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The Past, Present and Future of Exploration on Mars

Today, we’re celebrating the Red Planet! Since our first close-up picture of Mars in 1965, spacecraft voyages to the Red Planet have revealed a world strangely familiar, yet different enough to challenge our perceptions of what makes a planet work.

You’d think Mars would be easier to understand. Like Earth, Mars has polar ice caps and clouds in its atmosphere, seasonal weather patterns, volcanoes, canyons and other recognizable features. However, conditions on Mars vary wildly from what we know on our own planet.

Join us as we highlight some of the exploration on Mars from the past, present and future:

PAST

Viking Landers

Our Viking Project found a place in history when it became the first U.S. mission to land a spacecraft safely on the surface of Mars and return images of the surface. Two identical spacecraft, each consisting of a lander and an orbiter, were built. Each orbiter-lander pair flew together and entered Mars orbit; the landers then separated and descended to the planet’s surface.

Besides taking photographs and collecting other science data, the two landers conducted three biology experiments designed to look for possible signs of life.

Pathfinder Rover

In 1997, Pathfinder was the first-ever robotic rover to land on the surface of Mars. It was designed as a technology demonstration of a new way to deliver an instrumented lander to the surface of a planet. Mars Pathfinder used an innovative method of directly entering the Martian atmosphere, assisted by a parachute to slow its descent and a giant system of airbags to cushion the impact.

Pathfinder not only accomplished its goal but also returned an unprecedented amount of data and outlived its primary design life.

PRESENT

Spirit and Opportunity

In January 2004, two robotic geologists named Spirit and Opportunity landed on opposite sides of the Red Planet. With far greater mobility than the 1997 Mars Pathfinder rover, these robotic explorers have trekked for miles across the Martian surface, conducting field geology and making atmospheric observations. Carrying identical, sophisticated sets of science instruments, both rovers have found evidence of ancient Martian environments where intermittently wet and habitable conditions existed.

Both missions exceeded their planned 90-day mission lifetimes by many years. Spirit lasted 20 times longer than its original design until its final communication to Earth on March 22, 2010. Opportunity continues to operate more than a decade after launch.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

Our Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter left Earth in 2005 on a search for evidence that water persisted on the surface of Mars for a long period of time. While other Mars missions have shown that water flowed across the surface in Mars’ history, it remained a mystery whether water was ever around long enough to provide a habitat for life.

In addition to using the rover to study Mars, we’re using data and imagery from this mission to survey possible future human landing sites on the Red Planet.

Curiosity

The Curiosity rover is the largest and most capable rover ever sent to Mars. It launched November 26, 2011 and landed on Mars on Aug. 5, 2012. Curiosity set out to answer the question: Did Mars ever have the right environmental conditions to support small life forms called microbes? 

Early in its mission, Curiosity’s scientific tools found chemical and mineral evidence of past habitable environments on Mars. It continues to explore the rock record from a time when Mars could have been home to microbial life.

FUTURE

Space Launch System Rocket

We’re currently building the world’s most powerful rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS). When completed, this rocket will enable astronauts to begin their journey to explore destinations far into the solar system, including Mars.

Orion Spacecraft

The Orion spacecraft will sit atop the Space Launch System rocket as it launches humans deeper into space than ever before. Orion will serve as the exploration vehicle that will carry the crew to space, provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during the space travel and provide safe re-entry from deep space return velocities.

Mars 2020

The Mars 2020 rover mission takes the next step in exploration of the Red Planet by not only seeking signs of habitable conditions in the ancient past, but also searching for signs of past microbial life itself.

The Mars 2020 rover introduces a drill that can collect core samples of the most promising rocks and soils and set them aside in a “cache” on the surface of Mars. The mission will also test a method for producing oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, identify other resources (such as subsurface water), improve landing techniques and characterize weather, dust and other potential environmental conditions that could affect future astronauts living and working on the Red Planet.

For decades, we’ve sent orbiters, landers and rovers, dramatically increasing our knowledge about the Red Planet and paving the way for future human explorers. Mars is the next tangible frontier for human exploration, and it’s an achievable goal. There are challenges to pioneering Mars, but we know they are solvable. 

To discover more about Mars exploration, visit: https://www.nasa.gov/topics/journeytomars/index.html

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

7

Masterpost of “Design a Gem” page from the Steven Universe Art book.

After me and @moonstone-draws​ cracked the code on what these gems MIGHT be, I decided to draw them.

I was going to draw every gem individually like I did for the Earth Beetle and so called “Budgerite” but I might as well post them all at once! Here they are!

