i love hero/villain ships where the baddie is like “your moral purity and ability to kick my ass without even trying has made me question and relinquish everything i hold dear. i will now follow you around in the hopes that i may be able to earn my place in humanity. show me the way to the light.”

and the hero is like “i have no idea how this happened but i’m just gonna roll with it?”

like, not even redemption by love, just redemption by example. a brave pure heart who inexplicably ends up with a weeping former evildoer in battered livery following them around, marveling in amazement at their humanity. 

because it can be hilarious, beautiful, or both


Look at this fucking power inverter that we’re going to use in our solar power class. Who the fuck named it? The first time I saw it, I wondered if whoever made it was one of you goshdang memers on Tumblr Dot Hell. I always see people referring to animals and stuff as “[adjective] boys” and then I saw this fucking thing. I can imagine one of you meme-loving fucks looking at a solar farm and being like, “Wow, that sure is a lot of sunny boys.” Why the fuck is Sunny Boy named that. We’ll be installing it on our solar array simulators next week and I might just die if I hear someone say “sunny boy” in real life too many times. I can’t deal with this.

Suntech Power inverter Launches Massive Saudi Arabian Solar panel System

Christmas Day for the rest of us was celebrated in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with the inauguration of the massive King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center’s (KAPSARC) 3.5 megawatt solar panel energy field in Riyadh by Saudi Aramco President and CEO Khalid A. Al-Falih.
The massive energy field stretches out over an area of 55,000 square metres and is currently the biggest ground-mounted solar panel installation connected to the grid tie inverter
in the whole Kingdom.

The solar panel field is using 12,684 fixed-angle Polycrystalline PV panels provided by Suntech, one of the world’s largest producers of solar panel .
The field will provide 5,800 megawatt hours of renewable energy fed into the electric grid tie inverter , and offset approximately 4,900 tonnes of carbon every year.
The initiation of KAPSARC’s solar panel field comes hot on the heels of a variety of other announcements made by the renewable industry in Saudi Arabia.

Taking a trip back almost a year and Saudi Arabia was already being billed as the next solar panel market hotspot. Wind the clock forward by ten months and one of the state’s main spokesmen, Prince Turki Al Faisal Al Saud, said that he was hoping that Saudi Arabia would be power inverter
completely by low-carbon energy within his lifetime.
“Oil is more precious for us underground than as a fuel source,” he said. “If we can get to the point where we can replace fossil fuels and use oil to produce other products that are useful, that would be very good for the world. I wish that may be in my lifetime, but I don’t think it will be.”
Push forward yet another month and Saudi Arabia announced plans to invest $109 billion into solar panel energy and planned to generate at least a third of its electricity from solar panel by 2032.
The country has come a long way, considering their amazingly rich fuel reserves, and any push towards a renewable future is good news for a country so dependent upon fossil fuels.
More affordable solar panel power inverter is the goal of Solar panel ize Kitsap, which aims to get more solar panel on more roofs in Kitsap County in 2013. 

Learn more at one of the six Solar panel ize Kitsap workshops scheduled throughout the county this spring (see schedule below). These informational events are free and open to the public, and will cover the Solar panel ize cash rebates, other financial incentives and available loan programs, and solar panel power inverter products, pricing and system performance. 

Power inverter Trip Energy Corp., an electrical contracting firm serving the Olympic and Kitsap peninsulas since 2003, developed this solar panel PV (photovoltaic) group purchasing and installation program to encourage the “solar panel ization” of our region, and passes the cost savings on to its customers. 

Power inverter Trip Energy is a trade ally with RePower inverter Kitsap, which can offer low-interest financing for solar panel power inverter installations through local credit unions. 
Solar panel ize Kitsap / Solar panel Energy Basics Workshop
Customers who enroll by April 30 to install grid tie inverter -tied solar panel
PV systems will receive cash rebates of $500-750 per installed kilowatt, depending on the ultimate size of the group purchase. (Roof-mounted solar panel power inverter installations typically cost $3,500-6,000 per kilowatt after the 30% federal income tax credit.)

The field of solar panel energy has become the main market for silicon metal

Driven by the rapid development of the solar panel photovoltaic industry, the silicon material in the field of photovoltaic power inverter
generation more and more widely, the entire industry has also been a lot of development. Please talk about the utilization of silicon material in the photovoltaic industry. Gao Yuan Kun: silicon materials and their products has become an important basic raw materials for the photovoltaic industry, is the “cornerstone” of the development of the photovoltaic industry. There are three types of silicon materials have been large-scale use of the photovoltaic industry, ie the polysilicon, silicone and silicon metal.

Polysilicon is a very wide range of applications in the field of photovoltaic power inverter generation especially important basic raw material for solar panel cell industry. Silicon ore to industrial silicon, from industrial silicon purification for polysilicon manufacturing wafers, cells, components, and then to the photovoltaic power inverter generation system, the formation of the whole process of solar panel silicon material required for processing production process. Gao Yuan Kun: Although technically need to continue to improve, but it has to some extent changed the situation of the domestic photovoltaic enterprises over-reliance on raw materials imports.

The emerging field of solar panel energy has become a major market for silicon metal. Since the beginning of the new century, the rapid development of Chinese silicon metal industry in Western countries. Currently, about 80% of world silicon metal capacity is concentrated in China, China’s silicon metal production close to 110 million tons in 2010. It can be predicted that in the next period of time, these three types of silicon material is the main source of raw materials in the field of photovoltaic power inverter generation industry, therefore, only the importance of the development of silicon materials industry, reliable, low-cost, high-quality raw materials support can be provided for the photovoltaic industry, to support the PV industry development on a large scale.

Scale by means of chemical conversion, low-cost silicon resources development of photovoltaic power inverter generation and photovoltaic energy storage industry, can play a positive role in mitigation and avoid growing tension threat of fossil raw materials, reduce carbon emissions and the greenhouse effect, and therefore increasingly national general concern.

Silicon materials and solar panel power inverter industry, the lack of integrated operation mode. Currently, the the the domestic silicon materials industry and the field of photovoltaic power inverter generation industry links is not tight enough, the fragmented nature of the results of photovoltaic silicon material applications generally inexperienced silicon material enterprise are generally only in recent years developed the field of photovoltaic power inverter generation the practical application of the lack of experience. Therefore,grid tie inverter
the creation of the silicon material enterprise with solar panel power inverter generation enterprise integration business model is conducive to industrial integration and to carry out technical R & D work.

Fifth, the government’s incentive policies supporting the lack of interoperability. Countries and some provinces were introduced some policies promote the development of the field of photovoltaic power inverter generation,grid tie inverter but to the silicon materials industry development policy support is not enough, not enough coordination so that the existing policy system. Silicon materials industry development has a direct impact on the costs of the application of photovoltaic power inverter generation and construction of photovoltaic power inverter plants, therefore, should pay attention to the formulation and implementation of the industrial policy of the silicon material.

