preventable-diseases

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The Most Dangerous Island on Earth - North Sentinel Island

Throughout human history a typical theme has been the domination of more technologically advanced societies over “simpler” or “more primitive” ones. In fact in the past 500 years, European societies would come to dominate the world, spreading their culture, often through force of arms or outright genocide.  More often than not, the meeting of Old World peoples with New World natives tended to end very badly for the natives. Many cultures were wiped out, many more assimilated or adapted their cultures with European culture. Today there are few places where people living have not in some way been touched by the modern world. One notable exception is North Sentinel Island, located in the Bay of Bengal.

Officially North Sentinel Island is territory of India, part of the Andaman Islands. In reality the people of North Sentinel Island are their own people, free from any known government or modern organization.  Apparently, the Sentinelese are very much happy to keep it that way. Throughout their entire known history, the Sentinelese have been known to viciously fight against any trespass or incursion on their small island. Going back to ancient times the Indians called the island “Cannibal Island”, and told many tales of the dangerous and ruthless natives who inhabited it. Those tales were passed on to the ancient Greeks after the invasion of northern India by Alexander the Great, and thus the infamous legends of the island were mention by Ptolemy. Marco Polo recieved word of the island during his travels to China, writing about the islanders, “They are a most violent and cruel generation who seem to eat everybody they catch.” 

Since then, every expedition to island has been met with extreme hostility, and as a result the island has been left untouched to this day. Throughout the 16th-18th centuries many an explorer or shipwrecked sailor met their end on the island at the hands of the Sentinelese. In 1867 a British merchant ship shipwrecked on the island, and its surviivg 110 man crew spent several days fighting off the islanders with guns and swords. Many were killed and wounded in the battle before rescue. This prompted an expedition of reprisal by the Royal Navy who landed marines on the island a short time later. Most of the Sentinelese had disappeared into hiding, knowing that they couldn’t fight a battle against such overwhelming force. In the end the British left in frustration with two elderly Sentinelese and four children.

Today the idea of angry natives attacking shipwrecked sailors or explorers might be something you’d only see in a Pirates of the Caribbean movie, however Sentinelese resistance to the outside world continued so that even in the 20th century people tended to steer clear of the island. In 1974 a film crew from National Geographic landed on the island in modern boats in an attempt to make contact with the islanders with peace offerings of a box of coconuts, a baby doll, and a live pig. The Sentinelese met the crew fully armed and ready for war. As a result, a the National Geographic director took an arrow to the knee, the pig was mutilated alive, and the crew was forced to bug out under a hail of arrows and spears. 

In 1981 the cargo ship Primrose shipwrecked on the island, and the Sentinelese immediately surrounded the ship, shooting at the crew with bows and several times attempting to board the ship. The crew not only radioed for help, but asked for an urgent airdrop of firearms so they could defend themselves. The drop was delayed by weather but the crew were able to fend off the attacks with a pistol, firefighting axes, and flare guns. They were rescued after a week long siege. The Sentinelese dismantled much of the ship and used the scrap iron for arrow and spearheads. It’s remaining hull can still be seen from google earth.

The only known man to peacefully visit the island was an anthropologist named Trilokinath Prandit in 1991, who several times landed on the island with gifts which he left upon the beach.  When he did meet the natives they shot arrows at him and waved their genitals at him. However at one point he was able to make peaceful contact with some of the natives. However as as he left the island, the natives had a change of heart and began shooting arrows at him once more, he hasn’t been back since.

Today North Sentinelese Island is protected by the Indian Government and it is illegal to land there. The reasons for this are to keep the Sentinelese culture intact, and prevent the spread of disease from the island. Note that in history native peoples often suffered deadly diseases after making contact with newcomers. Another reason for creating a 3 mile exclusionary zone around the island is because in 2006 two drunk fisherman landed on the island and were murdered. Thus the Indian Government set up the contact ban to protect outsiders from the Sentinelese as much as protecting the Sentinelese from the outside world. In 2004 an Indian Coast Guard helicopter flew over the island to see if the Setinelese were OK after the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, and to offer help if needed. The helicopter found that the Sentinelese were not only OK after the tsunami, but didn’t want anything any aid at all as they fired arrows at the helicopter.

