polluted waterways

To people who think that voting for one party over the other that we all hate: At this point, it wouldn’t made much of a difference if Clinton ended up in the White House instead of Trump. And this is the reason why I’m not in to party loyalty BS at face value.

Party loyalty BS at face value is only hold us back with consequences. At some point (in the future), this needs to stop and it needs to stop.

What’s really the price that we’re willing to pay for party loyalty BS at face value?

  • More wars?
  • More fracking that leads to more pipelines being built which will having our waterways polluted?
  • Another shady trade deal that outsources good paying jobs?
  • Corruption?
  • Providing weapons to oppressive Middle East regime with our tax dollars while our country falls apart?
It’s no longer worth supporting a corrupt political party that doesn’t care about us anymore.
reuters.com
Norwegian Bank DNB says considering pulling financing on N. Dakota pipeline
"If these initiatives do not give appeasing answers and results, DNB will consider its further involvement in the financing of the project."

Nov 7 - Norwegian bank DNB will reconsider its participation in the financing of the North Dakota oil pipeline if concerns raised by Native American tribes against its construction are not addressed, it said late on Sunday.

Local authorities and protesters have been clashing over Energy Transfer Partner’s $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline project, which would offer the fastest and most direct route to bring shale oil from North Dakota to Illinois.

Native American tribes contend that the pipeline would disturb sacred land and pollute waterways supplying nearby homes.

“DNB looks with worry at how the situation around the pipeline in North Dakota has developed. The bank will therefore take initiative and use its position to bring about a more constructive process to find a solution to the conflict,” Norway’s largest bank said in a statement.

“If these initiatives do not give appeasing answers and results, DNB will consider its further involvement in the financing of the project.”

The bank did not say in its statement how much financing it is contributing to the project. Norwegian daily Aftenposten reported the bank is responsible for some 2.8 billion crowns ($342.36 million) in loans to build the pipeline, or close to 10 percent of the cost of the project. ($1 = 8.1785 Norwegian crowns) (Reporting by Gwladys Fouche, editing by Louise Heavens)

Becoming a Vegan for Ethical Reasons

Eating a plant-based diet is great, but true vegans adopt the entire cruelty-free lifestyle. In almost all cases, ethical reasons are behind their decision to change. Quite often though, even those who simply eat a vegan diet eventually make a full transition because their eyes are opened to the cruelty of various industries. So, they naturally start avoiding leather, wool, down, and personal hygiene and cosmetic products tested on animals. There are more ethical reasons to become a vegan than you are probably aware of. Below are just a few of many.

Animal Cruelty

The main reason to become a vegan is to help stop the constant torture and barbaric slaughter of innocent creatures. Every time you eat a cheeseburger, you are consuming abuse, terror, pain, and death. Animals are genetically manipulated with drugs to grow at an alarming rate. Chickens often can’t walk because their body is too heavy for their legs. You eat these drugs that they’re injected with! Tail-docking, de-beaking, dehorning, and ear-notching are done without anesthesia. Female cows are raped over-and-over, only to have their young ripped from them, so they can be hooked to painful machines that often cause sores. Calves live in dog-house sized “containers” to keep the meat tender for veal. Cows form extremely strong bonds, and witnessing their young taken away is a visual you will never forget, if you see it just once.

Male chicks are generally dropped into a grinder alive because they are of no use to the egg industry. The process is called chick culling, and millions are killed this way daily. Those that aren’t, are killed with electrocution, suffocation, or a break to the neck.

Pigs are kept in stalls so narrow they can never turn around. Some can’t even lie down. They go crazy and chew on the metal that prisons them. An entire lifetime is spent in pain. Did you know pigs are smarter than dogs?

If you are not sure if the vegan lifestyle is for you, watch the following documentaries. Most can be viewed for free online.

• Forks Over Knives
• Earthlings
• If Slaughter Houses Had Glass Walls
• Super-Size Me
• Food, Inc.
• The Cove
• A Place at the Table
• Vitality
• Vegucated

Environmental Reasons

A plant-based diet is essential for a healthy planet. Raising animals for food uses massive amounts of land, water, energy, and food. Animal agriculture byproducts pollute air and waterways. The planet is running out of precious resources to support SAD (Standard American Diet). A single dairy cow drinks 50 gallons of water daily, and more than 2,400 gallons of water are needed to produce 1 pound of beef. A pound of flour only takes 180 gallons, and lasts a whole lot longer than a pound of meat.

