princess charlotte augusta

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Princess Charlotte of Wales and Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, were married on this day, May 2nd, in 1816.

Princess Charlotte was, at the time, the only legitimate grandchild of George III. She was the daughter of the Prince of Wales (The future George IV) and his long estranged wife, Caroline of Brunswick. Prince Leopold had been her choice of a groom; her father had been pushing her to marry William, Prince of Orange. Charlotte said of Leopold before their marriage that:

I find him charming, and go to bed happier than I have ever done yet in my life … I am certainly a very fortunate creature, & have to bless God. A Princess never, I believe, set out in life (or married) with such prospects of happiness, real domestic ones like other people.

The couple were married at 9 o'clock at night, inside the Crimson Drawing Room at Carlton House. Leopold dressed as a British General, and Charlotte wore a delicate silver empire style gown, decorated with silver embroidery.

The couple were devoted to one another, with Leopold proving to be a calming influence on the wild and rambunctious Charlotte. Sadly, their happiness was not to last long. After suffering a miscarriage early in the marriage, Charlotte died giving birth to a stillborn son, on November 5th, 1817.

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HISTORY MEME I : 3/6 Women - Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (1796-1817)

“Hail Princess Charlotte, Europe’s Hope and Britain’s Glory”

“The impression one gets from all the early recorded stories of Charlotte is of a happy recklessness and a warm heart.  …her affectionate welcome shows that already the people thought of her as their future Queen.” - Thea Holme

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The 42 grandchildren (in-order) of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert, the Prince consort. Including Kaiser Wilhelm II, George V of United Kingdom, and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.

1. Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Born as Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert of Prussia, on 27th January 1859. The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Wilhelm became the Kaiser of Germany on 15th June 1888, until his abdication on 18th November 1918. He died in exile on 3rd June 1941 (aged 82). (”Willy”)
2. Princess Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia; 24th July 1860 - 19th October 1919 (aged 59). (”Ditta”,”Charly”)
3. Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich “Henry” of Prussia; 14th August 1862 - 20th April 1920 (aged 66). He married his first cousin, Irene of Hesse. (”Harry”)
4. Princess Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, later Marchioness of Milford Haven; 5th April 1863 - 24th September 1950 (aged 87). Grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Elizabeth II.
5. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence and Avondale; 8th January 1864 - 14th January 1892 (aged 28). (”Eddy”)
6. Prince Franz Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia; 15th September 1864 - 18th June 1866 (aged 1). The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die. (”Sigi”)
7. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia; 1st November 1864 - 18th July 1918 (aged 53). Elizabeth was politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Ella”)
8. George V of United Kingdom. Born as Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert of Wales; 3rd June 1865 - 20th January 1936 (aged 70). He is the grandfather of Elizabeth II. (”Georgie”)
9. Princess Fredrik Amalia Wilhelmina Viktoria of Prussia; 12th April 1866 - 13th november 1929 (aged 63). (”Moretta”)
10. *Princess Irene Louise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine; 11th July 1866 - 11th November 1953 (aged 87). Married her first cousin, Henry of Prussia.
11. Princess Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar of Wales, later Princess Royal; 20th February 1867 - 4th January 1931 (aged 63).
12. Prince Christian Victor Albert Ernst Anton of Schleswig-Holstein; 14th April 1867 - 29th October 1900 (aged 33). (”Christle”)
13. Prince Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar of Prussia; 10th February 1868 - 27th March 1879 (aged 11). (”Waldy”)
14. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of Wales; 6th July 1868 - 3rd December 1935 (aged 67). (”Toria”)
15. Prince Ernest Louis Karl Albert Wilhelm of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duke of Hesse; 25th November 1868 - 9th October 1937. He married his first cousin, Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and gotta and of Edinburgh on 1894, but divorced on 1901. (”Ernie”)
16. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Holstein, later Duke of Schleswig-Holstein; 26th February 1869 - 27th April 1931.
17. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of Wales, later Queen consort of Norway; 26th November 1869 - 20th November 1938.
18. Princess Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Helena Victoria; 3rd May 1870 - 13th March 1948. (”Snipe”,”Thora”)
19. Princess Sophia Dorothea Ulrik Alice of Prussia, later Queen consort of Greece; 14th June 1870 - 13th January 1932. 
20. **Prince Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Louis of Hesse and by Rhine; 7th October 1870 - 29th May 1873. (”Frittie”)
21. Prince Alexander John of Wales; 6th April 1871 - 7th April 1871. Died in infancy.
22. Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia; 22th April 1872 - 22nd January 1954. (”Mossy”)
23. *Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress consort of Russia. Born as Princess Viktoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine; 6th June 1872 - 17th July 1918. The wife and consort of Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia. She, along with her husband and their five children (OTMA and **Tsarevich Alexei) were politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Alicky”,”Sunny”)
24. Princess Franziska Joseph Louise Augusta Marie Christina Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Marie Louise; 12th August 1872 - 8th December 1956.
25. Princess Marie Viktoria Feodore Leopoldina of Hesse and by Rhine; 24th May 1874 - 16th November 1878. (”May”)
26. Hereditary Prince Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Edinburgh; 15th October 1874 - 6th February 1899.
27. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Queen consort of Romania; 29th October 1875 - 18th July 1938. (”Missy”)
28. Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Grand Duchess of Hesse, and Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodrovna; 25th November 1876 - 2nd March 1936. Married her first cousin, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. But divorced on 1901. (”Ducky”)
29. Prince Frederick Christian Augustus Leopold Edward Harald of Schleswig-Holstein; 12th May 1876 - 20th May 1876. Died in infancy.
30. Stillborn son of Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, third daughter of Queen Victoria; 7th May 1877 - 7th May 1877.
31. Princess Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Edinburgh and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 1st September 1878 - 16th April 1942. (”Sandra”)
32. Stillborn son of Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria; 13th October 1879 - 13th October 1879.
33. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught, later Crown Princess of Sweden; 15th January 1882 - 1st May 1920. (”Daisy”)
34. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught; 13th January 1883 - 21st September 1938.
35. *Princess Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline of Albany; 25th February 1883 - 3rd January 1981. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die.
36. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Edinburgh, Princess and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Duchess of Gallieria; 20th April 1884 - 13th July 1966.
37. Prince Charles Edward George Albert Leopold of Albany, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 19th July 1884 - 6th March 1954. (”Charlie”)
38. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught; 17th March 1886 - 12th January 1974. (”Pat”)
39. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, later Sir Alexander Mountbatten; 23rd November 1886 - 23rd February 1960.
40. *Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena of Battenberg, later Queen consort of Spain; 24th October 1887 - 15th April 1969. (”Ena”)
41. **Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg; 21st May 1889 - 23rd April 1922.
42. **Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg; 3rd october 1891 - 27th October 1914. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