Keep in mind, these are just names. They are not real gems. They are simply names that the writers made up on the spot as a game. We are merely speculating what these gems could be, as they bare strong resemblance to the corrupted gems we’ve seen so far.

Here are the descriptions:

Starbite (Slinker) - “Left alone to watch over a small forested planet on the deep fringes of the Gempire. Has imbred the local vegetation with magic, turning it into plant minions that help with upkeep of magic silent, all knowing.” Possibly a Euclase.

Crunchrock (Worm Monster) - “Every time Crunchrock dies, she builds her body back stronger. Now she’s so big, her gem is crushed in her own body and the pressure is (?) into a powerful mind!” Possibly a Serandite or Coral.

Budgerite - “A hybrid bird gem, Budgerite travels by hitchhiking on the shoulders of passing individuals. She subsists on seed and lays quarterly eggs. Her powers include short powerful & chaotic bursts (?) of flight, and ear-splitting sonic squawks. Her quarterly eggs also have the power to causes a victim to unravel physically.” Possibly a Hawk’s Eye.

Earth Beetle (Heaven Beetle) - “Steven learns to control his healing powers and manages to heal the Earth (and Heaven) Beetle, who turn out to be very tiny Gems. She is very quiet but very quick and very observant”

Chazuski (Ice Monster) - “She crash landed on Earth when dinosaurs were still here. Nothing was going on so she slept. Her gem was in a polar ice cap that melted due to global warming. She doesn’t have any friends or foes. She has ice rock powers! She…”

Masterpost Part 2 here

Geez this is such a long post lol, sorry.

5

CORUSCANT’S UNDERWORLD:

OKAY, THIS HAS BEEN BUGGING ME.  I have had trouble figuring out Coruscant’s Underworld for awhile now, we know that it’s kilometers below the main “surface” world, we know that it’s something that’s been built on for tens of thousands of years, but how does it work?  Is it just that the other skyscrapers are so tall that no light reaches the bottom because of the shadows they cast? Or is it a literal shell with the upper cities built on top of them?

Most of these images are centered around the Underworld portal, so this may not apply everywhere, but my feeling is:  Why build the portal this way if it’s not something of a literal shell?  Why go to all that effort for something that could just be gotten with a few bulldozed buildings around it instead?  Why was the Underworld Portal a ventilation shaft if it wasn’t an enclosed world?

But I looked closer at these screencaps and concept art (for Star Wars Level 1313) and one thing always sticks out at me:  There are buildings attached to the “ceiling”, like stalactites.  Whatever that platform is–and I believe TCW shows us that there are landing bays all along that Underworld Portal, that there are drainage pipes running through them and possibly other apartments or places of business strewn throughout those levels.  Or, as the Illustrated Star Wars Universe says, there are massive pipes bringing in Coruscant’s water from the polar ice caps and it’s likely they’d be routed through those “middle” parts.

Then I was reading the Wookieepedia entry and it mentioned that Coruscant was built on platforms–I don’t have a source for this, but it got me thinking and looking again at these caps.  Especially this part of the first screencap:

Some of those buildings don’t have ending points as far as I can tell, but instead seem like they might be more like pillars supporting the giant platform over the Underworld. Huh, I thought.

Then I looked closer at the 1313 concept art and:

That absolutely looks like one giant support pillar.  I mean, it’s still kind of unfathomable how strong those pillars would have to be to support the sheer weight of what we see on Coruscant’s surface!  But, maybe?  You could certainly see what look like potential support pillars in every single image here!

I kept looking around and the Coruscant and the Core Worlds’ RPG guide book had this to say:

“Advanced architectural technology” sounds about exactly what I was wondering about!

It’s not hard to think of Coruscant–which has been building for tens of thousands of years–which has consistently been described as having already covered the surface of the planet, so they just kept building up and up and up, that they started building over the ruins beneath them, that maybe they said, okay, we have to pipe in water from the polar icecaps, let’s build a platform strong enough to support them and then, well, might as well build on top of that, since we need the space, too.  Or maybe two to five buildings were owned by the same people or those who made deals with each other and they said, okay, let’s build a platform between our two buildings, about at the midpoint, and then we can use that space for other things, maybe landing bays or maybe some more apartment buildings or maybe some nice shopping districts.

And then they just kept building and building and building until there was a shell around everything.

-Kinetic Abilities Prompt List C Edition

Carbokinesis - Control Carbon

  • As someone who happened to buy a lot of coal, I end up with a lot of diamonds.
  • You know those carbon filters in fish tanks? I never have to change mine now. I just sort of wave the guck out? It’s an easy chore.
  • Don’t forget, there’s carbon in steel. If I take it out, this whole city’s going down.

