president woodrow

I tell you, gentlemen, that the so-called radicalism of our time is nothing else than an effort to release the energies of our time. This great people is not bent upon any form of destruction. This great people is not in love with any kind of injustice. This great people is in love with the realization of what is equitable, pure, just, and of good repute, and it is bound by the clogs and impediments of our political machinery…Our forefathers were not uttering mere words when the spoke of the realization of happiness.
— 

New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson, February 21, 1911

I’ve had this in my drafts for a couple weeks and was planning on posting it after Hillary Clinton won the election. Instead I’m posting it to note how wrong it is – there is nothing great about the American people or the United States tonight. We’ve been letting ourselves down for 15 months and, tonight, we proved that we are no longer the country that we once were. The American people have proven that the Founders who feared too much power in the hands of the general population had good reason to be afraid.

January 30, 1917 - President Wilson Vetoes Law that would Require Immigrants to Take Literacy Test

Pictured - “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!“

American President Woodrow Wilson vetoed a law passed by Congress on January 30 that would require immigrants to pass a literacy test before settling in the United States. “It is not a test of character, of quality, or of personal fitness,” he said of the proposed law, “but would operate in most cases merely as penalty for lack of opportunity in the country from which the alien seeking admission came.”

Moreover, he noted, trying to separate immigrants on their literacy or their religion would cause severe diplomatic repurcussions, “and it is not only possible but probable that very serious questions of international justice and comity would arise between this government… and the governments thus officially condemned.” American immigration laws were hardly liberal in the early 20th century, with their racial quotas, but perhaps even Wilson knew very well that for the government to exclude immigrants because of their beliefs or their upbringing would be a blanket betrayal of American values. 

A True Renaissance Man: Concert Pianist, Composer, And Statesman

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860 to 1941) was a famous concert pianist and composer. He wrote a piano concerto in 1888 – at just 18 – an opera in 1901, and a symphony in 1907. His international fame opened doors for him in diplomatic circles, which Paderewski took advantage of to push for Polish independence. Paderewski played an important role in meeting with President Woodrow Wilson, and obtaining the explicit inclusion of an independent Poland as point 13 in Wilson’s WWI peace terms, called the Fourteen Points. But the story doesn’t end here! Paderewski was appointed Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in January of 1919 for the newly-independent Poland. He represented Poland at the Paris Peace Conference that year, and signed the Treaty of Versailles. He lost many political supporters, however, and resigned from both roles before the end of 1919! Paderewski retired entirely from politics in 1922.

He returned to the world where he first found fame, doing concerts as a pianist. Paderewski’s first performance upon his return to music filled Madison Square Garden. He continued to perform through the 1920s and 1930s, taught some particularly talented young pianists, and even appeared in a film presenting his talent on the silver screen! His wife gone, Paderewski consented to do the film reluctantly – he was mostly retired from public life by the late 1930s.

But World War II was coming and it would sweep Paderewski back into public life. After the Polish Defensive War of 1939 Paderewski returned to politics, once again fighting for Polish independence. In 1940 he became the head of the National Council of Poland, a Polish parliament in exile in London. The eighty-year-old artist also restarted his Polish Relief Fund and gave several concerts (most notably in the United States) to gather money for it. While on tour, Paderewski fell ill with pneumonia. He died in New York City at the age of 80. He never got to see Poland liberated from the Germans, but he also never saw it immediately taken over by the Soviet Union. It would be another thirty-five years before Poland was once again independent.

February 3, 1917 - America Breaks off Diplomatic Relations with Germany

Pictured - Wilson announces the severing of relations to Congress. February 3, 1917.

On February 3, 1917, in one of the first instances of unrestricted submarine warfare since Germany resumed it at the beginning of the month, German submarine U-53 sank an American cargo ship off the Scilly Islands. Fortunately for the American sailors on-board, a nearby British ship came to the rescue, but the vessel’s cargo of grain was lost.

Germany’s Foreign Minister, Arthur Zimmerman, made light of the situation to the Ambassador in Washington, COund von Bersnstorff. “Everything will be alright,” Zimmerman said. “America will do nothing, for President Wilson is for peace and nothing else. Everything will go on as before.” Like his telegram to Mexico, the Foreign Minister again greatly underestimated the stakes at which he was playing.