Livestock produce methane, nitrous oxide, and carbon dioxide, the three main contributors to global warming. Approximately 51 percent of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide are attributed to livestock byproducts, according to Worldwide Institute.

One trillion pounds of factory-farmed animal waste are used annually to fertilize crops, which run into waterways. Nitrogen in animal feces is causing algae population to skyrocket. This reduces oxygen that other aquatic species need to survive. Anyone who complains about global warming needs to look at their diet. If you are driving an electric car but eating meat on your plate every day, you’re doing it wrong!

Global Food Shortage

Veganism can put an end to world hunger. More than one-third of the world’s grain is fed to animals that get slaughtered. Meanwhile, four children die of hunger minute of every single day. Is the steak on your plate or that extra-cheese, artery-clogging pizza worth the price of a mother burying her child over a preventable cause?

Recently I read the book Eating Animals by Jonathan Safran Foer.  It is an intensive look at how devastating the effects of animal agriculture are on our environment, our health, and on our daily lives. While reading, I decided to take notes on some of the of the facts I found surprising. Please understand that on top of the 3 years Foer spent researching this book, he also had two independent fact-checkers verify the validity of his claims as well as has every single fact cited and sourced in the appendices.  

By The Numbers:

  • 450 billion animals a year are factory farmed.
  • 10 billion land animals are slaughtered in North America each year.
  • 50 billion birds are killed each year.
  • 1/3 of the land on earth is used for animal agriculture.
  • Animals agriculture is a 140 billion dollar a year industry.
  • Chickens lay 300 eggs per year.
  • KFC buys 1 billion chickens per year.
  • A cow is slaughtered at 12-14 months.
  • 99% of milk and egg production is factory farmed.
  • Each American eats 21,000 animals in their lifetime.

Pollution 

  • Meat eaters produce 7 times the greenhouse gasses than vegans do.
  • Meat on average travels 1500 miles.
  • According to the UN, Animal agriculture makes up 18% of all global warming. 40% greater than all transportation in the world combined
  • According to the EPA, animal excrement has polluted 25,000 miles of waterways in 22 states.
  • Land degradation due to factory farming has cost americans 26 billion dollars in property value.

Shit

  • A typical pig farm will produce 7.2 million lbs of shit annually, Chicken farm: 6.6 million lbs and a typical cattle feed lot: 334 million lbs.
  • All farmed animals in the U.S. produce 130 times more raw waste than the human population
  • In the U.S. animals produce 87,000 of shit per second.
  • People and pigs shit about the same amount. About 281 lbs. per year.

Production costs.

  • It takes between 6-26 calories of food to produce 1 calorie of animal flesh.
  • Animal agriculture uses 756 million tons of grain and corn per year, much more than enough to feed the 1.4 billion humans who are living in dire poverty.
  • 98% of the 255 million ton global soy crop is fed to animals.
  • Due to bycatch (the catching of untargeted animals while fishing), 26 lbs. of animals are killed to catch 1 lbs. of shrimp.
  • By 2050, the world’s livestock will consume as much food as 4 billion people.

The Human Factor

  • Studies show vegetarians and vegans meet or exceed their daily protein requirement.
  • Excess animal protein can lead to osteoporosis, kidney disease, calcium stones and some cancers.
  • Vegetarians have lower blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and lower BMI than meat eaters.
  • Children raised on the grounds of a typical hog farm have asthma rates exceeding 50% 
  • Due to the industrial expansion on factory farming, half a million independent hog farmers have gone out of business in the last 25 years.
  • Factory farm and slaughterhouse employees, which are made up  substantially of  immigrant labor, have an annual turn over rate of 150%
  • Cow slaughter workers have the highest work related injuries of an job at 27% annually.
  • Farmers are 4 times more likely to commit suicide.
  • 2 generations ago virtually all farms were family farms.
  • In 1950 one farm worker supplied 15.5 consumers. today its 1 to 140.
  • Vegetarianism will prevent deforestation, curb global warming, reduce pollution, save oil reserves, lessen the burden on rural america, improve public health, and help eliminate the  systematic animal abuse in world history.

