prince albert edward of wales

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Commemorative child’s dress, 1863,

Burgundy velvet with ivory satin piping, mother of pearl buttons, and taffeta waist sash, the tails printed with the Prince of Wales plumes, ‘Ich Dien’ and 'Albert and Alexandra,’

The Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, married Danish Princess Alexandra on the 10th March 1863 at St George’s Chapel, Windsor. He was 21, and she 18. Their marriage was popular and promoted in the British press as a love match. Presumably this dress was made to wear at a celebratory party. 

Kerry Taylor Auctions

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The 42 grandchildren (in-order) of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert, the Prince consort. Including Kaiser Wilhelm II, George V of United Kingdom, and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.

1. Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Born as Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert of Prussia, on 27th January 1859. The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Wilhelm became the Kaiser of Germany on 15th June 1888, until his abdication on 18th November 1918. He died in exile on 3rd June 1941 (aged 82). (”Willy”)
2. Princess Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia; 24th July 1860 - 19th October 1919 (aged 59). (”Ditta”,”Charly”)
3. Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich “Henry” of Prussia; 14th August 1862 - 20th April 1920 (aged 66). He married his first cousin, Irene of Hesse. (”Harry”)
4. Princess Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, later Marchioness of Milford Haven; 5th April 1863 - 24th September 1950 (aged 87). Grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Elizabeth II.
5. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence and Avondale; 8th January 1864 - 14th January 1892 (aged 28). (”Eddy”)
6. Prince Franz Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia; 15th September 1864 - 18th June 1866 (aged 1). The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die. (”Sigi”)
7. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia; 1st November 1864 - 18th July 1918 (aged 53). Elizabeth was politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Ella”)
8. George V of United Kingdom. Born as Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert of Wales; 3rd June 1865 - 20th January 1936 (aged 70). He is the grandfather of Elizabeth II. (”Georgie”)
9. Princess Fredrik Amalia Wilhelmina Viktoria of Prussia; 12th April 1866 - 13th november 1929 (aged 63). (”Moretta”)
10. *Princess Irene Louise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine; 11th July 1866 - 11th November 1953 (aged 87). Married her first cousin, Henry of Prussia.
11. Princess Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar of Wales, later Princess Royal; 20th February 1867 - 4th January 1931 (aged 63).
12. Prince Christian Victor Albert Ernst Anton of Schleswig-Holstein; 14th April 1867 - 29th October 1900 (aged 33). (”Christle”)
13. Prince Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar of Prussia; 10th February 1868 - 27th March 1879 (aged 11). (”Waldy”)
14. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of Wales; 6th July 1868 - 3rd December 1935 (aged 67). (”Toria”)
15. Prince Ernest Louis Karl Albert Wilhelm of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duke of Hesse; 25th November 1868 - 9th October 1937. He married his first cousin, Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and gotta and of Edinburgh on 1894, but divorced on 1901. (”Ernie”)
16. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Holstein, later Duke of Schleswig-Holstein; 26th February 1869 - 27th April 1931.
17. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of Wales, later Queen consort of Norway; 26th November 1869 - 20th November 1938.
18. Princess Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Helena Victoria; 3rd May 1870 - 13th March 1948. (”Snipe”,”Thora”)
19. Princess Sophia Dorothea Ulrik Alice of Prussia, later Queen consort of Greece; 14th June 1870 - 13th January 1932. 
20. **Prince Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Louis of Hesse and by Rhine; 7th October 1870 - 29th May 1873. (”Frittie”)
21. Prince Alexander John of Wales; 6th April 1871 - 7th April 1871. Died in infancy.
22. Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia; 22th April 1872 - 22nd January 1954. (”Mossy”)
23. *Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress consort of Russia. Born as Princess Viktoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine; 6th June 1872 - 17th July 1918. The wife and consort of Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia. She, along with her husband and their five children (OTMA and **Tsarevich Alexei) were politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Alicky”,”Sunny”)
24. Princess Franziska Joseph Louise Augusta Marie Christina Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Marie Louise; 12th August 1872 - 8th December 1956.
25. Princess Marie Viktoria Feodore Leopoldina of Hesse and by Rhine; 24th May 1874 - 16th November 1878. (”May”)
26. Hereditary Prince Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Edinburgh; 15th October 1874 - 6th February 1899.
27. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Queen consort of Romania; 29th October 1875 - 18th July 1938. (”Missy”)
28. Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Grand Duchess of Hesse, and Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodrovna; 25th November 1876 - 2nd March 1936. Married her first cousin, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. But divorced on 1901. (”Ducky”)
29. Prince Frederick Christian Augustus Leopold Edward Harald of Schleswig-Holstein; 12th May 1876 - 20th May 1876. Died in infancy.
30. Stillborn son of Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, third daughter of Queen Victoria; 7th May 1877 - 7th May 1877.
31. Princess Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Edinburgh and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 1st September 1878 - 16th April 1942. (”Sandra”)
32. Stillborn son of Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria; 13th October 1879 - 13th October 1879.
33. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught, later Crown Princess of Sweden; 15th January 1882 - 1st May 1920. (”Daisy”)
34. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught; 13th January 1883 - 21st September 1938.
35. *Princess Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline of Albany; 25th February 1883 - 3rd January 1981. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die.
36. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Edinburgh, Princess and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Duchess of Gallieria; 20th April 1884 - 13th July 1966.
37. Prince Charles Edward George Albert Leopold of Albany, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 19th July 1884 - 6th March 1954. (”Charlie”)
38. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught; 17th March 1886 - 12th January 1974. (”Pat”)
39. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, later Sir Alexander Mountbatten; 23rd November 1886 - 23rd February 1960.
40. *Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena of Battenberg, later Queen consort of Spain; 24th October 1887 - 15th April 1969. (”Ena”)
41. **Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg; 21st May 1889 - 23rd April 1922.
42. **Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg; 3rd october 1891 - 27th October 1914. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

