“there is no history of trans ppl existing more than 30 years ago” uh jsyk in ancient Philippine mythology, one of the rice gods named Lakapati chose to identify as neither man or woman..  in pre-colonial Philippines, there were priestesses called “babaylan” “catalonan”, “baetan” and “baliana” who were literally trans women.. they were not just religious leaders, they were also equal in status to political leaders.. stop erasing lgbt folk in history Perhaps

Tired of the old “your problem doesn’t affect me, therefore it’s not real” game? Try one of these fun alternatives!

  • Your problem is real, but since it doesn’t affect me it’s not important
  • Your problem is real, but first let’s talk about this other, more urgent problem that neither one of us can meaningfully engage with
  • Your problem is real and important, but I’ve framed it as a subset or consequence of a problem that does affect me, so the best way to address your problem is to focus exclusively on my problem
  • Your problem is as urgent as you say it is, but I’ve decided that it’s an inevitable consequence of humanity being intrinsically awful, and I’d lose Enlightened Cynicism points if I actually tried to do anything about it
  • Your problem is awful, but I’m reluctant to act on it because of some purely hypothetical consequence that I have no evidence is even a thing, yet am firmly convinced would be worse than the status quo

Free speech isn’t given, it’s taken. That’s why liberals have the totally wrong idea of it.

They imagine that, under liberal democracy and capitalism, the public realm is a horizontal playing field where all parties have equal power to speak and be heard. The reality is an uneven playing field made up of hills and holes in the ground. Some groups – because of money, political clout, societal status – are up on hills, with disproportionate access to the channels of speech. Others, because of societal and institutional exclusion, are down in the holes.

Liberals and right-wingers maintain the mystique that the hills and holes don’t exist however. And this enables many up on the hills to use their platform to push others further down into the holes.

So no, don’t ask the state to ban or regulate speech. That sets a dangerous precedent and enables state censorship to be used again us.

But, at the same time, don’t entertain the fantasy that free speech is actually possible under liberal democracy and capitalism.

That means using every opportunity we can – other than asking the state to ban things – in order to knock down some of those hills and drag ourselves and others out of those holes.

—  Eoin O'Connor
An Introvert's guide to dealing with extroverted personalities

SUBMITTED by anonymous


- Don’t let them boss you around. Whether it’s literally your boss, a spouse a family member or a friend, ExTJs naturally take control over things and more often than not….people. Especially introverts because they make less “noise” so to speak. It’s not always meant as a bad thing, in many cases they think they’re doing you a service. But let them know that you have your own ideas and thoughts, they can very responsive to that.

- Show confidence. In regards to the last point, they will especially be prone to walking over you if you look lost or doubtful. Again, not necessarily bad in their eyes, they may think they are helping you. But if you show you have quiet confidence and can stand on your own two feet, they will respect that. 

- Respect their lavish lifestyles. Te-doms are often naturally successful at life, mostly in academics and business. And likewise they also LOVE to show off their success, through materialism, appearance, social status etc. (especially ENTJs) It’s not always shallow, it’s really what they like. Realize that in many cases, they actually…..did work really hard to earn that stuff. So check to see if your disdain about this isn’t actually the jealousy bug.

- Listen and appreciate their advice. Te-Doms are just really good at helping you out if you approach with any kind of problem. But yes, they do have a tendency to talk about you as if you were them. Keep that in mind.


- Understand that they have a hard time with “reserved” individuals. This is the bane of all ExFJs. They like to communicate, get you out there, and sometimes force you into uncomfortable situations. Understand that not only do they mean no harm by that, it’s actually because they have an interest in you, otherwise they wouldn’t bother. Be open minded while at the same time reminding them that you like your personal space. 

- They like to talk. If you have to deal with an ExFJ and hope that the two of you will just stay quiet, tough luck. Prepare for at least minimal conversation. 

- Respect everything they openly share. Pictures of kids, food and various events and messages flooding your Facebook wall. This is especially a strain for IxTx types, but understand that yes, ExFJs do indeed like attention, that stuff also means something to them. Either validate it or refrain from criticizing it.

- Be very careful with humor. The raunchy and offensive type of course, especially if it’s about something or someone that really matters to them. Fe usually hates that. I once replied with a joke on an ENFJs’ political status on Facebook. That was the last I ever heard of her. Keep it more PG and light-hearted with ExFJs. Many other types will appreciate your R-rated humor. 


- They are intense! You have been warned. If you like peace, quiet and taking it slow, then by all means stay away from them as even ISxPs may find them overwhelming. If you want a good time however, they are your go-to people. 

- They know what’s “in”. Look no further for fashion advice or what’s trending. Many extroverts are keen on this, but none like ExSPs

- Speak directly. Metaphors, being passive-aggressive and worst of all “you should know…” will drive them absolutely up the wall. Yet at the same time they’re really good at picking up on you so… You got something to say, say it clearly and quickly, that’s their communication style. Don’t mice words, especially with ESTPs.

- Do not lecture them about being impulsive. Chances are they already know that or they don’t care. Either appreciate that aspect of them, offer advice or stay out, but being a disciplinary parent to them will not work.


- They are mentally stimulating as well as exhausting. You INxPs may be able to keep up with them but for you other introverts, be prepared for rapid-fire questioning and topic shifting. But by all means, you can halt them when they open up a topic or debate that interests you. Just be prepared that this said topic, will also be dissected quickly on all fronts.

- Respect their flight of ideas. As an introvert, you need time to process things, they don’t. Do NOT tell an ENxP “Hey…weren’t you supposed to do what you said you would do?” Unless it was a contractual commitment or something of that nature. That irks them. Ideas are fun for them to shoot out, but follow-up can be another issue altogether. When they are serious about something, you’ll know, don’t worry. Actions will speak louder than words.

