pre wwii

Before Stonewall

The history of LGBT+ activism is a long and storied one, but many of those stories have been erased or forgotten. In honor of the month of Pride and all the courageous activists who came before us, here are some of them:

The Activism of Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld

Magnus Hirschfeld, who was himself gay, led a movement to decriminalize and understand homosexuality in pre WWII Germany that was highly successful given the time in which it took place. In 1897 he founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee to study and demystify homosexuality, believing that through scientific examination hostility towards gay men and women could be reduced. In 1898 his committee presented 5000 signatures of prominent Germans to the Reichstag in favor of overturning discriminatory laws against homosexuality. The bill didn’t pass, but Hirschfeld was only beginning. In 1910 he coined the term ‘transvestite’, the very first term for what we now know as transgender people, and even - remarkably - suggested that gender might be a spectrum. In 1919 he opened his Institute for Sexual Research, a clinic created for studying and caring for sexual or gender minorities. The famous Lili Elbe (as in The Danish Girl) received treatment at his clinic.

The clinic was wildly ahead of its time. Hirschfeld not only pioneered gender confirmation surgery through the work of Dr. Ludwig Levy-Lenz but he convinced the police - the police! - to issue a special permit to trans women so that they could travel freely in their own clothing without being harassed or arrested.

As a gay Jewish man who fought for the rights of gay and trans people, it’s not a surprise that Hirschfeld was a favorite target of the Nazis. In 1933 his Institute was raided and his research burned, setting back queer liberation for god knows how long. He fled to France, where he lived out the rest of his life.

The Mattachine Society and the Daughters of Bilitis

The Mattachine society, founded in 1950, was the first ‘homophile’ (gay rights) organization in the United States. Founded by Harry Hay in Los Angeles, the society had itself likely been inspired by knowledge of Hirschfeld’s work and proposed to improve the condition of the lives of gay men in America. The group adopted the cell style organization favored by Communist groups and soon there were chapters all around the country. When member Dale Jennings got arrested for ‘lewd behavior’ he decided to fight the charges with the support of the Society, who generated publicity and sympathy around the case. The jury deadlocked, the charges were dropped and the Mattachine society declared victory. 

The Daughters of Bilitis  (1955) was originally concieved as an alternative to the lesbian bar scene but quickly politicized. They provided support and education for lesbians who wanted to learn more about their orientation, as well as launching a magazine that was the first nationally distributed lesbian publication called The Ladder in 1956. In 1960 they even held a national convention.

The Activism of Frank Kameny

In 1957 Frank Kameny was caught up in the “lavender scare”, a purge of homosexuals from US Government departments, and lost his job. But Kameny was a fighter, and he didn’t take it lying down. He devoted himself to activism.

Refusing to be bullied or made ashamed of his orientation, Kameny not only founded the Washington D.C. chapter of the Mattachine society but launched what was one of the earliest LGBT picket lines in history when he and ten other activists picketed the White House in 1965 carrying a sign that said “Gay is Good”, his favored slogan. In 1963 he launched the campaign to decriminalize homosexuality in D.C. and personally drafted the bill that finally passed in 1993. 

The Compton’s Cafeteria Riot

The first transgender-led riot against the police took place not at Stonewall, but at Compton’s Cafeteria in the Tenderlion district of San Francisco.

Compton’s Cafeteria was a restaurant that had become a meeting place for transgender people, as they weren’t welcome in many gay bars at the time. In the early 1960′s, the staff at the Cafeteria began calling the police on their trans customers, leading to arrests and raids and harassment. Things came to a head when a police officer attempted to arrest one of the trans women who was patronizing the restaurant, and she threw her coffee in his face. Furniture was thrown, windows were smashed, and the fighting spilled out into the street. A police cruiser had all its windows smashed out and a newsstand was burned down.

The next night trans women and other LGBT supporters formed a picket line outside the Cafeteria to protest their treatment. During the demonstration the windows of the Cafeteria were once again shattered.  Many of the activists were members of Vanguard, an early organization for LGBT youth. 