That same day, President Woodrow Wilson announced to Congress that he was severing diplomatic ties between the United States and Germany, ending two years of wartime diplomacy. News of the break reached Germany the next morning. In the Atlantic and in the North Sea, a hundred German U-boats continued to prowl. Another forty were at harbor for repairs. Fifty-one had been sunk since the beginning of the war.

“Pointing to the massive amounts of propaganda spewed by government and institutions around the world, observers have called our era the age of Orwell. But the fact is that Orwell was a latecomer on the scene. As early as World War I, American historians offered themselves to President Woodrow Wilson to carry out a task they called "historical engineering,” by which they meant designing the facts of history so that they would serve state policy. In this instance, the U.S. government wanted to silence opposition to the war. This represents a version of Orwell’s 1984, even before Orwell was writing.“
- Noam Chomsky, in: Wendy McElroy, ‎Carl Watner (1987) The Voluntaryist, Nr. 23-41 (1987), p. 120; Republished in: "Propaganda Review, 1987,” at zpub.com, accessed May 23, 2014.

Also last point, to the people calling me a liar about how a possible third-party run by Sanders could split the Dem vote in half and thus give Trump the presidency, i give you my examples i presented:

1912 election:

Roosevelt quits the Republican Party and joins the Progressive Party, Roosevelt, a former Republican with Republican leaning views, splits the GOP vote and Democrat Woodrow Wilson wins most of the electoral votes as a result. (this was even in a time when the GOP dominated the presidency until FDR, Woodrow wouldn’t have won without the split vote.)

1968 election:

George Wallace, a Democrat, leaves the Democratic party and attracts southern Democrats who had segregationist views to his third-party run. Look how close the vote was between the Dems and the GOP, the Democrats barely lost the vote to Nixon because of the third-party Wallace run and his millions of third party votes away from the GOP.

2000 election:

Very, very tight election race between Gore and Bush, but it was made worse when Nader attracted liberal voters away from the Democrats, Nader was on the ballot in 43 states and DC, and he made enough of an impact to lessen the Democrat’s vote against the GOP, Gore’s popular vote was not enough to win as many people in those 43 states voted Nader instead of aiding the Democrat vote.

So yeah, call me a corporate, paid-by-Hillary crony or whatever the fuck you wanna call me, but this is just basic history and this is no conspiracy bullcrap, it’s just basic truth. :/

Prohibition is for Peasants

When President Woodrow Wilson had to move out of the White House at the end of his term, Prohibition forbade him from moving his precious wine collection. You see, he already had the wine when Prohibition started so he didn’t have to give it up. But transportation of alcohol, even the stuff you already happened to own, was illegal. Wilson appealed to Congress and passed a special law that allowed one person to transport alcohol from 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue to Wilson’s home.

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Happy Valentine’s Day, you crazy kids.


Pictured: “Two Hearts Beat as One: President Cleveland and President Cleveland’s Bride,” “President and Mrs. Roosevelt,” “Woodrow Wilson and Edith Bolling Galt, head-and-shoulders portraits cut in the shape of overlapping hearts with rose border.” All images via Library of Congress.

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Happy 100th birthday NASA! 

March 3, 1915 marks the birthday of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the federal agency founded to institutionalize aeronautical research, which later went on to become NASA in 1958. The original committee was made up of 12 volunteers with an allocated a budget of $5,000 — and we’re still using their inventions today.

August 25, 1916 - US Government Creates the National Park Service

Pictured - This poster is one of a series created in the 30s and 40s to advertise the National Parks.

One of America’s finest institutions was born on August 25 as President Woodrow Wilson signed the National Park Service Organic Act, mandating a new governmental  organization, the National Park Service, “to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”

Numerous national parks and monuments already existed in the United States, managed by the Department of the Interior or by wealthy conservationists, but no single unified agency.  Several, including Stephen Mather, J. Horace McFarland, and Teddy Roosevelt, had championed the campaign by penning articles the educations, ecological, and recreational benefits that would be created; McFarland became the NPS’s first director, working pro bono with a nominal salary of $1. 

