, they can still grab the ball and throw it. We do not joke: the only way to get the kicker out after a non-catch is to THROW THE BALL AT THEIR BODY SO THAT IT HITS THEM. There is another option where the defensive team holds the ball and taps the running player with the ball, BUT THAT NEVER HAPPENS; THEY ALWAYS RESORT TO THROWING THE BALL AS HARD AS POSSIBLE. BECAUSE HUMANS LOVE TO MAKE THEIR LIVES AS DIFFICULT AS POSSIBLE WITH THE MOAT POTENTIAL FOR PAIN. However, if the runner gets to the base/mat before the ball hits them, they are “safe” and cannot get out as long as they are on the base.

This is one way where kickball and matball differ. In kickball, the runner on base is required to keep moving to allow room for the next kicker in line to get on base. In matball, there can be as many people on base as can fit on the mat. This routine will continue: kick, run, kick, run until you can run “home”. “Home” is the place where you kicked from. The bases form a diamond and there are four of them that form a circular running pattern. You kick from “home” base, and run towards “first” base. You then head for “second” base. Then “third” base and then back to where you started. If you safely make it home, you score your team a point. In kickball, you run the bases once. In matball you run them twice: first, second, third, back to first, second, third, then finally home. This probably to makeup for the advantage of choosing when you run to the next base rather than being obligated to.

The goal is to score as many points as possible before the other team gets any person on your team out three times.

If you thought that game was horrid prepare yourself again. After this description, the word “dodgeball” will strike fear in your heart. The entire goal of dodgeball is TO THROW A BALL AT THE OPPOSING TEAM WITH THE EXPLICIT INTENTION OF HITTING THEM WITH IT.


The humans are split into two teams similar to the kickball teams. They line up on opposite walls. Precisely in the middle of the “gymnasium” (which as near as we can tell is the official name of the torture chamber of public schooling) are a row of spherical balls lined up parallel to the lines of students on each side. When the “coach” blows a whistle the students sprint for the balls, grab them and retreat. What follows is a chaotic battleground the likes of which we haven’t seen since the Battle of Wakowwnoif. The “game” is simple. Throw the ball at a member of the opposing team. They avoid the ball. If they are unsuccessful at dodging the impact, they are “out” and move to the wall. If they do dodge, they are fine and nothing happens. If they catch the ball thrown at them, they can bring one of their teammates back into the game and the person who threw the ball is out. If the person gets hit in the head, the person who threw the ball is out (this is the closest we could find to any sort of safety precautions laid out in this game). The game continues until one team systematically hits every member of the other team out.


Prison ball is exactly the same as dodgeball, it just has a few more enhancements and opportunities for social humiliation. Teams are still split in two. However, each team has three figurines called “bowling pins”. They are placed on the gymnasium floor. The goal of prisonball is to knock down the other team’s figurines and get the other team out. So each team is guarding their figurines while still playing dodgeball. Another twist comes when you are hit with a ball. Instead of simply being out, you are in Prison. Prison is an area in enemy territory separate from your team.

There are two ways out of prison. One is statistically unlikely. On each side of the gymnasium, located high up on the wall is a hoop with a net hanging from it. If the opposing team manages to to throw a ball through that hoop from their side of the gymnasium, everyone on their team in prison gets to rejoin the game.

The other way out is if a teammate throws a ball from their side of the gym, over the enemy territory and the enemies heads and the comrade in prison catches the ball, then the prisoner is set free.
This method requires a few things. First it requires the prisoner to have a friend on their team willing to throw them a ball. Second, it requires the non-prisoner teammate to be able to throw a ball that great distance accurately. Third, it requires the prisoner to be able to catch the ball. Fourth, it also requires the non-prisoner to also get hit in the process of doing all this, and if the prisoner and would-be rescuer don’t have any other friends-they are simply out of luck. In other words: the human must be popular and athletically inclined or just very very lucky. This is where the social humiliation comes in. However, many of our reports have shown that this game is prefered to dodgeball because once the human is “in prison” they simply have to pretend that they are trying to get people to get them out but then can just fritter away the rest of the game not participating. These are the humans we want to recruit for strategic planning.