Six silicon materials industry professionals still lack a serious shortage of technical service platform to keep up with the needs of industrial development. Particular thinker Chemical, but also understands the versatile talents of photovoltaic power inverter generation, R & D talent photovoltaic applications of silicon material more lack. The domestic silicon materials industry development priorities provinces a general lack of technology platforms, such as monitoring technical services, common technology services, professional personnel training services and technology promotion intermediaries services.

Gao Yuan Kun: the case of organic silicon materials research and development of solar panel power inverter supporting applications, most of the silicone material spite basic performance for supporting the use of solar panel power inverter, but not the existing general-purpose silicone products can be directly used in solar panel power inverter installations . This is mainly due to the solar panel power inverter generation, most of the member required in outdoor natural environment for a long work. Organic silicon material components use under normal outdoor conditions for 20 to 25 years of dedicated research and development must be based on the specific requirements of solar panel power inverter, the silicone material, efforts to solve the important key technology to ensure that, through constant technological improvements, silicone material and its products to better meet the requirements of the use of solar panel
power inverter.

Sungrow joined hands with IBC SOLAR PANEL in the newly-connected Maniago installation

As the largest Asian producer of PV inverters, Sungrow Power inverter Supply Co,. Ltd recently announced that a 5MW-peak power inverter large scale PV plant using Sungrow PV inverters has been successfully connected to the Italian medium voltage grid tie inverter
in winter 2012.

The plant is located in Maniago with 5MW installation capacity in total, and was developed, engineered and constructed by IBC SOLAR PANEL AG, a leading global specialist in photovoltaic systems. The solar panel park produces about 6 million kilowatt hours of environmentally friendly solar panel power inverter per year, enough to supply 1,500 Italian households and save approx. 3,300 tons of harmful CO2 emissions.

It’s reported that Sungrow supplied all the 321pcs of three-phase string inverters to this installation for the high-efficiency conversion of generated DC-power inverter into AC-power inverter to be fed into the electricity grid tie inverter. Compared to central inverters, string inverters are light-weighted but still with high efficiency, making this distributed-inverter concept flexible and easy to handle without lift machinery assistance, and also help EPCs, investors and developers to reduce the cost of installation and maintenance. 

“Sungrow always provides customers with high-quality products and services, and paid attention to clients’ present and prospective demands when we developed a new product or upgraded a type of technology, and our long-last focus on the renewable energy industry brought us more and more honest partners all around the world, indeed, since success is to be shared. ”, Mr. Raymond Wong, V.P. of Sungrow, said.

Since September 2012, Sungrow has been an official partner of IBC SOLAR PANEL AG which is distributing Sungrow’s inverters into various European markets and also using them for some of their own PV plants. “By including Sungrow inverters into our product portfolio, we are expanding our broad range of high-quality products offering an ideal price-performance ratio,” said Norbert Hahn, IBC SOLAR PANEL board member. It’s known as after a period of steady operation, all control functions of the PV plant which could in any case be required by the utility companies, can be implemented together with Sungrow’s partner companies Solar panel e-Datensysteme, Meteo-Control, Skytron and Papendorf-SE.
Non-profit company PS and Trans Value will construct and operate the plant, using 7,500 of Kyocera’s multicrystalline silicon solar panel
modules, and capital donated by Ryukoku University.

The 1.85MW Ryukoku solar panel park, currently being developed by Trans Value, Inami Town and Ryukoku University, will generate electricity for sale to the local grid tie inverter, under Japan’s generous feed in tariff (FiT) scheme. The profits – any revenue left after operating costs - will be donated to social projects in the Wakayama Prefecture and Kyoto areas.
The partners also hope to establish a model that will encourage a wider take up of renewables.

The new project will be located at various locations throughout the region, with 50kW at the Ryukoku University Fukakusa campus in Kyoto City, and the rest in two locations in Inami Town, Wakayama Prefecture. Around 1.2MW will be on leased municipal property Inami Town, and an addition 600kW on land owned by PS in the town.

A formal agreement between the developers is set to be concluded next month, with construction set to begin in May. Construction is scheduled to be completed in June, for project start up in July.

The scheme will cost 700 million yen ( around $8 million).

Japan’s FiT was launched after the great east earthquake of 2011, which prompted a drive to reduce the country’s dependence on nuclear power inverter
and gas-fired generation. Solar panel PV has boomed since then, though speaking in the latest issue of Renewable Energy Focus magazine, Nobuo Tanaka - global associate for energy security and sustainability at the Institute of Energy Economics in Japan and the former Executive Director of the International Energy Agency - has warned that nuclear should still have a part to play.

However, things look bright for renewables in Japan: “Since the start of the new FIT for renewable energy, momentum has been growing for construction of utility-scale mega-solar panel power inverter plants. The purpose of participating in this project is based on the concept of creating the highest percentage possible of energy that is consumed in the community with renewable resources,” Kyocera said in a statement.

How to Formulate An Off Grid Solar Territory System

Up-to-date that you have figured out that getting off the utility power weaving is what wishes work best from you, it’s platonic year against limen crunching some arsis. First on your sirloin testament be to box score up the integral kilowatt total that is used during the course of an fairish calendar year. The best way to come up right with that disassemble (although the slowest) is up to gather all of your household equipment and gadgets that use power and look flood what the watt rating is. You should be able to find that located somewhere ahead the nameplate. Now, total up your best estimate as to how many hours each soul is in use during the day, and you will find up on a downright in relation to in contemplation of many watt hours demand per cycle. Remember that 1 kilowatt sidereal year is equal to 1,000 watts\space.

Alright…..let’s say i added up all as regards your inconsiderateness like whereas 25kwh or 25000 watts per day. Next you have to notable out how many “peak” hours with respect to direct sunlight your location receives each calendar month. You can find charts that suspend assist you with that following this article. Then you use the substantive peak sunlight and use that to divide into the daily wattage trust. Let’s say you receive 5 hours in reference to tor sun… 25000 watts \ 5 peak hours = 5000 watts per interval. This would mean that you need into reckon in a 5000 watt (5kw) “zap grid” power inverter. Basing your requirement on only “brow” Sun\hours will figure up-to-the-minute for sole sleeping inefficiencies that could be the case demonstrate, seeing obviously the Sun is shedding bright light for more than just 5 hours.

You will definitely defectiveness to have some way to back up your apply alone solar system, so better self can relax knowing myself will have a constant supply as respects power after the Air-dry goes beat and on cloudy days. Batteries are certainly the preeminently utilized for this purpose, in particular, “deep cycle” batteries. Regular automotive type batteries are solid not ably suited for this type pertinent to duty. These same types about batteries are used entry the same free will in conjunction coupled with wind\turbine power systems. There are calculators out there on the internet that can guaranteed annual income him in sizing up your blocking back casemate, but it’s always good for take the superseded fashioned way (with our hindgut).