Cardiokinesis - Control Hearts

  • I don’t know why you think this has to do with love. Hearts are organs that only pump blood. I mean, I guess if your heart beats faster, you feel like you’re in love.
  • I spent years in medical school specializing in heart surgery just so I could discretely fix people’s hearts much faster than they should be able to. But whenever anyone asks me what my secret to fast and perfect surgery is, I have to lie and it’s eating me inside.
  • I can see everyone’s relationships, but sometimes it gets really distracting. All these fibrous lines keep obscuring the cinema screen.

Caelestikinesis - Control Celestial Bodies

  • Is it weird I can tell you’re an aries? I’m getting that you’re an aries. 
  • Okay, so making the night sky spell out “will you marry me?” was awesome but I think I ruined a bunch of aliens’ homes. I really hope they don’t know I did that.
  • Being a god of the stars is generally really boring. Nothing’s ever been happening. But this little planet seems to be starting something… Better get closer to watch.

Caelumkinesis - Control the Sky

  • I can hide as anything that flies. So if you happen to see a bird in my room, don’t chase it out with a broom. 
  • If you’re going to be like that, I can make sure you always get rained on.
  • The world is so boring. I finally found out how to make dragons and I’m gonna take the initiative and just making this happen.

Chemokinesis - Control Chemical Substances

  • If it’s on the periodic table, I can mess with it. People generally aren’t ready for their oxygen to become iron.
  • The hero can’t come and vanquish me if I’ve given them depression.
  • Now that I’ve trapped you in my moat… It’s acid.

Chromokinesis - Control Colors

  • A magician’s biggest trick: Turning the entire performance center blue.
  • I have a grudge against someone who somehow muscled their way into my personal art show. I’ll makes sure they never see color ever again.
  • So I can fly… But it’s very… Flashy. Yeah, it’s a rainbow.

Chronokinesis - Control Time

  • So, even if I manipulate time, I can’t manipulate space. And Earth moves, so… I kind of killed most of the population. They’re either in space or the mantle. 
  • I’ve been stealing time from everyone and it’s all stored deep underground.
  • I’ve tricked a constuction crew through a time-portal and now they’re building me a castle in 16th century France. I’ll be king and my castle will never fall.

Cibumkinesis - Control Food

  • You don’t even know how much pretentious people like to eat my ‘innovative’ foodstuffs. Milk jerky is as weird as it sounds and only comes in 2%
  • I’ll win every cooking competition, no matter how much I mess up. 
  • May your harvest be blighted and your water poisoned. Think twice before crossing me again.

Cthonikinesis - Control Nether

  • Powers adapt to new meanings for the word. I’m gonna send you to minecraft hell.
  • Your nether regions are so fucked.
  • How do you feel, facing your own late father in battle?

Cukinesis - Control Copper

  • When NYC falls into peril again, someone with the ability to manipulate copper calls upon the ultimate defense… The statue of liberty.
  • Yeah I can make a shield, but it’s gonna be copper. Sorry I can’t do anything else. 
  • I’ve gotten into the habit of driving by old neighborhoods and making all the copper wiring and pipes be sucked into my truck. It’s only slightly villainous. 

Cogitokinesis - Control Thought

  • If you’re going to be so angry about my favorite song, enjoy it in your head forever.
  • I make quite the racket erasing unwanted thoughts. Where those thoughts go though is only for me to worry about. 
  • My robots seem too mechanical. I should steal someone’s thoughts to give them a bit of personality. 

Cognikinesis - Control Perspectives

  • Most of the time I just force video games to let me play first person, I’m not sure what you expected.Forcing people to look at what they’ve become is a lot like judgement day.
  • When people make me upset, I like to make them see my actual point of view. 
  • It doesn’t matter how far away something is, if I can see it, I can touch it.

Comakinesis - Control Hair

  • My stage production of rapunzel is the best in the world. How I found a continuous 20 foot braid is anyone’s best guess. I’ll never tell.
  • I’ve created a new breed of naturally pink poodles. I’ll be in the lap of luxury for all my days.
  • No I only have one of these wool sweaters. I can just change it’s color because it’s technically hair.

Combokinesis - Control Combat

  • Any battle goes may way, from a simple argument to an election. I’ve become the most influential person in the world.
  • My personal feelings are always above any actual evidence of winning, so seeing that I may be wrong is terrifying. What if I was wrong before?
  • Now that you’ve shown me what your attack will be, let me eliminate that possibility.