* = Carriers of Hemophilia
** = Suffered from Hemophilia

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Queens of England + Caroline of Brunswick (1768-1821)

Caroline was born in 1768, the daughter of Charles William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and Princess Augusta of Great Britain. She was taught to understand to English and French but otherwise her education was lacking. According to her mother, Princess Augusta, all German princesses learned English in the hope that they would be chosen to marry George, Prince of Wales. The Prince of Wales was Caroline’s first cousin as Augusta was the eldest sister of George III.

Caroline was engaged to the Prince of Wales in 1794, never having met him. He only agreed to marry her because he was heavily in debt and Parliament would increase his allowance if he married an eligible princess. The couple was unimpressed with each other from their first meeting. They were married in April 1795 at the Chapel Royal, St. James’ Palace. He was drunk at the ceremony, and hypocritically claimed she was not a virgin when they married, even though he had already been secretly married to Maria Fitzherbert.

Less than a year after the wedding in January 1796, Caroline gave birth to Princess Charlotte Augusta, who would be George’s only legitimate child. Days after Charlotte’s birth, George made a new will in which he left everything to Maria Fitzherbert and left one shilling to Caroline. Gossip was rampant about the troubled marriage and George was vilified while Caroline was portrayed as a wronged wife. She was openly cheered in public and gained plaudits for her charming familiarity and easy nature. He desired a separation and by August 1797, Caroline was living in her own private residence.

In 1806, a commission known as the “Delicate Investigation” was set up to examine Caroline on claims of infidelity and an illegitimate child. In the end it was determined that there was no foundation for the allegations but during the investigation Caroline was not allowed to see her daughter. George increased restrictions on seeing Charlotte when he became Regent in 1811, and Caroline fought back with a propaganda campaign supported by most of the public and her daughter. Jane Austen wrote of Caroline, “Poor woman, I shall support her as long as I can, because she is a Woman and because I hate her Husband.“

Unhappy with her situation in Britain, Caroline left in 1814 and moved to Italy. It was there in 1817 that she found out that her daughter had died in childbirth. She only found out from a passing courier because George refused to write to her. She became Queen of Great Britain in January 1820 when her husband succeeded his father as George IV. After another failed investigation into Caroline’s alleged adultery, George tried to divorce her through a bill in Parliament. However, he was so unpopular that the bill was withdrawn by the Tory government.