The game ends when all the figurines are knocked down-either by the opposing team throwing balls at them or by the guarding team’s clumsiness.

Linetag is the least strenuous “game” the humans play in Physical Education. In all honesty, it looks rather fun. The human game of “Tag” is usually characterized by chaotic running around and avoidance of the human that is “it”. If “it” touches another human, that human is now “it” and must “tag” another human. There are many variations of this game that we will detail below since they are the least barbaric of the human “games” and might be useful in certain training exercises.

Linetag is one of those variations. Linetag requires a floor with different sets of intersecting lines. For some reason, humans decorate their gymnasium floors with a design of lines. Further research is required to discover if these are sacred markings, if they have special meanings, or if they are just for aesthetics. Two to four humans are chosen to be “it”. They remain “it” for the remainder of the game. Their goal is to tag every one of the non “it” students. When the student is tagged, they must sit down right where they are-no matter what.

The trick to the this game, however, is that the humans are only allowed to walk on the lines. They cannot deviate from a set of prescribed routes. They cannot hop lines. They must find intersections to avoid “it”. When a player is tagged and they sit down, they become a “roadblock”. The fleeing humans cannot pass them-but the “it” humans can. The game continues until all students are sitting.

Other Tag Variations:
Freeze tag: chaotic running pattern, but when “tagged” the player freezes though touched by a Nxiebxwoie. Game continues until every player is frozen. Players can unfreeze friends by crawling through their legs. (We do not understand why this would work to unfreeze someone but we have discovered that humans have very vivid imaginations when it comes to recreational activities)

Amoeba tag: also known as “sticky tag” or “worm tag” one player is “it” until they tag another player and then they are “stuck” together and must hold hands while chasing the other humans. With each tag, the “it” group gets larger and larger continuing to hold hands, link elbows, etc. Great fun to watch.

Circle tag: humans pair up and link elbows in a circle. “It” and a “runner” will begin a pursuit. The “runner” can link elbows (the bendy bits of their upper limbs) with anyone of the pairs and the partner that didn’t get linked must then run away. If they are tagged they are now “it” and the former “it” is now the “runner” and must find a pair to break up.

For the athletically disinclined human, you could understand why these activities would be traumatizing. Oftentimes these games were treated as though they were the equivalent to our Yeqipguited Games by the more athletically inclined. The less talented humans may have been mocked. If the human you are working with seems less inclined to participate in a game of Bejbpoi, you now understand why.

The 13th, a new documentary by Selma director Ava DuVernay, is now streaming on Netflix. It’s about the loophole in the 13th amendment, which outlawed slavery and involuntary servitude, "except as a punishment for crime.” In the film we hear from activist Angela Davis, Sen. Cory Booker, The New Jim Crow author Michelle Alexander and Equal Justice Initiative founder Bryan Stevenson, on the subject of mass incarceration and the prison industrial complex. 

Bryan Stevenson  spoke to Fresh Air in 2014 about justice in the 21st century: 

“The new statistic from the Justice [Department] is really disheartening: The Justice Department is now reporting that 1 in 3 black male babies born in the 21st century is expected to go to jail or prison. The statistic for Latino boys is 1 in 6. That statistic was not true in the 20th century. It was not true in the 19th century. It didn’t become true until the 21st century. That means we have enormous work to do to improve our commitment to [a] society that is not haunted and undermined and corrupted by our legacy of racial inequality.

The same is true for poverty. We’ve got a bigger population of poor people in this country than we’ve had in a generation, and we’ve got to take on the challenges of poverty. … For me, that means taking it on in a different way. I’m not persuaded that the opposite of poverty is wealth — I’ve come to believe … that the opposite of poverty is justice.” 