Coronakinesis - Control Corona Energy

  • Yes, it’s basically like that one godzilla. No, I’m not secretly the kid of godzilla. 
  • You think you’ve seen global warming? You’ve seen nothing yet. 
  • Stars tend to move with their corona, so don’t mind the new stars. They were already there before.

Corrokinesis - Control the Power of Corruption

  • I really don’t like corruption, so I keep combing the internet for instances of corruption to take it out, hitman style.
  • I’ve condensed corruption into these special bullets. I want you to shoot all this list, no matter how nice you think they are.
  • Wait, I can basically make this into a hell-dimension? Awesome. Sin for everyone.

Cryokinesis - Control Ice

  • If you keep annoying me all the liquid in your body is gonna freeze.
  • I’ve got the polar ice caps fixed, Antartica is looking good, and I’ve got enough snow cones today’s day at the park. 
  • You’ve gotta believe me, officer! The icicle just plain fell on them! It skewered them!

Crystallokinesis - Control Minerals and Crystals

  • My modern witchcraft store is stocked full with crystals and stones. And it’s all homemade.
  • If I really tried, I could get my crystal healing techniques to go towards a doctorate.
  • You picked the wrong mineshaft to battle me in. You’be basically given me the battle. 

Cytokinesis - Control Cells of Organisms

  • My friend wanted to be a cryptid so we brainstormed for a while and they decided on their form. We still chat when I’m in town.
  • Even if I’m terminal, I can just fix it. I don’t see why I shouldn’t be allowed to fix you too.
  • Changing what shape my cells take is the ultimate camouflage. No one suspects the dog.
8

Some Gems from the Steven Universe Art & Origins book ! They were created as part of a writer’s game where one artist draws a character and another describes their characteristics.
STARITE:
“Left alone to watch over a small forested planet on the deep fringes of the Gempire. Has imbued the local vegetation with magic, turning it into plant minions that help with upkeep of magic. Silent, all knowing.”
CRUNCHROCK:
“Every time Crunchrock dies she builds her body back stronger - now she’s so big her gem is being crushed by her own body and the pressure is hardening her into a more powerful mind!”
JARBICYTE:
“Carries a giant Gem device that carries shards of broken Gems which she searches for using her special eye-gem which can locate Gem shards. Once the Gem jar is full, Jarbicyte polls on the screen at the bottom to shoot a powerful been using the power of the broken Gems.”
BUDGERITE:
“A hybrid bird Gem, Budgerite travels by hitchhiking on the shoulders of passing individuals. She subsists on seed and lays quarterly eggs. Her powers include short, powerful & chaotic bursts of flight, and ear splitting sonic squawks.”
THE EARTH BEETLE:
“Steven learns to control his healing powers and manages to heal the Earth (and Heaven?) Beetle who turn out to be very tiny Gems. She is very quiet but very quick and very observant.”
GERALDINE:
“She’s blind and unfortunately has a really annoying frog voice. So when Geraldine calls for help no other Gems want to go lead her around. She goes to a lot of open mics and tries to sing. She shoots knives out of her eyes. Not daggers like the phrase goes.”
CHAZUSKI:
“She crash landed on earth when dinosaurs were still here. Nothing was going on so she slept. Her Gem was in a polar ice cap that melted due to global warning. She doesn’t have any friends or enemies. She has a ice rock powers! She…”
CONCRET:
“Bashful. Super agile but not as strong as she looks. Has a wicked shoe collection. Can’t read :(”

instagram

geologyinaction A gift from one of my very favorite students! It’s a mug with a map of the world on it that when you pour hot water into it, transforms the coastline of the earth to reflect catastrophic sea level change due to climate change and polar ice cap melting.

anonymous asked:

I just set up a Go Fund Me for Mr. Freeze. Hear me out. We send him to the arctic and tell him to refreeze the polar ice caps so we can buy some more time on the whole global warming situation. After a year he come back, collects the Go Fund Me, and can start curing Nora! Less crime, less global warming, more Nora. #OnlyInGotham #TheWayneFoundationJustKickedIn$10Million?!

Humans are weird Voltron edition

Part 2
Just fun ways the humans are space orcs trope would work.

Allura and Coran are more than a little surprised and just what the paladins could eat. So far they haven’t had to refuse food from anyone they’ve come across. Finding out humans are in fact omnivores was a shock as most of the know universe is one or the other.

Lance and Keith have broken a least one bone each. Coran noticed the irregularities from healing and asked them about it. It would have been fine if Lance didn’t mention breaking his other arm the day after the first doing almost the exact same thing.

Keith fighting some galra soldiers when he gets stabbed in the leg with a knife
“You want this back?” After the soldiers flee.( cause that’s terrifying no matter where you are.) he patches up his leg as best as possible and is brought back to the ship.