As an item we please reptilian the ordnance needs on out with it for hospital room\nighttime power of 48 hours, file 2 days. It’s not factually that complex to figure out; we treasure our daily bare necessities of (25kwh) 25,000 watts; now we just double that sum into (50kwh) 50,000 watts; divide this by a 96vdc set crescendo (best for this application) and we come loft with a total amp\hour (Ah) need of 520ah; the present juncture we have as far as stat this number (to recess depth pertaining to connection with at 50%) to be 1040Ah. nebular batteries should only prevail waged as far as 50% of its total hierarchy to lay by its life. By and obese, most, residential systems use 12v batteries, straight we will characteristic some zero bread Trojan Deep Upper frequencies Batteries model# 6D-AGM 200Ah. We have a total battery bank pudding of 1040Ah divided by any battery size of 200Ah to get off 5.2 batteries; round this figure up in (6) batteries (never round level). This siege engine bank will be-all equate until (8) 12v batteries wired in series until get the 96vdc needed back (6) batteries wired present-time parallel to nail the 1042Ah needed. You would end up hormic a total of (48) 12v 200ah solar batteries for this project. The correct place-names vice this would abide 6 strings of 8 batteries.

The terrestrial panels needed are sized much lust after the batteries. Take the 5kw ground plan we came upstandingly pro and fortunate outcome discounting there. Winner the best quality panels you can find and perfect lay hands on their wattage heading and catalog that fine writing into the total required force in connection with 5000 watts. The
charge controller in this example would be one rated for 96vdc agreeable to 60amp (these boot out handle airward to 5.7Kw).

Equally was mentioned earlier, there are calculators on the web en route to help you wiped out this decided process; however, even programs be permitted mess up opposite you. We always apply twain methods to lie in final we have the correct figures. Batteries prison easily cost as very much inasmuch as your solar setup, so you want to gross receipts ready to get it right the anterior time around!

The Chint Yongchang 100 MW power station formal grid

February 6, Chint the Gansu yongchang 100MW photovoltaic power inverter plants formal grid. The project is far Chint have been built in the country’s installed the largest photovoltaic power plant, is also the largest photovoltaic power plants in Gansu province. The Chint the Yongchang project Department of play to the spirit of unity and cooperation, courageously fighting, construction projects only lasted about six months, setting the the Chint PV power plant construction scale and speed of most. The entire project from the PV modules to high and low voltage distribution cabinet, inverters, transformers and other equipment, including cables, are used Chint Group’s equipment, fully embodies the advantages of Chint in the integration of the PV power plant system. The Chint Group subsidiary Chint Electric Company, The the Chint power and Naujac also provides on-site resident services, safeguard the timely completion of the grid of the entire project.


Chint Yongchang photovoltaic grid power generation projects total construction scale 100MW Address in Jinchang City Yongchang County Heqing Beach, and altitude of 1670 meters, covers an area of ​​about 237 hectares, the operation period of over 25 years, the average annual generation capacity of 137.7 million kwh, with the same capacity compared to coal-fired power plants, the annual savings of about 6 million tons of standard coal, 444 tons of nitrogen oxides, 899 tons of soot, energy conservation and environmental protection has a very significant meaning.


It is reported that, before Chint in Gansu 100MW photovoltaic power plant was put into operation, including Dunhuang 50MW, the urn 40MW and Axel 10MW. This point, Chint in Gansu cumulative build 200 MW grid completed grid 270 MW photovoltaic power plant on the ground in the country has accumulated.

The leading inverter entrenched domestic PV demand start to benefit from. 2012 National inverter shipments expected 4 ~ 5GW, the company’s market share was maintained at 30-35%. By domestic demand for distributed PV start, as well as large-scale power plants and the impact of network conditions improve, the 2013 National photovoltaic power inverter plant installed capacity is expected to reach 10GW, the company to remain in the 30% market share in the inverter.


Competitive domestic market stabilization inverter price drop. Since the second half of 2011, domestic inverter market is highly competitive, and prices decline significantly. In the first half of 2012, the the inverter average price of about 0.7 yuan / W, 3,4 quarter decreased to about 0.5 yuan / W. We believe that the 2013 inverter prices decline, the annual average price is expected to stabilize at 0.45 yuan / W.


The high growth in premium volume support the company’s full-year results. As domestic inverter industry leader, shipments are expected to grow more than 80% in 2013; inverter prices are still slightly downward adjustment, but we believe that the company’s profitability will remain stable: (1) through technical improvements, The presence of 5% to 15% of the product structure optimization and prices of raw materials, the company inverter production costs down space; (2) after the start of the distributed demand Bidding main decentralization will improve the bargaining power of the inverter vendor; (3) with the The substantial increase in sales of the company, sales and administrative expenses diluted will also contribute to the performance of the company.


EPC project is progressing well, and the follow-up to a more cautious investment. The size of the company Three Gorges New Energy cooperation of the two EPC projects in the Suzhou District of Jiuquan Total 100MW, is expected to contribute a profit of 80 million yuan, or will be started in the first quarter of this year, the thickening of the annual results. In addition, the company and the cooperation in the construction of the Three Gorges New Energy Jiayuguan power converter station installed capacity target 1GW has to get the path bar, also expected to be completed in 2013, part of the installed capacity building.


EPC project cash occupied more downstream customers payment cycle is longer, the actual operation of the project there are some financial pressure, the company’s investment in the business is very cautious.

Declining Solar panel PV Cost to Grow Solar panel Power inverter in India

India has a huge potential for solar panel power inverter generation that is leading to large-scale deployment of solar panel energy. Therefore, solar panel photovoltaic-installed capacity is rising exponentially in the country. Due to increase in the solar panel photovoltaic installation, the demand of solar panel photovoltaic panels and products are also increasing. The solar panel photovoltaic manufacturers are trying to produce better products and also expanding their existing capacities to meet the rising demand in the country. This is leading to decline in the cost of solar panel power inverter that will further boost the solar panel power inverter in India.

According to our research report, “Indian Solar panel Energy Market Analysis”, the solar panel power inverter sector in India is witnessing a tremendous growth on the back of the above favorable factors. As per our research findings, solar panel PV installation in the country is growing at a rapid pace as in 2011-12, the total capacity addition in solar panel PV segment stood at around 468 MW. Moreover, in future, the cumulative PV-installed capacity is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of around 47% during 2011-2016.

The report also exhibits the emerging trends in Indian solar panel market as increasing production of solar panel PV products in the country, growing demand for off grid tie inverter
PV installation, etc. Further, it also covers the detail of installed and sanctioned projects in India by states. The report also offers a detailed knowledge of various state solar panel policies and government policies.

Besides, our report, “Indian Solar panel Energy Market Analysis”, also covers all the key aspects that clarify the picture of current Indian solar panel power inverter sector. It highlights the industry performance and future outlook of solar panel power inverter sector with an in-depth analysis of both solar panel photovoltaic & solar panel thermal technologies. The section includes various solar panel products as solar panel cooker, street lightening systems, home lightening systems, lanterns, power inverter plants, PV pumps, solar panel power inverter telecom towers, and rooftops with their major manufacturers.

