president pro tempore

anonymous asked:

Is Faith Spotted Eagle the first Native American to earn an electoral vote?

Charles Curtis, the 31st Vice President (under Herbert Hoover, 1929-1933), was one-eighth Native American. He spent some of his early years growing up on a Kaw reservation in Kansas, was a member of the Kaw Nation, and he spoke the Kaw tribe’s language. Vice President Curtis was not only the first Native American to win an Electoral vote, but the first Native American or mixed-race candidate to win a national election – and the only other mixed-race candidate to win a national election is Barack Obama. Curtis was also elected to seven terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, four terms in the U.S. Senate, and served as Senate Majority Leader (1925-1929) and briefly as President pro Tempore of the Senate in 1911.

The Designated Survivor

State of the Union Addresses are one of the few events in which almost every major official from all three branches of government are all in the same place at the same time. Of course, if there was some sort of attack on the Capitol, the entire government could be taken out in a doomsday, nightmare scenario that the government is very cognizant of. That’s why there are important continuity of government plans in effect, including the “Designated Survivor”.

The “Designated Survivor” is an official who is in the Presidential line of succession that the President chooses to stay away from Capitol Hill during State of the Union Addresses. That is done so there is a clear person available to take over if the rest of the people in the line of succession are somehow taken out. The “Designated Survivor” usually stays at the White House, Camp David, or an undisclosed, secure location during the State of the Union Address. A military aide carrying the same “football” briefcase containing nuclear launch codes that accompanies the President actually accompanies the Designated Survivor. The Designated Survivor must be eligible to serve as President.

Continuity of government fears during the Cold War is what originally led to the first usage of a Designated Survivor during the Reagan Administration. Since then, there have been Designated Survivors at each State of the Union Address. After 9/11, there were often two Designated Survivors chosen to stay away from Capitol Hill. Besides members of the Cabinet, the President Pro Tempore of the U.S. Senate (third in line to the Presidency) also sometimes serves as Designated Survivor, but the Speaker of the House (second in the line of succession), of course, sits behind the President during the State of the Union Address.

Tonight’s Designated Survivor is Jeh Johnson, the Secretary of Homeland Security. Interestingly, I’ve also heard that Senator Orrin Hatch, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, will not be in the Capitol tonight. If so, that means that Senator Hatch – a Republican – would take over as President in case of a doomsday scenario because he’s closer in the line of succession than Secretary Johnson.

DESIGNATED SURVIVORS DURING THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION
•2009 Inauguration: Secretary of Defense Robert Gates
•February 2009 Address to Joint Session: Attorney General Eric Holder
•September 2009 Address to Join Session: Energy Secretary Steven Chu
•2010 SOTU Address: HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan
•2011 SOTU Address: Interior Secretary Ken Salazar
•2012 SOTU Address: Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack
•2013 Inauguration: Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki
•2013 SOTU Address: Energy Secretary Steven Chu
•2014 SOTU Address: Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz
•2015 SOTU Address: Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx
•2016 SOTU Address: Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson/Senator Orrin Hatch, President Pro Tempore of the U.S. Senate

anonymous asked:

what do you think about the presidential succession order now?

I have a problem with the president pro tempore of the Senate being in the line of succession.  I understand that the thinking is that there should be someone from both chambers of Congress in the line of succession, but the president pro tem is, by tradition, the senior Senator from the majority party.  That means it is, by tradition, the OLDEST Senator from the majority party.  It’s pretty much a ceremonial position – Strom Thurmond was president pro tem when he was 99 years old.  Is that who we want assuming the Presidency in the midst of a crisis?  Because, let’s be honest, if something happens to the President, Vice President, and Speaker of the House and the Presidency passes to the president pro tempore of the Senate, then we’re in the middle of a pretty serious crisis.

I’m fine with the Speaker of the House being second in the line of succession, but I think the president pro tempore of the Senate needs to go.  (Plus, it’s really annoying to type.)  Since the president pro tem is already a member of the Senate’s majority party, why not just have the Senate Majority Leader be third in the line of succession?  Plus, I like the idea that the Speaker and Majority Leader were not only elected by the people but elected to their leadership positions by their colleagues. (The president pro tempore is technically elected by his fellow Senators to his position, but again, the tradition is to give the job to the senior Senator of the majority party and it hasn’t been challenged in decades)

There are some other Constitutional issues with the line of succession, but since the chance of them happening is so slim, it’s not worth worrying about too much.  I’m okay with the rest of the line of succession, even though it seems pretty random to rank the departments of the Executive Branch by the date they were formed rather than any real-world importance.  Really, if we get far enough down the line of succession that Cabinet members are assuming the Presidency, we’re probably in trouble.

abcnews.go.com
Sen. Daniel Inouye of Hawaii hospitalized: 'For the most part, I'm OK'

“For the most part, I am OK,” Sen. Inouye, D-Hawaii, said in a paper statement issued to ABC News, “However, I am currently working with my doctors to regulate my oxygen intake. Much to my frustration, while undergoing this process, I have to remain in the hospital for my own safety and to allow the necessary observation.”

Inouye serves as President Pro Tempore of the Senate and therefore is third in line for succession to the presidency.