Happy 4th of July everyone!! 🇺🇸

Put a genderist or a liberal feminist who says cis-women aren’t oppressed next to an article about female genital mutilation, a report on abortion laws leading to women being sentenced to 40 years in prison for miscarriage, statistics on rape, articles about domestic violence, reports on child marriages where girls are married away to grown men, studies of rape culture and of the dangerous consequences of porn that are just widely accepted as inevitable though they hurt many, many women. Their hypocrisy and ignorance will become obvious. Then put a genderist or liberal feminist who says women in the west (or “the first world” as many of them also put it) aren’t oppressed anymore next to an MRA or anti-feminist who says women in the west aren’t oppressed anymore, and it will become obvious they have more in common with MRAs and anti-feminists than actual feminism.

terfs: “we’re all about facts and logic. face the ugly truths.”

terf 1: “SRS was performed experimentally in concentration camps by nazi doctors.” (factually untrue)

terf 2: “trans women aren’t victims of violence, they’re perpetrators of violence.” (statistically untrue)

terf 3: “if we let trans women into bathrooms, they’ll attack women!” (factually untrue)

terf 4: “there’s no justification for letting incarcerated trans women transfer from male prisons to female prisons!” (statistically false: trans women are victimized in prison at extremely high rates)

terf 5: “no straight man has ever been attracted to trans women.” (just… completely untrue in society.)

terf 6: “trans women only medically transition so that straight men will find them attractive” (false.)

terf 7: “I’m simply not attracted to trans women. never have, never will. I can always tell the difference.” (implies that all trans women look the same and ignores the existence of stealth cis passing trans women)

terf 8: “trans women need to stay out of lesbian spaces! they are disrupting our Female-only safe space and nobody wants them here.” (ignores all of the lesbians who ARE attracted to or accepting of trans women)

anonymous asked:

What did onision do to get hated? Is he racist or something?

He’s an asshole for thr most part, but since I was a fan at one point (barf), and I knew what he did to make me turn away.

-rad fem, ei he hated everyone who didn’t call them self a feminist sort of thing, extremist, thought women were superior to men

-rated underage girls bodies (along with over age girls, but he still did it with underage girls)

-laughed at male suicide, gun violence deaths, rape, and domestic abuse, saying men are the ones thag kill themselves making then more violent, disregarding prison rape statistics in order to push his calms, saying men are the majority of the shooter (disregarding the victims) therefore making men the problem.

-pushed the topic of shane dawson weight, even though he knew he had been through hell and back to lose it, saying he only used surgery

-saying he’s the human fact checker

-telling rape jokes, but when someone else (blair) posted fanart of them having sex he went through the roof

-using the definition of feminism to prove people wrong

-just being an asshole in general

-basically stalking youtubers

-attacking youtuber for her just getting a nose job

-attacking another for getting a boob job

So on…..

Those I can remember though

anonymous asked:

"Men are not raped more than women, it's just factually not true". Except, the CDC and the FBI, when including Forced to Penetrate circumstances and prison statistics (which should be included, because rape is rape, no matter where it occurs), actually states that men have a HIGHER occurrence of rape than women, though not by much. Of course, thanks to feminist lobbying for Made to Penetrate laws which effectively silenced male rape victims and changed the def. of rape, people like act cunty.

HI there Ahab, you aren’t very subtle

1 out of 10 Rape Victims are male 

90% of Adult rape victims are female

82% of Juvenile Victims are female

Rainn by the way, talks a lot about how men are the  victims of sexual violence and what to do about that.

THe vast majority of men who are raped by other men.  That is not to say that rape of men by women doesn’t happen, it does, and it isn’t talked about enough (Which I have mentioned before), just one of the largest factors in male on male rape is the US prison system, where rape is basically the punishment for almost all of our crimes.

US prison system by the way, is not set up by feminist and in fact it is leftist who want to reform it specifically to have less rape.  

