preserve ocean

From the bottom of the deepest glacial fjord to the summit of its highest peak, Glacier Bay National Park encompasses some of our continent’s most amazing scenery and wildness. If we need a place to intrigue and inspire us, this is it. Alaska’s Glacier Bay is a living laboratory, a designated wilderness, a biosphere reserve and a world heritage site. It’s a marine park, where great adventure awaits by boating into inlets, coves and close to its dynamic, namesake glacier. It’s also a land park, with its snow-capped mountains, spectacular glaciers and vast forests. Photo by National Park Service.

7 Underwater Facts for World Oceans Day

Today is World Oceans Day, a global day of ocean celebration and collaboration for a better future. A healthy world ocean is critical to our survival. Together, let’s honor, help protect, and conserve the world’s oceans!

1. While the Earth’s oceans are known as five separate entities, there is really only one ocean.

2. The ocean contains upwards of 99% of the world’s biosphere, that is, the spaces and places where life exists.

Both above GIFs are from the TED-Ed Lesson How big is the ocean? - Scott Gass

Animation by 20 steps

3. Jellyfish are soft because they are 95% water and are mostly made of a translucent gel-like substance called mesoglea. With such delicate bodies, jellyfish rely on thousands of venom-containing stinging cells called cnidocytes for protection and prey capture.

From the TED-Ed Lesson How does a jellyfish sting? - Neosha S Kashef

Animation by Cinematic

4. Plastics & litter that make their way into our oceans are swiftly carried by currents, ultimately winding up in huge circulating ocean systems called gyres. The earth has five gyres that act as gathering points, but the largest of all is known as the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’ and has grown so immense that the oceanic garbage patch can shift from around the size of Texas, to something the size of the United States. 

From the TED-Ed Lesson The nurdles’ quest for ocean domination - Kim Preshoff

Animation by Reflective Films

5. The 200 or so species of octopuses are mollusks belonging to the order Cephalopoda, Greek for ‘head-feet’. Those heads contain impressively large brains, with a brain to body ratio similar to that of other intelligent animals, and a complex nervous system with about as many neurons as that of a dog.

From the TED-Ed Lesson Why the octopus brain is so extraordinary - Cláudio L. Guerra

Animation by Cinematic

6. Some lucky animals are naturally endowed with bioluminescence, or the ability to create light. The firefly, the anglerfish, and a few more surprising creatures use this ability in many ways, including survival, hunting, and mating.

From the TED-Ed Lesson The brilliance of bioluminescence - Leslie Kenna

Animation by Cinematic

7. Sea turtles ultimately grow from the size of a dinner plate to that of a dinner table. In the case of the leatherback sea turtle, this can take up to a decade. Happy World Turtle Day!

From the TED-Ed Lesson The survival of the sea turtle - Scott Gass

Animation by Cinematic Sweden

everything stays

pairing: snowbaz
words: 2400
summary: baz and penelope try to surprise simon at christmas and on his birthday, but simon is the one who ends up surprising them. a story about the slow process of recovery and some thoughts on the nature of hope. (inspired by this song from adventure time.)
genre: mostly fluff, a touch of hurt/comfort and a little angst that (spoiler) turns out ok
notes: this is the first fic i’ve posted on this blog and it’s pretty important to me, seeing as i am firmly in the Simon Snow Salisbury Deserved Better camp when it comes to the ending of carry on, so here is my revisionist self adding post-canon simon angst (plus resolution to said angst) and snowbaz fluffiness.

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Dr. Sylvia Earle is a National Geographic Society Explorer-in-Residence. She was given the name “Her Deepness” by the New Yorker and “Hero for the Planet” by Time magazine. Earle is an oceanographer, explorer, author and lecturer. She has several years’ experience as a research scientist, government official, and director for corporate and non-profit organizations, and is the former chief scientist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In the 1960s, she fought to join male-only expeditions, and has since clocked 7,000 hours of diving. As well as a PhD. from Duke University, she has 22 honorary degrees, has published more than 190 articles, and speaks all over the world. Her focus is on preserving oceanic biodiversity in the wake of climate change.

Thanks to Dr. Earle and her fearless curiosity we know more about our oceans today than ever before. Her lifetime of work has enriched us with a deeper understanding of how to live sustainably and symbiotically with marine life, and our oceans are healthier because of her commitment to environmentalism. Currently her non-profit Mission Blue organization leads an alliance seeking to vastly expand the number of ocean preserves to protect marine life from overfishing, pollution, and development.

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Video by me, words by @natgeo and @brianskerry

Happy World Oceans Day!

