primitive design


The Las Cienegas National Conservation Area in Arizona includes more than 45,000 acres of rolling grasslands and woodlands that connect several “sky island” mountain ranges and lush riparian corridors.
Located in the heart of the Las Cienegas NCA, the historic Empire Ranch includes a 22-room adobe and wood-frame building which dates to 1870 and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The setting makes it a favorite of classic western film fans. Red River, Duel in the Sun, Hombre, Winchester 73, The Big Country, and many others were filmed on or near the Empire Ranch – still a working cattle ranch to this day.

You can camp in this historic NCA for up to 14 days – just stay at least one-quarter mile from wildlife and livestock watering areas. Check out the two designated primitive camp and picnic areas: Cieneguita Camp Area and Road Canyon Camp.

Video by Bob Wick, BLM


Mechagodzilla Mk. 1a.k.a. Showa Mechagodzilla

Christening: “MG[Production #]”
Produced: 1974-1979
Units Built: 5
Height: 110 meters
Displacement: 80,000 tons
Mass: 200,000 tons

Although not the first giant robot, or even the first to fight a kaiju, this design was the first to prove that giant robots could be consistently effective as weapons. Originally designed by an extraterrestrial invasion force as a vanguard, two were deployed on Earth in two different invasion attempts: one in 1974 (“MG”), and one in 1975 (“MG2“) as part of a joint human-alien invasion attempt. This second Mechagodzilla was salvaged by the United Nations, reconstructed and reverse-engineered, and used as a prototype for the production of three new Mechagodzilla robots of the same design. By 1977 there were four operational Mechagodzilla units stationed across the globe: one in Europe (MG2), one in Asia (MG3), one in Oceania and the South Pacific (MG4), and one in America (MG5). Although just a year later construction had already begun on the more advanced Mechagodzilla Mk. II, these four machines served as the main defense against kaiju attacks until the last one, “MG3,” was retired in 1991.

Despite being constructed using advanced alien technology, the Mk. I Mechagodzilla is the most primitive of the Mechagodzilla designs. It possesses a wide range of weapons and formidable artillery compared to its successors, but it lacks effective close-range weaponry, and its armor is considerably less durable. As an invasion weapon, “shock and awe” were among the foremost concerns of its designers, and often took precedence over strict practicality. Despite their known disadvantages in certain areas, however, the Mk. I proved to be a formidable weapon in battle, and provided some advantages over later designs, leading to some controversy as to whether or not the design should ever have been discontinued. The Mk. I had already been designed and tested by the time it first appeared on Earth, and the corners cut during its production could lead to construction times as fast as 14 months, while later, more advanced machines could take well over a decade to complete.

Two of the Earth-built units, “MG2” and “MG3,” remain in existence, but neither is operational. All other Earth-built units were destroyed in battle and subsequently dismantled. It is, however, believed that the design is still used on other planets.


Bovington Tank Museum Part 15

Photo 4 by Bernard Zee

1 & 2) Sdkfz 234/3 “Stummel”. Unlike virtually every other German combat vehicle the 234 series were diesel powered, using an air-cooled Tatra engine. In terms of suspension and steering they were very advanced for their day and included a position for a rear facing driver. Originally designed for use in hot climates, this vehicle is notable for its air cooled diesel engine. The model 234/3 was fitted with a short 75mm gun and was used in the close support role with conventional armoured cars. That is to say it fired high explosive ammunition against defenses that a normal armoured car could not deal with. This exhibit is finished in the markings of 116th Panzer Division.

3) Sdkfz 2/2 “Kettenkrad”. The German commitment to military mechanization is well illustrated in this highly specialized vehicle. It was designed by NSU in 1939 and was intended to operate with paratroops as a light, air-portable tractor for supply trailers or small guns. They were first noted by the Allies during the invasion of Crete in 1941. Turning the handlebars activates steering brakes on the tracks. It is also a very sophisticated machine, with roller bearing, rubber padded tracks; expensive to manufacture and difficult to maintain. It is altogether too complicated for military use.