- Religion and politics are NOT off limits! This is sacred and personal to you? Though luck, ENxPs will put it on the table sooner or later. ENxPs will most likely bust you open and ask all the details of your personal life, sometimes even moreso then Fe-Doms. So either be ready, embracing of that, or let them kindly know what’s off limits. 

- They have a “geek” side. Especially ENFPs. Respect and appreciate that and please don’t knock it. “You’re too old for….” will absolutely bring out their anger. Dom Si and Fi are usually good at respecting that because they know about sentimentality, but other introverts need to thread lightly. 

Note that many of these points are also valid for extrovert on extrovert. But this was written for all introverts’ processing downtime and reservations vs. extroverts’ rapid assessment of their surroundings and better ease with people in mind. 

If one of you extroverts want to do the opposite guide, be my guest.

I’ll Be Good - Part 22 (End)

Masterlist -  Series Masterlist  -  Part 21

Summary: Series - You’re an old colleague of Natasha’s who finds herself face to face with the Winter Soldier on the wrong end of an Avengers’ op. Chapter – Your future after the dangerous decision you made on the rooftop, and an unexpected glimpse into your past when Natasha peaks into the file she found.

Warnings: swearing, violence

Word Count: 3911 (welp I didn’t even try to keep this short… Oh well.)

Author’s Note: I cannot believe this is the end!!! Bittersweet! I’m not 100% sure how I feel about the file piece… But I’m just going to go with it. Maybe one day if inspiration strikes I’ll revisit that part in another way… teeny sequel or something, I don’t know. Anyway, hopefully this gives everyone closure and you enjoyed reading my first fic! Yay!

For the second time in the few months since you’d first run into Natasha again, you woke to a screaming pain radiating through your shoulder as you returned to consciousness. The steady beeping of the heart monitor increased as you became more aware of the pain crying out all over your body.

Your side continued to ache where the Commander had slipped his slender knife between your ribs, but now the pain radiated over your torso with every breath. A dull ache rippling beneath a pattern of deep bruising. Exhaustion held an entirely new meaning. Every muscle ached when you slowly tried testing a few of them, checking for mobility. Finding yourself mostly free you tried to will yourself to move, hoping that if you sat up more, the shrieking pain in your shoulder would subside.

As your eyes fluttered open, Nat immediately jumped up from her chair in the corner, silently stepping closer, her sharp eyes flashing over to the crumpled form beside you. You glanced down to your side to find Bucky, dead asleep, a mess of tangled dark hair covering his face and creeping over your blanket. His head rested on crossed forearms beside you on the hospital bed and you bit back a small grateful smile, knowing how exhausted he must be. It was clear from the thick scruff on his jaw and the fact that he could fall asleep in such a precarious way, that he hadn’t left your side, not for days.

Days. You’d been here for days…

Keep reading

doctor-freak  asked:

Why is it that fascists have identified themselves as socialists so much in the past?

Because fascism arises most prominently in times of capitalist crisis; crisis screws over the working class, filling them with a deep political anger at the status quo. Socialism was a prominent movement throughout the western world in the early 1900s, and it represented a real outlet of change for many people. Fascists latched onto this rhetoric in order to absorb the disenfranchised into an ideology that appeared, on the surface, to support the working class. This is why fascism is often difficult for laypeople to pin down politically – fascists alter their rhetoric depending on who they’re trying to absorb, and it all conceals a deep desire to reinforce the capitalist class structure when the economy is in crisis and there’s widespread social unrest. In practice, fascism is a capitalist ideology – disempowering unions, crushing strikes, cultivating racism and sexism and nationalism to divide the working class, elevating a “natural set of elites”, abandoning even the pretense of democracy, etc. – the ruling class adapting to different conditions and using more overt rhetoric to defend the system of capital accumulation.

anonymous asked:

so... any more like that king james post?

Son, it’s time you learnt about… King Edward II of England.

Boring disclaimer: there is no explicit evidence of the true nature of Edward’s relationship with Piers Gaveston or Hugh Despenser. There are no love letters or saucy satirical poetry, a la King James I. There are no sex tapes. All we have is conjecture and circumstantial evidence (and some sources, but not many). It should also be noted that we can’t say with any certainty that Edward II was what we (although not him, as the terms and frameworks are modern) would term ‘homosexual’, ‘bisexual’ or ‘heterosexual’. Relationships between men were often incredibly close, bordering on romantic, with no clear definition between platonic and romantic. It was only really unusual when there was a sexual component involved, and the lack of evidence of this component means that it would be impossible to ascribe a definitive homosexual identity to the two men. However, the lack of evidence does not necessarily mean a lack of veracity, and it’s not impossible that the two were sexually involved. It’s just important to remember that modern labels don’t always fit past figures, because history and all.

Our merry historical jaunt begins with the saucy tale of

Piers Gaveston: in which the dangers of ignoring your barons and giving all your land, treasure and undivided attention to one man becomes apparent