The team gets into a conversation about roller coasters. Allura and Coran are worried about humans.

After visiting planets with wildly differing climates, Coran asked the paladins what earth was like. Lance going into detail about the tropics and the dessert around the garrison, describing the polar ice caps and volcanoes. And all the different areas and climates of earth. He mentions how he saw snow once on vacation with his family. Coran asking if it’s popular to visit that region of the planet and what do you do while there. It’s during an explanation on winter sports that Coran finds out that people live in those regions. Finding out humans can survive pretty much anywhere was a surprise to him. Finding out that most other aliens have a narrow climate range was a shock to the paladins.

Theories || How and why does an Impact work? :||

In Evangelion, the concept of “Impact” can refer to three different events; the First or Giant Impact, the Second Impact and the Third Impact. Only the last two of them are mentioned and seen in the original series.

Although these events share the same name, they differ from one another in terms of conduction and for their different purposes. They are all remembered as great cataclysms though, capable of destroying  the planet and its inhabitants.

THE FIRST OR GIANT IMPACT

An article about the deification and the First Impact can be found here.
In order to avoid extinction, the powerful First Ancestral Race, also called FAR, scattered Seven Seeds of Life in the galaxy; each Seed had its own Lance/Spear that would have activated if two Seeds had landed on the same planet, sealing their power. Each Seed wandered in space with their own vessel, a Moon. For sheer bad luck, Adam on his White Moon and Lilith on her Black Moon, both “decided” to colonize Earth with their respective progeny. 
The First Impact was caused by the collision of Earth with a giant spherical object, Lilith’s “Black Moon”, about 4 billion years ago. The impact created large amounts of debris that led to the formation of the Moon we all know. The core of the Black Moon, with Lilith in it, remained intact; however, Lilith’s Spear was lost or destroyed during the process.
At the time of that cataclysm, Adam had already nested on the planet, so to avoid a so-called “prohibited union”, one of these Seeds of Life was deactivated by the Spear of Longinus. And since Lilith’s one was lost, Adam was sealed by its own Spear - just according to the FAR’s plans, allowing the proliferation of the children of Lilith, owners of the Fruit of Knowledge: humans.

THE SECOND IMPACT

A cataclysm occurred on September 13, 2000, when a strong explosion took place in Antarctica, melting the polar ice cap and even changing the Earth’s axis. This caused several tsunamis in sequence, followed by an increase of the sea level, floodings in coastal cities or towns and a catastrophic weather modifications. Everything was justified by saying that a large meteorite had hit the South Pole, causing the melting of glaciers; of course, this was only an excuse designed to disguise what really triggered that apocalypse. 
The real cause of the Second Impact, in fact, was the “explosion” of the First Angel / Seed of Life, Adam, a consequence of the ”Contact Experiment“ conducted by Dr. Katsuragi and funded by Seele. The experiment was officially justified as an attempt to study the inexhaustible source of energy Adam had (in fact Katsuragi formulated the theory of the Super Solenoid, or the motor S^2 of the series), that was believed to be present on the chest of the giant. But something went wrong during the experiment, with the subsequent awakening of Adam. The cause of the failure of the experiment would be the contact of human DNA with the same Adam. The giant lost control of its own power, generating a tremendous explosion that liquefied the entire Antarctic continent; in addiction, the beast unfolded its wings, expanding its A.T.Field that wiped out all “alien” life forms, within hundreds of kilometers. Somehow however, the scientists (or Seele itself) managed to stop Adam, using the Spear of Longinus, thus managing to avoid a greater disaster. 

We have explained how the Second Impact took place here, but not the reason why it occurred. Seele was considering to initiate the Second Impact because, perhaps thanks to the Dead Sea Scrolls, they knew what would have happened if Adam had fully awakened. They used the Spear of Longinus to have Adam under a embryonic state, making it easier to be studied and protected. All this to arrive, 15 years later, to the plan for the defeat of the sons of Adam: the Angels.

THE THIRD IMPACT

This Impact differs from the other; it is nothing more than the prelude to the “Human Instrumentality Project”. Evangelion Unit-01 becomes the vessel of this Impact, since at the end of the series is, in all respects, a God - in the sense of being perfect, and therefore eligible to be the trigger for the Third Impact. With the S^2 Engine, we can notice how its A.T.Field expanded and became stronger (a power similar to the one Adam showed during the Second Impact).
At the sight of the Unit-02 and its pilot dismembered by the Eva Series, Shinji finally realized it was too late to save Asuka and began to scream in agony; in response to all the grief, pain and anger of his son, Unit-01 broke its armor again, trying to wake up once again - just like in Episode 19. However, the Spear of Longinus responded to the awakening of the Eva and returned to earth, "sealing” the Unit, thus preventing its full awakening.

