precolumbian america

APUSH Study Guides

Hello, everyone! Many of you have requested study guides for AP US History since I opened the offer up - and I have delivered!

Here is the first study guide. It will be part of this page on this blog found under the ‘explore!’ menu. I will update it very frequently! I expect to have most of them done for every era by tomorrow. Maybe even all of them. We just don’t know. 

Eventually I’d like to make infographics of all the eras but that’s hard and I am a mere student living life, blogging, exercising, watching shows………..

Nose Ornament with Spiders - Unknown Peruvian Artisan, 1st century B.C. – A.D. 2nd century

Gold, H. 2 x W. 4 3/8 x D. 1/8 in. (5.1 x 11.1 x 0.3 cm)

Nose ornaments are among the earliest jewelry forms in Precolumbian America and were made in an endless variety of materials and styles; those for the elite were made of precious metal. In Peru, nose ornaments became less fashionable in the second half of the first millennium A.D. and were seldom used after about 600. This elegant, very delicate crescent nose ring from northern Peru is evidence of the high level of craftsmanship that existed among metalworkers at this time. Depicted are four spiders sitting in their web. The openwork, lacelike quality of the object was achieved by fusing the many minute parts together to create a symmetrical composition. The stylized spiders, their tiny eyes and fangs showing, are held, each in its own open space, by paired, spindly legs echoing the round bodies and joined to the web.

Spider imagery occurs in Peruvian art from the middle of the first millennium B.C. onward, suggesting that spiders played a role in early Andean mythology. The spiders’ ability to catch and kill live prey associates them with sacrifice. Information from the sixteenth-century Inka peoples links spiders with rainfall and fertility.