On this day - when the world celebrates the magnificence of Earth’s oceans - I urge you to think about the need for conservation of our water planet.

Approximately 98% of Earth’s biosphere - where life can exist on the planet - is ocean, and yet only about 3% is protected. Science tells us that, for a healthy planet, at least 30% of the oceans must be protected. We have a lot more work to do.

Every other breath we takes comes from the sea, with more than 50% of the oxygen needed to survive generated by the ocean. If for no other reason than our own survival, ocean ecosystems must be conserved.

The oceans give us so many riches, and taking care of the sea means a healthy future for all.
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#worldoceansday #conservation #preservation #un #unitednations #ocean #oceans #climatechange #protect #sea #photooftheday #natgeo #nationalgeographic (at Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge)

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@inkteller I have literally read all of the books. I was that kid who was obsessed with horses and read through Horse ENCYCLOPEDIAS because I loved them so much. With age the love has only been tempered by the fact that I haven’t been able to go riding in years, and I am unable to currently own a horse.

Seriously the little kid in me who read all of Marguerite Henry’s books is SO HAPPY HERE YOU DON’T EVEN KNOW.

Also you are now the seventh person to warn me about the mosquistoes here so honestly I am curious at this point.

Dumbo Octopus Aqua Ballet

Meet Dumbo the dancing deep sea octopus performing its debut aqua ballet all the way from the Arctic. Filmed at 960m deep by #ROV (remote operated vehicle) while we watched on in awe from the boat above. A mesmerizing sight to behold. More to come . We humans must do more to help preserve our Ocean Planet. .
📈: tag/reblog to friends to help spread the message
📽: Michael Aw

Join OctoNation, the largest octopus fan club
Www.instagram.com/OctoNation

Interaction Update: Lapis and Jasper

There are a lot of feelings I have coming from the episode, and right away I’ll say that if things seemed grey and unclear suddenly, then that sounds about right. Lapis and Jasper together do paint a well-fleshed out picture of the abuse narrative. Anon puts it quite concisely here:

Anonymous said:
Can’t wait for you to analyse Alone At Sea! I think the dynamic between Jasper and Lapis in it is really interesting as it portrays something a lot of media doesn’t: an unhealthy and even abusive relationship, where both sides hurt each other, rather than it being a clear cut ‘here is the perfect innocent victim and here is the horrible abuser’ dynamic.

Off the bat, I’d like to say that relationships change people. What they value, how they see the world, meeting a particular person can change that. Neither Lapis nor Jasper come out of this relationship quite the same as when they entered it, and neither are faultless nor are they “pure evil.” 

Abusive relationships are very hard to leave, because before the relationship we have clear standards in our heads, often they’re called deal-breakers. But people who’ve been in a relationship for very long know that sometimes, those deal-breakers change. When the other person knows everything about you, has seen your absolute worst, and has shown you theirs, and the relationship is peppered with some highs or “good times” all these standards get a little muddy. 

If you’re in an abusive relationship, my stand is absolutely to get out as soon as you can. What I’m talking about, though, is why it seems many people don’t get out right away, or why people relapse and either go back to their abusers or enter new abusive relationships again.

That’s because from within the relationship, both sides would have hurt each other, fought back, and been hurt. Most of the time, someone is both an aggressor of the two, and there is a victim; similar to wars, no side really gets out unscathed. I feel this is what Lapis and Jasper are portraying. But what I did like about the episode was that despite everything, the message was also that support and love can help someone heal after the abuse. And also, that saying “no” and getting out of the relationship for good is a great first step. These are all ideas I’ll be discussing in this post, aside from the characters. So let’s get to it. 

1. There is no “perfect” victim

This episode has been very polarising for viewers, I think, because it was difficult to completely categorise Lapis and Jasper as victim and abuser. I mean, when we knew and saw very little of them, the roles seemed more clear-cut. But now they’ve been humanised to us, they aren’t static characters anymore.

I’ll lead with this: Do you know that in many rape hearings, photos of survivors’ smiling after the rape is often used as effective evidence against them? That’s terrible, but it’s a tactic that gets used because it works. In our world, it seems unheard of for someone to go through that sort of experience and come out trying to be brave and move past it.

SU has tried very hard to undo this perception. What do we see in the episode? Lapis is making an active effort to have a good time. She herself doesn’t want to dwell on being Malachite. She laughs with Steven and asks about fishing and agrees to go on the trip in the first place. 

