“Let us never lose sight of our little rustic hut. I can only see columns, a ceiling or entablature and a pointed roof forming at both ends what is called a pediment… If each of these parts is suitably placed and suitably formed, nothing else need be added to make the work perfect.”
Essai sur l'architecture - Marc-Antoine Laugier, 1755.
In 1755, Marc-Antoine Laugier published the second edition of Essai sur l'architecture (Essay on Architecture) with the famous frontispiece of the primitive Hut by Charles-Dominique-Joseph Eisen. Beyond breaking with several mystic rules and placing the reason as the main argument for the architects, there is a factor that determines the importance of the Vitruvius hut as the origin of the domestic chamber: Laugier used it as a prototype and model for the construction of larger spaces. The Vitruvius hut works as the most elemental connection between a new philosophical period - the Age of Enlightenment in this case - and the position of the humans with their architecture. It is the first chamber that theorizes about the protection of the individual from the nature. The minimum dwelling unit becomes the center of the theoretical discourse.
The Primitive Hut - Charles-Dominique-Joseph Eisen. Essai sur l’architecture, Marc-Antoine Laugier. 1755