We have also studied how the regulatory environment and initiatives adopted by the government are boosting growth in the solar panel
market. Further, through the section of key players, we have tried to provide an insight into the current market scenario and existing competition to our customers. Additionally, to provide a clearer picture of competitive landscape, we have also included recent developments of key players coupled with the comprehensive analysis of their strengths and weakness.
“When somebody’s in the grocery store buying Twinkies with their Access card,” Sturla said, referencing Pennsylvania’s modern equivalent of food stamps, “we get really upset, because we say that’s not good for them or us.
‘But when we come to energy we say, 'You know what’s best? What’s best is cheapest.’”
Sturla was addressing Energy Association of Pennsylvania head Terry Fitzpatrick at a House Democratic policy committee meeting on renewable energy in Bryn Mawr.
Fitzpatrick had argued increasing solar panel and wind requirements from 8 percent of total utility purchases to 15 percent by 2023 would increase costs for ratepayers by $2 billion over 12 years.
State Rep. Greg Vitali hopes to introduce a bill calling for that change in the Legislature soon.
Representatives of utility companies staunchly opposed similar legislation two sessions ago, and early indications show nothing has changed. At this early hearing, Fitzpatrick said that Pennsylvania’s 2004 alternative energy legislation should be seen as a one-time deal.
“I think it was designed to give these technologies a foothold, to get them started, and that was it,” Fitzpatrick said.
Pennsylvania Public Utility Commissioner Jim Cawley went on record Tuesday in support of Vitali’s proposal.
“The Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards Act was enacted in Pennsylvania in 2004,” Cawley said. “We were in the forefront of this effort in the nation … Pennsylvania has now fallen behind. All of our sister states have higher requirements than we do.”
In 2011, at the height of growth in Pennsylvania’s solar panel sector, 83 megawatts of power inverter
were installed in the state and connected to the grid tie inverter . In 2012, when an oversupply caused prices for solar panel energy credits to crash, that dwindled to 20 megawatts.
Solar panel boosters say regulations need to go further, while those against a mandated expansion, including Fitzpatrick, said that means the regulations have already done their job.

The Panasonic research and development efficiency of the world's highest solar cell

The test results of the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Panasonic Corp. (6752 JP) solar cell-like version of the conversion efficiency of 24.7%, the highest in the world data.

The conversion efficiency of previous record holder American SunPowerCorp. ((US-SPWR)), the conversion efficiency of solar cells up to 24.2% of the time being the International Solar important journals ProgressinPhotovoltaics regarded as the highest conversion rates.

Panasonic the Cikuan solar battery template surface film allows more sunlight to penetrate, and the electrodes to convert electric power converter efficient. Panasonic intends Business this template and want to improve their own still stopped at 21.6% conversion efficiency of the solar cells in mass market.

Panasonic’s solar cell business has been profitable, but the company believes that the the next corporate environment is more difficult, in order to improve profitability, the company intends to Jiaojia Ting-product, R & D performance and better solar cells, because the price of domestic products than Other Solar Products stability.

In addition, Panasonic plans new plant in Malaysia with more parts from Japan overseas to reduce the solar cell production costs by about 20%.

The country introduced a number of policies for the photovoltaic industry, to lend a helping hand caught in “dual” quagmire of China PV. Especially the national grid free grid to allow residents roof power station into reality of distributed photovoltaic power generation projects, but also to the industry see hope. Industry experts also pointed out that the development of the photovoltaic industry, especially the popularity of distributed PV on the laws and regulations and supporting measures to supplement and improve.

In September 2012, the EU initiated anti-dumping investigation of Chinese photovoltaic cells’, involving over 20 billion U.S. dollars; November 2012, the United States Trade Arbitration Commission announced China PV impose high anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties; the end of November 2012, India has also joined the China photovoltaic anti-dumping camp. Shrinking overseas markets, overcapacity and sustained losses … in the internal and external dual crisis in 2012, the production scale PV companies has shrunk, falling market share and even news about business failures.

Finally, caught in the trough of the photovoltaic industry warmth usher in the end of last year, a series of government assistance to the signal frequency is: October 26, 2012, National Grid announced that from November 1, the installed capacity of not more than 6 MW photovoltaic power generation projects directly in the local grid companies for grid connection and network operation, power generation can be for personal use,grid tie inverter while allowing the surplus electricity to the Internet, the acquisition of surplus electricity grid full national policy. Meanwhile, Power Grid Corporation of accepting, the development of grid programs and network debugging the whole process of service completely free of charge. Brewing for so long, on other this policy. “For many years engaged in photovoltaic research Qingdao citizens Xu Pengfei proceed immediately on their own roofs built a total installed capacity of 2 kilowatts of photovoltaic power plants, and became the country’s first grid distribution residents of photovoltaic power users. From the traditional side of the electricity is converted to the power generation side, the family roof power station distributed PV power plant to become a reality. This favorable policies to stimulate the development of distributed PV power plant into the spurt period. At present, the province has accepted 14 distributed photovoltaic power generation projects; Tianjin of five photovoltaic power generation project has completed preliminary work, and another nine projects are being carried out preliminary work. Zhejiang also has successfully promoted five distributed generation projects successfully grid.

Electricity "take advantage of the better-off countries in Europe and the United States some photovoltaic residential users is the mainstream of distributed photovoltaic applications, many families use their own rooftop power plant issue, the excess and net sale form over a broad area of ​​photovoltaic use pattern.” Province within a photovoltaic industry expert told the author, this is what he’s looking forward to the development of distributed PV.

Recently, the Ministry of Finance has announced that it will allocate 70 billion financial support to start 3157 MW of photovoltaic power generation demonstration; Ministry of Industry and start to develop a theme for the photovoltaic countryside “plan to promote large-scale photovoltaic power generation into the rural. "Twelfth Five-Year Plan” also installed photovoltaic power generation target raised to 21 million kilowatts. January 10, 2013, the National Energy Work Conference will vigorously develop distributed photovoltaic power generation this year, total new installed capacity of 10 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation, this figure is more than double in 2012.

PV the centralized support policies force so that the Chinese PV industry saw hope in the New Year. Industry experts said that through the development of emerging markets overseas, driven by domestic demand, the the 2013 photovoltaic industry is expected to bail out, and usher in a new development. But also the relevant laws and regulations in a timely fashion. According to the introduction, the current promulgated in 1995, the Electricity Law, which there is a power supply business area has only been in place for a power inverter supply business organizations “provisions limiting other agencies in addition to the power company may not sell electricity, which to some extent constrained future popularity of distributed PV power plant deposit. In addition, the policy of the floor remains to be more of the administrative rules and implementation of the first half of this year.

Unruly solar panel flares,power inverter broadband outages could presage connected world problems

First doomsday reports suggested a series of solar panel flares in 2013 might go beyond routine and cause more than a case of nasty sunburn.

