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Writing Research - American Civil War

The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slaves states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. 

The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by a foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories.

After four years of combat, which left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead and destroyed much of the South’s infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished. Then began the Reconstruction and the processes of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves. [1]

Names

  • Social Security: Popular Names
  • University of Texas at Tyler - Female First Names in the 1860 Smith County, Texas, Census
  • Webster University - 1860 Census: Alphabetical List By Last Names
  • Civil War Blog - Popular Men’s Names of the Civil War
  • Civil War Blog - Popular Women’s Names from the Civil War
  • British Baby Names - Top 200 Most Popular Names in England and Wales in 1860

Society & Life

  • Civil War - A Brief Overview of the American Civil War
  • History Channel - American Civil War History
  • History.com - American Civil War
  • U.S. National Park Service - The Civil War
  • PBS - The Civil War
  • National Archives and Records Administration - Civil War
  • Encyclopædia Britannica - American Civil War: United States History
  • Massachusetts Civil War Research Center
  • About.com - Top Five Causes of the Civil War
  • History.com - The Civil War Begins, April 12, 1861
  • Eyewitness To History - The First Shot of the Civil War, 1861
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - The Southern Homefront, 1861 - 1865
  • Library of Congress - The South During the Civil War
  • Independence Hall Association -  The Southern Homefront
  • Independence Hall Association -  The Northern Homefront
  • Newberry Library - Home Front: The Visual Culture of the Civil War North
  • Chicago Tonight - Home Front: Daily Life in the Civil War North
  • Newberry Library - Home Front: Daily Life in the Civil War North
  • Civil War Trust - North and South: Different Cultures, Same Country
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - North-South Comparisons
  • Scholastic Corporation - Compare Two Worlds: North  vs South
  • Civil War Trust - On the Homefront Articles
  • Virginia Historical Society - Surviving War: The Home Front
  • James E. Walker Library -  The Home Front During The Civil War (PDF)
  • Smithsonian Institution - Life and Culture Introduction: American Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Children on the Home Front
  • Civil War Trust - Children in the Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Children on the Battlefield
  • PBS - Kids in the Civil War
  • Ducksters - Children During the Civil War
  • North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources -  Children of the Civil War (PDF)
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Childhood in the Civil War
  • Eastern Illinois University -  Children During the Civil War (PDF)
  • Library of Congress - The Civil War Through a Child’s Eye: Lesson Overview
  • American Civil War - Civil War Diary of Carrie Berry: First Hand Account Of War Through The Eyes Of A Child
  • Civil War Saga - Child Soldiers in the Civil War
  • H‑Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online - Children and the American Civil War
  • Prezi - A War They Didn’t Understand: Child Soldiers of the American Civil War (Video)
  • Civil War Trust - Education During the 1860s
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Schools for Freed Peoples, 1860s
  • Encyclopedia of Chicago - Schools and Education
  • Loyola University New Orleans - Women’s Rights Before the Civil War
  • Civil War Women Blog - Women’s Rights Before the Civil War
  • National Endowment for the Humanities - Lesson 5: Women’s Lives Before the Civil War
  • Eyewitness To History - Good Manners for Young Ladies, 1859
  • The New York Times - The Civil War and the Southern Belle
  • Duke University Libraries - Primary Sources Online: The Civil War: Women and the Homefront
  • Civil War Saga - The Roles of Women in the Civil War
  • National Archives and Records Administration - Women Soldiers of the Civil War, Part 3 
  • History.com - Women in the Civil War
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - Women and the Civil War
  • James E. Walker Library - Women and the Civil War (PDF)
  • HistoryNet - Women In The Civil War
  • New Georgia Encyclopedia - Women During the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - Women in the American Civil War
  • Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media - Women in the US Military: Civil War Era
  • National Education Association -  Women in the American Civil War
  • Smithsonian - The Women Who Fought in the Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Female Soldiers in the Civil War
  • Ducksters - Civil War: Women
  • CBS News - Women of the Civil War (Photos)
  • The Washington Post - Women Soldiers Fought, Bled, and Died in the Civil War, Then Were Forgotten
  • Smithsonian - Women Spies of the Civil War
  • Civil War - Soldier Life in the Civil War
  • Ducksters - Life as a Soldier During the Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Life of the Civil War Soldier in Camp
  • Civil War Trust - Life of the Civil War Soldier in the Army