[my own art] 3.1절 대한 독립 만세

Samiljeol (Korean: 3.1절,삼일절) is the anniversary of the March 1st Movement against Japanese rule of Korea on 1919.

The March 1st Movement, also known as Sam-il (3·1) Movement was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the ruling of Korea by Japan.

The Samil Movement came as a result of the repressive nature of colonial occupation under the military rule of the Japanese Empire following 1905, and the “Fourteen Points” outlining the right of national “self-determination” proclaimed by President Woodrow Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919. After hearing news of Wilson’s speech, Korean students studying in Tokyo published a statement demanding freedom from colonial rule.

Today is very special for my country. :)

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August 18th 1920: 19th Amendment ratified

On this day in 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, thus enshrining women’s right to vote. The suffragette campaign stretched back into the nineteenth century, with the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 listing male denial of women’s ‘inalienable right’ to vote as a crime against women. The focus on suffrage was promoted by the actions of feminist leaders like Susan B. Anthony, who was arrested in 1872 for voting in a presidential election. After the setback of the Civil War and the division of the feminist movement over issues of race and Reconstruction, feminist groups lobbied Congress for a constitutional amendment, which was first introduced in 1878 and defeated in 1886. The focus then shifted to state governments, with 22 states adopting female suffrage before 1919, and marches and pickets raising awareness of the cause. The suffragette movement was boosted by the involvement of women in the war effort during the First World War, and a proposed amendment was introduced in 1918, with the support of President Woodrow Wilson. This first attempt failed, but another amendment was eventually passed by Congress in June 1919, and narrowly ratified by the required number of states on August 18th 1920. The Southern states firmly opposed the amendment, and, one state short of ratification, it came down to Tennessee. Harry Burn, a 23-year-old state legislator in Tennessee, was convinced by his mother to break the tie and vote for the amendment, thus securing the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment; Burn declared that “a good boy always does what his mother asks him to do.” In the 1920 election, eight million American women voted for the first time. 

“The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”

95 years ago

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Happy 100th Birthday to the National Park Service! Today in 1916 President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Organic Act which created the NPS and paved the way for the protection of our most beautiful, rugged, and historic places. Thank you to all those involved with the NPS that work to keeping our parks pristine.

Admission to all NPS units is free from August 25th to August 28th in celebration of the Centennial, so get out there and enjoy one near you. If you’d like to know more about how you can participate in the Centennial, then head over to FindYourPark.com

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Suffragists convene on Chicago for the Republican National Convention, 1916, Chicago. 

Though the official 1916 Republican Party Platform favored the extension of the right to vote to women, it clearly stated that it should be left to the vote of the people.  

Alternatively, the Democratic Party Platform fully and clearly stated the support for the right of women to vote, which ultimately led to the ratification to the Constitution of the 19th Amendment under Democratic President Woodrow Wilson in 1919. 

Rare glimpse of a WWI underground city located close to the front lines. Hundreds of American Doughboys from New England’s Yankee Division lived here for 6 weeks during 1918 and left remarkable carving and personal inscriptions, one of which can be seen on the right of this photograph. Here one can find and a US Postal Center and carvings of the American Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Abraham Lincoln.

WWI underground cities began as stone quarries often dating back to the middle ages. The stone for castles, cathedrals and fortress was acquired from places like this. Some of the these quarries are vast. One system I photographed contains 41 kilometers of underground passageways like this. Often times, these quarries happened to be adjacent to the WWI front lines.

At the beginning of the war, armies on both sides converted underground quarries to underground cities using the technology of the day: rail, electric power plants, telephone systems, hospitals, food and sanitation systems, chapels, offices and living quarters. Some even had underground theaters. Because of their depth underground, the powerful high tech bombs couldn’t penetrate.

I owe a large debt of gratitude to world class photographer and mentor Harold Ross. People come to Harold’s workshops from around the world to learn his unique approach to studio lighting. Harold teaches how to make a photograph look like a Rembrandt or a Vermeer. He understands and teaches nuances about light and shadow that are precise and rigorous. I‘m attempting to adapt Harold’s techniques to bring to light underground spaces which have never before been seen by the public. I can not express in words my appreciation to Harold Ross. Training with him is a privilege and a life changing experience for any photographer lucky enough to be mentored by him.