  • So, this begins with King Edward I, who was the king of England from 1272-1307. He was also nicknamed ‘Longshanks’ because of his long legs, which is completely irrelevant, but interesting. In 1300, a saucy 16 year old (or thereabouts) named Piers Gaveston joined the household of Edward I, at the behest of Edward I, who thought he was a pretty decent chap and definitely not about to lead his son astray or anything like that. Fairly soon after that, Edward I became the human embodiment of that ‘I have made a terrible mistake’ gif that everyone used to post back in 2013, because Prince Edward and Gaveston became absolutely inseparable. Prince Edward kept demanding more and more titles for Gaveston and his family, giving him fancy gifts of treasure and land and probably those really expensive watches, and at one point the king became concerned that Gaveston might actually be a bit of a problem when it came to his son producing heirs, and Gaveston was banished from court and exiled, albeit with an allowance. 
  • Edward I died in 1307. His dying wish was that Gaveston should never be allowed back into the country, to which Prince Edward said ‘yes, dad, I will absolutely adhere to your last wish, because I am your respectful son and heir. Oh, you’re dead? I’m Edward II now? Cool! Time to fetch Gaveston and give him loads of land! What a guy.’
  • Edward II was crowned in 1308, and subsequently married Isabella of France, who was two things: an absolute badass, and also a 12 year old girl. That was fine in those days, so everyone just went along with it and assumed that Edward and Isabella would be happy together forever. They were not entirely correct.
  • Within a month of Edward I’s death, Edward II had made Gaveston the Earl of Cornwall, and was a bit naughty about it. By some accounts, Gaveston hadn’t known that this was his plan, and Edward claimed that he had asked his barons for advice, but that was a load of old wank, because the barons hated Gaveston and would probably rather construct a wall made of actual corn and slap a title on that. In 1308, in a pattern which should not have surprised anyone at this point, Edward’s courtiers began to worry about the extent of Gaveston’s influence on the king, with some describing him as being ‘like a second king’. By some accounts, the two were never apart, even sharing a bed on some occasions, and many noblemen began to worry that Gaveston was influencing royal policy, which, now that I think about it, might have been a euphemism. They forced Edward to exile Gaveston again in 1308 upon threat of excommunication, which he did, but Gaveston was allowed to serve in Ireland in a military capacity, as Lieutenant of Ireland (which Gaveston was weirdly great at. Legitimately.) Edward also gave him and his wife a lot of money. Like, a lot. So that’s nice.
  • In 1309, Edward began attempting to compromise with the barons who had ordered Gaveston’s exile. He promised them more land and power, and to stop his really annoying habit of refusing to meet any of them unless Gaveston was also in the room, if they would overturn the exile. They refused, probably accurately assuming that things would be just as bad as before. In response, Edward began to royally suck up to the powers that be, giving land and titles to members of the Pope’s family until he received a papal annulment of the threat of Gaveston’s exile and agreed to sign a statute relieving some of the earls’ problems, and Gaveston returned.
  • Things improved a lot after that, by which I mean that Gaveston began to give all the earls horrible nicknames and Edward II gave him his own personal armed guard, as well as access to the treasury. Fed up beyond belief at this point, the barons drew up a series of reforms known as the Ordinances of 1311, and forced the king to sign them, saying that civil war would ensue if he didn’t. As well as limitations on Edward’s power as king, these reforms included articles about punishment owed to Gaveston for his offences. By some accounts, Edward promised to agree to all articles diminishing his own power if the barons would allow Gaveston to remain as Earl of Cornwall, to which the barons laughed heartily and exiled Gaveston for a third time, with the promise of death if he were to return. 
  • In 1312, the King demanded that Gaveston return ‘by the king’s order’, ostensibly to visit his pregnant wife but probably just to piss the barons off. Some people suggest that Edward got so desperate at this point that he even offered to recognise Robert the Bruce, the man who had spent his entire life at war with England, as the king of Scotland if he would acknowledge Gaveston as having a right to live in England, but that might be nothing more than a story. Whatever happened, the barons were indeed pissed off, and executed Gaveston.
  • Their love affair lives on in Christopher Marlowe’s play of 1592, Edward II, which deals fairly explicitly with their romantic relationship (although not that explicitly, you can take your grandma to see it). 

Luckily, after that, Edward II learned his lesson about taking royal favourites and using them to piss off his barons by giving them lavish gifts and making them Earls of random places, and he absolutely definitely never took another male favourite ever again, which leads right onto 

Hugh Despenser: in which the whole thing happens all over again, only with less exile and more outright bloody civil war, and also waxworks

  • In 1318, a man named Hugh Despenser was made royal chamberlain, and, despite having enjoyed a fairly lukewarm acquaintance before this point, quickly became a favourite of Edward II. By 1320, he was running around demanding titles and money all over the damn place, and Edward was acquiescing all over the same damn place. At this point, most barons were probably wishing that they’d never executed Gaveston, because compared to Despenser, he was a saint. If Gaveston had been a pain in the arse, then Despenser was a pain in every single arse this side of the equator. He was, by all accounts, pretty obnoxious. Unlike Gaveston, who had mostly been interested in shiny things and status, Despenser was interested in power and politics, and used his status to manoeuvre his way up the ranks of English politics like a little worm on a very small ladder. Oh, and Despenser’s wife was also Edward II’s niece. Just so you know.
  • By 1321, everyone hated Despenser except for Edward. Edward’s wife, Isabella, was one of his most vehement detractors. The reason for her hatred of him, seeing as she’d always tolerated Gaveston, isn’t really known - lots of theories have been purported, primarily focusing on Despenser’s reputation of assaulting noblewomen, and possibly Isabella herself. I did tell you that he was awful. Subsequently, some barons rebelled, starting what are now known as the Despenser Wars. There was even an event where some barons contracted a local magician, John of Nottingham, to kill Edward and Despenser by making wax figures of them and destroying them. Bizarrely, it didn’t work. The barons lost the war in 1322, and Edward and Hugh reigned supreme, and by ‘supreme’, I mean ‘with an iron fist’, and by ‘with an iron fist’, I mean ‘like Joffrey Lannister’. 
  • Over the next 4 years, Edward began to severely punish the barons who had been involved in the Despenser Wars. He would execute the barons, then confiscate their widows’ land and give it to someone whose name, you’ll be unsurprised to hear, was Hugh Despenser. Many of these widows were Isabella’s friends, and, despite having been broadly supportive of Edward up to this point, she began to plot against him. She refused to take an oath of loyalty to the Despensers, and Edward retaliated by taking her land, her assets, and even her children, placing them in the custody of… look, do I even need to tell you which family he gave his own children to? It was the Despensers. What a surprise.
  • Remember how I said that Isabella was a badass? This is why. In 1326, she went to France to negotiate with the French king on Edward’s behalf. Whilst there, she made the acquaintance of Roger Mortimer, a marcher lord who didn’t much care for her husband, having been imprisoned by him in the Tower of London for his part in the Despenser Wars. Romance ensued, and so did plotting. Lots of both.
  • With an army of about 1,500 soldiers, Isabella then invaded England, by some accounts whilst dressed as a goddamn widow, and took back her children and her land. This led to two weeks chasing Edward and Hugh Despenser around South Wales, which honestly needs to be a short video with just Edward and Despenser hiding in various castles and Isabella catching up with them and saying ‘look, I can see you both, you’re hiding under the bed,’ and Edward and Despenser shrieking ‘no, you can’t see us! We’re not here!’ until finally Isabella took back her husband. Only by ‘took back’ her husband, I mostly mean ‘imprisoned’. She had Despenser executed in a rather grisly fashion, including but not limited to castration (a joke at his being a ‘sodomite’, as they named him) and having his body chopped up. Grisly.
  • Edward’s fate is unknown, even to this day. A popular urban myth is that he was executed by having a red hot poker shoved up his royal bottom, supposedly so as not to leave any trace of the murder, but this is nowadays widely accepted as being medieval propaganda designed to poke fun at his possible sexual relationships with Gaveston and Despenser.