 Today we still no nothing about the language, culture, and ethnicity of the Sentinelese Islanders. The only pictures we have of them are from the occasional illegal drone which buzzes over the island, and is typically met with a hail of arrows. It seems that despite seeing things such as ships, helicopters, and robotic drones, the Sentinelese don’t want fuck all to do with the modern world.

4

In 2010, Sonia Vallabh watched her mom, Kamni Vallabh, die in a really horrible way.

First, her mom’s memory started to go, then she lost the ability to reason. Sonia says it was like watching someone get unplugged from the world. By the end, it was as if she was stuck between being awake and asleep. She was confused and uncomfortable all the time.

“Even when awake, was she fully or was she really? And when asleep, was she really asleep?” says Sonia.

The smart, warm, artistic Kamni – just 51 years old — was disappearing into profound dementia.

“I think until you’ve seen it, it’s hard to actually imagine what it is for a person to be alive and their body is moving around, but their brain is not there anymore,” says Eric Minikel, Sonia’s husband.

In less than a year, Sonia’s mom died.

An autopsy showed Kamni had died from something rare — a prion disease. Specifically, one called fatal familial insomnia because in some patients it steals the ability to fall asleep.

Basically, certain molecules had started clumping together in Kamni’s brain, killing her brain cells. It was all because of one tiny error in her DNA — an “A” where there was supposed to be a “G,” a single typo in a manuscript of 6 billion letters.

Sonia sent a sample of her own blood to a lab, where a test confirmed she inherited the same mutation. The finding threw the family into grief all over again.

Today, Sonia and her husband live and work in Cambridge, Mass., where they are both doctoral students in the lab of Stuart Schreiber, a Harvard professor of chemistry and chemical biology. Over the past several years, the couple has completely redirected their careers and their lives toward this single goal: to prevent prion disease from ever making Sonia sick.

A Couple’s Quest To Stop A Rare Disease Before It Takes One Of Them

Photos: Kayana Szymczak for NPR

Dear Liberal Feminists: The Hijab is Not Empowering

I am in Baghdad right now and I have my back to the wall as I type. I am slowly moving my laptop closer to my chest and looking around to make sure nobody else sees what I am writing. I am Iraqi. I am a woman. I am Christian. And I am not a hijabi.

Iraq, much like Iran, used to be a more secular place. The Saddam regime was brutal, but he kept Islamism in the country under control until the end when he sensed his loss of power and began turning to Islam. That is what regimes here usually do.

Liberal feminists will tell you the hijab was a response to the West. It is a defiant act against imperialism! It’s not. I am here and I promise you, the hijab is not empowering.

First, not all Iraqis are Muslim. If Islam is what unites us against imperialism, then where does that leave me? Subjugated. As a Christian and as a woman.

Second, and more importantly, women cannot reclaim our bodies by falling beneath another form of hegemony. “We do not want to submit to the Western men, and therefore we submit to the Arab men” is hardly a step forward.

Let me clarify: I do not want the Western armies in Iraq. They rape, torture, and kill Iraqi women and attempt to steal our limited resources for themselves. I do not, however, think abuse by Arab men is somehow a step in the right direction.

When Saddam fell, Iraqi men quickly searched for power. Those who did not find it are doing what emasculated men always do. They are practicing power over the women in their families.

I find it disgusting but expected that women’s clothing is always inspected. Whatever we wear, it is always the wrong thing for some people. I am not here to tell women what to wear. I am trying to dissect the idea that the hijab is empowering especially here in the Middle East.