  • Civil War Trust - Life of the Civil War Soldier in Battle
  • Civil War - Soldiers’ Homes during the Civil War
  • Ducksters - Daily Life During the Civil War
  • U.S. National Park Service -  The Civilian Experience in the Civil War
  • Twinkle - Civilian Life during the Civil War
  • Encyclopedia Virginia - Family Life During the Civil War
  • Civil War - Pets in the Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Civil War Animal Mascots
  • Civil War - Religion in the Civil War
  • National Humanities Center - Religion in the Civil War: The Northern Perspective
  • Ducksters - African Americans During the Civil War
  • National Archives and Records Administration -  Black Soldiers in the Civil War 
  • History.com - Black Civil War Soldiers
  • Library of Congress - African-American Soldiers During the Civil War
  • HistoryNet -  African Americans in the Civil War
  • PBS -  Timeline: African Americans in the Civil War
  • Kansas Historical Society -  African American Civil War Soldiers
  • TIME -  African-American Soldiers in the Civil War (Photos)
  • National Archives and Records Administration - Black Soldiers in the Civil War
  • NBCNews.com -  Portraits of Black Soldiers Show Forgotten Faces of Civil War (Photos)
  • National Geographic - African Americans in the Civil War: Equality Earned With Blood
  • Civil War Trust - The Importance of African-American Soldiers in Civil War History 
  • Ms. Magazine - The Brave Black Women Who Were Civil War Spies
  • National Archives and Records Administration -  From Slave Women to Free Women: The National Archives and Black Women’s History in the Civil War Era
  • Civil War Women - African American Women in the Civil War
  • Library of Congress - Photographs of Women During the Civil War: African American Women (Photos)
  • C‑SPAN - African-American Women Civil War (Video)
  • American Civil War - Civil War Soldiers Letters Home
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  Why are letters written by American Civil War soldiers so well worded and articulate even though the majority of soldiers weren’t very well educated?
  • PBS -  The Civil War and Emancipation
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - Facts About the Stave Trade and Slavery
  • Civil War Home - Slavery In The Civil War Era
  • Eyewitness To History - A Slave’s Life: Elizabeth Keckley
  • Eyewitness To History - Slave Auction, 1859
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  Are there any filmed interviews from the late 1920s-30s of elderly persons recounting their lives during the Civil War, etc?
  • Civil War Trust - Slavery in the United States
  • Encyclopedia Virginia - Slavery During the Civil War
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  How were the former slaves actually freed after the American Civil War? What was the process? Did many former slave owners get killed by their former slaves, or did people mostly leave peacefully?
  • The New York Times - How Slavery Really Ended in America
  • Library of Congress - Pre-Civil War African-American Slavery
  • The Huffington Post - The Civil War Was About Slavery: Confederate Leaders Were Totally Clear On This
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Did African Americans violently resist racist crimes against them after the Civil War?
  • Eyewitness To History - The American Civil War
  • History.com - American Civil War Ends: June 02, 1865
  • Civil War - Life After the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - Conclusion of the American Civil War
  • Smithsonian -  The Gentleman’s Agreement That Ended the Civil War 
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - How does a large modern battlefield get cleaned up after fighting ends?
  • Eyewitness To History - The Ku Klux Klan, 1868
  • Civil War Trust - 10 Facts You Should Know About the Civil War
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  What are the biggest perpetuated misconceptions bout the Civil War?
  • The Guardian - The American Civil War Then And Now: Interactive
  • Synonym - The Common Age of Marriage for Women During the American Civil War
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  Where were Hispanics and other races (immigrants and such) during times such as slavery or the Civil War?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  What was going on in Canada during the US Civil War?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  How were the blacks treated in Canada prior to the American Civil War?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  Did the United Kingdom ever consider intervening in the American Civil War? Did any world power? If so, why?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  How did Native Americans view and act during the American Civil War?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  What was Mexico and Canada’s reaction to the American civil war? Were there any foreign volunteers or mercenaries?
  • PBS - The Civil War: Key Figures
  • University of Northern Iowa - Important People: Civil War and Reconstruction
  • Wikipedia - People of the American Civil War
  • U.S. National Park Service - Abraham Lincoln: The War Years 1861 - 1865
  • Civil War Trust - Abraham Lincoln
  • History.com - American Civil War: George McClellan
  • History.com - American Civil War: James Longstreet
  • History.com - American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson
  • Biography.com - Stonewall Jackson