At the same time, Rei was inside Terminal Dogma, ready to absorb Adam from Gendo’s hand and completing the “forbidden union”, necessary for the beginning of the Instrumentality Project the commander had in mind. However, feeling Shinji’s pain, she decided to betray Gendo and come to the aid of the Third Child.

Also, we can see how happy Seele was because of the return of the Spear from the Moon; they were finally ready to ask the Eva Series to start the opening ceremony for the Third Impact. So the nine White Evangelion use three clones of Longinus to crucify Unit-01 in the sky, on whose hands were inflicted the stigmata (probably their aim was to create a bridge for the passage of souls). The Series then arranged themselves around the Evangelion, taking the form of the diagram of the Tree of Life, with the consequent activation of their S^2 engines and A.T.Fields, that entered in resonance with each other causing a huge explosion that wiped everything in their surroundings and allowing the Black Moon to break free.

Refusing to “accept” Gendo and “take him to Yui”, Rei ripped the hand containing Adam and joined the body of Lilith; the results however cannot be considered “Lilith” per se: it contains both Adam (and its soul too perhaps) and Lilith, it is the fruit of a “Forbidden Union” of two Seeds of Life, controlled by Rei. In Gendo’s plan, he would have been the controlling mind of that being. After that, Rei reached Unit-01 and tried to close/hide it in her hands; at the same time, she also took control of the Eva Series, entering in “sync” with them - and we can assume that since they all received her facial features.
Shinji, already terrified by that sight, completely loses his mind when he sees the giant reacting to the name “Rei”.

It is quite interesting to note that this is absolutely the first time Shinji calls Rei by her first name. The Third Child is now on the brink of madness, but Lilith / Rei / Adam turns into Kaworu and still calms him. This makes his A.T.Field disappear and allows the Spear to penetrate the core of Unit-01, thus creating the Tree of Life. 

What we are witnessing, however, it’s not the plan of Seele - which didn’t include the presence of Lilith / Rei / Adam, nor Gendo or NERV’s plan; in fact, Rei is doing nothing but giving Shinji the command of Instrumentality, to choose what to do with humanity: destroy it or save it.
Here, the real Instrumentality for Shinji takes place, as he seems trapped in his own subconscious, with no idea of what to do. Everything he sees, he destroyes it - living in the costant fear of being rejected by Asuka, for example, even after having lowered his own defenses and A.T.Field. He realizes that he won’t be accepted by anyone and he gladly accepts a world with no physical barriers or limitations, starting the Project and uniting all souls and hearts into a single entity; by doing so, he also eliminates conflicts, human grief ans sorrow.

Lilith / Rei / Adam had got out of Earth’s atmosphere, while holding the Black Moon and assimilating the Tree of Life, born from union of the Spear of Longinus and Unit-01. Every A.T.Field on the planet disappears; the open Chamber of Guf takes the souls and also regulates their flow, making them pass through the Black Moon and then the stigmata on Lilith’s hands, uniting everyone into a single entity: the Sea of LCL, or primordial soup. The Eva Series, which have exhausted their task, pierce themselves with their Lances of Longinus. 
Instrumentality seems concluded. But Shinji strangely still has his own individuality, he isn’t part of the gian entity of life and souls yet - since his dream was to be alone, he always believed to be unwanted. But his desire to meet again Asuka and the others leads him to suddenly interrupt Instrumentality: this is the first independent choice Shinji makes, an evidence of his “growth” and his sad “introduction into the adult world”.

He refuses his dream world, accepting a dimension of misunderstanding and suffering.

Lilith’s neck is cut from the inside, staining the moon with a trail of blood; the stigmata are gone and the white giant slowly starts falling to pieces. Unit-01 emerges from her eye and its A.T.Field also breaks the Black Moon. The real Spear of Longinus destroys the others fake lances, petrifying the whole Eva Series; so does the armor of Unit-01 and Longinus itself, both now floating in the space. Yui’s soul remains inside the Evangelion, as an eternal proof and testimony of the existence of the human race.
Shinji didn’t fully stopped Instrumentaliity, but he has simply given a choice to every soul: they can return to their body and live again, or just remain part of the Sea of LCL. Shinji and Asuka chose to live, at the end of the movie, but we can’t know what the other souls decided to do. As evidences of this event, the oceans (or Sea of LCL) became completely red and pieces of Lilith / Rei / Adam are decomposing on the Earth, surrounded by a giant ring of blood.