In Iraq and in every other Middle Eastern country where the hijab is not required by law, (it is required in Iran and more extremely in Saudi Arabia), there are two specific demographics I have noticed wearing it:
1. Poor, uneducated women
2. The family members of Islamic leaders

I will focus on the first of these before moving on to the second. It is my experience that in almost every country in the world, poor and uneducated people are the most performative in their religion. When I lived in Spain, this was the case. The poor old women who walked along the beach were more devoted to their Christianity than I, a Christian from a place where my family was persecuted for it, ever was.

But both my parents are professors in biology and studied when Baghdad was the best place in the Middle East to study. None of my friends here, who are mostly Muslim, cover their hair. They come from educated families. They do not need to lean on religion.

For poor women, this is different. They are not likely to receive an education and understand from a young age they will need to depend on a husband or be a burden to the family. They often do not have jobs so if there is abuse in the household they are trapped. They have to follow the rules of men to survive, more than I do.

If these woman do not cover from a young age, they will not find a good husband. Men are close-minded and possessive and they cannot deal with a possibility other men saw such “intimate” parts of THEIR wife.

Their families pressure them to follow these rules. An uncovered woman will bring shame to the family first by revealing herself and then by not finding a good husband to provide for her. They are pressured to cover as young as eight and nine years old. Can any person that young devote themselves to an outfit for life?

Street harassment is very common in Baghdad. The few times I have been harassed when outside with hijabi women, they have blamed me for not covering. “I am Christian” I will say. “The men know that” is usually their response. The culture is so toxic that women with the hijab believe they are superior to those without it.

But materially they are inferior and they know that. In almost every case, women who do not cover are wealthier, more educated, better-employed, less-dependent on men, and live materially better lives. So what do poor, uneducated women have? Religion. I really can’t blame them.

Religion is also used as a tool by the second group I mentioned, the Islamic leaders, to unite and control the masses. Sure, your family is starving and your babies are dying from preventable diseases. But what do I offer you? Eternal life in heaven as long as you do everything I tell you in the name of God.

This makes people feel included and gives them purpose. It also creates a hierarchy in society. When men are permitted and even encouraged to oppress the women in their lives, they are more likely to follow the leaders that allow this. It makes them feel powerful. Men, especially poor men, want to feel power over something or someone.

In this way, the hijab is empowering… but only for men. It strips power away from women. It represents a society moving backwards in many ways.

Many women will tell you they choose to wear the hijab or they wear it for Allah. Once you ask questions, you will find this is less true. In almost all cases, they began wearing it at a young age (and always under eighteen) and were pressured by family.

I am hypocritical because I too perform “feminine” things because of family or society pressure. I wear my hair long even though it bothers me and I wish I could shave it off because I do not want to face society’s judgment for doing that. But at least I realize the source of this contradiction.

Western liberal feminists who praise the hijab are forgetting about the rest of us. I am terrified of a day I live in a place where covering is the law. Iraq is my home and I don’t want to leave, but sometimes I think maybe I don’t belong here especially if something like my hair can get me killed.

In every country, we need to have a larger conversation about what women say we want and what we really want. We also need to realize the broken logic of “wanting” to do something because it pleases men.

Liberal feminists: I know it is scary for you to criticize the hijab because then you have to admit some of your personal choices are actually part of your effort to serve the patriarchy. We all need to face this fact because if we don’t, we cannot get any closer to liberating ourselves.

“Well, you see, we could eliminate poverty entirely if we just bent our massive technological apparatus to our will rather than live and die by its own dictates as a power above and heteronomous from us, but to do so would remove opportunities to build character, like watching your children die of preventable diseases because you couldn’t afford health insurance.”