As for the feminist lobby bit….you know that sexual assault of men by women isn’t caused by feminist right?  LIke, if you got a time machine and went back to 1580 before feminism existed, you wouldn’t have a more open conversations about how men can be raped by women, it wasn’t addressed then either.  Feminism isn’t responsible for sexual assault of men by women, and MRAs aren’t doing shit to help the victims here (because it is a hate movement rather than a civil rights movement).  For example, if MRAs actually gave a shit about this, they would mostly talk about how Hollywood doesn’t pay enough attention to male victims, Hollywood by the way, an institution that feminists also dislike because it doesn’t take rape seriously.

Of course, you know this already, I wrote that in the post where you took that quote.  It is almost like you asked this question specifically so you could reblog it and give you’re pathetic little swam something to do rather than do any actual research on feminism. 

oh wait, I forgot, MRAs never actually read anything they respond too, they find phone phrase as an excuse to not engage in the argument.  And then you lot wonder why academia never takes you seriously

anonymous asked:

hey, I know you've said that racism is not systemic in the west. but don't black men receive harsher punishments than white men for the same crime? Wouldn't that be indicative of a systemic bias?

The idea that the criminal justice system discriminates against blacks and that this bias explains blacks’ disproportionate presence in custody is a staple of Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton activism and of the blinded, guilt-riddled left. Every effort to prove it empirically, however, has come up short. Prove to me that systemic racism is involved in “harsher punishments” and it has nothing to do with crime rates, criminal history, poverty or basic law and logic. If you can prove to me that it exists epidemically, I’ll delete this blog. 

The black incarceration rate and punishment is overwhelmingly a function of black crime. Insisting otherwise only worsens black alienation and further defers a real solution to the black crime problem. Racial activists usually remain assiduously silent about that problem and rather paint the criminal justice system as a “racist white supremacy” because they lawfully take action against people who disproportionately commit by far the most crime? 

The black homicide rate is over seven times higher than that of whites and Hispanics combined, blacks committed over 52 percent of all murders in America despite making up 13 percent of the population, blacks constituted 39.3 percent of all violent-crime arrests, including 56.3 percent of all robbery and 34.5 percent of all aggravated-assault arrests and 29.4 percent of all property-crime arrests but we should let them go because there’s already too many blacks and not enough whites locked up? 

We should let criminals walk so there can be equality in prison race statistics and finally this “systemic bias” will be over and we can all feel better about ourselves? Give me a break.
Racism in schools is pushing more black families to homeschool their children

In the spring and fall of 2010, I interviewed 74 African-American homeschooling families from around the U.S. While the size of my sample does not allow me to claim that it is representative of the whole African-American homeschooling population, it was nonetheless large enough to allow me to capture the main reasons why black parents tend to homeschool their children.

Eurocentric curriculum and teachers’ attitudes
When it comes to schools, there are at least two important areas of concern: the curriculum and teachers’ attitudes and behaviors. School curricula continue to promote a worldview developed by Western civilization. This wholesale Eurocentric orientation of most schools’ curricula, in a society that, ironically, is becoming increasingly brown, speaks volumes about a pervasive European ethnocentrism — that is, the notion that every one in the world thinks and does or should think and do like Europeans. Peggy McIntosh, an anti-racism activist, often cites a list of things she can take for granted as a white woman. Her list reflects the nature of the curriculum that students grow up being exposed to. As she says: “When I am told about our national heritage or about civilization, I’m shown that people of my color made it what it is;” as well as “I can be sure that my children will be given curricular materials that attest to the existence of their race.”For black people, as I found, it is a totally different experience. Indeed, while European culture and thought are implicitly presented as universal and Europe as the only place from which great ideas and discoveries originated, Africa and African-descended people find themselves quasi-excluded from the curriculum. As one of the fathers with whom I spoke in Atlanta succinctly articulated, “All we learn about is their stuff, and we know nothing about our stuff, our history, our culture.” This results in a general school-sanctioned ignorance about Africa and its descendants and in a disdain for the black experience, as I found through my interviews. Eventually, this becomes a pervasive and potent form of institutional racism.

