post traumatic stress disorder

Traumatized people chronically feel unsafe inside their bodies: The past is alive in the form of gnawing interior discomfort. Their bodies are constantly bombarded by visceral warning signs, and, in an attempt to control these processes, they often become expert at ignoring their gut feelings and in numbing awareness of what is played out inside. They learn to hide from their selves.
—  “The Body Keeps The Score” by Bessel Van Der Kolk

Reminder that you do not need to be experiencing frequent vivid flashbacks or nightmares of trauma to have post traumatic stress disorder. There are a plethora of other symptoms, such as dissociation, frightening thoughts, memory loss, trouble concentrating, depression, and hyper-arousal. If you’ve experienced a traumatic event but don’t have flashbacks, and because of this you’ve ruled PTSD out, please research PTSD anyway.

Warriors suffered from post-traumatic stress '3,000 years ago'

Warriors in ancient Iraq more than 3,000 years ago could have been the first people to suffer from post-traumatic stress, researchers have found.

It has long been believed that the first account of PTSD was in 490 BC following the Marathon Wars between the Greeks and the Persians.
The understanding was based on Herodotus’ account of the Athenian spear carrier Epizelus who began to suffer from mutism after the conflict.

But researchers at Anglia Ruskin University have now discovered texts that suggest PTSD could have existed as far back as 1300 BC.

They have found evidence that warriors in ancient Iraq during the Assyrian Dynasty were left suffering from the condition after battle. Read more.


Post Traumatic Stress (PTS)

Over half a million of our Veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan are suffering from Post Traumatic Stress (PTS). It stopped me in my tracks when one of my patients said, “it can happen once in your life, but one hundred times in your mind.” The echoes linger on… This is a very serious dilemma not only for our nations veterans, but for countless individuals that have experienced any variety of serious trauma in their lives.

Traumatic stress is a type of stress that exists on an entirely different level than that of the stress we encounter on a daily basis. Our bodies do not know how to process the impact that these scarring events have had on us, and in return the impression left on the brain is one that needs healing and recovery to restore its natural state of holistic functioning.

Infographic by - Norman Rosenthal, MD. 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder:

PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event or ordeal. With PTSD, the “fight-or-flight” response, which is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm,is changed, damaged, and often over activated. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they’re no longer in danger.

The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist

This is a checklist one can fill out to see whether or not they possibly have PTSD. This checklist can be used to aid in communicating symptoms with a professional, or for self-diagnosis. All information is pulled from the DSM-5 and from the book Overcoming Trauma and PTSD

Section I
Must check ONE or more of the following:

  • I have directly experienced a traumatic event.
  • I witnessed a traumatic event, in person, as it occurred to someone else.
  • I learned of a traumatic event which happened to someone very close to me. (In the case of actual or threatened death of a family member, the event was violent and/or accidental.)
  • I have repeatedly experienced extreme exposure to details of traumatic events. (Example: being a medical first responder) (Note: does not include exposure through television or other forms of media)

__ / 4

Section II
Must check ONE or more of the following:

  • I have recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories about the traumatic event I experienced.
  • I have recurrent, distressing dreams in which the content is related to the traumatic event I experienced.
  • I experience dissociation, in which I feel the traumatic event is occurring again. I may have flashbacks or simply lose touch with the world around me.
  • I experience intense and prolonged distress when I am exposed to internal or external things which remind me of the traumatic event I experienced.

__ / 4

Section III
Must check ONE or both of the following:

  • I try to avoid distressing memories, thoughts, and feelings which are closely related to the traumatic event I experienced. 
  • I try to avoid external reminders (certain people, places, conversations, activities, objects, or situations) which arouse distressing memories, thoughts, and feelings about the traumatic event I experienced.

__ / 2

Section IV
Must check TWO or more of the following:

  • I have trouble remembering specific and sometimes important details about the event. 
  • I persistently have negative beliefs about myself, the people around me, and the world in general. Such as that I am a bad person, or that people cannot be trusted.
  • I have persistent, distorted cognitions about the cause or the consequences about the traumatic event I experienced, which leads to my blaming myself or others for what happened.
  • I find myself in a negative emotional state a lot of the time, such as fear or horror or anger or guilt or shame.
  • I have lost interest in participating in significant activities.
  • I often feel detached or estranged from others.
  • It’s often very hard for me to experience positive emotions, such as happiness or satisfaction, or even loving feelings.