Body Positivity

Examples of body positivity:

- Wearing whatever the hell you please, regardless of your physique

- Eating healthy food

- Regular exercise

- Putting on makeup just because you want to

- Maintaining a body weight that is appropriate for your frame and height

- Not sweating it if your body isn’t perfect

- Taking care of health problems before they get out of control


Examples of body negativity:

- Deliberately eating too much in order to give society the finger

- Maintaining sedentary lifestyle

- Making catty remarks about the bodies of others

- Allowing preventable diseases to take over your life

- Spreading misinformation and lies regarding health, potentially harming somebody else’s body

6

Post by Ashley: @christian-moon

Edible and Plants that Grow Naturally 

A lot of plants are seen as weeds, but most plants are edible and/or can be used in teas, spells, potions, and tinctures. You may dry them if you like as well

  • ☀️Dandelion: Healing, purification, banishing negativity, wishes (honey smell and sweet taste) 
  • 🌸Wild Violet: Calming, gentleness, dreams, creativity, wishes, peace, healing, tranquility, love 
  • 🌿Nettle: Strength, banishing evil, protection, banishing fear
  • 🍃Lambs Quarters: (most nutritious on this list, great vitamin and protein source) Healing, protection, repair a broken heart, ease grief and emotional loss (tastes almost identical to spinach)
  • 🌴Mugwort: fertility, prevent backache and cure disease & madness, divination, astral travel, prophetic dreams, strong moon connection (tastes slightly bitter, helps control appetite, put leaves in shoes to be able to walk farther without sore feet)
  • 🌾Yarrow: Healing, releasing, love, banish negativity, protection, courage, confidence

WARNING: Make sure that pesticides are not used on the plants you pick. Wash plants before consuming. 

  • republicans: you know preventative measures people take to not have worse illnesses
  • republicans: how about we like ... make it impossible to prevent worse diseases by including inexpensive pre-cursors to worse illnesses as pre-existing conditions that insurance companies can deny you coverage based on.
  • republicans: but again, and I repeat, do not include erectile dysfunction. remember who we're trying to fuck over here, can't very well do that without our viagra.
medium.com
The Kids are Socialists Because Capitalism is Dickslapping the Planet
By Holly Wood

Capitalism doesn’t have a plan, you know. It only goes in one direction and it doesn’t care what you want.

The most advanced capitalist states are literally at the stage of collapse and yet we deny that perhaps the problem is capitalism. Capitalism is a system that we can prove with any science is fucking the planet and yet the rich can convince most this is progress. This is like burning your hands on a hot stove and thinking the problem is anything but fire.

Capitalism not only eats babies, it makes sure those babies suffer horrific and needless deaths first because suffering is less costly than care. Better if their parents are helpless to do anything but watch. Teaches the rest the lesson.

Capitalism does better the more people are made to suffer. Why? Because those who are made to suffer are the easiest to domesticate and farm for profit. Pavlov taught us that much. Come on. Our freedom is leashed because capitalism profits that way.

Capitalism wants your parents to die long, drawn-out, painful deaths from preventable diseases because managing slow, painful death is a hugely profitable enterprise employing tens of thousands of people. Don’t question what makes good-paying jobs, idiot. Fastest growing career sector.

Capitalism is why there are six empty houses in this country for every homeless person but thousands still freeze to death. Capitalism is why we waste 40 percent of our food while children die of starvation. Capitalism is why 200 species went extinct today. Capitalism is why we’re all going to war for oil under the North Pole. Capitalism is why your kid is going to die in a water riot.

Capitalism is the state religion of sociopaths.

(Continue Reading)

  • capitalist: we're good for the government
  • capitalist: you know how we don't give people sick days
  • capitalist: and create flu epidemics because our workers fear homelessness more than self care and preventing the spreading of disease.
  • capitalist: the government loves it.
  • capitalist: that's why they spend billions on paying for it, instead of just forcing us to allow our workers paid sick days
  • capitalist: shout out to the USA

