polygraph

‘Mr. Brightside’ Second Most Timeless Song of All Time

Polygraph has used data from Spotify to quantify how songs have and are standing the test of time.  While the entire article is well worth a read, it is noteworthy that The Killers have three tracks that could be could be considered ‘timeless’ within the parameters of the study.

The Killers’ three tracks that could be considered timeless are:

  • 2- ‘Mr. Brightside’
  • 37- ‘Somebody Told Me’
  • 153- ‘All These Things That I’ve Done’

Victims will note that these three tracks all come from The Killers’ debut album, Hot Fuss.

 Illuminating Lies with Brain Scan Outshines Polygraph Test

When it comes to lying, our brains are much more likely to give us away than sweaty palms or spikes in heart rate, new evidence from researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania suggests.  The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, found that scanning people’s brains with fMRI, or functional magnetic resonance imaging, was significantly more effective at spotting lies than a traditional polygraph test.

It has been demonstrated that when someone is lying, areas of the brain linked to decision-making are activated, which lights up on an fMRI scan for experts to see.  While laboratory studies showed fMRI’s ability to detect deception with up to 90 percent accuracy, estimates of polygraphs’ accuracy ranged wildly, between chance and 100 percent, depending on the study. The Penn study was the first to compare the two modalities in the same individuals in a blinded and prospective fashion. The approach adds scientific data to the long-standing debate about this technology and builds the case for more studies investigating its potential real-life applications, such as evidence in the criminal legal proceedings.

“Polygraphy and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Lie Detection: A Controlled Blind Comparison Using the Concealed Information Test” by Daniel D. Langleben, MD; Jonathan G. Hakun, PhD; David Seelig, VMD; An-Li Wang, PhD; Kosha Ruparel, MS; Warren B. Bilker, PhD; and Ruben C. Gur, PhD in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Published online October 2016 doi:10.4088/JCP.15m09785

Pattern of lies Vs truth differences in concealed information test. NeuroscienceNews.com image is credited to University of Pennsylvania.

It’s no surprise that Hollywood displays massive inequalities (when it comes to pay, and parts available to women and to minorities). A lot of the discussion, however, has been around anecdotal evidence. Here, Polygraph takes a look at 2,000 screenplays and backs up these arguments with raw data and interactive charts. It’s staggering–and pretty depressing. Testing the claims that men speak more often than women in Disney princess films, look at 30 Disney films, including Pixar. The results: 22 of 30 Disney films have a male majority of dialogue. #polygraph #inequality #datavisualization

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THE UNIVERSE OF MILES DAVIS 

Miles Davis’ legacy, represented by every Wikipedia page that mentions him This year, Miles Davis would have turned 90 years old. 25 years after his death, he’s still synonymous with Jazz, but you can find his fingerprints on so many other ideas. 

Let’s examine his legacy by sorting through every Wikipedia page (in English) on which he’s mentioned. 

This approach not only highlights his recordings and collaborators, but also wraps our arms around everything else, such as mentions in Kendrick Lamar’s “influence” section and the “notable usage” section for Motherfucker.

http://polygraph.cool/miles/

Women don’t speak.

Photo: 2,005 Screenplays: Dialogue Broken-down by Gender. 

Who Cares About Actresses often wonders, with much frustration, why is it that women undergraduates speak up so much less in film school when often they have the more mature insights? Why do they equivocate, question themselves, and doubt their ideas when they are usually more mature than their male classmates? Furthermore, why are there so many fewer women students in film school? Hmmm… perhaps not only because they’re not seeing themselves with agency on screen, but because they literally are taught on screen: women should say less. 

So thank you for this new infographic from Polygraph breaking down the gender issue in Hollywood. It is the largest ever analysis of film dialogue looking at 2000 screenplays over a range of genres. It was made as a response to critics of the Bechdel test, who say it may not be the best indicator of gender bias. (They had previously made an infographic that showed if films passed the Bechdel test or not.Polygraph looked directly at dialogue, providing a pretty obvious look at the issues that Hollywood faces. Disney has a severe bias towards men, who receive 60% or more of lines. This is true even for the Princess movies, where obviously the leads are women. As Polygraph points out:

Even films with female leads, such as Mulan, the dialogue swings male. Mushu, her protector dragon, has 50% more lines than Mulan herself.

When a movie centers around a woman protagonist, but she has significantly less lines than the male characters, some of her presence is taken away.

Photo: Polygraph’s breakdown of Disney dialogue. 

The project also looked at how ageism affects men and women differently. Amazingly, there are more roles available to older male actors (above 42) than for younger male actors, whereas the peak age range for women actors is 22-31. 

Who Cares About Actresses acknowledges how important information like this is. Sometimes, it’s necessary to be presented with the facts and statistics in such an obvious way to really understand the magnitude of the issue. We hope that the EEOC is paying attention to this. Check out all of Polygraph’s sources here

A polygraph (lie detector) records changes in heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and the the galvanic skin response. The galvanic skin response is recorded from the hand by electrodes that measure skin conduction, or more simply, sweating. “Polygraph” means many writings and was invented by the psychologist William Marston in 1915. 

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Drawing the news with digg: How To Tell If Someone Is Lying To You

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Plants Know When They’re Being Touched
Researchers saw a change in thousands of plant genes occurred just minutes after they were sprayed with water.

Humans have been attributing a secret, interior life to plants for thousands of years. It began with the nature worship of our far-distant ancestors and continued on into the modern age thanks to people like Cleve Backster, a CIA polygraph expert who performed experiments in the 1960s to demonstrate that plants could read our minds.

By and large, most research seeking to attribute a mental life to plants has been discredited over the years. Yet new research coming out of the University of Western Australia shows that while plants may not be able to think, they are—in a way—able to feel.

The UWA researchers arrived at this conclusion after they noticed that a change in the expression of thousands of plant genes occurred just minutes after they were sprayed with water. These genetic changes were short-lived (most reverted to their normal state within half an hour), suggesting that plants are highly in touch with their immediate environment and capable of dynamic responses to changes in their surroundings.

“Unlike animals, plants are unable to run away from harmful conditions,” said Olivier Van Aken, the lead researcher in the study. “Instead, plants appear to have developed intricate stress defense systems to sense their environment and help them detect danger and respond appropriately.

Continue Reading.

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How Do Polygraph Machines Work?

Also known as ‘lie detectors,’ polygraphs are used to record an individual’s vital signs, such as breathing rate, pulse, and so forth. Check out this episode of BrainStuff to learn more about polygraphs and the art of lie detection.