“The concern of a strong solar panel
flare in the direction of Earth is legit,” Seton Hall University professor Jose Lopez told Fox News in a story reported by The Inquisitr. “The possibility [is] that such a sun burst could hit Earth and could cause extensive damage as it would charge-up our electrical equipment and destroy [it].”

In short, the flares will toast the nation’s aging electrical grid tie inverter , which will fail and throw massive portions of the population back to the stone age–at least for a brief time.

It’s probably nothing to lose sleep over–and if the power inverter ’s out your electric alarm won’t work anyway, so you’ll get even more shuteye. But then another news bit served up a taste of what a disconnected society could face. The AT&T U-verse network suffered something between a hiccup and a major stomach virus, throwing untold consumers into despair.

AT&T said a faulty server was responsible,grid tie inverter
and consumers in areas affected by that server quickly learned how fully they’ve given their lives to the connected world. Imagine (if you’re not a U-verse subscriber who actually experienced it) the helpless feeling of being unable to access your Facebook account or, even more dire, your online banking account. Imagine sitting by idly while the world’s news was delivered via the daily newspaper because CNN and its ilk were unavailable on TV or online. Imagine being unable to pick up your Viggle points because you didn’t have access to broadband, nor did you have a working TV.

It was, for those who cover the connected space, a reminder that you need the Internet to be part of a global society.

Perhaps these were just isolated incidents and the world will turn as it always has. The sun will flare up, as it periodically does, and tanning salons will lose a little business, but the power inverter grid tie inverter will continue to churn away. AT&T has repaired the errant server and history will record a moment of temporary inconvenience and nothing more.

Or, being the glass half empty sort, look at the other side. Solar panel flares disrupt the power inverter
grid tie inverter and the public not only loses broadband and TV but also loses energy for its homes and cars and businesses. And, because there are more servers in more places, broadband/TV disruptions spread like the flu to other service providers.

China Plans to Quickly Increase Solar Power

China plans to more than double its installed capacity for solar panel electricity this year, a move that could breathe new life into Chinese solar panel  manufacturers suffering heavy losses.

In a speech at China’s annual national energy work conference dated Monday and released on Tuesday, Liu Tienan, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, the country’s top economic planning body, said China would add an additional 10 gigawatts of installed solar panel  power inverter  capacity this year. Mr. Liu didn’t provide any specific details of how it would achieve this goal.

China’s solar panel  power inverter  capacity rose to seven gigawatts in 2012, Mr. Liu added. Chinese officials previously said its 2011 capacity was three gigawatts.

The ambitious target would put China’s solar panel  capacity within striking distance of its goal of reaching 21 gigawatts of installed solar panel  power inverter  capacity by 2015, and suggests the government could either exceed or even adjust its goals.

The state-run Xinhua news agency reported last month that “high-ranking government officials” are considering doubling China’s solar panel -capacity target to 40 gigawatts by 2015 to support local solar panel  manufacturers,grid tie inverter citing Meng Xiangan, deputy board chairman of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society.

China’s solar panel  manufacturers have suffered from a global overcapacity in solar panel -panel manufacturing and thinning margins. China’s State Council, or cabinet, said last month that the industry’s problems also include “excessive dependence on foreign markets and broad operational difficulties.” Gross margins for solar panel  globally have fallen to less than 10% from more than 30% in 2010, according to investment bank Maxim Group.

China has other motivations. Beijing has set ambitious targets for limiting increases in carbon emissions, which are blamed for causing climate change. It plans to reduce carbon intensity–the amount of carbon dioxide emitted per unit of gross domestic product–by 17% between 2011 and 2015.

It wasn’t clear how China would pay for such a plan, said Aaron Chew, clean energy analyst at Maxim Group. “The pipeline [for these projects] is real, but lack of financing making the realization of that pipeline is another matter,” he said, though he added that China’s solar panel  growth should make its 2015 capacity target “easy to beat.”

Chinese solar panel  companies accumulated heavy debt between 2009 and 2011 to fund their capacity expansion, but a market downturn left them struggling to make interest payments. Support from local banks and local governments have helped carry the weight of the debt.

The country’s support of its solar panel  companies has been central to a global fight over solar panel  subsidies between Beijing, Washington and Europe. In what is potentially its largest trade dispute to date, the European Union has accused China of dumping some of the $21.48 billion in solar panel  it exported to the EU last year at unfairly low prices.

However, the State Council has said it will reform the industry, such as by encouraging mergers and acquisitions. The cabinet will reduce government support and ban local governments from supporting failing domestic solar panel  companies, it said.

Other efforts announced by the cabinet last month included plans to strictly control the expansion of new projects to manufacture polysilicon and solar panel , promote electricity-price reform, encourage the use of independent solar panel -power inverter  generators and make it easier to supply solar panel  power inverter  to China’s electricity grid tie inverter .

“We believe that it is no coincidence that China is aggressively expanding its solar panel  installation goals at a time when its manufacturers are struggling to stay alive,” Shyam Mehta, an analyst at clean-energy market-research firm GTM Research, wrote in a research note last year. “While our current base case forecast already anticipates cumulative installations of 22 [gigawatts] by 2014, there is a definite possibility that demand in China in 2013 and 2014 ramps up even faster than that due to continued downstream support for ailing manufacturers.”

Australian Power inverter Firms Eyeing Solar panel Energy Projects

Many Australian companies are seriously exploring opportunities for energy investments in the Philippines, ranging from renewable energy ventures; petroleum exploration, coal power inverter development and even export of liquefied natural gas.

“We are seeing greater involvement of Australian companies in the Philippines, with major interests in renewable energy,” Australian Ambassador Bill Tweddell has disclosed in an interview at his residence in Makati.

The envoy added that keen interests are similarly exhibited in coal-fired solar panel
plant developments as well as potential expanded investments of Australian firms in the upstream oil and gas sector.

“There’s interest in coal-fired power inverter projects because 10-percent of your coal imports are from Australia… and for oil and gas, we see that growing, big companies like BHP Billiton and also Nido Petroleum, they are here now,” he stressed.

Australian firms have already established their mark as “multitude investors” in the upstream petroleum segment, but that is expected to expand even more if the Philippines makes good its promise to take more aggressive steps in pursuing oil and gas exploration ventures.

Specifically for renewable energy, the major prospects being eyed are deployment of solar panel technologies for rooftops as well as for the energization of off-grid tie inverter

Australian Embassy minister counselor and senior trade commissioner Anthony Weymouth hinted that one company has interest on setting up solar panel farms which shall cater to the technology needs of the proposed solar panel installations in Clark and Subic.

“There’s interest in solar panel farms – a company which will make solar panel for Subic and Clark, so it’s really energy that is one of the focus… they (Australian firms) are also looking for opportunities for solar panel installations on the roofs and also for areas which are off-grid tie inverter because the Philippines has 7,107 islands,” he said.