Racial stereotypes harm black kids
Furthermore, the attitudes and actions of white teachers (who make up 85 percent of all public school teachers) were questioned by many of the African-American parents with whom I spoke. They consistently portrayed white teachers as overly critical, unresponsive, unqualified, insensitive, offensive, mean, hypocritical, and using double standards. Indeed, many white teachers seem to bring into the schools the many racist stereotypes and attitudes that have been ingrained in them, in particular the notions that blacks lack in intelligence, or are notoriously lazy and bent on criminality.
Studies of the impact of negative white teachers’ attitudes on the school experience of black children reveal that there are two areas where teachers’ unchecked prejudices have been particularly visible and tragic: the over-referral of black students to special education programs and to the criminal system. African-American students are more than twice as likely to be labeled cognitively “deficient” than white American students. Although they only make up 17 percent of the student population, they nonetheless represent 33 percent of those enrolled in programs for the mentally challenged. What appears to be a false and incorrect labeling, has a dire impact on the ability of black students to attend college and achieve social mobility.

Harsh school punishments

Likewise, black students account nationally for 34 percent of all suspensions. In reality, harsh school punishments have become one of the primary mechanisms through which the school-to-prison pipeline operates, pushing large numbers of black children out of school and into the “justice” system to feed the prison industrial complex that has blossomed over recent years. Certainly, the parents I interviewed were very much aware of and concerned about the “traps” set by many public schools for black children. One mother in New York poignantly declared, “I say America does not love my children. You know the statistics about prisons and all that. They have a plan for my children, and I am not going along with it.” Given this state of affairs, it is hardly surprising that a growing number of black parents, frustrated with a school system that is quick to criminalize and disenfranchise their children, turn to homeschooling as an alternative. Thus, for many black parents, homeschooling equates with a refusal to surrender their children to a system that they see as bent on destroying them. For them, it is an act of active and conscious resistance to racism.

African-American homeschooling
By taking the constant threat of harassment and discrimination out of the picture, homeschooling provides African-American parents the space and time to educate and socialize their children for optimal personal development. I found the home education is planned and delivered primarily by mothers, who stay at home, or work from home. This mother-led home education process is commonly observed among homeschoolers. In general, two strategies are commonly observed among black home educators: imparting self-knowledge and self-esteem through positive teaching about Africa and African-Americans. While finding ready-to-use educational materials can be challenging, most parents reported creating their own materials, by drawing from different sources, such as books, documentaries, the internet, field-trips, etc. Many go out of their way to provide exposure to black people who have achieved greatness in their domain, for instance, literature, science, or history, in an effort not only to educate their children about their history and culture, but also to instill racial pride and confidence in them. In other words, many black homeschooling parents engage in racial protectionism, so that they will have the self-confidence and knowledge necessary to face and overcome the hurdles that white racism appears to place in their path.
How secular family values stack up - LA Times

“…"If your morality is all tied in with God,” she continued, “what if you at some point start to question the existence of God? Does that mean your moral sense suddenly crumbles? The way we are teaching our children … no matter what they choose to believe later in life, even if they become religious or whatever, they are still going to have that system.”

The results of such secular child-rearing are encouraging. Studies have found that secular teenagers are far less likely to care what the “cool kids” think, or express a need to fit in with them, than their religious peers. When these teens mature into “godless” adults, they exhibit less racism than their religious counterparts, according to a 2010 Duke University study. Many psychological studies show that secular grownups tend to be less vengeful, less nationalistic, less militaristic, less authoritarian and more tolerant, on average, than religious adults.