* = Carriers of Hemophilia
** = Suffered from Hemophilia

English, Russian, Danish and Greek royalty, ca. 1888

Back row: Princess Marie of Denmark; Princess Louise of Denmark; Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Louise of Denmark; Prince Maximilian of Baden; Princess Marie of Greece; Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia; Prince Albert Victor of Wales; Crown Prince Constantine of Greece; Princess Victoria of Wales; Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia; Princess Alexandra of Greece; Prince Nicholas of Greece; Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia.

Front row: Princess Ingeborg and Princess Thyra of Denmark; Albert Edward Prince of Wales; Alexandra Princess of Wales; Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna, Empress Maria Feodorovna and Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia; Queen Louise of Denmark; Tsar Alexander III of Russia; Princess Maud of Wales; King Christian of Denmark.

Hesse family: Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales; Princess Victoria of Hesse; Grand Duke Louis of Hesse; Princess Elizabeth of Hesse; Hereditary Grand Duke Ernest Louis of Hesse; Princess Alice of Hesse; The Princess of Wales; Princess Irene of Hesse and two dogs, a pug and a border collie puppy. March 1880. 

anonymous asked:

Why is it that in the English monarchy they can change their name they choose to rule in when they come into the throne?

Thanks for the question, Anon.

Do you mean why some British monarchs have chosen different regnal names than their first given names? As a general rule, while an English (or, rather now, British) monarch can choose a name under which to rule, most have stuck with their first baptismal names. Such changes only happened in three circumstances - almost in a row - and all in the last two centuries.

The first was Queen Victoria, who herself already had an unusual name - a (then, in England) very rare adaptation of her mother’s name, Victoire. When the child of the Duke and Duchess of Kent was born, the original plan was to name her Victoire Georgiana Alexandrina Charlotte Augusta, after her mother and her four sponsors (the Prince Regent, later King George IV; Tsar Alexander I of Russia; her paternal aunt Charlotte, formerly Princess Royal and then Dowager Queen of Wurttemberg; and her maternal grandmother Augusta, the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield). The Prince Regent, however, refused to allow his niece to have the typical royal names of Charlotte and Augusta, and declared that he could not have his name come before that of the Russian Emperor and would not sit for it coming behind. When, at the christening, the Prince Regent declared the child’s name Alexandrina, the Duke of Kent suggested adding another name, like Elizabeth; the prince refused, and instead said to “give her the mother’s name, then; but it cannot precede that of the Emperor”. Victoria was indeed known as “Drina” among some family members in her earliest years, but eventually came to be known simply as “Victoria”. (Interestingly, in 1831, the British government, with the king’s approval, suggested changing Victoria’s name to Charlotte or Elizabeth - more amenable to the public as names for a future sovereign, and in the former case the name of Victoria’s publicly beloved cousin, Princess Charlotte of Wales, who had been heiress to the throne until her death in childbirth a few years before Victoria’s birth. The Duchess of Kent initially agreed, but upon further consideration told Lord Grey that it would be “quite contrary” to her and Victoria’s feelings if the king persisted in wishing to change Victoria’s name. According to Victoria, writing after the fact, Lord Grey and the Archbishop of Canterbury felt that the public had come to know Victoria as “Victoria”, and thus agreed with the Duchess that her name should not be changed.)

Victoria herself had four sons (as well as five daughters), and named her eldest son and heir Albert Edward. Not content with naming her son after her beloved husband, she also wished the Prince of Wales to rule as “King Albert Edward” when he came into the throne (though no English or British sovereign has ever taken a double regnal name, unlike, say, two Kings of Italy and two Popes). “Bertie”, as he was known all his life, had very different ideas, and when he came into his throne declared publicly that he wished to rule only as Edward. He would not “undervalue the name of Albert”, inherited “from my ever to be lamented, great and wise Father” (who at this point had been dead for nearly half a century, and whose death Victoria had always blamed on Bertie himself); instead, he desired that the name of Albert “should stand alone”. Whether or not he personally desired to separate himself from the ever-moralizing and stuffy father who had roundly censured him after his first affair - and the mother who thought of him as a disappointment - is not recorded.

Bertie named his second son George, who eventually succeeded to the throne as King George V (his elder son, Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, died before his father ascended the throne). George’s two oldest sons were Edward (who was called “David” in the family, after the last of his given names; his last four baptismal names were the names of the patron saints of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, respectively), and Albert (christened Albert Frederick Arthur George). When Edward succeeded (as Edward VIII) and then abdicated in favor of his brother, Albert took as his regnal name “George”. In doing so, the new King George VI hoped to imply continuity with his respected father and restore confidence in the monarchy, deeply shaken by the abdication crisis of Edward.

As a mildly interesting last note, when our current Queen Elizabeth (who was christened “Elizabeth Alexandra Mary”) was asked what regnal name she would like to use, she is said to have replied “Why, my own, of course. What else?”

I’m glad you asked this, Anon; this is a subject I love nerding out about, as you can tell.

The Queen Regent (NFriel)