president herbert hoover


Her Majesty with 12 U.S. Presidents: Herbert Hoover, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama. 🇬🇧🇺🇸

Please read this, and if you’re non native, it is okay to reblog this, in fact I ask - no, beg - you to.

If you want to be an ally to indigenous peoples of the Americas, don’t be just reblogging stuff anti Col*mb*s, and especially don’t be just ignoring today.

Be reblogging stuff of native greatness. Be talking about us. Talking about our accomplishments, our ability to survive over 500 years of people against us. Talk about Charles Curtis, the first Native American (his mother was fully native of the Kaw, Osage, and Potawatomi tribes) vice president (to Herbert Hoover, served 1929-1933). Talk about the Native American Literature Renaissance throughout the 20th century. Talk about our water protectors out in the Dakotas.Talk about Nancy Reagan, a direct descendant of Matoaka (or as you probably know her, Pocahontas), and while her blood wasn’t much, she often volunteered and helped native communities, she was more native in her spirit than some full natives. Talk about the fact we have built our own media networks, both in movies and tv shows. Talk about how we fought in World War I, despite not even being American citizens (we wouldn’t gain citizenship until 1924). Talk about how the Navajo helped the Allies win World War II, with using their language as codes. Talk about all the great things we’ve done to make this country to how it is today.

And during this, don’t forget the modern issues. Kidnapping of native children and putting them legally through the adoption system (and usually ending up with white adopted parents) is today higher than during the residential school years. The United States to this date refuses to acknowledge or apologize for the schools. Many of our reservations are in water crises (including the Navajo’s who’s have been going on since 1942). Talk about the missing and murdered indigenous women that Canada refuses to acknowledge or help. Talk about that native women are the most likely than any other race to end up becoming sex slaves, and to end up facing rape and domestic abuse, usually by non native men too. Talk about that natives make up less than 1% of the United States and Canada, yet make up 1.9% of police brutality cases, making our rate higher than that of any other race.

Talk about resistances against these. Talk about the Oka Crisis. Talk about those water protectors I mentioned above. Talk about Idle No More.

Don’t forget that the alternate title to this day, and the title we are fighting for, is Indigenous Peoples Day.

Pay attention to us. Talk about us.

One of our followers asked us to make a post on the Mexican Repatriation:

Basically, 2 million people of Mexican descent were forced to leave the United States and were deported to Mexico from 1929 to 1939. Around 60% of these people were U.S. citizens. This is called the Mexican Repatriation. 

There are many causes for the Mexican Repatriation but I’ll address just a few important ones. Mexicans had been coming in increasing numbers to the United States, especially California, since the Gold Rush in 1848 and even up to the 1920’s when the United States was in an age of relative prosperity aka the Roaring 20s.

(Mexican Immigration Records- United States Congress Report)

Then came the Great Depression from 1929 - 1945 where unemployment dropped and the American economy collapsed. Many middle and lower class Americans lost their jobs. 

A philosophy prevalent during this time period was called Social Darwinism. This promoted the idea that people should so anything they can to succeed and that economic success meant one was a “fit” human. Social Darwinism legitimized a lot of the greed during that era that actually caused the Great Depression.

Racism and xenophobia were also common at the time of the Great Depression and that was reinforced by bad economic conditions because Mexican immigrants were seen as an economic burden because they were taking jobs and using public resources.

With all of these factors in mind, President Herbert Hoover authorised the Mexican Repatriation Program where The Immigration and Naturalization Service would raid places with high populations of Mexicans such as California, Texas, Colorado, Illinois, and Michigan. They would arrest and deport people in those communities with no due process. Because of that many legal American citizens were deported to Mexico just for being Mexican.

The Mexican Repatriation Program is not talked about in American history, so we have a responsibility to talk about it and make it known. It is a huge blot on our nation’s history but we have to acknowledge it to make sure it never happens again. Many of the recent immigration statements in the United States reflect the xenophobia and racism in the 1920s and 1930s that led to the Mexican Repatriation. This is not a new issue. Let’s make sure history does not repeat itself.

anonymous asked:

Do you think Bush Sr will break the record for oldest president?