That’s a huge step for someone who has awful memories of the ocean. But Steven makes a good point. The ocean, water, they’re a huge part of her. Being afraid of it would mean she was letting the experience speak for her and her actions.

Jasper is very much a victim here as well, and this “perfect victim” argument hurts her even more, because at face value, she doesn’t look like the typical victim, and I think that deserves its own section below.

So there will be a group of people saying it was clear-cut that Lapis was the only victim, or conversely that she wasn’t a “true victim,” and I will be deeply offended by that. Because this episode shows us that getting up and wanting to go on with life after a traumatic incident isn’t an easy thing. But sometimes, returning to normalcy helps us to cope and not let the experience define us. 

Yes, Lapis was smiling and laughing, and she was on a fun-venture trip. This doesn’t mean what happened with Jasper wasn’t “as bad as we thought” or that her experience was invalidated or rendered null.

I received this ask, and I think it’s something worth discussing while we’re on the topic, because it was something to note during the episode for me as well.

Anonymous said:
Could you talk about how lapis finally unwinding and Greg unknowingly make her regress. [When she tried to help him fish]

The fishing scene was the first time in a while, in which Lapis made use of her hydrokinesis without the urgent need for self-defence. In fact, it’s very reminiscent of her actions in Ocean Gem, when she took up the ocean but preserved its ecosystem.

From my standpoint, it wasn’t an easy thing to decide on doing. For one, Greg was right there, and he was one of her “collateral damage people” from Ocean Gem. I mentioned before that Lapis at her best is loving and sweet and prefers not to be in the spotlight, but that Lapis when stressed and desperate has one goal in mind and will stop at nothing to reach it. She had no fight with Earth; that’s why she took great care not to destroy everything living in the ocean when she built her tower. Greg and Connie, and even the gems, were standing in her way, and she saw incapacitating them as necessary at the time.

So she feels a lot of guilt towards these people, who were trying to protect their planet and their ocean from what appeared to be someone stealing it. Recall, no one knew her motives until Steven demanded to speak to her at the top of the tower. 

Now, she wanted to help out and fish with them, and she did it in the way she understood fishing, which was just to get a bunch of fish. The way Greg addressed her was very cautious, because he didn’t want to offend her efforts.

Greg: That’s a pretty uh… fancy way of catching fish.

Steven: That’s 'cause Lapis is super strong!

Greg: Well, I, Uh, appreciate the gesture, but I-I think it would be safer to stick to the old-fashioned way of doing it.

He’s really hesitating to bring out the point, but I think this is another significant point. Lapis didn’t know how to fish. She went through some trauma, but that doesn’t mean she shouldn’t be told the right way to fish. In other words, she should still be able to have other people correct her, and teach her new things. Her life should keep going on while she heals.

And the biggest indicator of this, was that Lapis goes up to Greg and asks him how to fish the traditional way. This, to me, shows she’s ready to start interacting with Greg and she wasn’t “regressing.” Lapis deserves more credit; she’s strong. We know that old Lapis, fresh from Malachite would have just flown off because the situation was something she wasn’t ready to face. For many survivors, when they are ready to move forward, they don’t want a free pass to just do everything their way, or do everything they want to do. They want to be treated like themselves again. They don’t want to be known as “that victim” forever. What Lapis did was indicative of this.

Right after this exchange, Steven thinks Lapis would be upset, but Lapis pre-empts that and ruffles his hair. She’s signalling that it’s okay, and that Steven doesn’t need to step in for her. She initiates conversation, something we haven’t seen Lapis do with others while she was in more stressful situations. 

But that doesn’t mean Lapis didn’t do her share of hurting in that relationship. At her worst, she’s manipulative, violent, and destructive. We’ve seen that in action and I’ve covered this before. Even Rebecca Sugar has mentioned that manipulation is a part of Lapis’ character. These don’t make her a bad person. These don’t invalidate the abuse she has suffered. I am saying, though, that she is capable of abusing as well, and we see that revealed in the episode. 

2. Jasper is much more vulnerable than she lets on

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anonymous asked:

For the short fanfiction thing, KOMAHINA IN 42 PLEASE, THANK YOU AND HAVE A WONDERFUL DAY <333

42. “I don’t know if I should kiss you or slap you.”

He pauses, looking up at Hinata with slightly wide eyes. The brown haired boy looks pretty angry, but he can’t imagine why. If anything, he thought the truth about his plan during the first murder would make him feel more relieved - his boyfriend hadn’t been intending to kill anyone, after all. Why did he look so angry?