The Humanity Party®’s Environmental Platform (declared policy) and Opinion

THumP®’s platform is established on the position that human beings are the most important part of any environment.  Without human beings, the environment would serve no real purpose (in regards to human life). Humans are the only life form that has the capability and capacity to ascribe a purpose to Earth’s environment and natural law.

THumP® takes no position in regards to how humans became the most important life form on Earth, as each person retains the right to hold an individual opinion and perception on the matter.  THumP® maintains that the two competing sides of the matter, (evolution vs. creationism), has no bearing on the reality that humans are the most significant life form that exists.  

Furthermore, the fact that THumP®’s intent is focused on establishing a government, not representative of any animal or plant species, but of humans, reinforces this position.

If, however, said environment exists for the sake and domination by humans, to be utilized for their happiness; and owing to the fact that a human cannot exist in any other type of known environment in the universe; THumP®’s position is to do everything possible to maintain and secure the environment for the happiness of humans.

To this end, THumP® proposes incorporating into any valid and worthy governing Constitution the specific mandate to its Congress respecting this requirement.

ARTICLE I, Section 1, subsection c. :

Requirement to protect Earth.  Legislative powers shall be restricted to acts and procedures in the establishment of law that support the wants and needs of the people proportionate to the support of the natural laws of Earth and its environs.

THumP®’s position is held in observation and respect of the differing personal opinions that exist on the subject, given that THumP®’s political agenda is to create more peace and happiness on Earth without impeding the free will of any person. 

In observing different viewpoints associated with the present arguments that ensue over the environment, THumP® offers the following example observations and logical argument, giving somewhat of a greater latitude to scientific theory over the creationist theory:

IF global warming is a natural consequence of human abuse of the environment, then who or what abused the environment that caused 5 different time periods of global warming consistent with the scientific conclusion that there were 5 different times when Earth was covered with ice?  

Did the flatulent gases of meat-eating dinosaurs (the dominant life form at the time, as they ate the plant-eating dinosaurs), result in these gases being trapped in the atmosphere, causing a warming trend during the Triassic period that melted the earth’s polar ice caps completely? These polar capes obviously reappeared through global cooling.  

Did the earth cool after the Triassic period because dinosaurs disappeared?  Or could it have cooled consistent with a cycle that naturally occurs to support whatever life form dominates the environment?  

How many times have the polar ice caps melted throughout the history of the earth?  The answer: many.

Is the current time period (Anthropocene, in which humans exist as the dominant life form) allowing for human gases to become responsible for the same trend of global warming, in that the polar caps are again disappearing?

IF the gases produced by the dominant species causes the environment to respond to protect itself, by destroying the species threatening it, (if the dinosaurs became extinct in this way), then what concern should humans have for an environment that will protect itself regardless of the actions of its dominant species?  To what ends should humans act and allow themselves to be acted upon in the pursuit of human happiness?

There are many cold regions on earth where people live. To stay warm in these regions, humans burn fuel that causes what environmentalists have termed, “greenhouse gases.”  IF these gases could one day cause the extinction of the human race, then human adaptation to these cold regions, in search of life and happiness, appears to be counterproductive to the survival of the species.  Why, then, wouldn’t humans be satisfied with existing in the regions close to the earth’s equator where ambient temperatures exist that are perfect for human life?  The answer: the pursuit of individual happiness.

IF, as is proposed by some, human-produced gases are destroying our environment, and the control thereof could save the environment, THumP® proposes that whatever action taken to protect the environment must FIRST and FOREMOST protect the human being in its purpose for living: happiness.

Furthermore, as humans increase their presence in earth’s environment, they are encroaching on the habitat of their own predators (animals that can eat them for food).  Should humans allow another life form to eat them?  Do humans allow viruses and bacteria (the smallest lifeforms) to kill them?  Or do humans seek for the continuation of human life by eliminating those life forms that threaten it?

Where there exists a predatory species of animal or plant that can kill a human being, THumP® proposes that these species (of any size) be exterminated.  

Others argue that the existence of predatory animals and plants are necessary to maintain the natural symbiotic nature of environment.  THumP® proposes that with advanced technology and an increased understanding of our predators and natural laws, humans can take the place of and do for the environment exactly what predatory species do to maintain natural symbiosis.

Therefore,

Owing to the fact that human beings are the greatest and most dominant life form that exists; and that so being requires that humans form governments to protect each individual’s right to exist and pursue happiness; THumP®’s proposals are the only way that humans can maintain their dominance, and at the same time, protect the natural environment upon which they are dependent for their survival.