All of which is really a very long-winded way of saying that Edward II was a terrible king and should definitely have spent more time ruling the country and less time underestimating his wife, but he was also a very interesting figure in terms of being pretty openly Not Heterosexual, and how he’s been vilified, even to this day, for his sexuality. Lots of people still know him as the guy who prioritised his lovers over his country, and that makes sense because he was about as good a king as a wet ham sandwich by all accounts, but they often think of his sexual preferences as being intrinsic to that, as though he would have been inherently better as a king and human being if his lovers had been female instead. Granted, they would have had less recourse to gain political power than his male lovers did because women couldn’t hold the same levels of status or land, but that’s the fault of the political system, not Edward’s sexuality. It would be good if the whole ‘bad gay’ narrative could be superseded by a ‘bad king’ one, but y’know. Let’s not live in hope.

Sources (collated from Warner, Kathryn, Edward II: The Unconventional King): 

  • Vita Edwardi Secundi 
  • Chronicles of Meaux Abbey
  • Close Rolls (of the reign of Edward II)
Falling For You

As most of my Heathers stories are, this is based off of that ask a long time ago about the tree. I’m not satisfied with the ending, but whatever. Is the spacing better on this one? I tried to make it better, but idk. Also, I kind of made Ronnie a tiny bit better at flirting here, because I love flustered Heathers. Thanks!


“Ready? Okay! Hey oh, Westerburg! Tell me, what’s that sound? Here comes Westerburg, coming to put you in the ground! Hey oh, Westerburg! Give a great big yell! Westerburg will knock you out and send you straight to-“ her cheer was cut off by a sudden scream coupled with the sound of a branch snapping. 

Mac glanced around nervously for a moment, extremely confused, but she quickly got the answer to her unasked question. From above, she could see a girl falling for about 0.3 seconds before the girl fell right into Mac’s outstretched arms.

Mac blinked, still not quite comprehending that a person had just fallen into her arms. She took a moment to ponder the strange girl. She had a very symmetrical face, with wonderful blue eyes. She was wearing a denim jacket and skirt, along with the single most hideous scarf Mac had ever seen in her life. 

She was absolutely beautiful.

Mac felt her face growing warm as the stranger blinked, whipping her head around to stare at her surroundings and try to understand her situation. Even her hair was nice, frizzy in a charming way that made Mac’s heart flutter like it normally only did with Heather Chandler and Heather Duke. The mysterious girl looked up, staring at Mac. There was silence for a moment, and Mac barely noticed Chandler and Duke running toward them in alarm. 

Suddenly the girl grinned, laughing, and Mac only had a moment to ponder how beautiful that laugh was when the girl said, “Thanks for catching me. Guess I really fell for ya, huh?” Mac blushed infinitely harder, feeling like she would either melt into a puddle or collapse on the spot. Fuck. She was smooth. Also a total hipster nerd, but whatever. She only sort of registered her girlfriends running up to the two of them. “Heather, who the hell is this?” Chandler snapped, her tone sounding an odd mix of annoyed and concerned. 

She hardly seemed to notice the girl she was holding bridal style- she should really put her down soon, -but Duke certainly did. The green clad girl was staring at the stranger with an unreadable expression. Wait… Mac recognized that look. Duke, too, was blushing. Mac felt both relieved at not being alone in her strange attraction to the mystery girl, and a tad jealous of both of them.

“Well?” Chandler hissed, her rage growing every moment. She was obviously highly irritated. Only a moment later though, Mac watched Chandler’s eyes drift down to the blue eyed girl. 

Immediately, her eyes widened, as she was seemingly unable to look away. Mac’s eyes trailed toward the girl, and she was extremely unpleased to see the girl’s face flushed. ‘Dammit…’ she thought, ‘why is it always Heather Chandler?’ At least the girl was probably gay, or at least bi, if she was this flustered by simply glancing at Chandler. Unless she was just blushing out of embarrassment, which would mean none of them could have her, and- Whoa. Hold on a minute. She told herself. 

She didn’t even know this girl’s name, let alone anything about her relationship status, sexuality, political or religious views, or her personality. Mac told herself to be quiet and stop thinking about that for now, but it was proven to be a hard feat, with the pretty girl looking between all of them with her gorgeous blue eyes. God those eyes. They were like the calm ocean after a storm, bright and shimmering and deep, and Mac could just get lost in them forever, and she would be perfectly content. As she glanced at her girlfriends, however, she had a feeling they were thinking the same thing. 

