oscar isaac is routinely snubbed by the academy. things they really should have nominated him for but didn’t:

  • drive (2011 - supporting, plays carey mulligan’s recently out of prison husband, aka, the most compelling part of the damned film)
  • inside llewyn davis (2013 - lead, plays a floundering folk musician in 60s New York during one horrible week in his life)
  • a most violent year (2014 - lead, plays a latino business man trying to hold his oil company together in the face of theft, fraud etc.)
  • ex machina (2015 - supporting, plays a charismatic but terrible genius who invents AI)

like honestly, if michael fassbender or eddie redmayne or even bradley cooper had played any of these parts, they would have most certainly got the nomination. 

Basic Contemporary Theory Intro Course

Step 1: The Foundations (these are skippable because they are Very Hard but they’re the foundation on which everything else is built)

Step 2: Marxists (I don’t have a lot of these, thankfully for us all)

Step 3: Feminists

Step 4: Queer Theory

Step 5: Post-Colonial/Race

Step 6: Post Humanism (ie the crazy shit)

Step 7: Misc (not technically theory, but interesting re: theory)

Please feel free to reblog and add whatever you think is necessary!

thanks to the amazing Lin-Manuel Miranda and his masterpiece that is Hamilton, more people are taking an interest in colonial american history. I think I should share some of the historical anecdotes and fun facts I’ve picked up over the years because of my history obsession… 

  • One of John Adams’ sons, Charles Adams, once ran naked across Harvard Yard.
  • We all know Hercules Mulligan, but did you know he owned slaves? (your opinion of him just changed a little didn’t it?) Anyway… he had a slave named Cato who worked with Mulligan for the patriot cause. Cato was a double agent and he gave vital information to Lafayette that would eventually lead to the victory at Yorktown. 
  • When Thomas Jefferson’s wife died in 1782 he locked himself away in their room at Monticello and refused to leave for weeks. He burned all her letters and some of her belongings and rarely spoke of her for the rest of his life. 
  • Benjamin Franklin liked to take what he called “air baths” in which he sat naked in an empty bathtub with a window open for a couple hours a day
  • Abigail Adams was amazing. She taught herself to read (even though women were not allowed/afforded a proper education back then), she was active in the patriot cause, spoke openly against slavery and was for equal rights for women and people of color. 
  • Abigail and John Adams were strongly against slavery and refused to live in the white house because it was built by slaves. 
  • John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on July 4th 1826 (the 50th anniversary of the declaration of independence)… only FIVE hours apart from each other. 
  •  When Lafayette went back to France he took soil from Bunker Hill with him and was buried in it when he died. So even though his grave is in France, he’s buried in American soil and to this day he always has an American flag waving next to him :’) 
  • Lafayette’s ship was called the Hermione. Sadly, the original no longer exists but an exact replica was built and spent this past summer travelling all over the United States and Canada 
  • Many historians believe (myself included) that George Washington was probably not straight (along with many other founding fathers) 
  • John Adams was actually a pretty cool guy but Alexander Hamilton was salty that Adams fired him and that’s why he made fun of him all the time (Which I don’t blame Alex for, it was a pretty jerk move of Adams to fire him, but keep in mind that Adams WAS a cool guy and maybe the fandom shouldn’t make fun of him so much…) 

there are so many more but I wanted to focus on some that most people probably don’t know already… feel free to add to my list if you think of any more

(I could cite all these to prove their accuracy but I’m lazy and hopefully you people know how to google)

[EDIT: I realized that I wasn’t clear enough on a few of these. 

  • Abigail Adams did not have any formal education. She worked very hard to develop her reading skills and taught herself in many areas. She read avidly and became a very well educated and accomplished woman. 
  • Yes Adams is credited as being the first president to live in the White House, but he didn’t live there. While in office his primary residence was his home in Quincy, Massachusetts and he only stayed at the White House while he was in DC. Combined with the fact that slaves built the White House, DC was also a swampy and not-so-fun place to be back then. As a result, no, John Adams did not technically live in the White House. ]  

I’ll sit at the Christmas table next to my grandmother, who basically grew up in a proto-medieval—comes from an almost slavery background in the Dominican Republic, working as a tenant farmer, in a terrifying kind of subsistence. I’m squinting at her with one eye, and then I’m squinting at my little brother, who’s U.S.-born, a Marine combat veteran, who sounds like someone turned the TV to the Fox channel and broke the dial. And I’m thinking, how do we create a self that takes both of those people in?