Humans have basic necessities of life.  Without these necessities, humans cannot live.  Humans will do whatever is necessary to the environment to obtain these necessities, regardless of the consequences to the environment.  Human life, to each individual, is much more important than the environment in which life is sustained.

Good government can control the environment for the sake of those it governs. Governments are not set up for the sake of the environment, but for the sake of human happiness.  Good government can provide all humans with the basic necessities of life, while at the same time protecting the environment upon which individual life is dependent.

Here are a couple of examples of how this can be done:

Every human can be provided with a technologically advanced home that is self-sufficient and constructed to exist without harming nature.  The government can mandate laws and codes of construction that include solar and other green energy producers that supply the occupants with their basic human needs. This technology already exists. Without government interceding and mandating and financing the construction of these types of individual dwellings, those without the means to purchase this technology will be forced to do whatever they have to in order to survive, which often includes harming the environment.

The government can mandate laws and codes over the production of good healthy food products. These laws can include how food is produced properly and naturally, protecting the environment in which it is produced.  In providing free healthy food to all people, the people will be less likely to destroy the environment so that they do not starve.  Those who produce the food (by following the established government laws and codes set for its production) can be compensated fairly, thus enriching the producer compensatory to the value that the goods and services provided have on human existence.

Humans will always do whatever they must to survive. If their survival is threatened, they will usurp and destroy natural law in whatever way is necessary to protect their own lives.

A proper form of government can implement the correct laws that produce the goods and services that provide the basic necessities of human life that will decrease (and possibly completely eliminate), the need to harm the environment.

Humans come first.  They always will as long as they exist.  If they cease to exist, then it will be because they failed to act to protect their own species within the limits and parameters of the environment in which they are forced to exist.  

The Humanity Party® can offer the proper solutions to both: 1) human government that supplies natural, sustainable basic human needs, and 2) to human acts that threaten the environment.

When power is given to a Congress of representatives to meet the needs of the people, Congress must be required to do everything within its power to meet these needs.  This cannot be done without the proper blueprint that outlines the powers granted to government.  The Humanity Party® has provided this blueprint.

THumP® has the solutions.  No one else does.

Overwatch Headcanon: Sombra’s Conspiracy

Hello there everyone! I’m sure by now everyone has seen the comic and are enthused by the revelation of our favorite hacker’s name (Olivia Colomar for those curious). That being said, with the information that we’ve been given from the comic, I felt like now was a good time for me to share a headcanon that my boyfriend and I came up with regarding Sombra’s motives.

As you know Sombra has discovered a conspiracy that is deeply linked to major events that affect the world on a global scale. However, like most of the lore, the details of said conspiracy has not been revealed in any capacity. My boyfriend and I theorized that Sombra actually knows the true culprits behind the Omnic Crisis.

For one, the Omnic Crisis was a planned event made to control the global population numbers. Global warming had reached its all-time peak in the past decade and had finally garnered the concern of the world’s leaders. After months of reports and examining the polar ice caps it was then deduced that the massive surge in population had in fact bolstered and accelerated the melting of said ice caps. With this knowledge in mind, a small group of leaders came up with a scheme to depopulate the masses without having to be directly involved with the murders and having a scapegoat to boot.

Enter the Omnics.

Omnics and omnic development had taken center stage in terms of recent advancements in tech. It is because of their relatively new presence and impact on life, the conspirators chose them as the fall men in their plan. First, Omniums were placed in every major city in every continent (besides Antartica of course) in order to have as many omnics dispersed throughout the world. They then ordered God A.I. programs to be developed under the guise of managing the manufacturing process within the Omniums. In truth, the God A.I.’s were on a timer to enact a secret genocide protocol, a protocol that would end once an estimated number of humans killed was reached. It was then that the Omnic Crisis began.

Unfortunately for the conspirators, they did not take the formation of Overwatch into account and because of that their plan, while successful, was cut short. Angered and paranoid about the involvement of this new global task force, the conspirators focused their attention on removing Overwatch out the picture entirely, a mission that eventually ended in success.

It is because of the actions of these paranoid few that many lives were lost and families made forever broken. To those affected by the crisis, it was a tragedy that would forever remain in the forefront of their minds. However, those unaffected by the crisis merely viewed those who perished were merely a statistic and that everyone would eventually forget it.

However…Olivia didn’t forget. Sombra never let go what she lost. She was going to expose those responsible for ruining her life. She was going to get retribution no matter what it took.

…and there would be hell to pay.

~*~

…Annnd that’s the headcanon folks! I know it’s a long read, but a lot of effort and thought went into this! Let me know what you think and don’t be afraid to ask questions!