primatology

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I think that everyone should take a look at these gorgeous drawings representing Women and their accomplishements in Science, by Rachel Ignotofksy - a fantastic illustrator and graphic designer. She also has a lil Etsy shop where she sells her prints here!!!

anonymous asked:

Can you post your list of books to be read? (Spotted in your tags haha) or maybe some anthro book recs? Less archaeology if you can :p thanks!

What’s wrong with archaeology books?  ;-)

I have several books that I can recommend or that are on my “want to read list”.

Books I’ve read and recommend:

Clearing the Plains by James Daschuk - This is primarily a history book about how diseases have impacted the First Nations peoples of Canada but I read it as a supplement to my Medical Anthropology course

The Horse, the Wheel, and Language by David Anthony - Yes, it’s bronze-age archaeology but there’s a linguistics focus too!

Fragments of the Afghan Frontier by Magnus Marsden and Benjamin Hopkins - an ethnography and history of the formation of Afghanistan.  As much as Afghanistan has been in the news over the past decades, I don’t think most of us really understand how the country came to be and why the borders are so problematic for their society.

Mothers and Others by Sarah Blaffer Hrdy - I read a lot of Hrdy’s work for my primatology courses and evolutionary anthropology courses. I enjoyed her writing so much that when I found this book, I bought it as soon as I saw it.

Pathologies of Power by Paul Farmer - This was required reading for my medical anthropology course. I don’t think I would have read it on my own but I’m really glad that I did.

Books I want to read: (if you’ve read any of theses - let me know how you liked them!)

Neanderthal Man: In Search of Lost Genomes by Svante Pääbo

Bone Rooms: From Scientific Racism to Human Prehistory in Museums by Samuel J. Redman

Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Harari

Masters of the Planet: The Search for Our Human Origins by Ian Tattersall

'Star Wars gibbon' is new primate species

by Rebecca Morelle 

The animal has been studied for some time, but new research confirms it is different from all other gibbons.

It has been named the Skywalker hoolock gibbon - partly because the Chinese characters of its scientific name mean “Heaven’s movement” but also because the scientists are fans of Star Wars.

The study is published in the American Journal of Primatology.
Dr Sam Turvey, from the Zoological Society of London, who was part of the team studying the apes, told BBC News: “In this area, so many species have declined or gone extinct because of habitat loss, hunting and general human overpopulation.

"So it’s an absolute privilege to see something as special and as rare as a gibbon in a canopy in a Chinese rainforest, and especially when it turns out that the gibbons are actually a new species previously unrecognised by science.”

Hoolock gibbons are found in Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar. They spend most of their time living in the treetops, swinging through the forests with their forelimbs, rarely spending any time on the ground.

But the research team - led by Fan Peng-Fei from Sun Yat-sen University in China - started to suspect that the animals they were studying in China’s Yunnan Province were unusual.

All hoolock gibbons have white eyebrows and some have white beards - but the Chinese primates’ markings differed in appearance.
Their songs, which they use to bond with other gibbons and to mark out their territory, also had an unusual ring.

Read more via BBC 

I don’t have any idea of who or what God is.  But I do believe in some great spiritual power.  I don’t know what to call it.  I feel it particularly when I’m out in nature.  It’s just something that’s bigger and stronger than what I am or what anybody is.  I feel it.  And it’s enough for me.
—  Jane Goodall

Lately I haven’t been able to stop drawing great apes & fossil hominids. I draw them as one method of learning about them.

Here’s a little bit of me visually exploring probably the most culturally famous individual fossil hominid, an individual who lived about 3.2 million years ago on the land that is present-day Ethiopia, called “Lucy”, presumed female based on comparative pelvis physiology.

As part of the species afarensis in the group Australopithecus of the hominid family, “Lucy” was a close cousin of the family lines that all living humans descend from. Some earlier members of the group Australopithecus are ancestors of both “Lucy” and all humans. Lucy’s species, afarensis, is the closest relative of those common ancestors that we know of so far.

Lucy, the individual, was about 3 ft 7 in (1.1 m) tall, which seems very small to us but was not unusually short for members of the afarensis species. Generally speaking, members of the Australopithecus group had all the necessary hardware to walk upright, and probably did regularly.

More reading:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus_afarensis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_(Australopithecus)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution

Among a troop of savanna baboons in Kenya, a terrible outbreak of tuberculosis 20 years ago selectively killed off the biggest, nastiest and most despotic males, setting the stage for a social and behavioral transformation unlike any seen in this notoriously truculent primate.

In a study appearing today in the journal PloS Biology (online at www.plosbiology.org), researchers describe the drastic temperamental and tonal shift that occurred in a troop of 62 baboons when its most belligerent members vanished from the scene. The victims were all dominant adult males that had been strong and snarly enough to fight with a neighboring baboon troop over the spoils at a tourist lodge garbage dump, and were exposed there to meat tainted with bovine tuberculosis, which soon killed them. Left behind in the troop, designated the Forest Troop, were the 50 percent of males that had been too subordinate to try dump brawling, as well as all the females and their young. With that change in demographics came a cultural swing toward pacifism, a relaxing of the usually parlous baboon hierarchy, and a willingness to use affection and mutual grooming rather than threats, swipes and bites to foster a patriotic spirit.


Remarkably, the Forest Troop has maintained its genial style over two decades, even though the male survivors of the epidemic have since died or disappeared and been replaced by males from the outside. (As is the case for most primates, baboon females spend their lives in their natal home, while the males leave at puberty to seek their fortunes elsewhere.) The persistence of communal comity suggests that the resident baboons must somehow be instructing the immigrants in the unusual customs of the tribe.


[…] Dr. de Waal, who wrote an essay to accompany the new baboon study, said in a telephone interview, “The good news for humans is that it looks like peaceful conditions, once established, can be maintained,” he said.


“And if baboons can do it,” he said, “why not us? The bad news is that you might have to first knock out all the most aggressive males to get there.’

—  from the article No Time for Bullies: Baboons Retool Their Culture by Natalie Angier
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What Bonobos Can Teach Us

Bonobos share 98.7% of our DNA. Physically, they resemble chimpanzees. But something remarkable sets them apart from their primate cousins, making them an altogether different animal. Bonobos live in almost complete absence of violence; work cooperatively toward shared goals; foster a society that values equality; and engage in prolific casual sex. Could these gentle, promiscuous creatures hold the key to a world without war? Vanessa Woods, author of Bonobo Handshake, discusses what we might learn from our evolutionary relatives with anthropologist Brian Hare and NPR RadioLab’s Jad Abumrad.

By: World Science Festival.

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I feel like everyone should be occasionally reminded
that chimpanzees are ticklish
and they laugh with you tickle them