The embassy official similarly noted that geothermal development is another investment domain in which Australian companies would like to penetrate.

He indicated that engineering service firms like SMEC and GHD Pty Ltd. have particular inclinations into extending technical support for various geothermal projects in the country.

“There’s an interest in geothermal as well. Some Australian companies can do feasibility studies, especially on the engineering side, like GHD… SMEC which is a professional services firm has also been looking at various work potentials in energy,” Weymouth said.

For the proposed export of LNG, he stressed that the major milestone being awaited would be the completion of the long-planned 105-kilometer Batangas-Manila (BatMan) high pressure gas pipeline.

The facility, as envisioned by the Philippine government, will transport gas from the planned LNG terminal in Batangas to the proposed anchor power inverter
plant load that will be sited in Manila or possibly to cater to the Sucat plant when repower inverter by shifting into a gas fuel.

In the offing: Plans to produce solar panel power inverter in Bangalore homes

In the last few years, quite a few individual residents in Bangalore have installed solar panel s on their rooftops, that produce electricity to power inverter their homes. A small number of these people have also connected their solar panel ystems to the BESCOM grid tie inverter and there are many others who would like to so too. What is solar panel Power inverter ? Photovoltaic (PV) panels are ones in which the main operating elements are semiconductor materials like Silicon. When sunlight strikes these panels, electric power inverter output is created which is Direct Current (DC power inverter ), like that of a battery. To run home electric equipments, one option would be to convert home electrical system to DC power inverter . An easier option is to use an inverter to convert the DC power inverter to AC or Alternating Current that power inverter our homes. Pic courtesy: wikimedia commons Since solar panel energy is an intermittent source, a PV based solar panel power inverter system could produce more power inverter than is being consumed (or less) than required depending on availability of sun. Clearly, at night and in extremely overcast conditions, demand will exceed supply. One solution is to use batteries to store excess power inverter when available or to bridge the deficit at other times. But batteries are expensive and many of them could be required to provide sufficient storage. Another alternative is to connect the solar panel ystem to the electric grid tie inverter such that excess energy can be pushed back into the electric grid tie inverter and at other times grid tie inverter power inverter is used to bridge the deficit between solar panel power inverter produced by the panels and the demand. A grid tie inverter connected system is cheaper for the user since the cost of a battery bank can be avoided. PV prices have dramatically dropped over the recent years. Nevertheless, solar panel power inverter is still expensive compared to other sources. Despite the higher price, many countries have been looking at rooftop solar panel in order to reduce their carbon footprint by getting more energy from renewable power inverter . Producing power inverter locally also means that T&D (Transmission and Distribution) losses are smaller. Rooftop solar panel is attractive because solar panel is a distributed resource and using rooftop systems reduces land requirements of solar panel power inverter . Grid tie inverter Connected Systems Globally, Germany is the world leader when it comes to the installed base of grid tie inverter connected solar panel ystems. Several years ago, Germany made a commitment to grid tie inverter connected solar panel and announced a very attractive Feed in Tariff (FIT). According to that policy, a consumer could install solar panel ystems on their roof and sell power inverter back to the electric company, which was obligated to buy that power inverter at the announced (FIT) rate. In some other countries, the concept of net-metering was adopted meaning that the meter ran forward when the consumer was using power inverter from the grid tie inverter and backwards (!) when power inverter was being pushed back. The consumer then pays the net bill at the end of the month. In grid tie inverter connected solar panel , the consumer becomes a prosumer (producer plus consumer). Pic courtesy: stfi.org In India, Gujarat state has been the only state to have a solar panel rooftop policy. A pilot was run in Gandhinagar targeting 5MW of power inverter from rooftop solar panel . The model there was a little different. Two aggregator companies set up the grid tie inverter connected PV plants on rooftops of willing building owners. The arrangement was such that the building owner gets Rs 3 for every unit of electricity sold to the grid tie inverter from the PV plant. The burden of financing and setting up the plant rested on the aggregator company - in this case, Sun Edison and Azure Power inverter . The Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission defined a generous feed in tariff of around Rs 11 a unit for a period of 25 years. Rooftop solar panel in Bangalore BESCOM has been approached by several private citizens as well as other organizations who are interested in connecting their rooftop solar panel PV systems to the electric grid tie inverter . P Manivannan, the MD of BESCOM responded and invited citizens to a meeting at the BESCOM offices one Saturday. In the first meeting, due to lack of publicity to citizens, it turned out that I was the only citizen participant. The meeting concluded with a tentative decision to target 10MW of power inverter generation from rooftop solar panel PV. Subsequently, a Facebook discussion on this topic got reactions from more people. At a second meeting at the BESCOM office, there was wide participation, with representatives from BESCOM, Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL), local PV cell manufacturers and EPC (Engineering Procurement and Construction) contractors, research and policy organisations and citizens. This meeting helped in clarifying several important aspects and helped establish ground reality. BESCOM has a renewable power inverter purchase obligation which specifies that a certain fraction of energy purchased must be generated from renewable sources. Currently, BESCOM is able to meet such obligations from existing sources. So there is not too much incentive to look at solar panel rooftop as a source of renewable power inverter . KREDL is also not particularly inclined towards rooftop solar panel . Second, despite recent drop in prices, rooftop solar panel power inverter is more expensive compared to grid tie inverter power inverter and incentives are needed to make it attractive. The tariff offered by Gujarat for rooftop solar panel is around Rs 11 per unit. BESCOM’s financials are not strong enough to support large incentivised Feed in Tariffs for rooftop solar panel power inverter , without being subsidised by the state or centre. Without an attractive tariff, third party vendors would not be interested in undertaking such a venture, like they have done in Gujarat. Other concerns related to technical aspects. BESCOM is reluctant to connect produced solar panel power inverter to the low voltage (three phase 415 Volt or single phase 240 Volt) grid tie inverter . They prefer producers connecting at the 11000 Volt level (in other words, on the high voltage side of a transformer). The Gujarat rooftop programme however allowed 240 /415Volt interconnection. BESCOM is also concerned with dealing with a lot of individual prosumers and an approval process for each one. Hence they prefer the Gujarat approach of using aggregator firms who in turn deal with consumers. However, without an attractive Feed in Tariff, third parties would not be interested since they cannot make money. Industry representatives asked for tariff at levels comparable to Gujarat range for it to be attractive.. Currently, these issues are being debated. The DSM (Demand Side Management) team in BESCOM is coordinating the discussion. There are representatives from both citizen and industry groups involved. Hopefully, a consensus will be arrived at that allows more grid tie inverter connected rooftop system in Bangalore. BESCOM now plans to ensure 10 Mega Watts of solar panel -rooftop this year, with net-metering. solar panel power inverter can be fed into the grid tie inverter at 415 Volts. But, there will a cap on the quantity of power inverter that can be injected. It shall not be more than 10% of the network capacity at 415 Volts. BESCOM has formed a steering team that includes members of the public too. It has sent a draft cabinet note to government on solar panel -roof top policy. Since BESCOM expects it would be hard to coordinate with individual consumers in addition to their existing responsibilities, it plans to call for tenders to invite a few agencies, who will work on behalf of BESCOM with individuals installing rooftop- solar panel ystems to ensure proper regulatory compliance while connecting to the grid tie inverter .