“Um… I’m Veronica, by the way. Thanks, uh… for catching me, I guess. You’re really strong.” The girl- Veronica,- shot her a smile that warmed her heart. Veronica suddenly swung her legs to the ground, and Mac assisted her by bringing them lower. Veronica stood up, smiled at all three of them, and ran the other way, toward a large girl in a unicorn sweatshirt. The most popular girls in school all stood frozen, blushing, and staring at Veronica as she ran away with her friend. Slowly, they turned to each other, bewildered. What. The. Fuck.

-sbumitted by halo

SORRY THIS GOT BURIED IN WITH EVERYTHING ELSE AHHHH, but yes the spacing is better!!! and its wonderful!!!! i love it!!!!

Mon-El’s arc-Breaking Good Meta

So I recently wrote a meta about Kara’s arc and I asked you if you wanted my two cents on Mon-el. A good number of you wanted it, so I was inspired to break it down. This is a really long one! If there’s something people love more than a good guy breaking bad, is a a breaking good story! Haha.. A well written redemption arc is one of the most satisfying things to watch on TV and it gives writers the opportunity to tell a character driven story with rich possibility of character growth. What people love even more, is to witness the birth of a hero, something we only get as flashbacks with established superheroes. Because one thing we’ve learnt from these stories is that superpowers don’t make a hero, it’s a calling, a very personal choice, often rooted in grief or the lingering psychological impact of being helpless in a traumatic situation. 

If you’ve watched Jessica Jones, I highly recommend it if you haven’t! I absolutely love it, because it’s too real. Jessica is someone who has super strength, she has all the means to be a superhero but she finds the idea of having a costume and nickname ridiculous. She works as a PI or muscle for hire sometimes and often drowns her PTSD, from her backstory, in alcohol. It takes a lot of inspiration, love & a huge threat against the public which she feels responsible for, for her to embrace being a hero. Which is a very human and relatable thing, if I got superpowers, I would definitely not buy a costume and start fighting thugs in my city, especially if I’m going through something hard. It doesn’t make me a bad person, it’s just what logical humans do no matter how strong they are, they put their needs before others and steer clear of trouble. I really needed this on DC TV and that was the first reason why I fell in love with Mon-El. 


When Chris Wood was interviewed about his role on Supergirl, he mentioned that “That was their intention, to have someone go through the hero journey, something they can’t do with supergirl, well because she’s supergirl” *fanboy voice* It wasn’t much of a struggle for Kara, she was sent to this planet with a purpose, witnessed a great tragedy, met superman who grew into a hero all by himself and she grew up a normal human watching him change the world. Being Supergirl was something she always wanted, season one was about her becoming her own hero, whose accomplishments aren’t shadowed by Superman’s. A lot of people feel like Mon-El’s character was pulled out of no where but it’s very clear that he was chosen to be the third alien in Kara & Jonn’s team and Kara’s love interest, because they were very clever with choosing a character that hasn’t been used a lot before and they get enough creative freedom with. 


They wanted his hero journey to be a lot juicer than Jonn’s so they gave him a very different starting point from Jonn who was already a hero in some capacity but was afraid to come out as an alien.. Deciding where to start is very crucial for a writer because the worst thing you can do is, make a character that people just don’t care about. You want them to feel something extreme towards him even if it’s bad but you don’t want to go as far as give your character an evil or sinister start as a villain for the contrast to the hero side. It’s much easier to create someone who lacks conviction, who doesn’t have a cause, plenty of weaknesses, faults and vices but a few redeeming qualities and the flexibility to change. 


The best writing tip I’ve received is, never willingly give too many flashbacks, build upto it and make the audience or the character who wants to uncover the truth, work hard for the back story. Why?

  • Because it distances the audience from a time when he developed his weaknesses & faults, a time before the desire to change.
  • It makes him mysterious & interesting and causes people to speculate.
  • It’s more fun when secrets are revealed when the stakes are high.

His backstory is really cool because of a couple of reasons that they keep hinting towards and it left a good impact on his personality: 

1. Politics: He was an influential political figure as Prince of Daxam and not just a helpless bystander in a world that Kara, our POV has so many prejudices against. As someone who grew up in a corrupt country, this is very interesting because even people in power have a hard time getting a lid on complicated issues. Most of us usually do butt heads with our elders when it comes to being progressive politically & disagreeing with the status-quo but the struggle is so good for Mon-El because he was so close to power, his parents, but had no real control, which explains a lot about why he said his father is a bad man. 

I even liked when they brought up the issue of slavery, because most TV shows usually pretend that it never existed, which it still does in many parts of the world. If there are things that bad in the society you live in, that you don’t believe in and wish to change, being so close to people who could make a difference and being unheard is frustrating.If they do not care about your opinions and you are groomed to one day take their place and adopt their political stance, that pushes a person to resign from those responsibilities and politics. I would compare this to how most people in third world countries have a nihilistic or hedonistic  ‘What’s the point in hoping or trying’ attitude. Which explains why Daxam is party obsessed & hedonistic, it seems like a coping mechanism.

Thus having the sterotypes just thrown at you in a “What else can you expect from a Daxamite” really pisses people off! They’ve used it so well until now because the prejudice really makes him tick. 