Commerce

  • Food Timeline -  American Civil War: Prices & Fluctuation
  • University of Missouri - 1860s-1869: Prices and Wages Guide
  • Choosing Voluntary Simplicity - What Did Things Cost in 1860?
  • Vintage Ad Browser - Vintage Industry Ads of the 1860s
  • Wikipedia - United States Note
  • Antique Money - Rare Ten Dollar Bills From The 1860s
  • Antique Money - Rare Five Dollar Bills From The 1860s
  • Antique Money - Rare Twenty Dollar Bills From The 1860s
  • The Coin Database - 1860 United States Coins
  • U.S. National Park Service - Industry and Economy during the Civil War
  • History Central - Economics and the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - Issues of the American Civil War: Economic Issues
  • Foundation for Economic Education - The Economic Costs of the Civil War

Entertainment & Food

  • Civil War - Music of the Civil War Soldiers
  • Civil War Trust - Music of the 1860′s
  • Wikipedia - 1860 in Music
  • Wikipedia - 1860s Songs
  • Wikipedia - Songs of the American Civil War
  • Smithsonian Folkways - Songs of the Civil War
  • PBS - The Civil War: Civil War Music
  • Civil War - Soldier’s Food during the Civil War
  • PBS - Civil War Cooking: What the Union Soldiers Ate
  • Civil War Trust -  What Did Civil War Soldiers Eat? (PDF)
  • History.com - Desecrated Vegetables: The Hardships of Civil War Eating
  • Wikipedia - Foods of the American Civil War
  • UNC‑TV - Cooking During The Civil War
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Food During the Civil War
  • Mariners’ Museum - Bad Food in the Civil War
  • Visit Gettysburg - Civil War Recipes and Civil War Food
  • Civil War Saga - Civil War Food
  • Serious Eats -  Parched Corn and Rye Coffee: Eating as a Civil War Soldier
  • Vintage Cookbooks - 1860-1879 Cookbooks
  • Library of Congress - Civil War: Thanksgiving Foods
  • Chattanooga Times Free Press - Whiskey and the War: Alcohol Played a Role in the Civil War
  • Examiner - Alcoholic Beverages And The Civil War
  • The New York Times - How Coffee Fueled the Civil War
  • CNN - How Coffee Played A Role In The Civil War
  • HistoryNet - Soldiers Loved a Refreshing Cup of Coffee
  • Vintage Ad Browser - Vintage Candy Advertisement of the 1860s
  • Civil War Trust - Pastimes of the 1860′s
  • Civil War - Leisure Activities during the Civil War
  • Civil War Trust - Christmas During the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - Christmas in the American Civil War
  • Civil War Saga - Christmas During the Civil War
  • C‑SPAN - Civil War Christmas Traditions (Video)
  • Library of Congress - At Christmas People Did Not Have Luxuries
  • Civil War Trust - Lincoln’s Thanksgiving Proclamation
  • History.com - Lincoln Proclaims Official Thanksgiving Holiday
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  Since Thanksgiving was proclaimed a national holiday by Abraham Lincoln in 1863, was there any resistance to celebrating the holiday in the South after the Civil War?
  • The Huffington Post -  Thanksgiving and Civil War
  • National Museum of American History -  Baked Beans, Coffee, and Bread: A Civil War Thanksgiving
  • eHow - What Games Did Children Play in the 1860s?
  • Wikipedia - Five-Card Stud
  • Vintage Ad Browser - Vintage Books, Magazines and Newspaper Ads of the 1860s