He’s heading in the right direction!

George H.W. Bush turned 92 last weekend, so he’s closing in on the two longest-living Presidents in American history: Gerald Ford, who was 93 years, 165 days old when he died on December 26, 2006, and Ronald Reagan, who died on June 5, 2004 at 93 years, 120 days. Bush 41 joins Ford and Reagan as the only American Presidents to reach the age of 92. Jimmy Carter, who is a few months younger than Bush, has a chance at breaking the record, too. He turns 92 on October 1st.

John Adams – who was the longest-living President for nearly 200 years until Reagan surpassed him in 2001 (he’s now been surpassed by Ford, Bush, and Carter, as well) – lived long enough to see his son, John Quincy Adams, elected President himself in 1824, he died while his son was in office. George H.W. Bush not only lived long enough to see his son, George W., elected to the Presidency, but he lived through both of George W. Bush’s terms, and is nearing the end of the second term of his son’s successor. That’s pretty remarkable.

Jimmy Carter has been adding to a Presidential longevity record every day since 2012 and it will be difficult for any of his successors to break it – the longest life after the Presidency. Since Carter was a relatively young President and was defeated for his bid for a second term, he left the White House in 1981 at the age of 56 years old. Carter broke Herbert Hoover’s record for the longest life after leaving office in 2012. Hoover was 54 years old when he left office in 1933, and lived another 31 years, 231 days. Carter’s life after the White House has spanned nearly 36 years. For some people, that part of their life would be called “retirement”, but it’s impossible to define what Jimmy Carter has been doing since 1981 as “retirement”.

Bush 41 and Carter led remarkably active lives until the past few years. Bush 41 rarely travels anymore, largely due to a form of Parkinson’s disease which has left him wheelchair-bound. President Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, continued one an incredible pace as activists for various causes throughout the world until late last year when President Carter was diagnosed with cancer and announced that he would begin to “slow down” – an announcement he made during a book tour.

I’m not sure if Bush or Carter will break Ford’s record as the longest-living President in American history or not (Ford surpassed Reagan just a few weeks before he died), but they’ve come a long way, literally and figuratively. Both Bush and Carter have enjoyed remarkably good health for most of their lives, but both have also faced some scary health challenges over the past few years.

As I mentioned, President Bush began traveling less and less over the past decade due to the form of Parkinson’s disease that has left him in a wheelchair. (It is worth nothing that being confined to a wheelchair has resulted in Bush 41 becoming legendary for his flamboyant socks.) Bush’s most serious health challenges were in late-2012 when he was gravely ill with pneumonia. The 41st President’s illness was serious enough that his family was in contact with the Military District of Washington – the military command responsible for Presidential funerals – to keep everyone updated about any arrangements. Fortunately, Bush’s health bounced back and when he turned 90 years old in June 2014, he went skydiving (from a helicopter!) to celebrate. It was the eighth time he had made a jump – his first jump, in 1944, was to escape his plane after he was shot down by the Japanese while making a bombing run in the Pacific during World War II. Bush can break Gerald Ford’s record as longest-living President on November 24, 2017.

Jimmy Carter hasn’t spent his long life after the White House jumping out of planes, but he’s spent plenty of time and traveled millions of miles inside of them for dozens of important reasons – usually to save lives and advance human rights. After leaving office in 1981, Carter and his wife created the Carter Center and have devoted their “retirement” to fighting diseases, building homes for the needy, delivering clean water, health care, and medicine to people who had no access to it, observing elections, and resolving conflicts. For his efforts, Carter was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002, and he is the first to admit that he’s done far more for people after he left office than he was able to do during his four years as President. Carter worked and traveled at a blistering pace until he turned 90 years old and, even then, didn’t truly begin to slow down until he was diagnosed with melanoma. In August 2015, Carter announced that his cancer had spread to his brain and liver, and that he was immediately undergoing surgery and beginning to receive treatment. It was really the first time Carter announced any serious health issues own his own, but his father, mother, brother, and both sisters all died of pancreatic cancer. Six months later, President Carter announced that he no longer needed treatment and that he was cancer-free, and, as of June 2016, the 39th President was back on the road working to guarantee human rights around the world. Carter can break Ford’s record as the longest-living President on March 15, 2018 (if Bush hasn’t already done so).