Sorry for all this, but since I’ve been blocked I can’t actually directly respond.

It’s great that you think that A became Asexual from Ally when AVEN forced the issue, but… AVEN formed in iike, what, 2000?

I can personally remember A being Asexual in the 90s, before that event.

My partner remembers it from the 80s, and points out that sometimes there were two As (Asexual and Ally) and sometimes two Qs (Queer and Questioning).

I know Marsha P. Johnson and Silvia Rivera were influential in the late 60s and early 70s, but they did not start the community.  They were organizers IN the community that already existed.  And they were in NYC.  The communities in the midwest and California were not entirely identical back in the before times.  Hell, the lesbians and the gays couldn’t always be in the same room with one another and stay polite.

The internet has homogenized this stuff some, but back in the 80s and 90s things weren’t quite as consistent as they have become.

The ‘X’ that Kinsey discussed were absolutely part of the existing queer community, even if they weren’t calling themselves ‘ace’.  Same people.

I can’t remember citations, but I’m pretty sure if you go dig up some of good old Magnus Hirschfeld work that you’ll find that pre-WWII queer community in Berlin (ie, the San Francisco of Europe at the time) included discussions of people we would recognize as Asexual.

History is long and complicated.  It’s a great story that Aces and Aros are cishet and straight and not part of the community, but it’s a story. It’s revisionist history.  It disagrees with my lived experience (I’m old).

The thing that really cheeses me off about this whole conversation is that back in the 80s and 90s you had this exact conversation, except it was about the ‘B’ or the ‘T’.  Not the ‘A’.  Now, the people making these kinds of exclusionary statements are excluding the ‘A’ from the LGBT.  And they use the same kinds of arguments.  B people are either straight (and therefore not part of the community) or confused gay people (in which case they were fine).  T people aren’t ‘really’ women, so they don’t belong in lesbian spaces.  Really they’re just gay men who like dressing up or they’re straight men who don’t belong in the community because they’re some kind of fetishist.

It’s always about peeling off some of these queer identities and reducing them to the ‘actually gay’ part (who are okay, if strange, and part of the community) and the ‘actually straight’ part (who are our oppressors, and don’t belong and are evil and sneaky and trying to horn in on our community and make us unsafe and doing it for attention).

It’s a conversation that makes us poorer every time we have to go through it. 

@ahorriblecaseofwanderlust – Finished!  (BTW, I decided to start naming the buyer in my signature, to make it more personal and unique.  This will only be available for the person who ordered the commission.  Regular prints will have the personal note removed, so your print will be one of a kind!)

Anyway, hope you like it!  =)

darkmistandodddreams  asked:

I would absolutely love a bit more on the "like arthur under the hill" universe. If it gets a bit more Peter/Nightingale than the original I'd be delighted, but I'd also be really happy with gen. Maybe a scene of Nightingale teaching Peter magic or Peter teaching Nightingale about something modern he doesn't understand? Only if you're up for it of course :)

 You’d think that someone who’d fallen into a magical sleep in 1945 and woken up in the twenty-first century would have the greatest difficulty adjusting to things like high-definition television or fluorescent lights or gay marriage, but Nightingale didn’t blink at any of those things - in fact he seemed to be rather pleased by at least two of them. But he’d never developed the habit of wearing a seatbelt, and it showed. He lost it - for the Nightingale version of losing it, which was so low-key as to be nearly unnoticeable - about the tenth time we got in a car and I politely reminded him to put it on. Which was only the times I was driving, so it took a while to get there.  

 "Is it really that important?“ he said, with a sideways glance at me. "We’re hardly going to be going at high speeds.”

 "I can show you statistics whenever you like,“ I said. "Biggest road safety improvement of the last half-century.”

 He didn’t quite roll his eyes. 

 "And it does wonders for my peace of mind, okay?“ I tried. "Attend a few high-speed road accidents and it’ll do wonders for yours, too.”

 Amazingly, that shut him up. But just to be sure, I found a couple of long review articles about their effectiveness - not actual scientific journal things, but with some nice graphs - printed them off, and put them on his desk. He’s adapted to TV, like I said, but we’re still working on computers and email. One step at a time. 