Hygiene, Health & Medicine

  • Civil War - Sickness and Disease in the Civil War
  • Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania - Biting the Bullet: the Legacy of Civil War Medicine (PDF)
  • National Museum of Civil War Medicine - Civil War Museum Exhibits
  • Ohio State University - Civil War Battlefield Medicine
  • University of Toledo - Medicine in the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - Medicine in the American Civil War
  • Terms Used In Civil War Medicine
  • Civil War Trust - Civil War Medicine
  • Mental Floss UK - 5 Medical Innovations of the American Civil War
  • National Geographic Channel - Civil War Medicine
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Medical Advances During the Civil War
  • Discovery News - How the Civil War Change Modern Medicine
  • Smithsonian - Six Ways the Civil War Changed American Medicine
  • Smithsonian Channel -  The Gruesome Reality of Civil War Medicine (Video)
  • The Patriot‑News -  Civil War Helped Shape Today’s Medical Practices
  • Virginia Commonwealth University - Civil War Medicine
  • TIME - How a Bloody Civil War Battle Changed Modern Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham - Civil War Medical Figures
  • BlackPast.org - African Americans in Medicine in the Civil War Era
  • The Atlantic - How Racism Creeps Into Medicine
  • United States National Library of Medicine -  Binding Wounds, Pushing Boundaries: African Americans in Civil War Medicine
  • Civil War Scholars - African-Americans, Women, War Medicine – George Wunderlich
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine - Exhibit Highlights Role of African Americans in Civil War Medicine 
  • Civil War Women Blog - Black Civil War Nurses
  • National Museum of American History - The Diary of a Civil War Nurse: A Wartime Role for Women
  • Wikipedia - American Civil War Nurses
  • Civil War Trust - Georgeanna Woolsey : A Day in the Life of a Northern Nurse
  • Hektoen International Journal - Nursing During the US Civil War: A Movement Toward the Professionalization of Nursing
  • H‑Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online -  Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America
  • Vintage Ad Browser - Vintage Medicine Ads of the 1860s
  • Rochester General Health System - Civil War Medicine And The Rochester Hospital
  • North Carolina Digital History - Civil War Army Hospitals
  • Wikipedia - American Civil War Hospitals
  • American Civil War - Civil War Medicine and Surgical History
  • Academia.edu - Military Hospitals in the American Civil War
  • HistoryNet - The Truth About Civil War Surgery
  • The Daily Mail - Civil War Surgery: The Grisly Photos that Show How Soldiers Gritted their Teeth for Surgery in the American Civil War (Photos)
  • United States National Library of Medicine - Life and Limb: The Toll of the American Civil War
  • Ohio State University - Civil War Battlefield Surgery
  • Thomas Jefferson University - Civil War Surgery Manuals Go Digital
  • Christian Broadcasting Network -  Determined to Serve: Black Doctors in the Civil War
  • U.S. National Park Service -  Civil War Medical Tools (PDF)
  • Smithsonian - Touring the Tools of Civil War Medicine
  • Samford University - U. S. Civil War Era Surgical Tool Kit (Photo)
  • JSTOR - Disease & Infection in the American Civil War
  • PBS - The Civil War By the Numbers: Deaths
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - Deadly Diseases: A Fate Worse than Dying on the Battlefield
  • Armstrong State University - Suffering in Silence: Psychological Disorders and Soldiers in the American Civil War
  • University of Houston -  The State of African Americans in the South
  • Wikipedia - Sex in the American Civil War
  • Case Western Reserve University - History of Contraception: The Civil War: Sex and Soldiers
  • Synonym -  Hygiene in the Civil War