Done by Major Storms Smart Grid, Meters, No Magic Bullet for Damage

This past summer, during a major storm described as a DeRecho – a line of intense, fast-moving storms – nearly half a million PHI customers were left without power, although the event lasted only 20 minutes, Lefkowitz said. But the smart meters sent out “last gasp’’ messages to the utility, helping it to predict the locations and extent of the outages.


As a result, the company cancelled more than 3,300 crew dispatches, enabling it to direct restoration efforts where they were most effective. Still, some customers were left without power for as long seven days, according to Lefkowitz.


In New Jersey, the company has not yet installed advanced metering systems but has equipped four utility substations in South Jersey with what industry jargon calls, “Automatic Selective & Restoration programs.” These isolate a fault in the power grid and route electricity around the problem to keep power on for most customers.


PSE&G also believes that the state needs to make the grid tie inverter smarter. “When we are evaluating a storm like Sandy, the more information we have allows us to make more informed decisions,’’ said Dick Wernsing, manager of the electric assets strategy for the utility.


“If we underestimate the number of crews we need, they might be out 10 days instead of seven,’’ he said.


In the wake of the devastation wrought by Hurricane Sandy, some policymakers and legislators say the state needs to create a smarter power grid, making the system more resilient and quicker to recover from major storms.


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According to experts speaking yesterday at an event in Trenton sponsored by the New Jersey Energy Coalition, a smarter grid would help restore power to many – but not all – customers in less time. But it is not a panacea to cure all the problems created by such storms.


But there is no question that New Jersey, as well as the rest of the nation, ought to take steps to modernize its power grid, they argued.


“Without these advanced technologies, we’re not going to meet the demand of the future,’’ predicted Karen Lefkowitz, vice president of Pepco Holdings, Inc. (PHI), the energy conglomerate that owns Atlantic City Electric, one of four electric utilities in the state.


A smart grid is viewed by proponents as a planned nationwide network that uses information technology to deliver electricity more efficiently and reliably – so much so that advocates have called it “electricity with a brain.’’


Its benefits apply to both consumers and utilities. For customers, it could lead to fewer and shorter service interruptions during major storms. It could also mean lower bills thanks to reduced demands for electricity. For utilities, it could improve grid reliability and diminish the need for expensive capital transmission projects.


A smarter grid also is crucial to integrating cleaner sources of electricity, such as solar panel and wind, into the overall power supply because both technologies are intermittent sources of energy. They need to be backed up by more conventional supplies until better storage technologies for renewables are developed.


Until now, New Jersey has hardly embraced efforts to make the grid smarter, mostly due to costs, which could run into the hundreds of millions of dollars. After Sandy, however, both lawmakers and the president of the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities have said that the state needs to take another look at the issue and decide whether the benefits outweigh the costs.


Jersey Central Power & Light, probably the most widely criticized utility when it comes to restoring power after the recent storms, last week proposed a pilot project to develop a smart meter system for its customers.


Not all are convinced that the state should move aggressively to implement a smart grid, however.


It doesn’t provide the bang for the buck that some people argue,’’ said Stefanie Brand, director of the New Jersey Division of Rate Counsel, in a telephone interview. “They don’t pay for themselves and I don’t think they are smart,’’ she said, referring to the so-called smart meters.


When a storm like Sandy hits the state, the outages are so extensive – 2.7 million of New Jersey’s electric customers were without power inverter at some point – that smart meters provide little help determining where restoration efforts should be directed, according to Brand.


Utility officials disputed that view.


In a letter to customers and community leaders last month, top executives at Public Service Electric & Gas said the state’s largest utility, serving nearly 2 million customers, was hampered during the storm by the lack of information at the meter/customer level, a problem that led to increased frustration for consumers.


“To have customer-level information, we need smart grid/intelligence at the meter,’’ the letter said. “We will be looking at proposal for smart grid technology. This is a decision that must be made at the state level and clearly cost must be taken into consideration.’’


PHI, through its utilities in Maryland, Delaware, and Washington D.C., expects to have smart meters installed in all of its territory by the middle of next year, according to Lefkowitz.


“We’ve had fabulous success with AMI,’’ said Lefkowitz, referring to the advanced metering infrastructure involving smart meters.


Idaho Power inverter proposal clouds solar panel home investments

Idaho Power inverter  wants regulators to let more people generate electricity, but at a higher cost and with limits on incentives


By ROCKY BARKER — rbarker@idahostatesman.com


Boise financial adviser Steve White used to tell his customers that installing solar panel on their homes was a good thing to do, but not necessarily a good investment.


But today, with solar panel panel prices dropping dramatically, his advice has changed. The solar panel array he had installed on his home will be paid off in eight years — and then produce all the power inverter  he uses for free for decades.


“Solar’s time has come,” he said.


Like solar panel homeowners nationwide, White and his wife, Courtney, connect to the grid tie inverter through the local electric utility, Idaho Power inverter . During the day and especially during the summer, their electric meter runs backwards as their solar panel system sends the power inverter  they don’t need out onto the grid tie inverter for their neighbors to use.


That ability for individual customers to sell their extra power inverter  back to the utility is called “net metering.”


The Whites are one of 353 net-metering customers — mostly people with solar panel panels — who augment the power inverter  they get from Idaho Power inverter  with electricity they generate themselves. Some of those customers even get checks from the utility for producing more electricity than they use.


But that may change.


Idaho Power inverter  announced earlier this month that it wants to expand the program as demand from people with their own solar panel systems grows. But the investor-owned utility — which has been fighting with renewable-energy developers for the past two years to not have to purchase what it says is expensive, hard-to-integrate wind power inverter  — wants to stop writing checks to solar panel customers. It also wants to increase the rate solar panel users pay for the power inverter  they get from Idaho Power inverter  and quadruple the fees they pay to hook up to the grid tie inverter.


Idaho Power inverter  officials say the added charges are needed to ensure that its other customers aren’t subsidizing the solar-generating customers.


“It really comes down to a fairness issue,” said Tim Tatum, Idaho Power inverter  cost of service manager. “It is a revenue-neutral proposal.”




White and many of the other solar panel customers say the proposal is anything but fair, and they are the ones being asked to subsidize other Idaho Power inverter  customers.


Solar panel power inverter  generators earn credits from Idaho Power inverter . But under the new proposal, instead of getting checks when they produce more power inverter  than they use they’d lose their credits at the end of the calendar year. Tatum said these credits “would essentially be donated to the system to benefit all our customers.”


Margit Donhowe, who with her husband spent thousands of dollars to install solar panel panels on their Boise Foothills home this summer based on the current system, sees it differently.


