policy brief



@gradblrchallenge day 1;;

here we have early signs of spring and a bullet journal that doesn’t look this neat anymore. 

accomplishments went to the clinic and took care of health shit like an adult, went to a meeting about jd/msw registration that very well may apply to me if i ever get that law school app in, 45 mins of interval training on the treadmill, meal prepped 80 pounds of sweet potatoes, laundry..

upcoming tasks policy brief for practicum, strengths finder inventory, skim some readings for tomorrow’s class, wash the hair, watch an episode of the wire, work on poverty and inequality take home exam

anonymous asked:

(rape tw) Can you explain why you don't think HIV+ people have a moral responsibility to tell potential partners their status, if that is indeed your position? I understand that if they have an undetectable viral load and they practice safer sex, the risk of transmission is very low, but it still exists, no? I'm just trying to understand. I have HPV and I feel guilty for not telling the man who raped me beforehand, and that's not even a potentially fatal illness, just an inconvenience. (1/2)

(2/2) I want to support HIV+ people and not make their lives harder, but I’m having a really hard time with this perspective from an ethical standpoint.

(anon sorry, i answered this but forgot it in my drafts)

anon, i’m not really sure where this is coming from since i haven’t posted about this in a while [since this came in before my other post got resurrected] but i’ll try to explain (and forgive me, this got so damn long but i’m quite swamped lately and have no time to edit)

i don’t think i’ve said that there’s no responsibility to disclose, and i wonder what made you think i did, but the main point i want to get across is that it doesn’t really matter what i think about the morality of nondisclosure in any given situation — what matters is whether i think it should be a serious crime. this is a separate question because the law isn’t about morality, in this case it should be about public health.

and these laws are a resounding failure from a public health perspective, especially since as written they penalize testing and usually completely fail to take into account the risk level of the activity (including condom use) or even whether transmission actually occurred (even when the charge is “criminal transmission”!). these laws were born out of stigma, not science or real ethics. but you don’t have to take my word for it; this is the accepted position among HIV/AIDS and sexual health advocacy organizations, and even the CDC is recommending that they be reviewed. i really recommend reading what these organizations have to say about it. from a quick search UNAIDS’s policy brief (pdf) seems pretty good and clear but there is much more out there.

i’m so sorry about what happened to you and i want to know that you’re not at fault at all. no rape survivor is at fault for their rape or for the consequences of the rape for the rapist. he chose to do that to you, and he accepted the risks that came with that. that is entirely on him!

i think a major problem with the debate about disclosure is that, as the UNAIDS brief says, it “places […] responsibility for HIV prevention exclusively on those already living with HIV and dilutes the public health message of shared responsibility for sexual health between sexual partners.” this applies to other STIs as well. we all have to take responsibility for our own sexual health, at least when it comes to acts we consented to.

even if it may seem to make sense on a moral level, placing the entire responsibility on people who know they’re positive for HIV or any other infection just doesn’t work. there will always be people who don’t know their status or can’t know their status for sure because they were exposed too recently. these people can’t disclose, yet if they are HIV+ they pose a much greater transmission risk than people who know they’re positive because they can’t possibly be accessing treatment, because transmission risk is highest in the acute infection stage when they’ve first contracted HIV, and because they’re less likely to be taking the additional safer sex precautions that they’d take if they knew.

there is still a profound stigma against people living with HIV and other STIs. when we’re influenced by this stigma, we’re likely to focus on finding someone to blame for transmission (or even the possibility of transmission). when we reject the stigma, we can focus on effective methods of prevention which involve helping everyone accurately judge their risk level and make informed choices to protect themselves.

you mention that safer sex with someone with an undetectable viral load is very low-risk (so low-risk, in fact, that i don’t think there’s ever been a documented case of transmission under these circumstances) but that any risk is too much. it’s fine if you feel that way; you set your own boundaries. but sex with someone who doesn’t know their status is much riskier. so is it morally permissible not to disclose to your partners that you don’t know your status? and should not disclosing that be a crime?

i don’t think most people think so, or they haven’t thought about it. to a lot of people, not knowing their status is normal, because their sexual choices are governed by assumptions: they assume that they are negative, for HIV, HSV, etc., and they assume that everyone they have sex with is negative, unless they say otherwise. they assume this partly because of lack of education, and partly because of stigma. we think of people with STIs as dirty, reckless, less than virtuous. we don’t want to think of ourselves or the people we’re intimate with that way. but of course, people with STIs are not those things — having an STI is an entirely morally neutral characteristic of a person. and these assumptions about ourselves and others aren’t sound. they are actually an obstacle to STI prevention.

so these debates trouble me because they obscure the fact that the best practice for everyone is to get tested regularly, disclose what you know about your status (including whether you know it!), and ask about your partner’s status, making it clear that it’s safe for them to be honest. and when we place all responsibility on people who know they’re positive, we validate our assumptions that everyone is negative, but we have to challenge those assumptions if we want to protect ourselves and each other. we have to acknowledge that when we decide to have sex based on the assumption that our partner must be negative, we are taking a risk. even in a world where everyone who knows they’re positive disclosed — and i believe most do — this would be a risk.

the sooner we can accept this and reject stigma, the sooner we can take steps toward more honest and open communication in our sexual lives and make healthy, fully informed choices, the sooner we can stop the spread of HIV.