“…Well, of course, you’re free to do either, Hajime -”

“Stop it!” Hinata shakes his head, looking away, at the ground, mumbling swears and curses. Komaeda hums in confusion, but doesn’t speak up for the moment. Why is he so upset…?

“Dammit…dammit….just…Nagito…you were trying to get yourself killed!?”

“…Well, if you look at the evidence, I would have thought it’d be obvious.” He laughs softly, curling a particularly stubborn lock of his hair around his finger, “even I know it’s a stupid idea to kill someone in the dark with a knife that’s glowing, after all!”

“…God.” Hinata groans, burying his face in his hands. Komaeda isn’t exactly sure what to do - isn’t even sure what could be wrong.

“…I have to admit, I thought you’d be relieved, haha.” He shakes his head, “I thought the reason you were angry with me was because you were upset I’d tried to kill someone -”

“That’s not it!”

Before Komaeda can speak, Hinata’s grabbed his collar, pushing him against the wall, anger and frustration in his gaze. He’s crying, Komaeda dimly realizes in astonishment, though the tears have yet to flow past his eyes. He stays silent, unsure of what to say. Maybe he never should have explained…

“…You were going to just throw your life away? We…we were friends, Nagito!” Hinata shakes his head, “even then, I felt a connection with you, dammit. You knew that! So why the fuck would you decide your life wasn’t worth it!?”

Komaeda isn’t sure if he should answer this honestly, or not. Hinata is pretty upset, though he’s starting to get a better idea of exactly why he’s upset…

“Of course my life would be worth a brilliant show of hope…it’s the best outcome I could have hoped for -”

“Dammit, don’t you know enough at this point to know that wouldn’t be hope at all?”

He sighs, looks away, wishing that Hinata had simply opted for the ‘kissing’ option, instead of the more violent and angry approach.

“…Nagito…” Hinata relaxes after a few minutes, though the back of Komaeda’s neck still aches from the fabric digging into it from Hinata’s grip. Hinata’s tone sounds so defeated, so confused, so unsure. 

“…It’s alright. I shouldn’t have told you at all, haha.” Komaeda tries to laugh it off, shaking his head. “We can just forget about it. It’s not like it really matters anymore, right? My plan went awry, and I ended up dying later… It probably would have been easier for everyone if my plan hadn’t gotten messed up, anyway…”

“…” Hinata sighs out, then before Komaeda can react properly, wraps his arms around him, tightly and desperately, like a man clinging to a life preserver in the ocean. Komaeda looks down at him, again in confusion. Hinata is all over the place today, isn’t he…

“…I’m glad you lived, Nagito.” He finally says, “…I wouldn’t have gotten to understand you, even a little, if you hadn’t.”

“…Well, when we left the program -”

“We probably would have trouble with the other cases, too. We probably wouldn’t have been able to figure them out, without your help.”

“That’s ridiculous, Hajime. I’m surprised you’d say something so silly.”

“It’s not silly…it’s true, idiot.” He sighs out, relaxing against Komaeda. “…Don’t try something like that again.”

“Hajime -”

“Promise me, Nagito. No tricks, or games, or sacrifices…”

Komaeda stays silent for a moment. Now that he has Hinata…for the first time in his life, he doesn’t want to die, that’s true.

Maybe that’s why he’s upset…

Because he couldn’t be that for me, before.

“…I promise.” He finally mumbles, and Hinata exhales, apparently in relief.

“…Thanks.” Hinata squeezes  him, and Komaeda finally can respond to his embrace, raising his arms to wrap around his shoulders.

It doesn’t seem like Hinata understands fully, even now. But that’s fine…because they have time now, don’t they?

At least that’s what Hinata says…that they have all the time in the world.

Spending all that time with Hinata…with both of them trying to understand each other…

It actually makes him glad he didn’t die, too.

anonymous asked:

Why do you think Lapis was trying to drown Steven and Connie, instead of incapacitate them? It's completely possible to deprive someone of oxygen until they're unconscious, but stop before it leads to any permanent damage - and if Lapis knew she could attack Steven that way, it's entirely possible that was what she was going for (after all, oxygen deprivation and drowning aren't unique to Earth). It also seems a bit out of character for her to leap to murder Steven when there are other options.

Before anything, I want to point out that the details of hypoxia I’m about to bring up are besides the point. The entire reason I even bring up Lapis’ actions in Ocean Gem, in which she envelopes Steven’s and Connie’s heads in water, was to show that at her worst she could be very destructive and hurtful. The point was also made to illustrate how powerful she is as she was able to do this while holding up an entire tower of the Earth’s ocean.