Things to think about

  • Less than 1% of animal meat comes from family farms.
  • There isn’t enough non-factory farmed chickens in the country to feed the population of Staten Island and not enough Non-factory farmed pork to feed New York City.
  • Factory farming relies on their customers having a nostalgic  image of farming.
  • Thanksgiving day accounts for 18% of Turkey consumption.
  • Americans spend less percentage of their income on food than any civilization in history
  • In perspective terms, the genetic manipulation of chickens has increased its growth rate so much that it would be equivalent to a child weighing 300 lbs. by the age of 10 from only eating granola bars and vitamins.
  • Modern turkeys cant walk, jump or naturally reproduce.
  • 83% of poultry contains Campylobacter or Salmonella at time of sale.
  • In the U.S., consumers ingested 3 million lbs. of antibiotics each year. Farm animals were fed 24.6 million lbs. of antibiotics which only account for preventative use. 
  • Pigs have complex social hierarchies and social groups.

Ethics

  • A person who regularly consumes animal products cannot call themselves an environmentalist without divorcing it from its meaning.
  • Every time you purchase an animal product you are farming by proxy.
  • Taste shouldn’t exempt ethics. A horny person has as much right to rape an animal as a hungry person has to kill and eat it.
  • If an equally more advanced creature started treating us like fish, what would our argument be to not being eaten?

But What About Dogs

  • Cows, pigs, chickens and many sea animals are as smart as dogs
  • 3-4 million cats and dogs are killed each year
  • if you let dogs unrestrictedly multiply and eat the unwanted dogs you have a high producing, low input method of animal protein production that puts the best farms to shame. 
  • Euthanized cats and dogs are sold farms to factory farms to feed livestock. 

ahungryvegan-deactivated2015040  asked:

Hey I just transitioned from vegetarian to vegan a bit ago and my friends still don't understand me! I know being vegan is good for the planet overall but What are the positive environmental affects being vegan?

Hi there! I gathered some facts with its sources, see below :) And for more info please watch Cowspiracy :)

Reduce global warming

  • Global warming poses one of the most serious threats to the global environment ever faced in human history. Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gases are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today. As a result, they are overlooking the fact that the single most important step an individual can take to reduce global warming [faster than any other means] is to adopt a vegetarian diet.1
  • In its 2006 report, the United Nations said raising animals for food generates more greenhouse gases than all the cars and trucks in the world combined.2

Avoid excessive CO2 production

  • According to the UN Report, when emissions from land use and land use change are included, the livestock sector accounts for 9 per cent of CO2 deriving from human-related activities, but produces a much larger share of even more harmful greenhouse gases.3

Reduce methane/nitrous oxide production

  • Cows and sheep are responsible for 37% of the total methane (23 times as warming as CO2) generated by human activity.4 With methane emissions causing nearly half of the planet’s human-induced warming, methane reduction must be a priority
  • The livestock industry generates 64 per cent of ammonia, which contributes significantly to acid rain.5
  • The livestock industry also generates 65 per cent of human-related nitrous oxide, which has 300 times the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CO2. Most of this comes from manure.6
  • In addition to having the advantage of immediately reducing global warming, shifting away from methane-emitting food sources is much easier than cutting carbon dioxide7:
    • First, greenhouse gas reductions through a vegetarian diet are limitless. In principle, even 100% reduction could be achieved with little negative impact. In contrast, similar cuts in carbon dioxide are impossible without devastating effects on the economy. Even the most ambitious carbon dioxide reduction strategies fall short of cutting emissions by half.
    • Second, a shift in diet can lower greenhouse gas emissions much more quickly than shifts away from the fossil fuel burning technologies that emit carbon dioxide. The turnover rate for most ruminant farm animals is one or two years, which means that decreases in meat consumption would result in an almost immediate drop in methane emissions. The turnover rate for cars and power plants, on the other hand, can be decades. Even if cheap, zero-emission fuel sources were available today, they would take many years to build and slowly replace the massive infrastructure our economy depends upon today.
    • Similarly, unlike carbon dioxide which can remain in the air for more than a century, methane cycles out of the atmosphere in just eight years. Therefore, lower methane emissions translate to cooling of the earth quickly.

