praeter

page 28 of “Omnia D. And. Alciati emblemata : ad quae singula, praeter concinnas acutásque inscriptiones, lepidas & expressas imagines, ac caetera omnia, quae prioribus nostris editionibus cúm ad eorum distinctionem, tum ad ornatum & corr ection

“Occam’s razor is not a razor that men shave with but a law, and it says

Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem.

Which is Latin and it means 

No more things should be presumed to exist than absolutely necessary.

Which means that a murder victim is usually killed by someone known to them and fairies are made out of paper and you can’t talk to someone who is dead”

- The Curious Incident of The Dog in The Night-Time (Mark Haddon)

Najbardziej znane sformułowanie tej zasady „Nie należy mnożyć bytów ponad potrzebę” (Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem) nie pochodzi od Ockhama, lecz od siedemnastowiecznego niemieckiego filozofa Johannesa Clauberga[1]. Określenie takiej zasady jako brzytwy Ockhama (Novacula Occami et Nominalium) pojawia się po raz pierwszy u XVII-wiecznego filozofa i teologa Libertusa Fromondusa[2].

oldbaileyonline.org
Trial of Patrick Mcdonald for Perverting Course of Justice, 1912

McDONALD, Patrick (41, labourer) pleaded guilty , of feloniously and without lawful authority or excuse, in the name of Frederick Anthony, acknowledging a certain recognisance when becoming bail for Catherine Praeter, thereby obtaining her release from lawful custody. Prisoner confessed to a conviction of felony at the County of London Sessions on September 24, 1907. Sentence: One months’ hard labour.   View trial »