Port Royal, South Carolina, slave quarters, 1862.
Taken in 1862, when freedom came to the Gullah in the area of Beaufort and St. Helena, this photo shows a row of slave quarters. This grouping is very unusual for quarters before emancipation, because they are not in a straight row. They are relatively well built, with brick chimneys. The areas between the houses are fenced, indicating a level of personal and family space defined in the grouping. The man in the foreground is sitting on a bench in front of a pot on a fire.
Civil War Photograph Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.