princess victoria of battenberg

Princess Victoria of Battenberg, née Princess of Hesse, with her husband, eldest daughter, Alice, and her family. 

Seated from left to right: Irene, Elizabeth ‘Ella’, Victoria (with Alice on her lap), Grand Duke Serge of Russia (Ella’s husband) and Louis (Victoria’s father). 

Standing: Ernest Louis, Louis (Victoria’s husband) and Alix (future Empress of Russia)

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Fleur de Lys Tiara

This tiara, considered the most important diadem of their collection, called “La Buena” (The Good one) and only worn by the Queens of Spain, was a wedding present from King Alfonso XIII to his bride, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. Made in 1906 by Ansorena with more than 500 diamonds set in platinum, it features the Fleur de Lys, the Bourbon’s emblem.

From the beginning, this diadem became one of the favorites of the young Queen, who was married wearing it and chose it for her first photo session as Queen of Spain in 1906.
Her Majesty was photographed and painted with the Fleur de Lys on numerous occasions. Shortly after her wedding the Queen opened the tiara and started wearing it in its current form.
Queen Victoria used the tiara throughout her life, and unlike many of her tiaras and  jewels, she never lent it to her daughters, the Infantas Beatriz and María Cristina.Queen Victoria Eugenia lent the tiara to her daughter-in-law, the wife of the Head of the Family, on a few occasions, one of them for the coronation of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 1953.

In her will, the late Queen Victoria Eugenia left the Fleur de Lys tiara to her son Don Juan, Count of Barcelona and pretender to the Spanish throne. The tiara was left for the exclusive use of the Queens so when King Juan Carlos was proclaimed King in 1975, his mother, the Countess of Barcelona passed the tiara to the new Queen, Sofía of Greece and Denmark.
Queen Sofía has used the Fleur de Lys tiara on the grandest occasions, like State Visits from other Monarchies or the 60th Jubilee of the King of Thailand in 2006, the last time she wore the tiara. Following tradition, the next wearer of the tiara would be the Princess of Asturias after her husband becomes Felipe VI, King of Spain.

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REIGNING DESCENDANTS OF QUEEN VICTORIA AND PRINCE ALBERT

MARGRETHE II OF DENMARK

On Maternal side: 

Queen Victoria -> Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught -> Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden -> Princess Ingrid Of Sweden, Queen Consort of Denmark -> Queen Margrethe II of Denmark

ELIZABETH II OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 

On Paternal side:

Queen Victoria -> King Edward VII -> King George V -> King George VI -> Elizabeth II

HARALD V OF NORWAY

On Paternal side:

Queen Victoria -> Edward VII -> Princess Maude of The United Kingdom, Princess Karl of Denmark, Queen Consort of Norway -> King Olav V -> Harald V

FELIPE VI OF SPAIN

On Paternal side: 

Queen Victoria -> Princess Beatrice of The United Kingdom, Princess Henry of Battenberg -> Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen Consort Of Spain -> Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona -> Juan Carlos I -> Felipe VI

On Maternal Side:

Queen Victoria -> Princess Victoria of The United Kingdom, Princess Royal, Empress of Germany and Queen Consort of Prussia -> Princess Sophie of Prussia, Queen Consort of The Hellenes -> Paul I of Greece -> Princess Sophia of Greece, Queen Consort of Spain - Felipe VI

Queen Victoria -> Princess Victoria of The United Kingdom, Princess Royal, Empress of Germany and Queen Consort of Prussia -> Wilhelm II -> Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, Duchess of Brunswick and Princess of Hanover -> Princess Frederika of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece -> Princess Sophia of Greece, Queen Consort of Spain -> Felipe VI

CARL XVI GUSTAF OF SWEDEN

On Paternal side:

Queen Victoria -> Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught -> Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden -> Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Vasterbotten -> Carl XVI Gustaf

On Maternal side:

Queen Victoria -> Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany -> Prince Charles Edward of Albany, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha -> Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Vasterbotten -> Carl XVI Gustaf

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First Photo: OTMA with family in 1909 – Grand Duchesses Elizabeth Feodorovna and Olga, Princess Louise of Battenberg, Grand Duchess Maria, Princess Victoria of Battenberg and Grand Duchesses Anastasia and Tatiana. The boy is probably Louis Mountbatten, OTMA’s cousin Dickie.

Second Photo: OTMA, probably on the same day.

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The 42 grandchildren (in-order) of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert, the Prince consort. Including Kaiser Wilhelm II, George V of United Kingdom, and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.

1. Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Born as Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert of Prussia, on 27th January 1859. The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Wilhelm became the Kaiser of Germany on 15th June 1888, until his abdication on 18th November 1918. He died in exile on 3rd June 1941 (aged 82). (”Willy”)
2. Princess Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia; 24th July 1860 - 19th October 1919 (aged 59). (”Ditta”,”Charly”)
3. Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich “Henry” of Prussia; 14th August 1862 - 20th April 1920 (aged 66). He married his first cousin, Irene of Hesse. (”Harry”)
4. Princess Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, later Marchioness of Milford Haven; 5th April 1863 - 24th September 1950 (aged 87). Grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Elizabeth II.
5. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence and Avondale; 8th January 1864 - 14th January 1892 (aged 28). (”Eddy”)
6. Prince Franz Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia; 15th September 1864 - 18th June 1866 (aged 1). The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die. (”Sigi”)
7. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia; 1st November 1864 - 18th July 1918 (aged 53). Elizabeth was politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Ella”)
8. George V of United Kingdom. Born as Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert of Wales; 3rd June 1865 - 20th January 1936 (aged 70). He is the grandfather of Elizabeth II. (”Georgie”)
9. Princess Fredrik Amalia Wilhelmina Viktoria of Prussia; 12th April 1866 - 13th november 1929 (aged 63). (”Moretta”)
10. *Princess Irene Louise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine; 11th July 1866 - 11th November 1953 (aged 87). Married her first cousin, Henry of Prussia.
11. Princess Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar of Wales, later Princess Royal; 20th February 1867 - 4th January 1931 (aged 63).
12. Prince Christian Victor Albert Ernst Anton of Schleswig-Holstein; 14th April 1867 - 29th October 1900 (aged 33). (”Christle”)
13. Prince Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar of Prussia; 10th February 1868 - 27th March 1879 (aged 11). (”Waldy”)
14. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of Wales; 6th July 1868 - 3rd December 1935 (aged 67). (”Toria”)
15. Prince Ernest Louis Karl Albert Wilhelm of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duke of Hesse; 25th November 1868 - 9th October 1937. He married his first cousin, Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and gotta and of Edinburgh on 1894, but divorced on 1901. (”Ernie”)
16. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Holstein, later Duke of Schleswig-Holstein; 26th February 1869 - 27th April 1931.
17. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of Wales, later Queen consort of Norway; 26th November 1869 - 20th November 1938.
18. Princess Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Helena Victoria; 3rd May 1870 - 13th March 1948. (”Snipe”,”Thora”)
19. Princess Sophia Dorothea Ulrik Alice of Prussia, later Queen consort of Greece; 14th June 1870 - 13th January 1932. 
20. **Prince Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Louis of Hesse and by Rhine; 7th October 1870 - 29th May 1873. (”Frittie”)
21. Prince Alexander John of Wales; 6th April 1871 - 7th April 1871. Died in infancy.
22. Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia; 22th April 1872 - 22nd January 1954. (”Mossy”)
23. *Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress consort of Russia. Born as Princess Viktoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine; 6th June 1872 - 17th July 1918. The wife and consort of Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia. She, along with her husband and their five children (OTMA and **Tsarevich Alexei) were politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Alicky”,”Sunny”)
24. Princess Franziska Joseph Louise Augusta Marie Christina Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Marie Louise; 12th August 1872 - 8th December 1956.
25. Princess Marie Viktoria Feodore Leopoldina of Hesse and by Rhine; 24th May 1874 - 16th November 1878. (”May”)
26. Hereditary Prince Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Edinburgh; 15th October 1874 - 6th February 1899.
27. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Queen consort of Romania; 29th October 1875 - 18th July 1938. (”Missy”)
28. Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Grand Duchess of Hesse, and Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodrovna; 25th November 1876 - 2nd March 1936. Married her first cousin, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. But divorced on 1901. (”Ducky”)
29. Prince Frederick Christian Augustus Leopold Edward Harald of Schleswig-Holstein; 12th May 1876 - 20th May 1876. Died in infancy.
30. Stillborn son of Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, third daughter of Queen Victoria; 7th May 1877 - 7th May 1877.
31. Princess Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Edinburgh and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 1st September 1878 - 16th April 1942. (”Sandra”)
32. Stillborn son of Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria; 13th October 1879 - 13th October 1879.
33. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught, later Crown Princess of Sweden; 15th January 1882 - 1st May 1920. (”Daisy”)
34. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught; 13th January 1883 - 21st September 1938.
35. *Princess Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline of Albany; 25th February 1883 - 3rd January 1981. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die.
36. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Edinburgh, Princess and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Duchess of Gallieria; 20th April 1884 - 13th July 1966.
37. Prince Charles Edward George Albert Leopold of Albany, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 19th July 1884 - 6th March 1954. (”Charlie”)
38. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught; 17th March 1886 - 12th January 1974. (”Pat”)
39. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, later Sir Alexander Mountbatten; 23rd November 1886 - 23rd February 1960.
40. *Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena of Battenberg, later Queen consort of Spain; 24th October 1887 - 15th April 1969. (”Ena”)
41. **Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg; 21st May 1889 - 23rd April 1922.
42. **Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg; 3rd october 1891 - 27th October 1914. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