Between George H.W. Bush’s skydiving and dope sock swag, and Jimmy Carter’s Wolverine-level healing powers, don’t be surprised if they outlive all of us.


March 1st 1932: Lindbergh baby kidnapped

On this day in 1932 the infant son of famous aviator Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr., was kidnapped. The child was taken from his family home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as ‘The Crime of the Century’. A ransom note was left at the scene which demanded $50,000 from the infant’s wealthy family. The case attracted a huge media following and even President Herbert Hoover declared he would “move Heaven and Earth” to find the child. However, in a sad turn of events for which the nation grieved, the child’s body was found on May 12th 1932 not far from their home. The investigation into the crime lasted until 1936, when Bruno Richard Hauptmann was found guilty of the murder and executed.

anonymous asked:

Is Faith Spotted Eagle the first Native American to earn an electoral vote?

Charles Curtis, the 31st Vice President (under Herbert Hoover, 1929-1933), was one-eighth Native American. He spent some of his early years growing up on a Kaw reservation in Kansas, was a member of the Kaw Nation, and he spoke the Kaw tribe’s language. Vice President Curtis was not only the first Native American to win an Electoral vote, but the first Native American or mixed-race candidate to win a national election – and the only other mixed-race candidate to win a national election is Barack Obama. Curtis was also elected to seven terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, four terms in the U.S. Senate, and served as Senate Majority Leader (1925-1929) and briefly as President pro Tempore of the Senate in 1911.


Today’s theme is #architecture  for #MuseumWeek. The National Archives Building was completed in 1937–but it was a challenging building to design! It was more than an office space for workers; it would store the most valuable records of the government.

This called for installation of specialized air-handling systems and filters, reinforced flooring, and thousands of feet of shelving to meet the building’s archival storage requirements.

New York architect John Russell Pope was chosen to design the new building. He suggested moving the planned location (it had already be relocated twice) to the block it is now built on. This meant demolishing Center Market, which had been erected in 1871 and held approximately 700 vendors. Excavation for the new building began on 1931.

The builders needed to protect the foundation from possible flooding from the Old Tiber Creek bed, which runs under the National Archives Building. Contractors drove 8,575 piles into the unstable soil before constructing a huge concrete bowl as a foundation.

On February 20, 1933, departing President Herbert Hoover laid the cornerstone of the building. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed legislation on June 19, 1934, creating the National Archives as an independent agency, and 120 National Archives staff members moved into the uncompleted building on November 5, 1935,

Almost as soon as Pope’s original design was complete, a project to fill the Archives’ interior courtyard began, doubling storage space from 374,000 square feet to more than 757,000 square feet!

In 1937 the National Archives Building was complete.

Three inscriptions encircle the building. The south side reads:
“The ties that bind the lives of our people in one indissoluble union are perpetuated in the archives of our government and to their custody this building is dedicated.”

Read more about the history of the building on

9 of the 20 most watched television shows last year were about law enforcement in some capacity solving crimes (so was #21). All starred mainly white characters. This builds up an emotional connection with real life cops who would otherwise be strangers, and makes people feel like the lives of police are actually as action packed as they are on TV. One of the very first police procedurals, 1932’s The Beast of the City, was filmed because President Herbert Hoover told MGM head Louis Meyer that he had a social responsibility to help people become accustomed to and supportive of the police. “If the police had the vigilant, universal backing of public opinion in their communities, if they had the implacable support of the prosecuting authorities and the courts-I am convinced that our police would stamp out the excessive crime which has disgraced some of our great cities,” he said. Media moguls have understood this since and acted to some degree consciously to focus their efforts on selling these dramas to us in order to keep up our love affair with the law. It’s within this context that our attempts to hold the police accountable for their actions take place.

Deconstructing The Pro-Trump Argument.

,My ass, as of late has been increasingly worried as I’ve been replying to comments on the Fine Bro’s reaction channel’s video ‘GENERATIONS REACT TO ELECTION.’  the more people i see for trump, the more unsafe I personally feel. So before election tomorrow, if this can change ANYONE’S MIND, i’m gonna post it and hope to god you all make the right decision tomorrow. 