LET FOOD BE THY MEDICINE🙏🏼🌿✨🍉 many of you might not know, but I am type 1 diabetic - diagnosed when I was 9 years old. Through this, I learnt what a huge impact what you eat has on your health & wellbeing and have become incredibly passionate about using food as medicine, not only to prevent and cure disease, but also manage conditions like mine. Being the determined person I am, I always had good control of my diabetes, but since going vegan, I’ve seen SO many improvements. I’m eating more carbs than ever - yet needing less insulin: the exact opposite to what people are taught to believe.
My dream is to help other people and spread this message, and two amazing guys already doing that are @mindfuldiabeticrobby and @mangomannutrition ~ I wanted to mention this because they are holding a FREE Online Diabetes Summit this week, with incredible expert guest speakers and a WEALTH of knowledge + resources🙌🏼
If you have or know anyone with diabetes (type 1 or 2) or just want to learn more, go check out the link in their bio and sign up!! Thank you so much Cyrus and Robby💛

IG: @naturally_nina_

2

A new report shows that the refugee crisis hasn’t slowed down — and people don’t always end up where you think.

The flow of refugees is steadily increasing, according to the U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR). As of mid-2016, there were 16.5 million refugees globally, 5 million more than in mid-2013. More than 30 percent of all refugees as of mid-2016 came from Syria, the largest source of global refugees.

This growing refugee population brings many challenges. Because of school shortages in overcrowded camps, refugee children are five times more likely to be out of school than non-refugee children, reports the UNHCR. Preventable, treatable diseases like diarrhea, measles and malaria threaten the health of refugee children, especially those under 5. And in many cases, parents aren’t able to secure jobs outside the camps to provide an income for their families.

CHART: Where The World’s Refugees Are

Charts by Katie Park

anonymous asked:

Could you do a breed analysis on the noble Stegosaurus? All I know about them is what InGen's been saying, but I don't really know if I can trust that... /jokepost

You should always be cautious about what anybody, including an organization, tells you about an animal they want you to buy. But you can trust me completely because I’m definitely not trying to sell you a stegosaurus, and I’m definitely not taking any sponsorship bribes.

Originally posted by manucalavera

The Noble Stegosaurus is a charming creature and pleasant pet, unlike its unfortunate flatulent relative the Vulgar Stegosaurus. It requires well thought out care, and with patience you can have a loyal pet who will be able to differentiate you from a tree.

Noble Stegosaurus require careful planning of their enclosure or paddock because they are prone to misadventure. Unfortunately the modest cognitive capacity of this species, coupled with the fact that is has been plonked into a time period for which it has not adapted means they are prone to accidents and unintentional poisoning. Noble Stegosaurs will acquire intestinal foreign bodies from eating non-food objects, and require expensive surgery to treat.

In a similar vein, Fecolith development can present with similar symptoms to an intestinal foreign body, but accurate diagnosis may allow this condition to be treated with vast quantities of laxatives. The consequences of doing so are self explanatory. Smaller stegosaurus are more prone to this condition.

The Noble Stegosaurus is adapted to dry climates, and consequently will develop fungal infections of both skin and lungs if exposed to chronic humidity.

Like many reptiles, UVB light and adequate calcium intake are critical to prevent Metabolic Bone Disease. Improper care of your Noble Stegosaurus will result in spontaneous pathological bone fractures, which owing to their slow metabolism will often take 6 months or more to heal, even under optimal conditions. In this case an ounce of prevention is worth more than three tonnes of cure.

Due to the unusual development history of the Noble Stegosaurus, our dino friends have not co-evolved with local parasites. In many cases this results in the stego being highly resistant to the parasite, because the parasite has not evolved methods of evading the host’s defenses. Trichostrogylus spp worms in particular have proved devastating to Stegosaurus permitted to free graze in paddocks that have been previously inhabited by livestock.

Noble Stegosaurs greatly benefit from a breed specific supplement regime to acount for the gaps in their evolutionary history and a few quirks left over from the extinction reversal process.