4 & 5) Morris Mark I Scout Car. When the BEF returned from France in June, 1940, it abandoned virtually all of its vehicles. A massive rearmament programme got under way but in the meantime various manufacturers were encouraged to produce small armoured vehicles for defense against invasion. Morris Motors came up with this design, based on standard commercial components. Despite the primitive design and rather flimsy construction these little vehicles were soon in service all over the world.

6) Humber Mark I Armored Car. Not to be confused with the Humber Scout Car, the Mark I had actual armor and a big gun. When Guy Motors stopped building armoured cars in 1940, production was taken over by Karrier Motors. The new Humbers looked similar to the Guys although they were equipped with 15mm Besa MGs. In practice the larger machine-gun, the 15mm weapon, could only fire single shots accurately. In automatic mode the gun barrel whipped so much that it was impossible to hit anything. This exhibit saw service with the 11th Armored Division.

7 & 8) M8 Greyhound. Powered by the Hercules 6 cylinder engine the M8 had an excellent performance but was very lightly armoured and somewhat vulnerable with its open topped turret. On the other hand it had a remarkably low silhouette, particularly for a vehicle with six-wheel drive, which was an asset in the reconnaissance role. It served with United States forces in all theaters and with many Allied armies, notably France. It was not popular due to its poor performance against land mines.

9 ) Sdkfz 251/8 Ausf C. German theories on tank warfare, developed before the war, required infantry to travel in protected vehicles in close cooperation with tanks and motorized artillery. The idea was not new, but the Germans were the first to put it into practice. Their standard troop carrier was the SdKfz 251, an armoured three-quarter track vehicle. This carrier was the 44th produced by B.M.M. in Czechoslovakia in 1941. It has riveted construction and room inside for eight seated casualties or 2 stretcher cases and 4 seated casualties.

10) Universal Carrier No. 1 Mark II. One of the most famous vehicles of the Second World War it became as familiar to the British Army as the Jeep was to the Americans. The design goes back to the pre-war years, beginning with the tiny Carden-Loyd machine of 1927. As originally conceived it was a light weapons carrier for infantry units but it was found to have so many other uses that it ultimately served with virtually every branch of the British and Commonwealth armies in every theatre of war. This exhibit is in the markings of the Dorsetshire Regiment in 43rd (Wessex) Division.

Submitted by the still always based cavalier-renegade

Studying the back of the Corset Table in Claro Walnut with polished brass corset keys. Our original, and now signature, joining method for cracks and glue joints.


One lady ghost in the Tower of London

Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII, had been queen two brief years when she was accused of infidelity and treason and sentenced to be `either burnt or beheaded on the green within the Tower as his Majesty in his pleasure should think fit’. Confined in the Lieutenant’s Lodgings for four days, she was led out to the private execution site. Strangely enough she was to be beheaded by the sword — a rare weapon of execution in English history, but infinitely preferable to the axe. The latter was a cumbersome and ill balanced weapon, its primitive design often necessitating more than one stroke.

Anne mounted the steps and knelt upright, there being no block when the sword was employed. The French headsman, black clad, stepped forward. Her attention being distracted by his assistant, Anne mercifully failed to see the flashing blade as, with one stroke, her head was severed. In accordance with custom, the executioner held her head high — and the gathered assembly gasped in horror as the eyes and lips continued to move! Her pitiful remains were ensconced in an old arrow chest and buried beneath the altar in the Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula on Tower Green.

It is hardly surprising, therefore, that through the centuries apparitions purporting to be those of the doomed queen have been seen, even by those most prosaic and level-headed human beings, soldiers of the British Army. In 1864 a sentry of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps on duty at the Queen’s House saw, through the swirling river mist, a white figure. He challenged and, receiving no reply, attacked — only to drive his bayonet through the spectre! Being found in a state of collapse, he was court-martialed but two witnesses at the window of the Bloody Tower corroborated his story and he was acquitted. The phantom figure was seen by other sentries in later years, gaining the sentry post an evil reputation.

A room adjoining that in which Anne Boleyn passed her last few days has a particularly unearthly atmosphere, being noticeably colder than other rooms in the house. A peculiar perfumed smell lingers in the air, and such is the brooding menace of the room that no unaccompanied girl or young child is ever permitted to sleep in it, for in the past those who were have woken to feel that they were being slowly suffocated!