Caroline remained immensely popular with the public until her death in August 1821. Her popularity was such that it was decided her funeral procession should avoid London so it wouldn’t spark public unrest. This plain failed when the crowd accompanying the procession rebelled against this changed route and forced the procession through the city. She was eventually buried in Brunswick Cathedral. (x)

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On this day in history, January 7th, in 1796, Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales was born. She was the only child of the future George IV and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick.

George and Caroline infamously hated one another, and he would later insist they had only ever had sexual intercourse three times; twice on their wedding night and once the night after. Charlotte was born almost exactly 9 months after her parents’ wedding, which had taken place on April 8th of the previous year.

As the only living and legitimate grandchild of George III, Charlotte was second in line to the throne after her father. She was expected to someday become Queen of the United Kingdom, but this never came to pass.

She was married to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1816, when she was 20 years old. Early in their marriage she suffered a miscarriage, but it was announced she was pregnant again in April of 1817.

After two days of labour, she gave birth to a large stillborn son on November 5th, 1817. Complications from the delivery caused her own death in the early morning hours of the following day.

The entire kingdom went into heavy mourning after her death, she had been greatly beloved and was one of the only popular members of the Royal Family. Her death caused a scramble among the remaining unmarried sons of George III to produce a legitimate child and heir to the throne.

Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, would be the one to father the eventual heir, the future Queen Victoria. Had Charlotte lived, Victoria would never have existed and England’s “Victorian Era” as we now know it would have been completely different.

Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales

George Dawe (1781–1829)

National Portrait Gallery, London

Charlotte’s parents separated a few months after her birth, their marriage having lasted only a year. Charlotte was brought up by governesses and saw little of her mother. Despite spending much of her childhood in seclusion, she was warm-hearted if excitable. She married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg in 1816. They enjoyed only a few months of happiness before she died in childbirth the following year.

On this day in history, January 7th, in 1796, Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales was born. She was the only child of the future George IV and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick.

George and Caroline infamously hated one another, and he would later insist they had only ever had sexual intercourse three times; twice on their wedding night and once the night after. Charlotte was born almost exactly 9 months after her parents’ wedding, which had taken place on April 8th of the previous year.

As the only living and legitimate grandchild of George III, Charlotte was second in line to the throne after her father. She was expected to someday become Queen of the United Kingdom, but sadly it was not to be.

She was married to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1816, when she was 20 years old. Early in their marriage she suffered a miscarriage, but it was announced she was pregnant again in April of 1817.

After two days of labour, she gave birth to a large stillborn son on November 5th, 1817. Complications from the delivery caused her own death in the early morning hours of the following day.

The entire kingdom went into heavy mourning after her death, she had been greatly beloved and was one of the only popular members of the Royal Family. Her death caused a scramble among the remaining unmarried sons of George III to produce a legitimate child and heir to the throne.

Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, would be the one to father the eventual heir, the future Queen Victoria. Had Charlotte lived, Victoria would never have existed and England’s “Victorian Era” as we know it would have been completely different.

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No one could accuse George III and Queen Charlotte of neglecting their dynastic duty. The couple produced 15 children together, and 13 of those lived past childhood. Surprisingly, for a couple with so many children, they had very few surviving (legitimate) grandchildren.

George IV (Married to Caroline of Brunswick): Had one daughter, Princess Charlotte Augusta, who died in childbirth at the age of 21.

William IV (Married to Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen): Had two short lived daughters, Princess Charlotte and Princess Elizabeth (The statue pictured above), as well as stillborn twin boys and another stillborn child. He also had 10 illegitimate children with the actress Dorothea Jordan.

Charlotte, Princess Royal (Married to Frederick I of Württemberg): They had one stillborn daughter. 

Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (Married to Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld): Had one daughter, Princess Alexandrina Victoria, who would one day succeed her uncle William IV as Queen Victoria.

Ernest Augustus I (Married to Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz): They had two stillborn daughters, and one son, George V of Hanover.

Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (Married to Augusta Murray): They had two children; a son named Augustus Frederick and a daughter named Augusta Emma.

Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (Married to Augusta of Hesse-Cassel): Had three children: A son named George, and two daughters named Augusta and Mary Adelaide.