2. Childhood issues: This is something they’ve hinted at and used so well and I find it relatable because I had a rough childhood/daddy issues. I’ve mentioned the impact a rough childhood leaves on you before and I’ll mention it again: ‘We try to do our best, push to be better, go to great lengths to make our loved ones proud, but we love nothing more than someone to just tell us that we are lovable just the way we are because all that effort is rooted in the belief that no one could possibly love us unless we change or put in real effort or have something solid to offer. Unearned love is something people with rough childhoods never get and it’s the greatest gift’

You see that discomfort in Mon-El, now that he’s not a prince, has nothing to offer like he did before and he’s dating a very independent and strong superhero who can take care of herself. It doesn’t help that she has so much prejudice against him thus he constantly feels like he doesn’t deserve her or she wouldn’t want to be with him, something she even vocalised once. Which is why you see him putting in a real effort into the relationship and struggling to change to be the man she wants him to be. When Winn told him to stop trying so hard & all Kara needed was his presence, it surprised him because that’s how childhood issues work! Like really? Just my presence? That’s enough?

3. Prince privileges: Because he grew up to be an adult there, he does have a lot of intel about creatures that they come across (Mxy or the fight club monster, slaver’s moon) which will be a good contribution to the team once he becomes a hero. When he first woke up, he found out a way to find a signal to Daxam very quickly, stayed silent when imprisoned & made up a lie when asked about his backstory.. It’s a very realistic depiction of someone who was royalty, shows the training. And him being a prince is something that explains his cynicism, self preservation, survival instincts and not wanting to be a hero, because political kids are raised to put their safety above everything else. They have bodyguards to protect them. Soldiers and field agents are trained to run towards trouble, ‘Survive, protect yourself, run away from trouble’ is what’s drilled into royalty’s heads. Thus not only does the idea of having a job seem outlandish to him but so does running into trouble and that’s something that has good potential for growth. 

4. Frat Boy : This is that rich kid trait that was meant to piss the audience off. It’s a very feminist show so this was an incredible contrast. That’s how you change public perception as a writer, not just by giving people characters that are already feminists and who educate you on it through dialogue but by also showing them a character’s transition from the opposite end of the spectrum. Not all feminists I know started out that way and they definitely didn’t change their minds because I threw words at them. People these days are pretty socially challenged in terms of talking to others who disagree with them and tagging people with harsh words at the first sign of disagreement is a very common practice these days. I mean look at the fandom, he’s been nothing but a puppy to Kara and people just can’t seem to move past the frat boy stamp that was just mentioned, we haven’t seen any proof but even if he breathes, people complain. 

It’s something he moved past in the first few episodes, which was step one for his hero journey. 

There is a lot of backstory potential to be milked here for the future, because he spent his entire adult life there, as royalty. So there’s a lot for the writers to keep going back and expanding. I’m so looking forward to this! 


INSPIRATION: Chris mentioned in his interview, that in the beginning Kara tries to bring him into her job & DEO world but Mon-El will end up finding his own path which is why most of the heroic moments he has are when Kara is not looking or around. Him agreeing to train or be her partner, is not picking up very fast because Kara is his inspiration but she will not be the reason why he becomes a hero, but their love & everything he loves and admires about her will serve as a moral compass. He wants to be better for her but he still doesn’t believe in her cause. 

MOMENT OF TRUTH: It’s going to be a tragedy that he feels personally responsible for, which is why they brought in his parents as the big bads. Because feeling personally responsible for something horrible or saving someone you love are the only reasons a normal person would want to run into trouble. He needs that birth of the hero moment, where he decides to do something selfless because he personally feels responsible and he believes that he needs to do the right thing. That will be pretty awesome! 

SUPER POWERS & TRAINING: I feel like his superpowers will start manifesting next season when he actually starts training in the field, because what they are doing right now is just stalling. Plus his costume includes a cape & capes are used because they are aerodynamic & help in flight. And he can’t fly right now! 

SUIT & NAME: This one will take time because Valor is a heavy name and would be followed by a very heroic moment. It means “ great courage in the face of danger, especially in battle.” It’s obviously not going to be something Winn assigns to him. But he will need something that’s bullet proof & a cure for his lead allergy. 

MODUS OPERANDI: I think his code of conduct and style will deviate from Supergirl’s. Right now she needs someone who listens to her and follows orders but that’s not partnership, that’s not what Jonn does. Even though Mon-El is a noob, he does have his moments when he tells her not to run into trouble without a plan, with just hope. He follows her, but he complains about it. It makes sense for him too, because he’s not as strong and definitely not bullet proof like her (lead allergy). Barry and Oliver had this fight at a very large scale, but that ship is another story :D 

So they’ll always disagree in some ways, but that’s good, I don’t just want an assistant for Supergirl, I want a team member who brings something new to the table: His alien intel & caution.

MORAL CODE: Even Supergirl is not at that stage, where she has a solid code of conduct in place but I think he will just adopt hers when she does.


Depending on where he started “Label: Fratboy of the Universe” and his endgame: “Valor”, this is going to be a long arc, he’s here to stay for a really long time! This is going to be multiple season Hero’s journey. I mean, maybe not as long as Jon Snow (that guy took his time from going to a bastard child with no conviction & power or desire to be a hero to the King of the North) but it’s usually pretty standard. It starts out with a someone with no courage or ambition, someone who clearly doesn’t seem like a hero to anyone, but faces challenging situations, finds a moral compass, a friend, a mentor, maybe love and all of it end ups shaping him/her into someone people end up believing in. I got the romance quickly so I’ll take the superhero slow burn! 

Chris already asked about Legion of heroes, because he loved the comics & they shut him down because they told him he’s a supergirl character and they’ll be deviating from the comics too, plus DCTV already has LoT as a teamup.

Speculations of him leaving with parents or going to the phantom zone are wishful thinking. Comic books did that a lot in those days everytime they decided to clean house with characters during their generational reboots, it’s just a comic book trope that no one takes very seriously when it comes to considering what’s canon. Barry Allen ran in the speedforce for decades after Crisis of Infinite earths but it was just a way to bring his character back after it was killed off, sending people off to places for years is just a reboot strategy that a TV show only needs to introduce people when they pull them from these zones.  Plus you don’t play a long game involving a hero’s journey like this for a single season character. This is the one character they really get to play around with and writers don’t let go of those unless they completely exhaust all avenues.