/jokepost

10

Cutting Science Funding Today Costs Us More Overall

“How much money will we save by cutting funding to the EPA? To NASA Earth Science? To the National Institutes for Health? Take all those numbers for all those organizations that the proposed federal budget would slash and add them up. Now, do the math on the other side. What’s the cost of environmental pollution? Of unclean, unsafe water? Of air that puts us at risk of health problems like asthma, lung disease and COPD? Of a loss of Earth monitoring for extreme weather, climate change, sea level rise, droughts, and natural disasters? Of the cessation of medical research, working to fight preventable diseases, and working to cure some of society’s greatest afflictions such as cancer, heart disease, alzheimers and more?”

The President of the United States just released his proposed budget for the next fiscal year, and there are some big losers in the scientific world. The EPA, the NIH, NASA Earth Science and many other organizations that exist for the benefit of America and all of humanity are poised to lose a significant amount of federal funding. This doesn’t simply affect the scientists who lose their jobs. If we take as a given that the projects that these organizations invest in are vital at some level, and that they will need to be accomplished at some point, we’re actually making it far more expensive in the long run. The loss of expertise, the cessation of production and the exodus of the team that would provide scientific continuity are all extremely costly, and will make all of these projects cost us more than they would have overall. We saw this lesson firsthand just a few years ago with James Webb. 

Are we really willing to throw away so much money and time now just to shave a tiny bit off the deficit for the short-term?

Gut bacteria may play a role in Alzheimer’s disease

New research from Lund University in Sweden has shown that intestinal bacteria can accelerate the development of Alzheimer’s disease. According to the researchers behind the study, the results open up the door to new opportunities for preventing and treating the disease. 

Because our gut bacteria have a major impact on how we feel through the interaction between the immune system, the intestinal mucosa and our diet, the composition of the gut microbiota is of great interest to research on diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Exactly how our gut microbiota composition is composed depends on which bacteria we receive at birth, our genes and our diet.

By studying both healthy and diseased mice, the researchers found that mice suffering from Alzheimer’s have a different composition of gut bacteria compared to mice that are healthy. The researchers also studied Alzheimer’s disease in mice that completely lacked bacteria to further test the relationship between intestinal bacteria and the disease. Mice without bacteria had a significantly smaller amount of beta-amyloid plaque in the brain. Beta-amyloid plaques are the lumps that form at the nerve fibres in cases of Alzheimer’s disease.

To clarify the link between intestinal flora and the occurrence of the disease, the researchers transferred intestinal bacteria from diseased mice to germ-free mice, and discovered that the mice developed more beta-amyloid plaques in the brain compared to if they had received bacteria from healthy mice.

“Our study is unique as it shows a direct causal link between gut bacteria and Alzheimer’s disease. It was striking that the mice which completely lacked bacteria developed much less plaque in the brain”, says researcher Frida Fåk Hållenius, at the Food for Health Science Centre.

“The results mean that we can now begin researching ways to prevent the disease and delay the onset. We consider this to be a major breakthrough as we used to only be able to give symptom-relieving antiretroviral drugs.”

anonymous asked:

I have another question about mistresses. How did they prevent pregnancy? We see Fantine is unsuccessful, but her friends seem to prevent it (iirc).

GOOD QUESTION.

Discussion under the cut for people who want to avoid birth control talk!

Also, before I get into this: all of this is presented for historical value/knowledge only. Do not try this at home, or at anyone else’s home. This is from the 19th Century, fer crying out loud. They drank mercury and thought bleeding was hygienic. Don’t be like them. 

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

I mean, seriously - WTF?!! Does Cait have some kind of disease that prevents her from being able to stand upright? And Sam, poor, poor, Sam. To have to endure having an incredibly beautiful (former)Victoria's Secret model use you as a "support pole." The injustice and horror of it all!! Kids, denial - it's not just a river in Egypt...

😂😂😂Don’t forget when she’s had too much to drink and Sam has to hold her upright . 😂😂😂😂
Thanks for stopping by Anon!