Save large amounts of water

  • Estimates of the water required to produce a kilo of beef vary, from 13,000 liters8 up to 100,000 liters9 . Whichever figure you use, the damage is plain when you consider that the water required to produce a kilo of wheat is somewhere between 1,000-2,000 litres.

Avoid further pollution of our streams/rivers/oceans

  • Pollution of our waterways is caused by animal waste, antibiotics and hormones entering the water cycle alongside chemicals from tanneries, fertilizers, and the pesticides used to spray feed crops.
  • Manure, or waste water containing manure, severely harms river and stream ecosystems. Farmed animals produce about 130 times as much excrement as the entire human population of the United States. Since factory farms don’t have sewage treatment systems as our cities and towns do, this concentrated slop ends up polluting our water, destroying our topsoil, and contaminating our air.10
  • Once factory farm pollutants—including nitrogen, phosphorus, antibiotics and pesticides—reach the waterways they cause a great deal of damage to aquatic and human life. Algal blooms are a particular problem, blocking waterways, using up oxygen as they decompose, and killing the natural populations of fish.11
  • • In large amounts, animal waste can present major problems to the waterways and their surrounding environment. More than 2 billion tons of animal manure was produced worldwide during the late 1990s. Assuming average nitrogen content of around 5%, this makes 100 million tons of nitrogen12 finding its way into our water system.

Reduce destruction of topsoil & tropical rainforest

  • Thirty percent of the earth’s entire land surface—a massive 70% of all agricultural land—is used for rearing farmed animals. Much of this is grazing land that otherwise would host natural habitats such as valuable rainforests. And, of the entire world’s land suitable for growing crops that would otherwise directly feed humans, a third of it is used to produce feed for farmed animals.13
  • Livestock farming can lead to overgrazing causing soil erosion, desertification and deforestation14. Twenty percent of the world’s grazing land has already been designated as degraded due to the rearing of animals for their meat.15
  • Livestock production is responsible for 70% of deforestation in the Amazon region of Latin America, where rainforests are being cleared to create new pastures.16
  • Deforestation increases greenhouse gas emissions by releasing carbon previously stored in the trees. It is also a major driver in the loss of biodiversity – a pressing concern when one considers the fact that just a few species of livestock now account for about 20% of total terrestrial animal biomass.17

Reduce destruction of wildlife habitats & endangered species

  • The livestock industry is responsible for widespread deforestation and cultivation of vast tracks of land. Wide-spread cultivation of the land ruins animals’ natural habitat and forces millions of them to be evicted from their homes each year, causing long-term harm to our wildlife.

Reduce use of antibiotics, growth hormones, and chemicals

  • Farmed animals and fish are fed a wide variety of drugs to fatten them faster and to keep them alive in conditions that would otherwise kill them. These drugs enter the human food chain through direct consumption or through pollution of our waterways.
  • The effect on humans of consuming low levels of these drugs during a lifetime is unknown but could be serious. Antibiotics given to farmed animals include penicillin, erythromycin, and inorganic arsenic (the most toxic form of arsenic).
  • Antibiotics contain significant amounts of the most carcinogenic form of arsenic. USDA researchers have found that “…eating two ounces of chicken per day—the equivalent of a third to a half of a boneless breast—exposes a consumer to 3 to 5 micrograms of inorganic arsenic, the element’s most toxic form.” Daily exposure to low doses of arsenic can cause cancer, dementia, neurological problems, and other ailments in humans. 18
  • Antibiotics reduce the amount of bacteria in animals’ intestines and preventing infection, to which crowded, stressed animals are predisposed. Routine antibiotic use leads to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, thereby reducing antibiotics’ effectiveness when treating people suffering from food poisoning or other infectious diseases. 19
  • Farmers give hormones to animals to increase growth and productivity. Widely used in the United States, these hormones are known to cause several types of cancer and reproductive dysfunction in humans.20 While U.S. farmers claim that using hormones to promote growth is safe, the European Union has prohibited this practice since 1995.21
  • Fish farming contributes directly to the pollution of our waterways:
    • Large numbers of fish kept long-term in a single location produces a significant amount of feces concentrated in a small location, which can enter local waterways.
    • Because of parasite problems, some aquaculture operators frequently use strong antibiotic drugs to keep the fish alive. Many fish still die prematurely at rates of up to 30%.22 The residual presence of these drugs in human food products has become controversial because the use of antibiotics in food production is thought to increase the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in human diseases.
    • These drugs enter the food chain through direct consumption of the farmed fish itself and through the highly concentrated feces deposits that contaminate water supplies. Reports indicate that Scottish salmon farms alone have breached pollution limits more than 400 times in the past 3 years.23