Fashion

  • HistoryNet - Civil War Uniforms
  • Wikipedia - Uniforms of the American Civil War
  • Ducksters - Civil War Uniforms
  • Civil War - Clothing of the Civil War Soldiers
  • University of Vermont - Women’s Clothing, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Women’s Hats, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Women’s Hairstyles, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Women’s Fashion Accessories, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Men’s Clothing, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Men’s Hats, 1860s
  • University of Vermont - Men’s Hairstyles, 1860s
  • Wikipedia - 1860s in Western Fashion
  • Visit Gettysburg - Civil War Women’s Clothing
  • Business Insider - Best Civil War Beards And Mustaches
  • Encyclopedia Virginia - Shoes at Gettysburg
  • History.com - Civil War: Artifacts (Photos)
  • Vintage Ad Browser - Vintage Clothes/Fashion Ads of the 1860s

Dialogue

  • Citrus County School District - Slang of the American Civil War (PDF)
  • Civil War Trust - Civil War Slang (PDF)
  • Civil War Trust - Glossary of Civil War Terms

Justice & Crime

  • Civil War - Discipline in the Civil War
  • Encyclopedia Virginia - Military Executions During the Civil War
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - Civil War Deserters: Cowards or Heroes? (PDF)
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Is there any evidence of soldiers “switching sides” during the American Civil War?
  • Esquire - Punishment And Torture In The Civil War
  • H‑Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online - Re-evaluating Discipline and Manhood in the Union Army
  • The Atlantic - Gender, Race, and Rape During the Civil War
  • The New York Times - Rape and Justice in the Civil War
  • University at Albany, SUNY - Rape in the American Civil War: Race, Class, and Gender in the Case of Harriet McKinley and Perry Pierson
  • National Archives and Records Administration - Black Soldiers in the Civil War: Black POW Treatment
  • Wikipedia - Massacres of the American Civil War
  • Civil War - Weapons of the Civil War Soldiers
  • Civil War - Army Camps of the Civil War
  • Civil War - Military Drills of the Civil War
  • Wikipedia - 1860s Crimes
  • History.com - Civil War Guerilla Leaders
  • Wikipedia - Supreme Court Cases of the American Civil War
  • Reddit: Ask Historians -  How were deserters treated after the US Civil War?
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - Civilian describes pillaging near Gettysburg, 1863
  • Quora - Were civilian women raped during the American Civil War as frequently as they are in modern civil wars?

im laughing so hard cause kaisoo hater blogs are like ‘they’re disgusting, when will they delete, go kill yourselves’ and send hateful anon messages, basically cyber bullying people who think something different to them and kaisoo shippers are the disgusting ones?!?? do you know that:

????

im not saying kaisoo shippers are completely innocent in this, a select few have done this aswell of course, but the majority of them have only been replying to hateful messages and stick up for themselves because they are receiving these messages first

phandom reposter PSA

so idk if you guys know this already, but a quite popular blog my the name of “dans-moth-shirt” has been reposting alot of art and gifs, and not crediting the original posters. Not only has this user been active for a very long time (4+ months) but I havent actually seen anyone call them out on it. The worst part about this is that their posts are getting thousands of notes and are getting reblogged by popular phandom blogs. The orginal artists and gif makers do not deserve this, and it would mean alot to me, and the creators in the phandom, if you reported this blog, and stopped reblogging posts from them.

popularblogname  asked:

I saw a really cute Umbreon/Raikou splice that you did. It looked like a baby Raikou, so I was wondering if you could splice a pre-evolved Raikou? Thank you! I plan on being a regular on your blog.

Hey I remembered to do the request in 2D for once

Raikou pre-evolution
Growlithe (body) + Blitzle (tail) + Swablu (clouds) + Kangaskhan (ears) + Dodrio (head crest) + Raticate (whiskers) + Raikou (duh)

popularblogname  asked:

I've got another request, I'm trying to sprite it as well but I found it confusing for what I wanted to do. It's Vulpix/Pachirisu. I tried it with Pachirisu's body and six of its tails with Vulpix's colours. I don't feel like restricting you to this, so do whatever you feel. Thank you!

I think the problem with this is that Pachirisu’s tails require a lot of space. I fit four in here before I hit the stopping point, and even that’s kind of pushing it.

Holy crap 2D sprites feel weird now