And the conclusion I made was that those actions weren’t right. Lapis knows about humans; she knows that they’re physically weaker than gems are. She herself brings it up in The Return, telling Jasper not to hurt Steven because “He’s just a human!” This shows she can recognise humans on sight and know that unlike gems, they need to breathe. She also knows that her water clones are incredibly hard to defeat, as even the other Crystal Gems were already having a difficult time holding their own against them. So why go through the drowning if it costs her nothing to just let Steven and Connie tire themselves out on a water clone? It was an act of overkill, and considering Lapis has nothing against Connie personally, or even the organic life on Earth (because Lapis preserves the ocean ecosystem in the tower) it was uncalled for. That was the point of the example. It wasn’t brought up to call Lapis evil or murderous in any way but rather shows that Lapis lashes out when she’s upset and yes, even innocent people can get hurt in the process.

To Anon’s question, I’m rather certain her intent wasn’t to kill them. As for the use of the word “drown” the entire process of submerging someone knowing they can’t breathe is indeed drowning them. Hypoxia, which is oxygen deprivation, is probably what Anon is referring to!

And to engage the question, while hypoxia may not leave any extreme effects in the short term, it’s still rather dangerous, and that’s why it’s an example of rage getting out of control. The best divers and record-setters can hold their breaths at around the three and half-minute mark. Steven and Connie aren’t professionals but they’re probably familiar with swimming long distances and have decent lung capacity and oxygen management because they grew up around water. Also, given the conditions, the adrenaline and fear would have their sympathetic nervous system kick in, making them use of more oxygen as their hearts pump faster and their blood pressures rise. It would take maybe two to three minutes for them to lose consciousness given those conditions. 

[Warning: Lengthy medical info and slight body horror below]

Cerebral hypoxia, or when your brain is deprived of oxygen, can have harmful effects as early as two minutes, and it gets worse from there. Also, the longer the person is unconscious, the longer the effects will last. As cerebral hypoxia sets in, effects will include being unable to repeat back information, loss of coordination, balance, fuzziness in vision, and unconsciousness. At the micro level, brain cells die. Past the two minute mark (around 3-4 minutes in), that’s irreparable damage to the brain. This is because your blood is trying to get more oxygen to your brain as quickly as it can. Blood pressure rises and the blood vessels in your brain rupture as a result. Under the logic that drowning them would render them unconscious for a while to get them out of the way, this damage would be more and more difficult to recover from and brain functions involving movement, speech, and memories could be permanently affected.

In their panicked attempts to draw in air, they could also involuntarily inhale, causing water to flood in their lungs, which is also not good as it causes edema, or swelling, in the pulmonary tract.

[End of medical descriptions]

So even with the intent of incapacitating them, it’s a dangerous gamble to assume they’ll be walking this off fine. And we’re talking about aliens without a complete understanding of human physiology here. I’m rather certain not a lot of people know about hypoxia themselves. There are no certainties that she can withdraw the moment before “permanent damage” sets in, because it’s different for everyone. Yes, I agree, Lapis doesn’t seem like the type to jump out and murder people. She’s angry and hurt and scared and all she wants at this point is to go home. But that doesn’t mean she’s excused for trying to drown two human children in the process, where again, drowning doesn’t mean murder. Just saying that the act itself is overkill when she could have occupied them with hand-to-hand combat the way she did the other Crystal Gems. It’s hitting them in a very weak spot and this was done in a targeted way.

Lapis is capable of doing a lot of good things, and as we’ve seen, no one is inherently evil in Steven Universe. This is one action and it doesn’t define her. But that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t be critical of it as well. Understanding her at her worst is key to her getting past these destructive tendencies in times of stress, something I’d also like for her to do.

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Rack of exceptionally preserved fish and other ocean going organisms from rocks in Lebanon

The always magnificent humpback whale. True songbirds, they produce some of the longest, most complex sound sequences of any animal, which each song lasting up to a half hour.

These are amazing creatures and I hope that humanity will protect them and their environment, because it would be an absolute tragedy to lose this member of the ocean ecosystem.

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Racing Extinction premieres worldwide tonight, December 2nd, on Discovery at 9pm ET/PT.

Utilizing state-of-the-art equipment, Oscar®-winner Louie Psihoyos (The Cove) assembles a team of artists and activists intent on showing the world never-before-seen images that expose issues of endangered species and mass extinction.

Whether infiltrating notorious black markets with guerilla-style tactics or exploring the scientific causes affecting changes to the environment, “Racing Extinction” will change the way we see the world and our role within it.