To be sure, Laclau and Mouffe [in their ‘negation of socialist totality’ theory] are correct that the 'disappearance of private ownership of the means of production’ does not automatically 'set up a chain of effects’ that would 'lead to the extinction of all forms of subordination.’ But only the crudest of economic determinists would make such a claim – which removes human agency from the equation. Marx himself, as shown earlier, takes a much more nuanced approach. Dismantling capitalist social relations will not automatically liberate women but will create the material possibility for achieving women’s liberation, which requires further struggle. This is certainly the lesson of the postrevolutionary struggles against women’s oppression undertaken by the leaders of the Russian Revolution.
— Sharon Smith