“Trump is for peace, Hillary is for war.”

 Donald trump has openly stated that he wants to bomb syria and other countries. Hillary, who has experience working with other countries as her duty as Secretary of state calls for, is pro negotiation Trump DOESN’T support a cease fire (aka a document which halts all fighting on both sides.) with Syria. In 2002 he was pro iraq invasion (He wanted the war in Iraq to happen) which is supported by his book “The America we deserve.” and his appearance on the Stern Howard show. How does Donald plan on getting rid of Isis? By Bombing the ENTIRE country and taking their oil. Children, women, innocent people massacred. He wants to go to war with north Korea and doesn’t believe in Humanitarian intervention

“He said that years ago. Does it matter? It was just locker room talk.”

Of course it fucking matters. Let’s think about this, okay? Donald had NO IDEA he was being recorded in that trailer. Which means he spoke his actual, honest opinion. He legitimately thinks that he can  grope and assault women and they won’t say anything  because he’s famous. Let us also be reminded, that on October 13th, he went to trial for raping a thirteen year old girl. Lawyers don’t go to trial unless they have significant evidence that will actually prove their case. It matters because we already live in a society PLAGUED by rape culture. People like Brock Turner will THRIVE in that type of environment.  “She shouldn’t have dressed like that if she didn’t want it.” “She said yes while she was drunk.” “She was staring at me.” the old fashion excuses will come back once again with this type of environment and We Don’t Need that.

“Bill Clinton did it too!!”

Is Bill Clinton running for fucking president? No. What her husband may have done (as parties have both agreed that the advances were consensual) shouldn’t be reflected on Hillary’s capability in the oval office.  If that was the case, should we look at how Melania Trump illegally worked as a model in the US?? Should we look at how Melania Trump  plagiarized Michelle Obama’s speech? Should we base Donald’s ‘capabilities’  off of What Melania’s done? of course fucking not. Many of you wouldn’t even dare, So why are we doing that for Hillary? Why are we saying that Hillary, isn’t capable of being a president because of what her Husband COULD’VE done.


Being a history buff, I’d like to point out that our former president Herbert Hoover was closely tied with business and gave big businesses tax breaks, allowed big business free reign, lowered income taxes for the wealthy and raised protective tarrifs (taxes) on outsourcing goods. Foreign countries stopped buying from us, the lower and middle class were picking up the slack with income taxes and employees wages were cut drastically. These policies are what led us to the Great Depression. Now, let’s put this in our terms; Donald Trump is a wealthy business man, who doesn’t pay his own taxes, would continue to give tax breaks to his own large business and even employed immigrant workers to build his buildings.


There are SO many things wrong with the Trump campaign. From the misogyny to the support of conversion therapy, to the racism, the racial profiling and the general treatment of POCs in america. Hillary was cleared TWICE by the FBI on her emails, her capabilities SHOULDN’T be based upon her husband. Hillary has more experience with foreign policy and genuinely wants to be a president for the people. While I’m not a huge Hillary fan, it’s ridiculous to sit there NOT vote for her because of Emails that she’s been cleared on, or because of what her husband has done. And for those voting third party, please, think of all the POC you’ll be throwing out of this country. Think of all the LGBTQA+ people who won’t make it through conversion therapy. Think of all the children who will have to sit and face the after math of your decision to vote for someone we all know is going to have an OVERWHELMINGLY lower support? If this were the primaries, i’d say go for it; If this were any other election where OUR LIVES didn’t depend on it, I would say do you. But I’m begging you. Be with her tomorrow and save MILLIONS of lives. 

“Republicans are yesterday’s Democrats”

1. 1854: Pro-life Americans establish the first major anti-slavery party. The Republican Party is born.

2. 1862: Pro-life politicians are the first to abolish slavery in Washington, D.C. They are Republicans.

3. 1863: Pro-life politicians issue the Emancipation Proclamation, in order to set all slaves free. They are Republicans.