 "What’s this?“ he asked me. 

 "Seat belts,” I said. He scanned the first page, flicked through and paused on a graph, and a smile started to grow on his face. 

 "What?“ I asked, because I wasn’t totally sure I liked his expression. Then he looked up at me, and I thought maybe it was alright, even though he hadn’t said anything. 

 "You wanted to make sure I took this seriously.”

 "If you don’t believe me, believe the science.“  

 He looked down again at that, but I couldn’t work out why. 

 "Anyway,” I said. “I have to go bash some Latin verbs into submission.”

 "Peter,“ he said, as I was almost out the door. "Thank you, but your peace of mind was quite enough motivation to be going on with.”

 "Yeah, well, we’ll see what else that works on,“ I said before I thought about it, and then left before I could think about it. (When I told Lesley about this later, she put her face in her hands and groaned theatrically, but she does this a lot when I tell her stories, so I didn’t think it meant too much.) 

 I hope he still read the articles, though. My peace of mind is all very well, but it’s physics you really can’t argue with. 


austria canonically having a string of failed marriages is one of my favorite things. you would think he would have slowed his roll after france wrote a national anthem about watering his fields with austrian blood, but that asshole was planning his next marriage before he even officially divorced hungary.

germany doesn’t know how he got here but he brought it upon himself  


I don’t know what’s not to love about this video:

-The Pre-Hamilton Lin Manuel Miranda singing a song that’s far out of his range.
-The Pre WWII setting of the musical. (Any other situation, I would hate this)
-That orchestra though.
-The singers leading him into the song and their perfect pitch.
-The hum of the VHS camera.
-The idea that simply putting someone in white clothing is the same as them being Jesus.
-Why did they cast him as Jesus and not Judas?

I just love this video, and nothing will convince me not to. Maybe one day I’ll release my full cover of “Agony”, from Into The Woods.


Silk Kimono.  Early Showa Period (1927-1940), Japan.  The Kimono Gallery.  A black and white chirimen silk kimono featuring stenciled abstract patterning. This artifact is a reflection of the great art experimentation in Japan occurred during the exuberant and confident Taisho and early Showa periods of the 1912-1940 period. This dazzling kimono reflects the influence on Japanese art from Europe and North America during this period. The influence that Japan had on the development of Art Nouveau and art Deco in the West is profound, but there has been little research on the cross-pollination of art influences between the Japanese and the West during several decades preceding WWII. A lot of extant kimonos from this pre-WWII period - especially meisen silk ones - sport clearly Western-influenced 20th century art styles. However, is the art on kimonos like this example only influenced by the West, or is their more art breakthroughs in Japan during this period than has been researched and documented?
A Moonbeam in Your Hand - Chapter 1 - turtlebook - The 100 (TV) [Archive of Our Own]
An Archive of Our Own, a project of the Organization for Transformative Works
By Organization for Transformative Works

Title: A Moonbeam in Your Hand

Pairing: Abby Griffin/Marcus Kane

Rating: teen


Austria, 1937. Recently widowed Abigail Griffin, still grieving the loss of her husband, needs a job that will allow her to support herself and her daughter. Captain Marcus von Kane, meanwhile, needs a tutor for his seven adopted children, and can only hope the next one he hires will last longer than a week.

When Abby and Clarke arrive at the grand house on the outskirts of Salzburg it is uncertain who will present the greater challenge - these unwelcoming children or their strict authoritarian father. However, Abby is soon able to win over her new charges, just as they begin to win her over in return. And as for the Captain, it is only a matter of time before he too comes to see her value to his family. In more ways than one…

Here it is folks! The first chapter of my Sound of Music AU Kabby fic, you know, the one that has eaten the last two months of my life. My first big bang. I am proud of me. Please enjoy this hella long fluffy kabby kidfic set against the backdrop of pre-WWII Austria.

You know what I wanna see?

A Captain America fic that deals with Steve Rogers and modern queer culture. 

