Don Afonso III, the first to use the title of ‘King of Portugal and the Algarves’.
Afonso III made war with the Muslim communities thrived in the South.
In his reign, the Algarve became part of the Kingdom of Portugal, following the conquest of Faro. The Muslims made several attempts to recapture the region for many years, but it was never retaken.
An amazing Portuguese King, outstanding administrator and military commander, founder of several cities in Portugal.
It was costume for the Portuguese soldiers to brand their shields and armors with the national shield’s insignia when going to battle during the Middle Ages.