It’s really helpful to assemble selves not always deploying realism. Realism cannot account for my little brother and my grandmother, but Octavia Butler’s science fiction can. Samuel Delany’s generic experiments can explain them. I read his book and that range is present, not only present, but what is unbearable about trying to hold the two together in one place. So it helps not to have realism as the only paradigm to really understand yourself.

once more with feeling:

there are no latinx names. there are no latinx features. there is no “latinx” race.

latinx is an ethnicity that encompasses all the people whose familiar history is tied to the pre and post colonial and/or diasporic experience of latin america. 

latinx includes indigenous latin americans who have different features, stories, cultures and languages. there are hundreds of different indigenous people across latin america.

latinx includes afro latin americans whose ancestors were brought to latin america by slavers, as well as africans who emigrated to latin america later.

latinx includes europeans who’ve been here since colonial times and europeans who emigrated later, both white and non-white. for example, spanish, italian and portuguese people of arab heritage, jewish people, rromani people; all are non-white europeans. not all europeans who immigrated to latin america were/are white.


latinx includes people of all races. just as an example, in the past half-century, south america has become the largest south-east-asian diaspora in all of the western world. there are plenty of second or third generation asians living in latin america who are as latinx as spaniards who emigrated during wwii or italians who came escaping fascism. 

latinx names can be hispanic, asian, indigenous or anglosaxon names. latinx features can be the features of any race. latinx culture is the intersection of every person’s individual culture with their country’s culture, and the many cultural variations that have been and are created by diasporic latinxs living outside of latin america.

we have a shared history, we have shared traits and a couple languages that are more or less spoken across most of our communities, there are certain cultural factors that most latinxs share. but that doesn’t mean all latinxs look, behave, speak or are named in similar ways.

so, repeat with me:

latinx is not an homogenous identity. 

latinx is not a race. 

latinx is an ethnicity.

Sodomy, Sensibility, and Male Friendships in Late Eighteenth Century America

This is the first of a three part essay that aims to demolish certain assumptions about homosexuality in Revolutionary-era America and establish a firm context for interpreting and the passionate friendship between Alexander Hamilton and John Laurens, and defending them as lovers. For blacklisting or tracking purposes, use the tag, “sodomy and sensibility”. I’m not an expert on this topic. I only got interested in it because of Hamilton the Musical. Since then, I’ve read two books and around 30 academic articles specifically on this topic, as well as a whole lot more on Hamilton and his milieu, generally. Basically, I just wrote this because I read a lot and got super interested in the topic and wanted to write my thoughts about it.

In the first post, I intend to dispel the notion that draconian laws against sodomy meant that the men who practiced it uniformly lived in fear. I will show that in spite of harsh laws and moral condemnation, sex between men was more often tolerated than punished. In the second post I will discuss the eighteenth century enthusiasm for “sensibility” that promoted intensely emotional, sensual relationships between men that were not only socially acceptable, but highly valued as a source of personal moral improvement and the cornerstone of an enlightened public sphere. Though ostensibly non-sexual, romantic friendships contained ample space for erotic attraction and activities to flourish privately without shame or fear of repercussions. In the final post, I will situate Hamilton and Laurens within this context to show that no reason exists to designate their relationship as exclusively heterosexual. I will argue that theirs was most likely one of the intense friendships that included sexual intimacy, although unless new evidence turns up, we will never know for sure. However, it is important to view their relationship in its proper historical and social context, and not entirely through the lens of contemporary queer identities.


Part I: Sodomy in Colonial America

Keep reading

The shooting side of the business is only 25% of the trouble the other 75% lies in getting the people of this country behind us.

Field Marshal Sir Gerald Templer, the British High Commissioner of Malaya during the Malayan Emergency, on the importance of ‘hearts and minds’ during counterinsurgency operations. 

Templer was a career officer serving from 1916 until 1958, seeing service around the world during both world wars. In 1936 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order during the suppression of the Arab Revolt.

General Sir Gerald Templer (left) testing a De Lisle carbine during a visit to 1st Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, south Perak, 1952 (source)

Templer’s initiatives to win over the Malayan populace and incentivise rebel surrender had greatly improved the Malayan situation by the time he left in 1954. Templer became Chief of the Imperial General Staff in 1955 and was promoted to field marshal in November 1956. Communist rebel forces in Malaya were eventually be defeated with the Emergency declared over in 1960. Templer was instrumental in the founding of Britain’s National Army Museum, he died in 1979 aged 81.

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I was built by wage. So I wage Love and worse—
always another campaign to march across
a desert night for the cannon flash of your pale skin
settling in a silver lagoon of smoke at your breast.
I dismount my dark horse, bend to you there, deliver you
the hard pull of all my thirsts—
I learned Drink in a country of drought.
—  Natalie Diaz, “Post-Colonial Love Poem,” published in New Republic

There’s not much i appreciate about the current state of the Irish language, but i do like how occasionally an American on the Internet will say something like “But there’s no such thing?! Do you mean the accent?? I love the accent :))” and The Leviathan Descendeth Upon Them.

Since it’s the anniversary of the outbreak of WW1, let’s not erase the sacrifice of the British Indian Army, who made up one third of the troops manning the British line of the trenches in France. One million Indians served overseas during WW1, and overall 74,187 Indian troops died in the war. 

People will try to whitewash history and erase their bravery, but without the British Indian Army, the war would most probably have turned out very differently for Britain. 

To all those people that want to ‘preserve Britain’ and thus want Indians and peoples of other non-white races to disappear, know that without India (not only its sacrifices in WW1, but also all that was so cruelly stolen from it and its people by the Empire), you would not have your beloved Britain as you know it today.