I don’t mean just marriage equality and the repeal of don’t ask don’t tell and Pride. 

I want Steve Rogers in the club. 

I want Steve Rogers watching Drag Race. 

I want Steve Rogers ON Drag Race, or What’s the Tee talking about the fairies down by the docs, or the female impersonator who lived downstairs, or the gay bars that opened in old speakeasies. 

I want Steve Rogers who learns *and uses* queer slang, listens to queer artists, reads queer media. 

I want Steve Rogers who feels at hime in modern queer spaces because he felt at home in pre-WWII queer spaces. I want part of the reason he had a hard time before Winter Soldier to be because the world SHIELD gave to him *just wasn’t queer enough* 

And because I’m romantic like that, I want him to do it with Bucky Barnes next to him, the way he’s always been. 

anonymous asked:

Did you see the Starz character descriptions ? They say that Claire is Frank's only love. Give me a break.

I mean, she could be the only woman he’s ever loved? We only know that he had affairs, not if he actually loved any of his mistresses. And he did love Claire. Well, he loved pre-WWII Claire. And the idea of who he wanted Claire to be. Never the full Claire MF’ing Beauchamp, all around badass lady. He loved the idea of Claire so much that just kept thinking she’d eventually go back to how things were before the war.

But I’ve rambled about how that was never going to happen and how they should have just gotten a divorce and how their marriage was basically over before Claire even went through the stones before so let’s not get into that again. (TL;DR – Even though both of them played a part in their marriage failing, Claire was always up front and honest with Frank, and Frank was a complete and utter twatwaffle, and everyone would have been better off (even Bree, who wouldn’t have grown up in a house where she knew her parents didn’t get along) if they had just gotten divorced.)

I’ll post the character descriptions from the Starz website in a separate post if anyone wants them.

anonymous asked:

Noah is a Hebrew name most used in the Jewish community. (I know the fandom loves John but his canon name means canon evidence.) Before WWII most of the Polish community was Jewish (3,000,000 Polish Jewish people were murdered, 90% of Poland's Jewish population) and approximately 200,000 Polish Jews left Poland post-WWII for places like North America, and we know Stilinski is meant to be Polish and Gajos, Claudia's surname, is a Polish surname most common in a town that was 40% Jewish pre-WWII.

I think you make a compelling argument, but the Scott stans won’t buy it unless it’s explicitly stated in canon. 

Noah is a hugely popular name in Australia. When I was at school, most of the Noahs I knew were Torres Strait Islander boys. 

The Asiatic Station - Destroyer USS Edsall

  • Manila
  • China (The Great Wall)
  • Singapore
  • Shanghai
  • Indochina
  • Japan (Fujisan - Mount Fuji)
  • Chefoo (Nowadays Yantai, China)
  • Hong Kong (The Peak)

-Kaba, Hungary, Prewar, A Purim party. Among the individuals photographed are: Bela Frank, Eszter Spitz and Bela Herzber.

-Berlin, Germany, 17/03/1946, People at a Purim party.

-Landsberg, Germany, 1947, The soccer team on Purim (in costumes).

-Yugoslavia, Lidia Breners in a Purim play, between the king and queen.

-Stakliskes, Lithuania, 1933, People in costume for the Purim holiday.

-Brussels, Belgium, 1946, Children in costume in an orphanage on Purim.

-Otwock, Poland, 1948, A Purim party at the Jewish children’s home. The children’s home was established after the war, as a refuge for Jewish children who survived the Holocaust. Third row from the top, third from right: Yoram Stikgold. Second from right: Micha Hochberg. Second row from the bottom, on the right: Avraham Horowitz.

-Mittenwald, Germany, Purim 1946, Women, men and children refugees at a DP camp.

-Trebishow, Czechoslovakia, 1935-1936, Purim in a Beitar branch. Duci Dvora Wald stands fourth from right in the top row. Her sister Adina Wald is seventh from the right. Adina Wald is the mother of Yona Fish, who submitted the photograph.