As far as Karamel is concerned, if it’s an endgame couple, which it seems like because they are bringing in the big guns in terms of the romantic scenes, they will end up having on and offs like they usually do on DC TV shows or CW shows in general. But I don’t know, I usually don’t worry much if the actors have chemistry, were introduced to be a romance and the writers pulled off fanfiction level fluff. That being said, I want to see his character grow outside of the relationship too, talk to people other than Kara and Winn, which I’m pretty sure he will do next season.

 cometss ,  tearfulgoodbyekissperson  @secretlycasualninja, @starcrossed-comets, @emarasmoak , @itcouldhavegonethatway , @karamel-club-soda , @thoughtsfromaclutteredbrain , @taurusclh, @olivertryst, @anaveragegirl15 

An essay comparing Valse di Fantastica and Starlit Waltz, and how one portrays the public side of Noctis and Luna’s relationship, while the other portrays their private relationship.

Written by @aero5ane
Read by @mistress-light

The Final Fantasy franchise and Kingdom Hearts one alike are both known for their in depth lore and intricately structured use of literary devices, as well as their remarkable and iconic features. One of said features is the music; the music is often used in order to convey the tone; however, the music is also a form of storytelling in its own right, used to show many hidden things, and more specifically in terms of this paper, underlying emotion.

The titles of such pieces are often shown to have meaning and build upon the story, such as Final Fantasy XV’s main theme, “Somnus,” which means sleep, and correlates to the symbolism used in the game (“Night”, “Moon,” “Insomnia,” etc). In two particular compositions featured in the OST and Piano Collections album, “Valse di Fantastica” and “Starlit Waltz,” the use of names and structure of musical composition are both necessary in developing the message that is to be conveyed. Both pieces are a representation of the relationship between the hero and heroine; however, each piece displays a different representation.

In the beginning of Final Fantasy XV, it starts as a road trip for Prince Noctis to travel to Altissa, where he is to marry Lady Lunafreya. An arranged marriage, also mentioned as a “symbol of the peace” and “marriage of convenience” in the group’s occasional banter, which served strictly as a term in the treaty to stop the war and to have a physical display to the public of political harmony.

Used to convey this more public side of Luna and Noctis’s relationship is the “Starlit Waltz,” also known as “In Celestial Circles” in the Piano Collections Album. Focusing on the title used in the Piano Collections, celestial is relative to the “visual heavens”, and the visual heaven in this case, could refer to the daytime, considering most depictions of heaven are shown through the use of clouds and light. Daytime, symbolically, is used to perceive physical, spotlight, on-the-surface concepts (take the saying “in broad daylight” into consideration). The famous proverb, “the sun sees your body, while the moon sees your soul,” can be taken into account here to help exemplify the meaning of daylight’s focus on the surface of things. The title, in that sense, already defines that public side of the characters’ relationship.

Furthermore, the composition of the music plays an importance in developing the tone as well. Most noticeable about this piece is the strong introduction, using a clearly marcato(separated) style played at a recognizable forte. Setting the tone as being very spaced and defined, coinciding with the defined and straightforward intention that would have been expected of an arranged marriage. Looking into more depth, the piece also features a very static bass line, playing on the downbeat of each measure in the same manner of high and then low, and even during the clarinet solo, other instruments continue with the same simple marked and separated quarter note on the downbeat of each measure. The ensemble does not pass the moving line between sections, and is often in unison when the single moving line does play, except for the clarinet soli during the second half of the piece.

Focusing more on the Piano Collections arrangement, the piece keeps the defined and marcato style, more accented than in the OST arrangement, and highlights the defined moving line, being the only line that is meant to be focused on. Because the Piano Collections arrangement does not have to play in a loop like the OST version, the ending is more defined. The ending does a quick glissandro into the final note, abruptly cutting off the song, causing the ending to sound as if it were intended to be rushed to an end. Both arrangements convey the separate and static feeling that is associated with diplomacy. The piece also forces the listener to focus on a single line, instead of having many dynamic moving lines interacting, coinciding with how media, for example, attempts to convey one focus point on a matter, and also displaying the political means of their relationship.

Noctis and Luna’s relationship did not begin with the arranged marriage, and they knew each other long before, creating more personal ties between the two of them. This is where “Valse di Fantastica,” called “Waltzing amid Moonbeams” in the Piano Collections, is brought up. Starting with the unofficial title of the piece, it contrasts with the previous piece explained (“In Celestial Circles”) by using the symbolism of the night, instead of the daytime. The night has heavy meaning and relevance towards the two characters, Noctis meaning night and Luna meaning moon, and makes the piece show a more personal connection towards the characters instead of their political background. Referring back to the proverb stated previously, daytime(sun) focuses on the outside; however, the night(moon) shows the inside, or more specifically, the emotion and soul. Because they are waltzing amid the moonbeams, the emotion and personal feelings between the characters are more exemplified.

The composition of the piece conveys the emotion by adding many swells and changes in style as well creating a more dynamic ensemble that interacts with the moving lines and the melody. The beginning of the OST arrangement starts off at a mezzo forte; whereas, the beginning of the Piano Collections arrangement starts off at a mezzo piano; however, both arrangements start off much quieter volume than “Starlit Waltz/In Celestial Circles”. The bass line of this piece also differs from the one previously mentioned in that even though the rhythm of the bassline is one downbeat per measure, this piece varies the set of keys/notes being played with each measure, creating a more expressive feeling, while allowing other sections of the ensemble to highlight the second and third beats of the measure in order to blend in with the bassline. The timpani also has it’s own “melody”, instead of highlighting the bassline, allowing the percussion to add more versatility and interaction between the sounds.