Godspeed to him.

Okay

Listen

If Dump Truck in all his noxious glory is removed from office after he is inaugerated, the seat goes to mike p/ence

If both doody turd and p/ence are removed from office, then speaker of the house of representatives paul ryan is the president

If somehow all three of them are thrown out, we get the president pro tempore of the senate, who is orrin hatch

You

Cannot

Act

Like

Impeaching

This

ONE

Motherfucker

Will

Solve

The

Problem

jettcyber  asked:

In reference to your post about how Obama is actually only the 43rd president: What about David Rice Atchison?

DAVID RICE ATCHISON IS OFTEN PURPORTED TO HAVE BEEN “PRESIDENT FOR ONE DAY” BETWEEN THE ADMINISTRATIONS OF JAMES K. POLK AND ZACHARY TAYLOR, BUT THIS IS INACCURATE FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS.

THE REASON PEOPLE BELIEVE ATCHISON WAS PRESIDENT IS THAT HE WAS “PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE” OF THE SENATE ON THE SUNDAY WHEN POLK’S TERM EXPIRED, BUT POLK’S SUCCESSOR, ZACHARY TAYLOR, REFUSED TO TAKE THE OATH OF OFFICE ON A SUNDAY, INSTEAD DOING IT THE FOLLOWING DAY. SOME CONTEND THAT THE PRESIDENT PRO-TEMPORE OF THE SENATE, AS THE HIGHEST IN THE PRESIDENTIAL LINE OF SUCCESSION AT THE TIME, WAS LEGALLY PRESIDENT FOR THE DAY BETWEEN THE END OF POLK’S PRESIDENCY AND THE BEGINNING OF TAYLOR’S.

THE PROBLEM IS THAT THERE WAS NO “DAY BETWEEN” THE TWO ADMINISTRATIONS. FOR THE SAKE OF CONTINUITY OF POWER, THE PRESIDENT-ELECT’S TERM AS PRESIDENT BEGINS WHEN THEIR PREDECESSOR’S TERM ENDS, WHETHER THEY’VE TAKEN THE OATH OR NOT. THE OFFICIAL SWEARING-IN IS NOT A MAGIC SPELL THAT MAKES SOMEONE THE PRESIDENT. IT’S NOT CEREMONIAL, IT’S JUST FOR SHOW. 

ZACHARY TAYLOR BECAME PRESIDENT WHEN JAMES K. POLK’S TERM ENDED. THERE WAS NO “IN BETWEEN,” AT LEAST LEGALLY SPEAKING. ESSENTIALLY, ZACHARY TAYLOR TOOK HIS FIRST DAY AS PRESIDENT OFF. ATCHISON NEVER IDENTIFIED HIMSELF AS HAVING BEEN PRESIDENT, AND IT WAS ONLY IN RETROSPECT THAT THOSE MISINFORMED ABOUT THE MECHANISMS OF PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION REASONED THAT HE MAY HAVE HELD THE OFFICE. 

ALSO, EVEN IF THE CONTENTION THAT ATCHISON ACTED AS PRESIDENT ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE TAYLOR ADMINISTRATION WAS TRUE, IT WOULD NOT COUNT HIM AMONG THE OFFICIAL PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES, AS “PRESIDENT” IS A DIFFERENT POST THAN “ACTING PRESIDENT.”

“ACTING PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES” A TITLE HELD BY SOMEONE WHO HAS BEEN DESIGNATED TO ACT AS THE PROXY OF THE OFFICIAL PRESIDENT. IT’S LIKE WHEN A PERSON OFFICIALLY DESIGNATES THEIR SPOUSE OR FAMILY MEMBER AS SOMEONE WHO IS ALLOWED TO MAKE MEDICAL DECISIONS ON THEIR BEHALF SHOULD THEY BE UNCONSCIOUS OR OTHERWISE INCAPABLE OF DOING SO. THEY ACT ON BEHALF OF THE PRESIDENT WITHOUT ACTUALLY BEING THE PRESIDENT

THIS POWER HAS BEEN INVOKED THREE TIMES, AND TWO MEN HAVE SERVED AS “ACTING PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.” RONALD REAGAN AND GEORGE W. BUSH BOTH APPOINTED THEIR VICE PRESIDENT (GEORGE H.W. BUSH AND DICK CHENEY, RESPECTIVELY) TO ACT AS PRESIDENT WHILE THEY UNDERWENT A MEDICAL PROCEDURE. WHILE BUSH SR. AND CHENEY BOTH CARRIED OUT THE DUTIES OF PRESIDENT, THEY DID NOT ACTUALLY HOLD THE OFFICE AND ARE THUS NOT COUNTED IN THE LIST OF AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. 

Here’s how Indiana lawmakers are “fixing” their anti-gay “freedom” law 

Republican lawmakers have revealed their plan to “fix” Indiana’s controversial religious freedom law, hoping to repair the damage done to the state’s reputation across the country. “The healing process starts today and I hope that’s heard loud and clear,” state Senate president pro tempore David Long ® said Thursday morning at a press conference in Indianapolis. But is it enough?