4. 1865: Attorney John Rock (a registered doctor), becomes the first black member of the Supreme Court bar. He is a Republican.

5. 1870: Pastor Rhodes Revels becomes America’s first black Senator. He is a Republican.

6. 1872: Louisiana gives America her first nonwhite Governor. He is a Republican.

7. 1872: By now, the first seven African-Americans are in the U.S. Congress. They are all Republicans.

8. 1884: John Lynch, a Congressman, becomes the first black to preside over a national convention. He is a Republican.

9-11. The 1890s: During his stint as New York City Police Commissioner, Teddy Roosevelt is the first leader to open doors to women – and the first to welcome Jews in the department. But there’s more. Teddy becomes the first to introduce standardized pistols to the force, in order to protect innocents. He is a Republican.

12. 1901: Teddy Roosevelt, a balanced conservationist, becomes – according to Time 2006 – the first President “to make environmentalism an issue.” He is a Republican.

13. 1901: President Roosevelt upsets Democrats when he invites the first African-American to dine in the White House. He is a Republican.

14. 1906: President Roosevelt becomes the first American to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He is a Republican.

15. 1916: Jeanette Rankin becomes America’s first congresswoman. She is a Republican.

16. 1916: Also – according to Gov. Thomas Judge — Rankin becomes the first “woman in the world to be elected to a parliamentary body.” She is a Republican.

17. 1921: Pro-life politicians are the first to establish and back the controversial Dyer Anti-Lynching Laws. They are Republicans.

18. 1925: Florence Khan becomes the first Jewess to serve in Congress. She is a Republican.

19. 1938. Former President Herbert Hoover becomes the first statesmen to rebuke Adolph Hitler in person. He is a Republican.

20. 1943. Hoover is the first major statesmen to back the controversial Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe, which finally convinces President Roosevelt, the Democrat, to create a War Refugee Board, in order to rescue Jews. He is a Republican.

21. 1950: Joseph Mc Carthy, a great patriot, delivers his famous Wheeling speech and is the first Senator to publicly blow the whistle on the largest nest of Red Fascists in the State Department. History will vindicate the Senator. He is a Republican.

22. 1953: Former Catholic Congresswoman Clare Luce Booth becomes the first female ambassador to a major world power. She is a Republican.

23-5. 1954: On his 30th anniversary, as FBI Director, the liberal Associated Press, Washington, acknowledges that J. Edgar Hoover is responsible for three firsts. Before his time there was no “fingerprint file [1], no crime detection laboratory [2], no training program [3], and no prestige.” He is a Republican.

26: 1955: President Eisenhower becomes the first President to appoint an African-American (E. Frederic Morrow) to an executive position on the White House staff. He is a Republican.

27. 1957: Eisenhower becomes the first President to order troops to protect black students at Central High, Arkansas. He is a Republican.

28. 1957: Eisenhower’s Civil Rights Bill makes him the first President to strongly back black voting rights and protections in the post-war period. He is a Republican.

29. 1959: Hiram L. Fong becomes the first Asian-American Senator. He is a Republican.

30-1. 1964: Margaret Chase Smith (not Hillary Clinton) is the first woman to run as a U.S. Presidential candidate for a major party. She is a Republican. (Note: Smith is also the first female to be elected in the U.S. House and Senate too.)

32. 1964: Hiram L. Fong becomes the first Asian presidential candidate. He is a Republican.

33. 1964: Barry Goldwater is the first person of Jewish ancestry to run as a U.S. presidential candidate for a major party. He is a Republican.

34. 1964: The Grand Old Party is the first (and only) party to strongly back the Civil Rights Act (83%). Thank God for the Republicans.

35. 1971: Herbert Choy becomes the first Asian-American to serve on the federal bench. He is a Republican.

36. 1971: Romana Acosta Banuelos becomes the first Hispanic-American Treasurer of the U.S. She is a Republican.

37. 1971: Senator Strom Thurmond, a former member of the racist Democratic Party, renounces his past, and becomes the first southern Senator to hire an African-American, in a senatorial office. He is a Republican.

38. 1973: Henry Kissinger becomes the first Jewish U.S. Secretary of State. He is a Republican.