In this piece, there are far more small measures where individual sections are being brought out, such as the one measure of violins playing before the solo. Even during the solo, instead of following the rhythm of the bassline, the woodwinds create a small accompanying line in the background, layering in more sounds to be heard. Also amplified in this piece are the use of dynamics. The piece features many swells in the phrasing, and uses the crescendos, decrescendos, and different articulations to highlight the varying emotions that can be associated with these dynamics (for example, the use of a crescendo into a louder dynamic and more appassionato or con brio style could represent a feeling of passion or devotion; whereas, a decrescendo that switches over to a dolce, amoroso, or cantabile style could represent a feeling of calmness, peace, or tranquility).

The use of varying dynamics also allows for the different harmonies and lines to be heard, showing the focus of interaction in the piece. In the OST arrangement, the oboe solo is soon turned into a duet, and is then followed by a mezzo piano volume, crescendo-ing into a mezzo forte and allowing a flute’s trill played in forte to be heard among the ensemble, which compliments the prominent bass line, once again, layering in many different moving sounds. The layering of sounds also allows the listener to focus on many things at once, such as how the different sounds both contrast and compliment each other. This is especially evident in the Piano Collections version, where there are often many things going on at the same time. Lastly, the ending of the piece does not abruptly end like “In Celestial Circles,” instead it uses much repetition, repeating rhythms, and generally creating a powerful, lasting closure that builds into the last note, before letting the last note ring.

With the composition of the music defined, it is easier to see the way this piece shows the more personal side of the characters. The static and fixed “Starlit Waltz” is used to convey their political status and their relationship in the public eye, “Valse di Fantastica,” shows the emotion and feelings represented between the characters by creating a more complex and intricate combination, displaying the layers that are present beneath the surface in their relationship. The symbolism in the names of each song displays the message that was intended to be apparent between the two, as well. Both pieces create a contrast between the public and personal side of Luna and Noctis, while also delving into the already apparent and thought out symbolism used in this game.


Starlit Waltz (OST) <https://youtu.be/FryeD9yJ2jw>

Starlit Waltz: In Celestial Circles (Piano Collections) <https://youtu.be/x5SPgpGgSt0>

Valse di Fantastica (OST) <https://youtu.be/6rcerGuWDvk>

Valse di Fantastica: Waltzing amid Moonbeams (Piano Collections) <https://youtu.be/srq7Aqb44TI>

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Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues. In the sociological sense, it generally applies to maintain or change existing social structure and values. With regards to policy debate, the status quo refers to how conditions are at the time and how the affirmative team can solve these conditions.
—  Wikipedia

Western feminism revolves, to a great extent, around making women feel empowered. Whether by turning popular male characters female, or by designing overpriced clothing bearing supposedly sassy and sarcastic remarks about womanhood, or even by coming up with simplistic, nonexistent problems regarding presumed gender inequality, with even more simplistic solutions.

They encourage girls to be promiscuous and push their boundaries, so that they’ll feel empowered. They try to force women into certain careers, so that they’ll feel empowered.

Empowerment is not a feeling. You can feel empowered, but that doesn’t mean you really are.

Empowerment is a gradual process of sociopolitical change. Wearing a pink uterus hat won’t empower you. It won’t change your social class or your political status. Empowerment is the result of the successful pursuit of equity and strength - it is not a marketing strategy, an aesthetic, a sense of fashion, an emotion, it is not a badly-written HuffPost column or a Dove commercial. It is not watching female athletes on TV or idealizing global companies founded on exploitation for displaying plus-size models.

As long as you are not in control of your own rights, your own assets, your own land, your own decisions, you are not empowered. No matter how much you feel you are.

surfcommiesmustdie  asked:

"They want to rule all life because to them, that’s the order of things." So The Others are then sort of a physical manifestation on steroids of the overall mentality of the Westerosi political status quo? That being the case, I think it makes them awesome on a meta level because the threat no one knows or acknowledges is a physical and cosmic manifestation of the biggest collective sin of the Westerosi powers that be. Kinda like fighting one's inner demons only taken to a spinal tap 11.

Originally posted by giffuckery


There is one thing that is keeping me calm in all of this insanity. Throughout my life, there’s never been anything my dad couldn’t fix. Cars, appliances — I’ve seen them taken apart to their pieces before coming together to make something greater than their individual parts.

Growing up in Pittsburgh, I learned to be proud of both the city and myself for being human melting pots. Irish, Ukrainian, German, Swiss, polish, Austrian, Scottish — the branches of my family have proudly documented our history, including those ancestors who came through Ellis Island. I often wonder if, while passing by the Statue of Liberty on her arrival to the land where “the streets were paved with gold,” my 16-year-old great grandmother could imagine that her grandson-in-law would some day repair Lady Liberty’s crown with his own hands.

Thirty years ago, when I was an infant, the Statue of Liberty was refurbished for its 100th anniversary, and my father handcrafted the windows in her crown. Windows through which millions of us have looked upon the harbor where our ancestors arrived. The windows through which you can look down and see the poem which declares our national values, that declares we are better than what is happening today.

Read more here: Her dad built the windows for the Statue of Liberty. “So ain’t nothing gonna shake that crown”

I relate to Padme Amidala because I too:

- Find Anakin’s flirting mildly uncomfortable and kinda sad

- Am openly disappointed in my government

- Would risk my reputation and political status for 2003 Hayden Christensen

- Actually try to get shit done

- Dedicate 97% of my income to high fashion

- Am going to give my children matching names

- Try to will myself into death every time a boy rejects me

I do not relate to Padme Amidala because alas:

- She is the perfectly warmed strawberry poptart and I am the burnt crumbs that collect in the dredges of your toaster that your mom shakes into the trash every six months

Sequel to this