A Best Of : Snapchat

Hoo boi here we go: 

-Screenshots of various writings

-The inevitable Mix-up of friends names regarding seeing a showing of the room and who will Suffer most from seeing it (Its Erin)

-The Dr Daniel Jackson a la obscure facts

-Discussions of the expenses related to performing satanic? Rituals

- Various pictures of Grad caps and how Im Still in Awe over Mica’s

-Some rad photos of D’artngan’s tattoos (I think I spell right?)


-Summary of Critical Role : A Dnd game but all the npcs are Jesse Mccree 

-This statement: “Thumbs r the worst. You can’t make them look real. When drawn, thumbs become obviously fake things that do not exist in actual reality’ ß Same for me on all things

-Many, many photos of my dog

-Even history textbooks know and Recognize Hentai

-Some policy brief titles with such fun names as : FUNDING EDUCATION: TRUMP IS GONNA SCREW US OVER & FUNDING EDUCATION: PLEASE DO IT

-Who am I even kidding heres some quotes:


“We’re gonna learn today but not really” – AP psychology teacher

“Hi Im miles im a lbra and I like long walks on the ocean that’s right I walk on water im like a minor god or something” – (pic is of Mile’s, with Snapchat hearts filter??)

-Get a load of that dog GET A LOAD of that DOG Get A Load Of THAT DOG

-When your job in a presentation is to report all the ways your group fucked up

-Miles ongoing love for Otto Van Bismarck

(pic of the word European Penetration) Me: Oh okay they just mean Europe invaded. Textbook: N o Europe literally fucked Africa takes drag from cigarette God, I’ve seen things

-Mica having a mental and or emotional breakdown over stippling (looks great and also I F E E L this in my B O N E S

-“Welcome to AP World History: We’ve got world history & anime tiddies

-Drug dealer erin dealing her wares (girl scout cookies)

tbc … ??? Thats not even all of em 

Love In The Oval Office AU 

Phil Coulson and Melinda May were inseparable since they first met at University as students of Political Science and aspiring to create a name in politics. What didn’t take long was for their friendship to soon turn romantic, and they decided never to part ways again. 

However after a few failed campaigns, when Melinda May got offered a job at one of the most popular PR agencies and on Phil’s encouragement to take the job, they broke up and parted ways and Melinda shifted to LA while Coulson became the campaign manager for Tony Stark, a guy who was running for the Senate for the first time. 

10 years later time brought them together when Phil Coulson, the Communications Director of the newly elected President of the United States, Tony Stark, found the need to hire a new Press Secretary and the first name that came to his mind is his former friend Melinda May because no one could be better at this than her. 

“Melinda ?” 

“Phil! What are you doing here ? umm .. congratulations on the win by the way”

“Thank you. How have you been ?” 

“The usual, John Garret is being a headache. Says we did not provide him the magazine coverage he deserve. Seeing the work that guy makes, he should be thankful for what we already give.” 

“Yeah, you were never really made for this job. Celebrity PR isn’t really your thing” 

“Really ?” she smirked “so what is is my thing ?”

“Politics, addressing the nation, tackling the press, working on policies. That sounds more like you” 

“Nice to know you still remember me well” she smiled and he smiled back. 

“Wanna work at the White House ?” 

“Sorry ?” she looked up at him surprised. 

“We need a new press secretary, I can’t think of anyone better than you.” 

“I .. uh .. how much does it pay ?” 

“Not even close to how much you’re earning right now but ..”

“But ?”

“It’s something you wanted to do, and we’re a good bunch of people there and there’s me.” He paused and added knowing that he had her convinced anyway “It could be like the old days, both of us as a team” 

“Ok, I need to wrap up things here before I join you all” 

They could work together. Like old friends. A team. Both of them had moved on, no residual feelings for the other. 

That’s what they had believed until they began working together. Policies, briefings, staff meetings, things were just like the old days when they were 2 youngsters with a dream of working at the White House some day and now here they were. However when everything else began feeling like the old days, it was the same with their feelings for each other. 

Both of them realised, saying that they had moved on and actually having moved on were 2 completely different things. As they continued to worked together, they began coming closer, especially at the Presidental ball to welcome the newly elected ambassadors of some nations, when Coulson asked her to dance and she she couldn’t refuse. 

Both realised things had changed between them then, and things were changing now. What would they do about the new-found old feelings for each other, was yet to be seen.