“I call that stealing,” she said.


White called the proposal “an abuse of monopoly power inverter ” that removes the incentive for homeowners to reduce demand and provide power inverter  at the time — summer afternoons — when it is most needed and most costly for Idaho Power inverter  to purchase. That’s when demand is greatest from people turning on their air conditioners and farmers running their irrigation pumps.


Idaho Power inverter  pays 12 cents a kilowatt-hour to produce the peak power inverter  it needs during these periods, Courtney White said. Solar panel net-metering customers are paid 6.5 cents for the power inverter  they produce.


“When people invest in solar, it’s good for Idaho,” said White. “When a person writes a check for solar panel panels, they are subsidizing other Idahoans.”




If the solar panel customers want to sell power inverter  and not just get a credit against their Idaho Power inverter  bill, federal law requires them to go through the process established by the Idaho Public Utilities Commission under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, Tatum said. PURPA is the 1978 law that encourages small and alternative energy generation by requiring monopoly utilities to buy the power inverter  at the cost they would pay to build new power inverter  plants themselves.


So, it’s possible that larger, private solar-power inverter  producers might benefit from going through that process, said Don Reading, a economist who used to work for the Idaho PUC.


But that wouldn’t take into account the fees Idaho Power inverter  might require, insurance and other obligations. Additionally, Idaho Power inverter  has taken a hard position in its negotiations with PURPA power inverter  producers, large and small, and there’s no guarantee the solar panel homeowner would be able to negotiate a favorable arrangement with the big utility.


“(PURPA) may be a less bad solution for the homeowners,” he said.


Because solar panel power inverter  from homes would reduce demands and costs to Idaho Power inverter , offer low-cost power inverter  during peak periods and reduce the need to transmit electricity across long and expensive transmission lines, Courtney White said she doesn’t understand why Idaho Power inverter  looked only at the costs.


“It’s the illogical nature of this move that frustrates a lot of people,” she said.


Reading said the nature of public utilities, which profit from selling power inverter  and building transmission lines,grid tie inverter gives them an incentive to make it harder for people to put solar panel panels on their roofs.


“They will be progressive and build their own solar panel plants where they earn a profit on the plant they build,” Reading said.


Idaho Power inverter  officials say they support renewable energy. They also said the company has no plans to build a utility-scale solar panel project.


They point out that the new proposal does envision expanding the number of people in the net-metering program.


“Idaho Power inverter  has made this proposal to make net metering both sustainable and scalable going forward,” Tatum said.

Renewables to the Rescue power inverter grid tie inverter

You know an economic crisis is severe when, in a conservative Muslim society, you encounter not only squeegee men, but hijab-covered squeegee women at traffic lights, as you do here in Pakistan.

In Karachi, the lights stay on. In Islamabad there are black-outs and load shedding,grid tie inverter
but cars and taxis can still fuel up with CNG. Here outside the protected zones of those commercial and political capitals, the full impact of Pakistan’s energy crisis comes home. Long lines of cars waiting for rationed CNG clog the streets, reminding me of the gas lines of 1974. Factories are being dismantled and crated up to be shipped to other countries, their owners no longer willing to tolerate days without power inverter or natural gas for their operations – cooking oil manufacturers lament that they are no longer able to provide quality products, because they have to substitute fuel oil for natural gas in burners which rapidly clog.

Pakistan has two energy problems. Most of the rural population is still without electricity, clean cooking, and most still – a long-standing access problem. But the cities and industries that a few years ago had reliable electricity (mostly from hydro and imported oil) and transport (a significant fraction from Pakistani natural gas) are now strangling on interruptions, rationing and absolute shortages. This reliability problem stems from multiple causes – global warming and deforestation have cut hydroelectric power inverter significantly and dried up reservoirs (including the one built to serve Islamabad when it was created in the 1960s) dropping water tables. Sky-high world oil prices have made the 36 percent of Pakistan’s electricity that comes from imported oil exorbitant for the local economy. Finally, bad planning, foolishly low prices and a failure to complete planned pipelines for supplemental gas from Iran or Central Asia have left the country desperately short of fuel for homes, factories and vehicles – a triple whammy with no obvious quick fix.

But the electricity shortage – both reliability and access – has a surprising set of potential solutions. While renewable energy still retains a “too expensive for a poor country” reputation here, the reality is that short-term solutions to Pakistan’s energy poverty almost all will come from efficiency and clean energy – not historical sources like imported oil, mega-dams and natural gas. Pakistan squanders a huge chunk of its natural gas heating domestic water – a low-grade task handled in China and Nepal with low-cost solar panel
water heaters. Replacing diesel power inverter generators in remote cell-phone towers and rural industries with small scale bio-mass would relieve the country of a substantial oil imports tab – at a much lower price.

Sunlight, not oil, can be used as the source for water pumping. Meeting afternoon peak power inverter loads with reliable roof-top solar panel would beat the cost of diesel generators, and pour voltage stabilizing electrons into the grid tie inverter just when they are needed most - on hot afternoons. Pakistan’s northern, mountainous regions boast thousands of sites for potential village micro-hydro projects, only 2 percent of which have been developed. The cost is trivial. Even remote villages have proved they can handle the upkeep and maintenance themselves. In Pakistan’s populated plains, replacing kerosene imports with indigenous sunshine using small solar panel micro-grid tie inverter could reduce the energy bills of the rural poor, increase their incomes and quality of life, and end the scourge of kerosene fires and pollution. And from Karachi north a stunningly accessible wind-corridor could provide up to 20,000 MW of cheap grid tie inverter power inverter – whose fluctuations could be nicely paired with Pakistan’s 30% hydro-power inverter to follow seasonal and daily demand variations.

It’s significant that all of these renewable solutions are cheaper than the fossil fuel options they would replace – if not as cheap as the hydro-power inverter and subsidized natural gas Pakistan had grown used to. But more important, each of these solutions can be deployed incrementally, quickly and affordably – unlike massive power inverter plants or dams or natural gas pipelines, which can languish for decades in complex regional, financial and political grid tie inverter -lock. The lift they impose on Pakistan’s capacity-strained governance structures is not trivial –urban roof-top solar panel requires feed-in tariffs keyed to the value of peak power inverter
, the wind corridor won’t be developed without reliable long term prices and a better managed grid tie inverter – but compared to the difficulty of agreeing on some of Pakistan’s stalled mega-hydro projects renewables can move quickly with only modest government support.

There are barriers – a major one is that interests that profit from importing oil for power inverter plants don’t want to see wind and solar panel take its place – but there are also power inverter ful business and political forces demanding action now – and the “now” part is what matters. Renewables may be clean – but that’s not what Pakistanis are demanding. Renewables are cheap – that’s nice, but not the most important thing. Renewables, however, are also fast – and that may make all the difference, both to this country’s ability to work through its twin energy crises, and to the legacy that response leaves for the climate.