* = Carriers of Hemophilia
** = Suffered from Hemophilia

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House of Bourbon Spain // Consorts

Maria Luisa of Savoy ♦ 2 November 1701 – 14 February 1714

Elisabeth Farnese ♦ 24 December 1714 – 14 January 1724

Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans ♦ 15 January 1724 – 31 August 1724

Barbara of Portugal ♦ 9 July 1746 – 27 August 1758

Maria Amalia of Saxony ♦ 10 August 1759 – 27 September 1760

Maria Luisa of Parma ♦ 14 December 1788 - 19 March 1808

Maria Isabel of Portugal ♦ 29 September 1816 – 26 December 1818

Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony ♦ 20 October 1819 – 18 May 1829

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies ♦ 11 December 1829 – 29 September 1833

Francis, Duke of Cádiz ♦ 10 October 1846 – 30 September 1868

Infanta Doña Mercedes of Spain ♦ 23 January – 26 June 1878

Archduchess Maria Christina of Austri ♦ 25 November 1885 - 17 May 1902

Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg ♦ 31 May 1906 – 14 April 1931

Princess Sophia of Greece ♦ 22 November 1975 –

Queen Letizia

The wedding of George V, then Duke of York, and Mary “May” of Teck, July 6, 1893.

The bridal party for this royal wedding consisted solely of the groom’s first cousins and two of his own sisters.

Left to right: (back row) Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh, Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, George Duke of York, Princess Victoria of Wales, Princess Maud of Wales.

(Front row) Princess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Margaret of Connaught, Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh, Princess Mary of Teck, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, and Princess Patricia of Connaught

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May 31, 1906 - Assassination Attempt at the wedding of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg.

They drove off to the Palace in a coach drawn by eight cream-coloured horses, with nodding white plumes. The crowd cheered incessantly, the joy-bells rang, cannons boomed, flags waved, and the red and yellow flowers and streamers made a wonderful spectacle in the sunshine.
Two or three minutes later, as will be recollected, a dastardly outrage was attempted upon this happy and smiling couple, whose bravery and self-possession, with their sudden change from joy and brightness to a scene of suffering and cruelty, was remarkable. An equerry almost dragged the Royal couple from their carriage, and hurried them into another coach. It was a miraculous escape, and the eventful day will for ever be marred to the King and Queen of Spain by the memory of the innocent victims killed or sadly injured by the bomb that was intended for them.

Notwithstanding this outrage, the brave young couple showed themselves to the people on arrival at the Palace, when they were greeted with a storm of cheers. On the following day they drove through the streets of Madrid without escort, trusting only to the chivalry of their people. Nor was this trust misplaced, for the populace formed a guard of honour and prevented any harm coming to their King and his young Queen.

Siblings of King Edward VII Spam

Princess Beatrice

Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore was born 14 April 1857. She was the fifth daughter and youngest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

She later became Princess Henry of Battenberg

Beatrice was the last of Queen Victoria’s children to die when she passed away on 26 October 1944. 65 years after the first, her sister Alice

Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain wearing her Cartier Tiara (1920) and an Emerald Demi-Parure inherited from her godmother, Empress Eugénie of the French. Photographed by William Sumits in a room at Claridge’s Hotel, London, 1947.

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  • Queen Victoria marrying Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (February 10, 1840)
  • Victoria, Princess Royal, on her wedding day to Prince Frederick William of Prussia. later Emperor Frederick III of Germany (January 25, 1858)
  • Princess Alice on her wedding day to Prince Louis of Hesse, later Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse (July 1, 1862)
  • Princess Helena on her wedding day to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (July 5, 1866)
  • Princess Louise on her wedding day to John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, later Duke of Argyll (March 21, 1871)
  • Princess Beatrice on her wedding day to Prince Henry of Battenberg (July 23, 1885)
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10 Granddaughters of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert:

Sophia of Prussia, Queen of Greece

Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway

Victoria of Hesse, Marchioness of Milford Haven

Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Infanta of Spain

Marie Louise, Princess of Schleswig-Holstein

Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden

Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone

Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain

Alix of Hesse, Tsarina of Russia

Victoria, Princess of the United Kingdom

Siblings of King Edward VII Spam

Princess Beatrice

Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore was born 14 April 1857. She was the fifth daughter and youngest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

She later became Princess Henry of Battenberg

Beatrice was the last of Queen Victoria’s children to die when she passed away on 26 October 1944. 65 years after the first, her sister Alice

Queen Victoria with three generations of her female descendants, 1886.

The Queen is shown with her daughter Princess Beatrice (standing); her granddaughter, Princess Victoria of Hesse, daughter of Princess Alice (sitting); and the Queen’s great-granddaughter, baby Princess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Victoria’s own’s daughter. Baby Alice eventually became Prince Philip’s mother. Photo taken 26 April 1886.

This is one of the few photos showing Queen Victoria smiling.