Reduce ecological footprint

  • By choosing a vegetarian diet instead of one loaded with animal products, individuals can dramatically reduce the amount of land, water, and oil resources that they consume and the amount of pollution they otherwise might cause. Of course, reducing one’s ecological footprint should also mean causing less harm to the Earth’s non-human inhabitants. By switching to a vegetarian diet, each person can save more than 100 animals each year from the horrific cruelty of the meat industry24.

Help ensure environmental sustainability

  • There were approximately 6.5 billion people living on earth in 20052526 , and as the world’s population continues to grow, our requirement for food will also increase. Worldwide food production requires 30% of the total soil available, 20% of fossil fuel energy and a major part of the fresh water flow27. Raising cattle is one of the most damaging components of agriculture28. In addition to their gaseous emissions and manure products, it causes the most environmental damage of any non-human species through over-grazing, soil erosion, desertification and tropical deforestation. Studies on world food security estimate that an affluent diet containing meat requires up to 3 times as many resources as a vegetarian diet29.
  • Global production of meat has increased dramatically from 130 million tones in the late 1970s to 230 million tones in the year 200030. Meat is now the single largest source of animal protein in all affluent nations31 and demand for animal flesh is expected to more than double by the year 205032. In order to meet this growing appetite, animals will no doubt be reared more intensively and cheaply with factory farming and aquaculture (fish farming) causing further pollution, water demand and land usage. If nothing is done, the environmental impact of meat production can only increase.
  • Adopting a vegetarian diet is an important tool to achieve environmental sustainability.
Sources: 

Keep reading

A little help with answering that hypothetical question that always seems to come up over Christmas dinner with the family… 


“If you lived in a civilisation where there was an abundance of plant-based food, would you choose to kill animals and eat them for no reason other than your dietary preference?” 


We might even address the very real disaster scenarios presently threatening the world with questions like these: “What if you could make a simple and compassionate change in your life that would increase available farmland, increase available clean water, reduce rainforest destruction, reduce greenhouse gas production, reduce the threat from antibiotic-resistant bacteria, decrease land and waterway pollution, prevent creation of ocean dead zones, end your participation in the deaths of sentient individuals and increase overall human health by switching to a plant-based diet? Would you do it?” 


This is the reality we actually live in, and this is the choice each one of us faces.

6 everyday products you didn’t know harm the environment

Facial cleansers with microbeads

Not only are these polyethylene beads potentially harmful to your skin if used too roughly, they’re also terrible for the environment, adding to plastic pollution in waterways. As a result, fish and other marine life may mistake these microbeads for food.

Shampoos and soaps with sulfates

SLES can be contaminated with traces of 1,4-Dioxane, which the EPA has labeled a probable human carcinogen. The chemical isn’t readily biodegradable, which means it can build up in the environment and stay there for a long time.

Sunscreen

Researchers have estimated that up to 6,000 metric tons of sunscreen wash off into the oceans each year, and 10% of all coral reefs have been affected.

Deodorants with triclosan

Triclosan, an antibacterial agent used in many deodorants, soaps and cleaning products since 1972, now permeates the environment, found in places such as surface waters, soil and fish tissue.