Across Tower Green is the Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula, and an instance some years ago of lights burning therein led the Officer of the Guard to investigate. Peering in through the window, he stared unbelieving at the spectacle confronting him. Along the aisle, between the tombs, moved a procession of spectral figures, knights and their ladies. They were led by a female who, he averred, resembled Anne Boleyn, and they moved towards the altar beneath which her pitiful remains had been buried centuries before. Even as he stared the vision faded and the chapel darkened, leaving the officer alone in the deepening shadows of Tower Green.

Source: Ghosts of the Tower of London, G.Abbott

We're sorry, but it's just not...

We received a message, presumably in response to the question we answered the other day:

“There is a place near me as well that does $10 piercings, I’m close with a girl who works there. You have to have money to start out when opening a place right, well the owner had a little more than usual and got good jewelry. But he can do it at $10 because of how wide his clientele ranges. Just thought I should say something because telling everyone it’s low grade when you’ve never personally seen it isnt right.”

We are a successful piercing and tattoo studio that has been open for more than 20 years. While that doesn’t give us first-hand knowledge about the behind-the-scene details of any other studio, it does give us an extensive amount of knowledge, experience and understanding. We have seen a lot of changes in the piercing industry (both good and bad) over our long history. We have seen/heard almost all of the excuses, tricks, scams, smoke-and-mirrors and other shady behavior that people use to try and justify the use of subpar methods/techniques and low-quality, garbage jewelry. Occasionally, someone simply doesn’t know that the jewelry they are using is junk…but most of the time they do…and they continue to put their bottom line before the safety of the people trusting them with their bodies.

Here’s the reality:

With the exception of a few styles of very basic jewelry, a studio can’t purchase high-quality, implant-grade jewelry for less than $10, even if you figure in generous bulk-purchasing discounts, loyalty discounts and professional organization discounts.  So, if a studio is using high-quality jewelry, and doing piercings for $10, that can only mean one thing:

  • They are losing money (or making almost no money) on every piercing they do. 

Keep in mind, we are only talking about the cost of the jewelry at this point. We haven’t even included the cost of the supplies that go into doing the piercing (gloves, gauze, needles, skin prep, sterilization supplies etc) and what the piercer has to get paid to do the piercing. If we factor in those things, they are losing even more money.

No business can stay open for very long if they are losing money on almost every sale.

What is much more likely (and we would almost be willing to bet the future of our business on it) is that they are using low-quality jewelry, (in terms of material and/or craftsmanship) and therefore it doesn’t cost very much…allowing them to make money (even if it’s only a little) when they are only charging $10. 

It’s great that you know someone who works at the shop, and we certainly understand your desire to believe your friend is correct…but, chances are they aren’t. 

Take a minute and try to look at the situation objectively/logically. Which of the scenarios makes the most sense to you and do you honestly think is most likely to be happening? A business owner has chosen to lose money on almost every piercing sale they make….or they are cutting corners and using low-quality jewelry? 

The only other possibility is that they are using rings for almost all of their piercings..and if that’s the case, that shows they are utilizing out-dated and inferior techniques and information. A different, but equally-good, reason to avoid a studio that does piercings for such a low price.

We could go into a lot more detail to try and convince you, but this seems like an easier option:

Ask your friend the name of the company/companies where the shop gets the jewelry they use for initial piercings. If she doesn’t answer with one of the following companies, they are not using acceptable-quality jewelry, even if her boss tells her otherwise:

  • Anatometal (the absolutely best jewelry you can buy)
  • Industrial Strength
  • NeoMetal
  • SM316
  • Body Vision Los Angeles
  • Body Circle Designs
  • Future Primitives
  • LeRoi
  • Intrinsic Precision

(it’s possible we missed someone on this list, but we think that pretty much covers it)

We aren’t trying to pass judgement on your friend or the studio she works at. We understand the desire to look for the best in the people that you care about and to want to believe the things they are associated with are positive and on the up-and-up. Unfortunately, that’s just not likely to be the reality of the situation you described to us. 

Thanks for the question and thanks for listening!!