-Bad Homburg, Germany, Children in costumes on Purim.

all photographs from the Yad Vashem photo archives


[image: ten book covers arranged in two rows. a turquoise banner in the center bears the text: “epic reads: queer books > 400 pages”]

Recently, I wrote about queer novels under two hundred pages - those satisfying short reads that you might be able to finish in an afternoon or two. Today, I bring you a list of looong queer books which provide an entirely different kind of satisfaction.

Lengthier narratives allow writers to carefully construct a tapestry of details, to spin a web of complex characters, and to create a rich sense of a time and place. Lingering over a long novel can give you the opportunity to immerse yourself, to explore broadly or to dive deep, and to build a relationship with a character or a world.

Here are ten queer novels over 400 pages:

  • She Rises by Kate Worsley (432 pages): In this historical novel, romance and the open ocean beckon two protagonists towards the unknown. A young maid named Louise finds herself falling for her upper-class mistress while a young man named Luke tries to survive a new life aboard a warship and make his way back to his lost love.
  • Dhalgren by Samuel R. Delany (801 pages): By far the longest on this list, some editions of Delany’s seminal 1970s spec-fic epic stretch over 900 pages. Within these dense pages, a protagonist who cannot remember his own name wanders through the landscape of Bellona, an isolated city in the center of the United States, where he has a series of unsettling and erotic encounters.
  • The Adventures of Kavalier and Clay by Michael Chabon (639 pages): This Pulitzer Prize winner set in New York during the pre-WWII “Golden Age” of comics stars two Jewish teenagers who together create a hero called The Escapist. But like their real-life counterparts of the era, their ideas are exploited, and the runaway success of their character can’t offer relief from their personal struggles.
  • At Swim Two Boys by Jamie O’Neill (562 pages): Another thick historical novel - this one set in Ireland in 1915, the year preceding the Easter Uprising. Doyler Doyle, a tough and outspoken son of a soldier, promises to teach Jim Mack, a shy intellectual, how to swim. As their relationship deepens, they find themselves swept into the revolution and rocked by the tides of history.
  • Valmiki’s Daughter by Shani Mootoo (408 pages): Rich with sensory details that place the reader in Trinidad, this novel tells the story of a wealthy but troubled family. Valmiki and his eldest daughter Viveka, both stifled by heteronormative expectations, must decide to conform or struggle towards an authentic life.
  • Fingersmith by Sarah Waters (582 pages): A con man called The Gentleman arrives at a household of petty thieves - fingersmiths - to offer an orphan named Sue the chance to make a fortune by inserting herself into the life of a noblewoman. In the pages of this tome, Waters weaves a Dickensian tale of intrigue, seduction, and deception.
  • The Miseducation of Cameron Post by emily m. danforth (470 pages): This mature and captivating young adult novel follows the life of a small-town girl named Cameron Post. Cam is shocked to feel relief when her parents die in a car accident - because at least they’ll never know she kissed a girl. Instead, she must contend with her conservative aunt and God’s Promise, a camp that intends to “fix” her.
  • Hild by Nicola Griffith (560 pages): The king’s niece has an intelligence and intuition that borders on supernatural. With war and conflict looming, Hild takes on the role of a seer and becomes a valuable adviser to the crown. Drawing from the life of the real St. Hild of Whitby, Griffith evokes the seventh century world that Hild must navigate as well as her burgeoning sexuality.
  • The Salt Roads by Nalo Hopkinson (416 pages): An African goddess connects the stories of Mer, a slave in Haiti, Jeanne, a biracial artist in Paris, and Thais, a prostitute in Egypt. History, sex, magic, and the divine spill from the pages of Nalo Hopkinson’s immersive novel about these women of different eras who all seek freedom.
  • Hero by Perry Moore (428 pages): Thom Creed is keeping two big secrets: One is that he’s gay. The other is that he has superpowers. Superhero stories often serve as metaphors for feeling like a misfit, but this young adult novel explores the stress of growing up without being able to be yourself through both the explicit pain of homophobia and the lens of capes and masks.

Prefer short reads? Check out these queer books under 200 pages!