Lip balm derived from petroleum

Ingredients derived from petroleum, such as petrolatum, could be contaminated with policyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS) – which are high in wildlife and environmental toxicity.

Moisturizers with palm oil

Oil palm plantations are guilty of deforestation, landscape fires and draining peatlands – all of which contribute to climate change. Toxic smoke from landscape fires kills 110,000 people in Southeast Asia every year, and the creation of new plantations can have negative social and economic impacts.

“I try volunteer every week with this bike patrol - we go around to parks and waterways explaining to the public why they shouldn’t litter. Not to scold people - but explaining so they understand the impact of littering. Not everyone understands the consequences.”

“What are they?”

“Just about all the rubbish in waterways comes from the land. So when you don’t throw your rubbish in the trash, there’s a good chance it will end up in the water.”

Photo by @BrianSkerry
A Gray Seal folds its flippers and poses underwater in the Gulf of Maine. Extending from Cape Cod to Nova Scotia, the Gulf of Maine and its surrounding waters have been the economic bedrock of New England’s coastal communities, supporting a wide variety of commercial and recreational activities. Unfortunately, many factors currently threaten the vitality of the Gulf of Maine ecosystem today. Decades of pollution of our marine waterways, coastal habitat destruction, overfishing and bottom trawling have wrought havoc in the form of extensive habitat loss and diminished biodiversity. Restoring health to these important resources as rapidly as possible is an imperative.
@thephotosociety @natgeocreative #newenglandoceanodyssey #gulfofmaine #maine #nikonambassador #seals by natgeo

policymic.com
Harvard Scientists May Have Just Solved One of the Biggest Environmental Issues of Our Time

It takes years for plastic to turn into smaller pieces, but it never breaks down into simple compounds that can be harmlessly reabsorbed by the environment. Instead, it becomes a dangerous pollutant, clogging up waterways, damaging the marine ecosystem and entering the food chain.

But it seems we might be closer to the solution than we might think. On Monday, researchers at Harvard University’s Wyss Institute announced that they have created a new bioplastic based off a novel source: shrimp cells.

Read moreFollow policymic

i’m starting my job at the ohio EPA next week so i would appreciate if everyone could please pollute ohio’s waterways so i have something to do and don’t get bored. thanks in advance

4

Thank you, ocean advocates

California leads the way in ocean conservation in many ways. We celebrated California’s leadership role on March 24 at Ocean Day California in Sacramento, thanking those involved in key actions and applauding the collective results.

At an evening reception, ExecutiveDirector Julie Packard presented our California Ocean Champion Award to State Assembly Speaker Toni Atkins for spearheading efforts to fund ocean and coastal restoration and conservation and enforcement activities.

She also recognized Secretary of State Alex Padilla, State Senate President Pro Tem Kevin de Léon and State Sen. Ricardo Lara (who were unable to attend) as co-authors of SB 270 – the first law in the nation to ban the use of single-use plastic bags to reduce plastic pollution in California’s waterways and the Pacific Ocean.

Julie praised the influence of businesses that support a healthy ocean – especially California seafood producers, who remain both productive and profitable in a state with the nation’s first comprehensive, science-based network of marine protected areas.

“Your responsible practices and outreach to your customers are integral to ocean conservation,” Julie said. “In California, we’re demonstrating to the world that strong management and well-designed marine protected areas are not barriers to economic growth.”

She particularly noted the dramatic recovery of the West Coast groundfish fishery, thanks to the diligent efforts of the fishing community, managers and conservation organizations, as well support for sustainable seafood by consumers and other advocates – including our Seafood Watch program.

She encouraged participants in the Ocean Day events to keep up their valuable efforts to protect California’s ocean and coast.

“We all have a necessary role and an undeniable obligation,” Julie said.

Special thanks to our 2015 Ocean Day California partners:  AZUL, The Bay Institute and Aquarium of the Bay, California Coastkeeper Alliance, Californians Against Waste, Environment California, Heal the Bay, National Audubon Society, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Nature Conservancy, Oceana, Ocean Conservancy, Seventh Generation Advisors, Surfrider Foundation and WiLDCOAST.