__ / 7

Section V
Must check TWO or more of the following:

  • I sometimes have irritable behavior or angry outbursts.
  • I partake in reckless or self-destructive behavior.
  • I am sometimes hypervigilant.
  • I have an exaggerated startle response.
  • I have difficulty concentrating.
  • I have difficulty sleeping.

__ / 6

Section VI
Must check ALL of the following:

  • I have been experiencing these symptoms for longer than one month.
  • These symptoms have caused significant distress and impairment in my every day life.
  • My symptoms have not been caused by a medication, drug use, or another medical condition.

Section VII
Common Symptoms and Behaviors (not required for diagnosis)

  • I feel anxious and worried a lot.
  • I am easily startled.
  • No matter how much I try, I can’t remember specific details of my past.
  • Since the event happened, I have lost interest in things I used to enjoy.
  • I don’t feel as connected or as close to people as I used to be.
  • I sometimes feel completely emotionally numb.
  • I rarely make plans for the future.
  • I have difficulty picturing the future at all.
  • Sometimes reminders of what happened to me can have a physical effect on me, such as light-headedness or an upset stomach.
  • I experienced prolonged periods of sadness or hopelessness.
  • I am unable to keep up with my daily routine, such as going to work or school or doing chores around the home.
  • I sometimes blame myself for what happened to me.
  • I feel guilty about what I did and didn’t do during the traumatic event.

__ / 13

If you related to some of the symptoms listed here but do not fit the diagnostic criteria, you may also want to look into depressive disorders or anxiety disorders.


It is the unshakeable terror upon smelling the cologne or perfume of your abuser as someone passes by.

It’s ducking at the sound of Fireworks and retracting into nightmarish memories.

It’s a crippling affliction that causes those who are diagnosed with it to feel like they are about to die when it begins to flare.

It is not the effect of internet name-calling, youtube arguments, and twitter hashtags.  It is not caused by internet use.  You know why? 

Because there is an ignore/blacklist/block feature online.  If you are not blocking your harassers, you are inherently inviting the drama and the attention onto you.  You are causing your own discomfort. 

Don’t use an affliction to your advantage to garner pity for your own shortcomings online.

Note that this is said to those who use the term PTSD and claim to have it without a doctor’s diagnosis.  Do not bother me with your ‘but weeeeh I have the symptoms Suponions, you’re an asshole.’  You having the symptoms means jack shit, because there are multiple symptoms that coincide with multiple different diagnoses.

Let's get the facts - PTSD

PTSD stands for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It is an anxiety disorder that one in three people suffer from after witnessing a disturbing, stressful or traumatic event. Such events could be seeing a tragic death, being a victim of a crime or being in a car accident. PTSD can occur days, weeks, months or years after the traumatic event.

People who suffer with PTSD suffer with petrifying flashbacks, images and can even experience sensations of the event. Vivid nightmares are also a common symptom. Sleep is often disturbed because of this or the sufferer is too scared to sleep in fear a nightmare will happen. It is also hard for people with PTSD to concentrate due to the terrifying flashbacks. Some people have constant negative thoughts and question themselves over and over if they could have done something different in the situation or could have prevented it altogether this often makes them feel isolated, guilty and irritable.

PTSD can be treated with medication such as paroxetine which is an antidepressant. Two kinds of therapies are also often used to help treat someone with PTSD, trauma based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitisation And Reprocessing.

The PTSD/borderline person suffers first and foremost from a disorder of the stream of consciousness. More specifically, the PTSD/borderline person suffers from the inability to turn off a stream of consciousness that has become its own enemy, comprised of actual memories of traumatic events, distorted and fragmented memories, intrusive imageries and flashbacks, dissociated memories, unwelcome somatic sensations, negative self-commentaries running like a tickertape through the mind, fantasied and feared elaborations from childhood of the abuse experiences, and concomitant strongly dysphoric moods of anxiety and anger. Much that the adult PTSD/borderline does, in and out of therapy, is a response to, or an attempt to terminate or modify, the intolerable presence of this stream of consciousness.
—  PTSD/Borderlines in Therapy: Finding the Balance, Jerome Kroll

I’ve absolutely HAD IT with articles that talk about how trigger warnings in classrooms are a modern-day invention that coddle students from hearing “ideas they don’t like or find offensive.” No; trigger warnings are there in order to assure that students with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can receive an education, too. Okay? Okay.