Russian Imperial Palaces → The Pavlovsk Palace
Pavlovsk Palace is an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Paul I of Russia in Pavlovsk, near Saint Petersburg. In 1777 The Empress Catherine II of Russia gave a parcel of a thousand hectares of forest along the winding Slavyanka River, four kilometers from her residence at Tsarskoye Selo, to her son and heir Paul I and his wife Maria Feodorovna, to celebrate the birth of their first son, the future Alexander I of Russia.
In September 1781, as construction of the Pavlovsk Palace began, Paul and Maria set off on a journey to Austria, Italy, France and Germany. Paul and Maria Feodorovna returned in November 1782, and they continued to fill Pavlovsk with art objects. The decoration of the palace was inspired by Roman models discovered at Pompeii and Herculaneum; Roman-style lamps, furniture, Roman couches, and chairs copied after those of Roman senators. Following the French taste of the time for Egyptian art, black Egyptian statues were added in the entry vestibule of the Palace.
An unpopular tsar, Paul was assassinated by conspirators in 1801. After his son’s accession to the throne, Paul’s wife made the Pavlovsk Palace her permanent home. At the time of the Russian Revolution in 1917, the eldest son of Constantine Constantinovich and his relatives were living in one of the wings of Pavlovsk. As the political situation deteriorated, they left, and the house was left to the care of Alexander Polovotsoff, director of the Art Institute and the Museum of Applied Arts in Saint Petersburg. The palace was damaged in World War II and there has been successful restoration attempts ever since, opening the new restored palace to the public today.