Texas is using “informed consent” pamphlets to spread lies about abortion

  • Texas’ "informed consent" policy mandates that physicians brief patients on the risks of terminating a pregnancy
  • This comes in the form of “A Woman’s Right to Know” pamphlet.
  • The pamphlet include a section on the breast cancer risks.
  • It states: “ If you give birth to your baby, you are less likely to develop breast cancer in the future.”
  • There is no credible link between breast cancer and abortion. Read more

Nintendo talks about Smart Phone Apps coming in 2015

“Basically, Nintendo’s utilization of smart devices means to "make a stronger bond with our consumers through the use of smart devices,” instead of to “do business directly on smart devices.” We are continuously considering what we should do and what we can do to achieve that goal. Although this is not directly related to the application (for smart devices) you are referring to, even now if you access Nintendo’s Japanese website from a smart device, it is not in a layout for smart devices. It is rather embarrassing that we are so behind on this compatibility, but we plan to optimize our Japanese website for smart devices within 2014. In addition, we opened a website called “Play Nintendo” in the U.S. this month that introduces Nintendo characters to children and their parents, assuming that many of them will access it from their smart devices. This website is available at play.nintendo.com (please use the newest browser), so please take a look if you are interested. This service is currently only available in the U.S., but Mr. Miyamoto and I would like to make this kind of service available on a global scale.

The application under development that I said we would like to release within this year at the Corporate Management Policy Briefing in January is one that utilizes Mii on smart devices. I think many people know what a Mii is, but they are virtual characters users can create on Nintendo video game systems that appear in games and resemble the user, or their family or friends. We introduced Mii with the release of Wii, and now you can use them on Wii U and Nintendo 3DS.

Using Mii becomes more interesting as the Mii population expands and as more interesting look-alike Mii are made. They appear in “Super Smash Bros. for Wii U” and “Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.” Many consumers have enjoyed playing “StreetPass Mii Plaza,” and “Tomodachi Life” is a game that would not have been developed if Mii did not exist. It can be said that Mii was originally born in the development process of “Tomodachi Collection” (Japanese title) for Nintendo DS. I showed it to Mr. Miyamoto and asked him, “Isn’t this what you wanted to create?” since I had heard that he wanted to do something similar to this. If we were able to expand the Mii population and Mii were usable on consumers’ smart devices, for example, if consumers were able to create their profile icons on social media using Mii, we believe consumers would be happy, and we are developing something like it now. However, it is clear that the main pillars of this year-end sales season for us will be the “Super Smash Bros.” and “Pokémon” games, and when we started designing the Mii application, we realized that by refining various elements, we could end up with a better final product, so we decided that we should release it when we are confident it is capable of making a solid bond with our consumers. 

When Nintendo first releases its application for smart devices, I believe that many people will be interested in it enough to try it. In order to make the most of this opportunity, instead of releasing it within this year when we feel there is still room for improvement, we would like to release a more polished version. We are positive that we can make a stronger bond with our consumers using Mii, and that our consumers will enjoy and activate the application from time to time if such an application is created, but we would like to release it next year, instead of this year.“ — Satoru Iwata

Taking Bisexual Books to the White House

This past Monday, as we kicked off Bi Visibility Week, the White House held its Bisexual Community Policy Briefing and I was one of the 80+ bisexuals invited to participate. Now, everything that went on in that meeting was off the record, so I can’t say what we said to the White House, or what they said to us, sorry–kind of a buzzkill there, I know. But I will say the things that I can.

I can say that we were heard, whatever it was we said. This is good.

I can say that when I initially received my invitation I thought someone was pulling my leg. I was so certain I was being pranked by a friend that I deleted my e-invitation to attend the White House! It wasn’t until other bi leaders in my circles starting discussing their invites that I realized I wasn’t being pranked and moved the invite back into my inbox.

I can say the invitation was such an honor to me that, once I believed it, I was equal parts amazed and shocked to be invited. What makes me so special? This is a question to which I still lack an answer. Whatever the reason, I embraced the opportunity.

I can say the entire experience has been incredibly moving. Over my four days in D.C. I met and heard the stories of so many of my bisexual brothers and sisters. Every one of them deeply resonated in my heart. We, as a people, have so many traumas, so many hardships, so much strength and endurance. We are survivors. We are beautiful. We are many. And we are real.

I can say that I often felt lost surrounded by so many others who have been at the front lines of the bisexual rights movement for so long, and thankful for coming to know so many of them while finding a place for myself within my community.

I can say that after our meeting there was a very confused man with a megaphone in the street abutting the White House, shouting hellfire and judgment for all to hear. And I can say that we marched and chanted and protested at this man, raising our voices over his, waving flags and screaming chants of bisexual pride until he then chose to vacate the scene.

I can say that I will carry this experience with me always and cherish the new friends I have made.