Recent research also has shown that children raised without religion tend to remain irreligious as they grow older — and are perhaps more accepting. Secular adults are more likely to understand and accept the science concerning global warming, and to support women’s equality and gay rights. One telling fact from the criminology field: Atheists were almost absent from our prison population as of the late 1990s, comprising less than half of 1% of those behind bars, according to Federal Bureau of Prisons statistics. This echoes what the criminology field has documented for more than a century — the unaffiliated and the nonreligious engage in far fewer crimes.

Another meaningful related fact: Democratic countries with the lowest levels of religious faith and participation today — such as Sweden, Denmark, Japan, Belgium and New Zealand — have among the lowest violent crime rates in the world and enjoy remarkably high levels of societal well-being. If secular people couldn’t raise well-functioning, moral children, then a preponderance of them in a given society would spell societal disaster. Yet quite the opposite is the case…”


Human rights lawyer Bryan Stevenson represents those who have been abandoned. His clients are people on death row — abused and neglected children who were prosecuted as adults and placed in adult prisons where they were beaten and sexually abused, and mentally disabled people whose illnesses helped land them in prison where their special needs were unmet.

Today he spoke to us about justice in the 21st century:

“The new statistic from the Justice [Department] is really disheartening: The Justice Department is now reporting that one in three black male babies born in the 21st century is expected to go to jail or prison. The statistic for Latino boys is one in six. That statistic was not true in the 20th century. It was not true in the 19th century. It didn’t become true until the 21st century. That means we have enormous work to do to improve our commitment to society that is not haunted and undermined and corrupted by our legacy of racial inequality.”

One Lawyer’s Fight For Young Blacks And ‘Just Mercy’

Photo: Linda Nylind, The Guardian

How Sweden Brilliantly Ended its Addiction to Prison

While the U.K., U.S. and Australia all find themselves with a glut of overcrowded prisons and an increasing number of inmates, Sweden boasts a drop in incarceration rates so great, it has allowed them to shutter several of their oldest prisons altogether. Why? It may be due to Sweden’s rehabilitative ethos on the idea of prison itself.

“Our role is not to punish,” Director-general of Sweden’s Prison and Probation Service, Nils Oberg said in a 2014 interview with the Guardian. “The punishment is the prison sentence: [Prisoners] have been deprived of their freedom. Some people have to be incarcerated, but it has to be a goal to get them back out into society in better shape than they were when they came in.”

This translates to both open and closed prisons offering mental health and substance abuse treatment, access to both basic and advanced education, and the opportunity to work with pay.

A 2013 Atlantic article by Doran Larson describes even the highest-security Swedish prisons as having common areas with table tennis, pool tables, steel darts, and aquariums. There are often dorm room-like cells complete with real beds and private bathrooms, access to computers, televisions and cell phones, and kitchens where inmates are expected to cook their own food and eat meals with other inmates and their guards. Prisoners are also afforded certain privileges: the ability to see and spend time with family, wear their own clothes, and take supervised trips to the grocery store.

Perhaps the most striking feature of this rehabilitative model is the role of Swedish correctional officers. Many are former lawyers, social workers, and mental health professionals, who act as both security and support in an effort to create a “therapeutic culture” between staff and offenders. The officers are expected to encourage prisoners to advance education and skills training. They’re also offering behavioral intervention. In a 2014Langford Trust speech, Oberg likened the officers to “the role models our inmates have never had in their lives.”

Since the vast majority of prisoners both here and in Sweden will someday be released, Sweden’s rehabilitative stance is not only good for the prisoner, but is also good for the community. Sweden currently boasts one of the world’s lowest incarceration rates, a 30 to 40 percent recidivism rate—nearly half of what the U.S. sees, according to 2014 figures from the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics—and prison and probation admission figures that have dropped by 6 percent since 2011.

Read on:


American judicial system is fucked up. If you doubt you just can remember the fact that the home of the free has the largest number of incarcerated people. What we need is to get rid of some precedents, educate new generation of police and decriminalize street art and drugs.