39. 1985: Significantly, Reagan becomes the first world leader to describe five dictatorships (Cuba, Iran, Libya, Nicaragua, and North Korea), as “outlaw states run by the strangest collection of misfits, loony-tunes and squalid criminals since the end of the Third Reich.” (Loud cheers and laughs.) He is a Republican.

40. 1988: Reagan becomes the first President to sign legislation which acknowledges that – under FDR, the Democrat – Japanese internment camps were based upon “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.” He also offers a formal apology and compensation to survivors. He is a Republican.

41. 1988: Lauro F. Cavazos, the former Secretary of Education, becomes the first Hispanic-American to serve as a U.S. Cabinet Member. He is a Republican.

42. 1989: Julia Chang Bloch becomes the first Asian U.S. ambassador. She is a Republican.

43-4. 1990: Antonia Coello Novello becomes the first woman and the first Hispanic-American to become a Surgeon General of the U.S. She is a Republican.

45. 2001: Elaine Chao becomes the first Asian-American Cabinet Minister. She is a Republican.

46. 2001: Colin Powell becomes the first African-American Secretary of State. He is a Republican.

47. 2001: The late Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt becomes the first and only President to receive the Medal of Honor, America’s highest military award. He was a Republican.

48. 2005: Alberto Gonzales becomes the first Hispanic American Attorney General of the U.S. He is a Republican.

49. 2005: Condoleezza Rice becomes the first African-American female Secretary of State. She is a Republican.

50. 2008: John McCain looks like he will become the first President born outside of the continental United States, in the Panama Canal Zone. He is a RepubliCAN.

Democrats need to stop using the “Parties switched sides” excuse, because they certainly did not. Liberals have been wrong since the beginning. 

•This is an Historically Accurate Transcription starring President Herbert Hoover and President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt•

HOOVER: Oh, don’t bother getting up or anything.  It’s not like I’m still President until noon.  Yeah, that’s not disrespectful at all.  I’ll just go ahead and pay respects to you.  No reason to abide by 150 years of tradition when Franklin D. Roosevelt is involved, right?
FDR: My legs are like Americans after four years of your Presidency, Mr. Hoover:  They don’t work.
HOOVER: My apologies, Mr. President-elect.  Maybe someday an inventor will figure out a way for people like you to get around more easily – like, I don’t know, a chair with wheels on it?  Imagine the ingenuity! 
FDR: I know that you’re bitter because I kicked your ass in the election, but what I really want to know is why you have a permanent look of disgust on your face.  You’re either a sour, angry man or need to go to the bathroom really bad.
HOOVER: You know, I was always curious – are you a beard for Eleanor or are you just naturally attracted to women who look like their faces caught on fire and were extinguished with a sock full of rocks?
FDR: Do you feel more in touch with the average American now that you’re going to be unemployed?
HOOVER: I’ll answer that question when you tap dance.
FDR: Another joke about my disability.  Classy.
HOOVER: Since you were late arriving at the White House and then broke tradition by rudely forcing me to come outside and greet you, I took it upon myself to think of some helpful hints for living in the Executive Mansion.
FDR: I’m sure this isn’t going to be the least bit mean-spirited.
HOOVER: Basically, it’s just a map of where the elevators are, President Linguine Legs.  You might want to install some fire alarms, too.
FDR: That’s very nice of you.  Should I call you if I want the economy to suffer a devastating and spectacular crash?  You seem to be the expert on instigating financial disasters.
HOOVER: You must save a lot of money on shoes.  Do you just have one spotlessly clean pair with soles that have never touched the ground?
FDR: Being able to get by wearing the same pair of shoes is helpful, especially since your economic policies since 1929 forced me to eat my other shoes for sustenance.
HOOVER: This may be harsh, but I hope you find yourself engulfed in a vicious World War with the future of the world at stake and end up dying JUST before the end of the conflict.
FDR: Or, I could follow the precedent that you set and do absolutely nothing to rectify problems.
HOOVER: Does Eleanor get confused and eat out of your dog Fala’s bowl, or is she able to figure out which one is hers?
FDR: Totally uncalled for.